Market Research Reports

Pharmaceutical Market Research Reports


 

Published Date: 2014-10-20

Collagen peptide is a hydrolyzed collagen derivative, a fibrous protein present in the matrix (extracellular) of animal cells and tissues, which after hydrolysis, become soluble in water by losing its gelling ability. Gelatin is a translucent, colorless food material, produced from collagen obtained through acid or base hydrolysis of animal tissues and other by-products. 

Published Date: 2014-10-17

Pharmaceutical drug sales are sold through various channels such as retail, mail orders, clinics and hospitals. Retail channel generate sales followed by mail orders, and collectively account for more than 50% of the pharmaceutical drugs sales. Hospital however account for a smaller share of about 8.6% of the total sales.

Published Date: 2014-09-26

Anxiety disorders and depression are common psychiatric disorders that affect a large number of people during their lifetime. This study provides the market analysis for the major drug classes used for the treatment of anxiety disorders and depression. The stakeholders of this report include established pharmaceutical companies as well as new entrants who wish to enter the market.

Published Date: 2014-09-01

This report on hospital infection therapeutics, studies the current as well as future prospects of the market globally. Hospital infections are also referred to as healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs), or nosocomial infections or hospital-acquired infection (HAIs).

Published Date: 2014-09-01

Hospital-acquired pneumonia also called as healthcare associated pneumonia or nosocomial pneumonia is acquired in hospital premises. Unlike community acquired pneumonia hospital acquired pneumonia is mainly caused due to multidrug resistant microorganisms. 

Published Date: 2014-08-07

Acute ischemic stroke can be defined as interruption of blood supply to the brain due to the blockage of blood vessel due to atherosclerosis plaques or blood clots in the artery. Acute ischemic stroke can caused due to thrombotic or embolic occlusion of cerebral artery.

Published Date: 2014-08-06

Osteoporosis is a chronic and life-threatening disease, in which microstructure of bones is altered due to reduction in bone mass and bone density. This condition leads to increased bone fragility and threat of bone cracks and fractures. Thus, osteoporosis is considered life threatening due to severe injury and associated pain. 

Published Date: 2014-07-03

E-clinical solution is a software that helps researchers with new ways to manage and analyze clinical data. It helps clinical research organizations, pharmaceutical, biotechnology, medical device and research organizations to magnify their clinical research investment by the use of innovative technologies. Globally, the rising availability of computers and internet has helped the clinical trial industry by creating e-clinical technologies. 

Published Date: 2014-07-01

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease wherein the body is either not able to produce insulin (type-1) or is not able to utilize the generated insulin (type-2). This elevated sugar level leads to various symptoms such as increased thirst, weight loss, high appetite, frequent and sweet smelled urination.

Published Date: 2014-07-01

Biological drugs are typically derived from living cells and are used in the treatment and prevention of various diseases such as cancer, blood-related diseases, auto-immune diseases and other medical disorders. Biological drugs include therapeutic proteins, monoclonal antibody (mAb) and vaccines. 

Published Date: 2014-06-19

Diabetes, growing at an exponential rate worldwide, has become a serious health concern. The disease has emerged as a major cause of death of people between 20 years and 80 years of age. According to the American Diabetes Association, around 5% of the U.S. population has type 1 diabetes (approximately 1 million) and 95% of the population suffers from type 2 diabetes. Insulin plays an integral role in absorption of glucose from blood in case of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Published Date: 2014-06-11

Most pharmaceutical and medical devices companies are gradually outsourcing manufacturing activities to contract manufacturers in order to achieve efficiencies in cost, quality, capacity and time to market or to obtain specific expertise in particular business category, which is not available in-house. Moreover, increasing cost pressures, cost benefits and inclination of pharmaceutical companies to focus on core competencies such as R&D and marketing has created a need for outsourcing. 

Published Date: 2014-06-02

Syringes equipped with any sort of safety mechanisms are known as safety syringes. Safety syringes are available in the market either with a detachable needles or permanently attached needle. The report on safety syringes market provides comprehensive information about the various facets of the safety syringes market from detailed product analysis, market trends, recent developments and future outlook, and opportunities to the competitive landscape.

Published Date: 2014-05-28

A surge in the number of cancer and cardiovascular patients globally has prompted the growth of the medical imaging reagents market. Medical imaging reagents play a significant role in diagnostic, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology medical and life science industries.

Published Date: 2014-04-28

The global meningococcal vaccines market is studied on the basis of vaccine types such as polysaccharide, conjugate and combination vaccines. The vaccine types are further segmented into different brands. The report also highlights and analyzes various brands under pipeline segment, namely, Bexsero, MnB rLP2806 and NmVac-4DT. A detailed market analysis and forecast for these segments has been provided in this study, in terms of revenue (USD million) for the period 2011 to 2019.

Published Date: 2014-04-14

This report covers the market analysis for various drugs, devices and treatment technologies used in assistance and to control human reproduction. The stakeholders for this study include manufacturers and providers of contraceptive technologies and infertility solutions. 

Published Date: 2014-03-25

Nicotine addiction is one of the leading causes of deaths worldwide. Countries across the globe are undertaking serious measures to curb the crisis. Ban on smoking in public areas, higher taxes and promotion of smoking cessation products are some of the common methods adopted.

Published Date: 2014-03-21

This report on antibacterial drugs market studies the current as well as future prospects of the market globally. Antibacterial drugs are agents that are utilized to check the growth of bacterial strains in living organisms, which are responsible for several mild to severe infections. These drugs exhibit bactericidal activity that targets different physiological processes of harmful bacteria, such as, nucleic acid synthesis, cell wall synthesis, protein synthesis, and permeability of cell membrane, thus help treat various infections.

Published Date: 2014-03-19

Membrane technology is widely used in various development phases of pharmaceutical, biopharmaceutical and life sciences industries. Membrane technology includes membrane applications from laboratory drug research to large scale pharmaceutical manufacturing. Applications of membrane technology in pharmaceutical, life sciences and biopharmaceutical industries include lab-scale DNA and protein separation and analysis, drug screening, cell culturing and examination, and virus removal.

Published Date: 2014-01-31

Endocrinology, a branch of medicine deals with the study of structural and functional elements of the endocrine system. This system comprises endocrine glands (thyroid, adrenal, pituitary and others) and secretory organs (pancreas, hypothalamus) that release hormones directly into the blood stream and regulate the body functioning. 

Published Date: 2014-01-28

The global drugs of abuse testing market is rapidly growing due to the rising awareness of government and non-government organizations towards ill effects of illicit drugs and to control socio-economical losses associated with drug abuse. Globally rising consumption of illicit drugs, adoption of drug of abuse (DOA) testing at organizational level, increased production of illicit drugs and their trade and increasing death rates/road accidents due to drug abuse is also supporting the growth of the drugs of abuse testing market. 

Published Date: 2014-01-24

The global ophthalmic drugs market is rapidly growing due to increasing prevalence of eye disorders such as glaucoma, dry eye diseases and retinal diseases. Changing lifestyle, improved medical infrastructure, technological changes, increase in healthcare spending and aging population is also supporting the growth of the ophthalmic drugs market. 

Published Date: 2013-12-13

The global equestrian market is a multi-billion dollar industry that comprises horse racing and betting, leisure and competitive riding and has spawned and supports multifarious secondary markets; the equine healthcare market ranks as the one of the key secondary markets.

Published Date: 2013-10-21

This report studies the global erectile dysfunction drugs market with a major focus on the branded drugs which include Viagra (sildenafil citrate), Cialis (tadalafil), Levitra/Staxyn (vardenafil), Stendra/Spedra (avanafil), Zydena (udenafil) and others such as MUSE (Medicated Urethral System for Erections), Mvix and Helleva.

Published Date: 2013-09-30

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are diseases that spread primarily through person-to-person sexual contact. Varied testing technologies used for the identification and analysis of the STD contracted comprise the definition of ‘diagnostic testing of STDs’. The location where diagnostic tests are delivered i.e. in the laboratories or at the point-of-care (POC) also comprises the definition of ‘diagnostic testing of STDs’.

Published Date: 2013-09-24

Infectious enteric diseases are usually caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses and parasites when they enter the body through mouth and intestinal tract, primarily as a result of ingesting contaminated food and liquids. The study analyzes the enteric disease testing market for 12 major types that includes campylobacteriosis, salmonellosis, giardiasis, cryptosporidiosis, amebiasis, norovirus infection and clostridium difficile mediated infection.

Published Date: 2013-07-31

The global pain management therapeutics market is expected to witness a decline during the forecast period (2012 to 2018) due to patent expirations of the key blockbuster revenue generating drugs such as Cymbalta (duloxetine) of Eli Lilly & Co. and Lyrica (pregabalin) of Pfizer, Inc. This report studies the global market for pain management therapeutics from three perspectives - therapeutic classes of drugs, indications and geography. 

Published Date: 2013-01-16

The report on “Liver Diseases Therapeutics Market (Chemotherapy, Anti-Virals, Vaccines, Targeted Therapy And Immunosuppressants) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Trends And Forecast, 2012 – 2018” studies the performance of the different drugs class segments that are employed in liver disease therapeutics. These performance analyses have been performed based on revenue.

Published Date: 2013-01-07

The report titled ‘General Medicine Education Publishing Market - Global Industry Size, Market Share, Trends, Analysis And Forecast 2012-2018’ offers a broad-ranging environment analysis with a special focus on key aspects such as market drivers, market restraints, as well as future opportunities that can be capitalized on.

Published Date: 2012-11-28

This report is an effort to identify factors, which will be the driving force behind the market penetration and corresponding sales of the pipeline chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) drugs, namely the combination drug netupitant–palonosetron FDC (fixed-dose combination), APF530 and rolapitant, in the next seven years.

Published Date: 2012-11-25

In this research report Transparency Market Research analyzes the global high-potency active pharmaceutical ingredients market (HPAPI) along with market dynamics and present market condition. It also covers the market of high-potency active pharmaceutical ingredients types and application in different regions of the world namely, North America, Europe, Asia and RoW along with their sub segments.

Published Date: 2012-10-24

The global chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) market is expected to reach USD 1.7 billion by 2015, due to prevalent cancer related conditions and subsequent increase in the CINV pool. The global CINV patient pool is estimated to reach 4.6 million by 2015. The Asian region is expected to witness the largest patient share for CINV contributing majorly to the total CINV patient pool thereby presenting a huge potential for the Netupitant - Palonosetron market.

Published Date: 2012-09-13

This report helps to identify factors, which will be the driving force behind the U.S. vaccine market and sub-markets in the next six years. The report provides extensive analysis of the US vaccine industry, current market trends, industry drivers and challenges for better understanding of the U.S.vaccine market structure. The report has segregated the U.S. vaccine industry in terms of product type.

Published Date: 2012-06-18

Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) are diseases that cause chest symptoms leading to coughing, difficulty in breathing and wheezing. Asthma impacts a patient during the night time whereas COPD affects the patient during the day time. They can coexist in the same individual whereas the cause and treatment of both these symptoms are different. Asthma is caused majorly due to allergies whereas COPD is a result of smoking. Asthma leads to inflammation of lungs and COPD leads to destructive illness of lungs. 

Published Date: 2012-05-24

Catheters market is driven by the growth in urological and diagnostic cardiovascular catheter segments. Major factor driving the market is the rapid increase in surgical and diagnostic procedures and the growth in aging population worldwide. Developed countries are dominating the catheters market space due to their advanced medical infrastructure. Among all the segments, the cardiovascular devices segment will be in the forefront, followed by urological devices.

Published Date: 2012-04-16

Nutraceuticals are essentially products that provide therapeutic, medicinal, or pharmacological benefits besides providing nutrition. A nutraceutical ingredient is the key functional constituent of nutraceuticals. Such ingredients could be of diverse forms, ranging from chemical compounds to naturally occurring substances to bioactive substances; but their purpose remains common—to promote health and well-being and to prevent diseases.

Published Date: 2012-01-16

Increased prevalence of Osteoporosis among Chinese female population is the principal growth driver of the Osteoporosis drug industry. The other key growth drivers for Chinese Osteoporosis market include increasing elderly aged population, rising living standards of the Chinese people and increasing awareness and bone health education.

Upcoming Market Research Reports in Pharmaceutical

 

Pharmacogenomics deals with the study of inherited variations in human genes that affect an individual’s reaction to a particular drug. It co-integrates the genetic sciences with pharmaceutical science. Thus, it is the science of individualizing the drug, which is based on individual’s genetic makeup.

 

Parenteral nutrition is a method of feeding a person intravenously who is unable to take dietary supplements through mouth. Parenteral nutrition comprises almost all kinds of nutrients that are required for body to stay healthy. During parenteral nutrition food is administered as a fluid in the vein of patient that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract. Sick people, premature baby and geriatric people mostly require parenteral nutrition procedure for feeding.

 

A Neurometabolic disorder is a group of individually rare and progressive disorders limited to symptomatic patient care. The analytical and clinical research result predicts significant development in explaining the molecular genetics, biochemical irregularities, pathogenesis of this disorder and diagnostic testing. The major symptoms of neurometabolic disorders are caused by progressive destruction of mental, motor and perceptual functions.

 

Anti-infective antibodies are being used extensively nowadays to treat serious bacterial and viral diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and malaria. According to the World Health Organization, six major infectious diseases namely diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) , measles and tuberculosis are responsible for half of the premature deaths worldwide killing children and young adults.

 

Apoptosis is the death of cell in a programmed fashion that is observed largely in multicellular organisms. This programmed cell death occurs in a cascade of biochemical events which include blebbing, cell shrinkage, nuclear fragmentation, chromatin condensation and chromosomal fragmentation.

 

Cancer, according to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) resulted in the death of around 4.6 million men worldwide in 2012. Around 14% of the world’s total annual deaths are as a result of various cancers. Modern medicine has extended the life expectancy of a cancer patient by a great margin. 

 

Bacteria represent the essential class of micro-organisms that play a crucial role in the development of infection of any disease to human being and animal. Bacteria are divided into two types on the basis of gram staining test, namely; gram-positive bacteria and gram-negative bacteria. Neisseria is one of the most important genera of bacteria which form colonies on mucosal surfaces of various animals.

 

Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare also known as Mycobacterium avium complex causes pulmonary infections in immune compromised patients. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) consists of two species: M. avium and M. intracellulare. As these species are difficult to differentiate, they are collectively referred to as Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare. 

 

Pancreatitis is a condition wherein the pancreas becomes inflamed. Amongst the two forms of pancreatitis: acute and chronic, the latter one constitutes long lasting inflammation. Major cause of chronic pancreatitis is damage to pancreas due to heavy alcohol consumption. Hereditary disorders of the pancreas, gall stones, high triglycerides, cystic fibrosis and certain medications are the various other causes responsible for chronic pancreatitis.

 

Orthomyxoviridae infections are caused by a large family of viruses spanning six genera. They are responsible for the occurrence of influenza amongst both humans and animals. Influenzavirus A, Influenzavirus B, Influenzavirus C, Isavirus, Thogotovirus and Quaranjavirus are the six different types of orthomyxoviridae.

 

Non-rhabdomyosarcoma is considered as soft tissue sarcomas that are mostly occurs in soft tissues: tendons, muscles, nerves, fatty tissues and fibrous tissues. Non-rhabdomyosarcoma can be observed in any pars of the body but mostly it occurs in arms and legs, the head and neck, the chest, abdomen and pelvis. Etiology for non-rhabdomyosarcoma is unknown but researchers found that there are some hereditary conditions which have a susceptibility to non-rhabdomyosarcoma.

 

Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder which involves damage to the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. It is a form of chronic lung disorder which causes difficulty in breathing. Emphysema is also called as obstructive disorder because airflow or exhalation is slow or stopped due to over inflammation of the alveoli.

 

Pollens are made up of tiny particles released by trees, plants and grasses during spring and summer as part of their reproductive cycle.  Pollen owing to its fine particles can be easily inhaled by humans and animals which can cause significant irritation and inflammation to some people. Allergic rhinitis or hay fever is among the most common form of allergy caused by grass pollen.

 

Infestation of blood feeding Phthiraptera, an ectoparasitic insect (Louse) is referred as pediculosis. While sucking human blood, lice saliva enters human circulatory system which causes puritus. Lice can survive away from human host for 10 days post which it dies due to starvation. A mature female louse lay 3 to 6 eggs per day. Eggs (Nits) hatch in 8 to 10 days and reach maturity in 13 to 15 days. Mature lice live for 10 days. 

 

Peripheral nervous system connects the nerves from the brain to rest of the body of a living organism. Organs connected with brain through peripheral nerves include hands, feet, arms, internal organs, legs, mouth and face. Peripheral neuropathy can be defined as malfunctioning or disorder in the peripheral nerves due to damage or destroy of the nerves.

 

Breast cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer which is frequently diagnosed in women above 40 years of age. This cancer is readily diagnosed in aged women and is one of the leading causes of death among them. At present, hormone refractory breast cancers are occurring increasingly due to rising number of hormone therapies that have made breast cancers resistant to most of these therapies, hence are also referred to as hormone-resistant breast cancers.

 

Kaposi’s sarcoma is a cancer that develops from the cell that line in the lymph or blood vessel. Kaposi’s sarcoma grows in the lining of mouth, throat, nose and other organs in our body such as the lymph nodes, lungs and digestive tract. This type of sarcoma is made up of cancer and blood cells that causes purple, red or brown blotches or tumors on the skin.

 

Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma (AILT) also known as Immunoblastic Lymphadenopathy is a grown T-cell lymphoma of blood distinguished by a polymorphous lymph node penetrate resulting significant increase in follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) and high endothelial venules (HEVs) with systemic involvement. Clinically this disorder is characterized by generalized lymphadenopathy and high fever.

 

Biliary cirrhosis is an autoimmune disease of the kidney that results in the damage of small bile ducts of the liver, caused due to build-up of bile within the liver. The pressure formed by the accumulation of bile leads to severe liver cell damage. Due to weak immune systems, bile ducts are damaged accompanied with higher levels of bile in the liver, finally resulting into cirrhosis.

 

Cytokines refer to diverse non-antibody proteins that act as molecular messengers between the cells. Also, other terms are in use to describe specific type of cytokines. For instance, monokines are the cytokines that are produced by mononuclear phagocytic cells, interleukins are the cytokines that act as molecular messengers between leukocytes and lymphokines are the cytokines that are produced by activated lymphocytes.

 

Cancer associated with urinary tract is referred as urinary tract cancer. Cancer growth of cell arising from epithelial lining of urinary bladder results in urinary tract cancer. Elderly population is at a higher risk of urinary tract cancer. Although majority cases of urinary tract cancer are diagnosed at early stage, risk of re-occurrence of early diagnosed cancer is higher.

 

Incidences of poisoning are fatal for most of the times and such incidences have risen over the years. WHO estimated that in 2004 approximately 346,000 people died globally due to unintentional poisoning. Moreover, more than a million people die annually due to suicide and deliberate ingestion of chemicals account for large number of these deaths. The increasing knowledge regarding the pharmacokinetics, pathology along with advancements in medicine has led to development of several antidotes for treating various kinds of poisoning.

 

Central Nervous System (CNS) lymphoma is also known as primary CNS lymphoma and microglioma, is a type of intracranial tumor observed in patients diagnosed with severe immunosupression (typically patients with AIDS). Primary CNS lymphoma initiates in the spinal cord, brain or meninges. While, most of primary CNS lymphomas are B-cell lymphomas and T-cell lymphomas are rare.

 

Dementia is characterized by a set of symptoms which includes loss of mental abilities such as social abilities, thinking, memory and judgment. Dementia is severe enough to affect an individual’s daily activities and functions accompanied by certain changes in personality. A person with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) develop severity of dementia, termed as AIDS associated dementia or AIDS Dementia Complex (ADC).

 

Ureter cancer or renal pelvis cancer represents a cancer type affecting the kidney’s pelvis (tube passing the urine from kidney to the bladder). These cancers account for around five percent of all the cancer types related to upper urinary tract and kidney. The occurrence of ureter cancer is more common in men (aged more than 65 years) than women. 

 

Abnormal functioning of immune system due to lack of necessary antibodies or lack of normal functioning of present antibodies is referred as primary immunodeficiency disease. Immunodeficiency is referred as primary immunodeficiency when any disease, environmental exposure to toxins or drug treatment is not the cause of the disease. 

 

Cancer, according to the WHO resulted in the death of around 8.2 million individuals worldwide in 2012. Around 14% of the world’s total annual deaths are as a result of various cancers. Modern medicine has extended the life expectancy of a cancer patient by a great margin. However newer cases are diagnosed every year globally, there is at present 14 million newly diagnosed individuals annually, according to the WHO.

 

Endobronchial cancer are characterized by small size, slow growth and usually misdiagnosed as asthma or chronic bronchitis due to their common symptoms. These cancers are usually benign and rare. Due to these reasons, they may remain undiagnosed for a long time and lead to serious complications. The term bronchial adenoma encompasses a diverse group of tumors of mucous glands, trachea or bronchi.

 

Autonomic dysfunction or dysautonomia affects the nerve of autonomic nervous system. The autonomic system controls the function like body temperature, digestion, breathing rate, heart rate and others. It provides connection between brain and body’s internal organs like heart, eye, sweat gland and interior muscles. 

 

Respiratory disease is a medical condition that includes pathological conditions that affect tissues and organs which assist in making gas exchange possible in the organisms. Respiratory disease ranges from self-limiting and mild, such as the common cold, to life-threatening conditions such as lung cancer, pulmonary embolism and bacterial pneumonia. 

 

Thyroid gland is located in the lower part of neck and produces and stores hormones that help to regulate blood pressure, heart rate and body temperature. Thyroid hormones are also regulating the essential functions of body cells and maintain functions like metabolism i.e. rate of chemical reaction in the body.

 

Mycoses are fungal skin infections caused by fungi and are primarily caused by three groups of fungi: dermatophytes, yeasts and molds. Dermatophytes cause fungal infections on head and feet, for instance, trichophyton and microsporum. Yeasts cause infections at the genital area, mouth area and esophagus. Example of yeast fungi includes candida and pityrosporum.

 

Movement disorders are neurological diseases and syndromes affecting the ability to generate and control movement. This disorder mainly affects brain, spinal cord and nerves throughout the body giving rise to cerebrovascular diseases, degenerative diseases of adult life, trauma, neuro-genetic diseases, developmental disorders, metabolic diseases, convulsive disorders, infectious diseases and brain tumors. 

 

Pertussis, commonly known as whooping cough is caused due to a coccobacillus, aerobic, non motile, gram-negative bacteria called Bordetella pertussis. The virulence factors of B. pertussis include filamentous hemagglutinin, pertussis toxin, fimbria, pertactin and tracheal cytotoxin. These bacteria get transmitted to susceptible individuals from respiratory droplets of infected ones, as they mainly attack the mucosal layers of the respiratory tract.

 

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe condition in which most women develop depression, irritability and tension before menstruation. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services stated that, premenstrual dysphoric disorder is more severe and serious compared to premenstrual syndrome (PMS). 

 

Lip cancer is a type of oral cancer that begins in the squamous cells, lining the lips and the oral cavity. Symptoms of lip cancer include soreness, lumps or pale colored ulcers in the mouth that are usually painless at first but may become painful with disease progression. On early diagnosis, this type of cancer can be cured either by surgery and/or radiation therapy.

 

Rhinoconjunctivitis is a combination of rhinitis and conjunctivitis and is one of the most common allergic reactions across the globe. It is an inflammatory disorder which affects nasal and conjunctival mucosa and is induced as a result of hypersensitive immune response. 

 

Haemophilus is a group of bacteria that causes different types of illness such as breathing, bone and joint disorders and nervous system disorders. Among all the strains of Haemophilus, H infleunzae type b (Hib) is one of the most common types of infecton causing bacteria. The bacteria is also known as Bacillus Influenzae of Pfeiffer’s bacillus and it is a gram negative, facultatively, ccobacillary, anaerobic bacteria.

 

Viral exanthem refers to rashes observed in infants followed by high fever. Determining of the exact cause of rashes is difficult as look similar in most of the cases. Hence, other symptoms (such as headache, diarrhea vomiting etc), facilitate the physicians in identifying the type of virus responsible for onset of the disease. 

 

Clostridium botulinum infections are caused by clostridium botulinum, a gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium which produces an extremely lethal substance that is botulism neurotoxin. The spread of clostridium botulinum in human body leads to life-threatening neuroparalysis and can be deadly. It blocks the motor nerve terminal at the myoneural junction and causes flaccid paralysis.

 

Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are a cancerous growth associated with the neural crest cells. Neural crest cells are embryonic cells migrates and transform into various cell types within the embryo during the formation of the neural tube. The tumors affecting of these cells are small round cells which are neuroectodermal origin, extremely malignant in nature and affect soft tissue organs and bones. 

 

Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) or transthyretin (TTR) amyloid neuropathy is a genetic disorder caused by the deposition of insoluble amyloid fibrils around the peripheral nerves and in various tissues, including the heart muscle. Transthyretin is a transporter of retinol and thyroid hormone; majority of which is made in liver and small amount of the protein is made in brain and eyes. 

 

Fibrosis is a process, which includes the formation of excess fibrous connective tissue in body tissues or organs in a repetitive manner. Kidney fibrosis is the major biological process causal for the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Kidney fibrosis is an unavoidable outcome of excessive formation of extracellular matrix, which occurs due to every type of CKD.

 

Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is an age related muscle disorder, which is most common among aged individuals and it may lead to severe disability due to its incurable nature. This muscle disorder is mainly characterized by inflammatory myopathy that slowly progresses and causes weakness of the limbs, least or no reflexes from deep tendons, mixing of neurogenic and myopathic changes in electromyography as well as dysphasia.

 

A neuroendocrine tumor is a kind of tumor that begins in the hormone producing cells of the neuroendocrine system that is made up of the endocrine system and nervous system. Hormones producing neuroendocrine cells have a structure similar to neurons and produce hormones like endocrine cells. 

 

Myocardial ischemia is characterized by a specific condition, where there is an insufficient flow of blood to the heart muscle (myocardium) through coronary arteries. Due to an obstruction or constriction of the arteries, the heart is not able to pump oxygenated blood and other vital nutrients to the body efficiently and finally leads to destruction of the heart muscles.

 

Ischemic cardiomyopathy is the disease condition that occurs when the main heart muscle gets enlarged and dilated due to weakening of heart muscles. This condition leads to either heart attack or coronary disease leading to narrowing of the arteries. These narrowed arteries inhibit the heart’s ability to pump blood and sometimes lead to heart failure.

 

Malignant tumor in liver spread as a result of infection of cancerous cells to some other organ of the body is referred as liver metastasis. Colorectal cancer that spreads in liver is termed as hepatic colorectal metastasis. Liver is the most common site for metastasis owing to the presence of dual and rich blood supply. 

 

Presence of combination of two or more symptoms of schizophrenia such as delusions and hallucinations is referred as schizoaffective disorder condition. Schizoaffective disorders leads to deregulated emotions and abnormal thought process. Symptoms of Schizoaffective disorders include sudden changes in energy and appetite, disorganized and illogical speech, delusions, paranoia.

 

Rhinitis is an acute disease of the nasal system. Rhinitis is the irritation and inflammation of the internal lining and mucous membrane of the nose. The rhinitis is one of the short term and environment related disorders, which is identified by common symptoms, such as, runny nose, stuffy nose and post-nasal drip.

 

Amyloids are the substance made up of abnormally formed protein in the bone marrow that gets saturated in different tissues or organs of the body. The condition is termed as amyloidosis. There are various types of amyloidosis out of which primary systemic amyloidosis are most common, these are associated with plasma cell dyscrasia and has no historical evidence of disease. 

 

Infection can be defined as attack of bacterial, viral or fungal pathogens on the human (host) body and causing disturbance in the normal functioning, on the other hand, study of resistance by human body towards infections can be termed as immunology. The right diagnosis and prevention of the infection is always a center for studies on various infections.

 

Epidemiologic studies have concluded that majority of the individuals experiencing panic attack will also experience a major depression disorder (MDD) and this factor increases the possibility of co-occurrence of panic disorder. These disorders tend in functional disability along with suicidal behavior in the patients and are in association with depression and panic conditions.

 

Lymphobalstic lymphoma is also known as non-hodgkin lymphoma a type of cancer that primarily affects lymphatic system. The lymphatic system comprises organs such as the thymus, bone marrow, spleen, and the lymph nodes (or lymph glands). Lymph nodes are connected by a network of tubes called lymphatic vessels that contain lymph fluid and lymphatic tissue is also found in other organs such as skin, lungs and stomach.

 

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) alternatively known as premenstrual tension is a combination of physical, emotional, psychological disturbances among women of child bearing age. Premenstrual syndrome symptom occurs 1-2 weeks before the onset of menstruation and usually disappears once the menstrual bleeding starts. The exact cause of the disease is though not clear yet fluctuations in hormone level are one of the prominent reasons for onset of symptoms.

 

Hospital acquired bacterial infections (HABI) or nosocomial infections are type of infections commonly caused by bacterial pathogens and are acquired in healthcare facilities or hospitals. These pathogens should be examined in all patients who have developed some kind of clinical deterioration unexplained during the initial diagnosis.

 

Active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are also referred as ‘bulk pharmaceuticals’ and they are the base of the pharmaceutical industry. APIs are used in the manufacture of various pharmaceutical and drug products, intended to yield the desired pharmacological effect. APIs are produced through various processes such as chemical synthesis, fermentation process, isolation etc.

 

Ethical pharmaceuticals or prescription drugs are those licensed drugs that are regulated by various legislations to require a written medical prescription before it can be procured. An ethical pharmaceutical product is only sold by a pharmacists when it has been approved by a written medical prescription from a registered medical practitioner.

 

Dermatophytic onychomycosis also referred to as ringworm of the nail is one of the most common fungal infections of the nails. This infection results in the change in appearance of the nails such as, increased opaqueness and whitening along with increased thickening and fragility.

 

Multiple myeloma is a blood disorder related to leukemia and lymphoma, since it generally arises in bone marrow. In multiple myeloma, certain white blood cells (WBCs) begin to proliferate abnormally within the bone marrow. These cells are known as plasma cells. Plasma cells are responsible for manufacturing antibodies in the body that help fight against any infection.

 

Klebsiella pneumoniae infections are usually hospital acquired and patients with compromised defense mechanisms are more prone to these infections. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a pathogenic strain of genus Klebsiella of Enterobacteriaceae and is present in the normal flora of the respiratory, intestinal, and urinogenital tracts of humans.

 

Intra abdominal infections are a group of diseases of abdomen and are one of the most common causes of mortalities across the globe. These include peritonitis, intra abdominal abscess, diverticulitis, appendicitis, food poisoning and pelvic inflammatory disease. Post surgical infections are a major cause of intra abdominal infections. The infections can also occur due to inflammatory bowel disease, ruptured appendix, and intestinal infection. 

 

Febrile neutropenia is defined as the development of fever with sign of infection. Febrile neutropenia is one of the most severe complications during cancer chemotherapy and is mainly caused by infectious agents like gram positive and gram negative bacteria. This diseased condition significantly reduces white blood cell count of the patients. Blood test is helpful to determine the number of white blood cells and to diagnose febrile neutropenia disease.

 

Menopausal hot flashes can be described as a sudden feeling of heat in the body, especially in upper body such as face, neck and head with intense sweating and increased rate of heartbeat, which are followed by nausea, dizziness, or feeling of being unwell. Women experience these symptoms during the period of menopause whereas some women may have symptoms for many years after the menopause. 

 

Targeted delivery is a clinical treatment used to deliver medication in patients to increase the concentration of medication in some parts of the body. Target specific drug delivery is localized, prolonged, targeted and have protected drug interaction with the diseased tissue. The advantage of injectable targeted therapy was the decrease in frequency of the dosages that are delivered to the patient, it more uniform effect of the drug, reduction of drug’s side-effects and reduced oscillation in circulating drug levels.

 

Hemorrhage or bleeding is a medical condition in which a person experiences excessive bleeding due to various reasons such as underlying medical condition or traumatic injury or cancer. Hemorrhages usually occur internally or externally (through a natural opening such as nose, mouth, ear, vagina, urethra or anus). Generally, a healthy human being can endure blood loss of 10 – 15% of the total volume of blood without having any serious medical difficulties.

 

Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is a kind of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in which chronic inflammation associated with atherosclerosis (progressive thickening of arteries lining) causes reduced blood flow to the extremities (legs, feet and hands), leading to severe pain and ulcers or sore.

 

Dermatosis is a condition wherein the outer layer of the body, namely the skin (dermis) or hair, nail, etc has an irritation or an anomaly. Dermatoses involve condition of the skin that does not involve inflammation. In cases of inflammation, they are termed dermatitis. Corticosteroids are usually used to treat inflammation, but it is observed that corticosteroids sometimes also helped alleviate dermatoses. 

 

The pancreas, a vital organ plays an important role of producing and secreting key digestive enzymes and hormones required for regulating glucose in the human body. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is characterized by lack of digestive enzymes normally secreted from the pancreas into the digestive track leading to inappropriate digestion of food. Primarily, these digestive enzymes include proteases for protein digestion, lipases for fat digestion and amylases for starch digestion.

 

Mouth ulcer, also termed as mucosal ulcer, is a common oral disorder that occurs on the mucous membrane of an oral cavity. A sore or a lesion develops in the mouth, usually red and swollen on the inside of cheeks or lips. Mouth ulcers are common, particularly in women and young adults. It often cause pain and discomfort while eating, drinking and brushing one’s teeth. 

 

Bacteria represents essential class of micro-organisms that play a crucial role in the development of infection of any disease to the human being and animal kingdom. Bacteria are divided into two types on the basis of gram staining test, namely; gram-positive bacteria and gram-negative bacteria.

 

Dental pain, also referred as toothache is characterized by painful sensation in the teeth or its supporting structures which can be caused by a dental disease or a non-dental disease. Most common causes of toothache are dental cavity (pulpitis), gum disease, a damaged filling, tooth decay, tooth fracture, abscessed tooth, apical periodontitis, and alveolar osteitis. 

 

Anaplastic astrocytoma is a very rare type of malignant brain tumor affecting human at all ages. As this tumor develops from astrocytes, the star-shaped brain cells it is termed as astrocytoma. The astrocytes along with other cells protect nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord by surrounding them. All these protective cells are collectively termed as glial cells.

 

Hepatitis is defined as the inflammation of the liver due to an infection by a virus or other causative organism or toxin. Hepatitis C on the other hand, is primarily as a result of the infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV). With a cure rate between 50%-80%, and no commercially available vaccine as of yet, hepatitis C is considered a deadly disease with a moderate to high infection rate. It is the leading cause for liver transplantation in the U.K and North America. 

 

Ocular pain is also known as eye pain that occurs on the surface of the eye. Ocular pain is considered as a common medical condition that resolves on its own but, sometimes it creates emergency medical conditions. Possible causes for ocular pain includes corneal discomfort, pain in the sclera and discomfort in conjunctiva and pain in the iris. Moreover, few other etiology of ocular pain includes pain in extracellular muscle of the eye, burning sensation in nerves present in the eye and paining sensation on the eyelids. 

 

Nerve gases are a class of phosphorus based organic chemicals that disrupts the biological mechanism through which nerves present in the brain transfer messages and instructions to various organs of the body. The disturbance is caused due to the blockage of a neurotransmitter called acetylcholinesterase.

 

Palsy is a class of neuro-degenerative disorders affecting many people worldwide. Frequently seen among the geriatric population, palsy is not necessarily endemic to older generation or a specific race, infact they have also been reported in much younger populations, although the reason may be different (trauma/abuse). Progressive supranuclear palsy is a type of palsy, specific to older populations, wherein certain sections of the brain die due to various, yet unknown reasons.

 

Lymphoma is one of the most hazardous and life threatening type of cancer, related to lymphocytes, an important type of white blood cells. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (NHL) is a distinct group of blood cancer, which includes large variety of lymphomas, excluding Hodgkin’s lymphomas. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) varies in their severity, from mild to fatal.

 

Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine imaging procedure that is used to monitor various internal body organs and tissues in order to identify certain disease conditions. It is performed by using a small amount of radioactive substance called tracers which move through blood circulation and thus helps radiologists in identifying the area of concerns precisely. PET imaging procedure provides a better insight about the working condition of organs and tissues, size, shape and position.

 

Methicillin-susceptible staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) infections are the infections caused by gram-positive bacterium. Staphylococcus aureus is the common pathogen in the skin, bone, central nervous system, pulmonary and soft tissues. These bacteria produce beta-lactamase which is the major cause of the infection. MSSA infection may lead to the skin allergies, pneumonia and endocarditis. 

 

Filtration is a necessary process step in almost all kind of laboratories related to environmental, chemistry, and life sciences applications. It is the most common technique used either to purify or concentrate samples in the laboratory. The basic equipment used for filtration process has evolved over the years and market is witnessing modern, sophisticated filtration methods capable of ultra-purifying the sample which could not have been possible with conventional methods.

 

Claudication is originated from latin word claudicare which means to limp. Claudication refers to pain or cramping in lower leg muscles classically calf muscles due to inadequate blood supply. This condition typically occurs during walking, exercise but subsides after a short period of time. This condition is also termed as intermittent claudication as the pain if felt during the exertion subsidizes with the rest. 

 

Idiopathic short stature (ISS) refers to children with shorten growth of body where the reason behind the physical condition is unknown. The children with height less than 2 standard deviations (SDs) are categorized in this clinical condition. The group of idiopathic short children includes children with delay of growth and puberty, hereditary short stature, children with subtle cartilage and bone dysplasias. There is no precise medical cause for ISS, whereas some reasons include genetic structure and other orthopedic related complications. 

 

Hypersensitivity reaction is the over reactive immunological response towards antigens. In some cases, body’s own cells are miss-read as foreign cells and immune response is mounted against these cells. Hypersensitivity may lead to serious injuries, lifelong disorders and even death. There are two types of hypersensitivity reactions, namely, immediate hypersensitivity reaction and delayed hypersensitivity.

 

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a protein that regulates vital cell growth processes in a living organism. mTOR acts as a communication command centre in human body by receiving external signals from growth factors, hormones, proteins and transfer the signal to on' or 'off' mode for the cell to grow and divide. mTOR is considered as a member of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) cell survival pathway which plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth and proliferation. 

 

Epilepsy is a chronic disorder resulting in repeated and unprovoked seizures. Epileptic seizures are commonly referred as convulsions. Anticonvulsants are mainly used for the treatment of epileptic seizures. In addition, anticonvulsants are also used in treatment of bipolar disorder and in neuropathic pain management.  Epilepsy can affect people of any age group. Though brain injury, brain cancer, drug and alcohol misuse and stroke are some of the reasons for epileptic seizures, exact reason for convulsions is not known. 

 

Cocaine is a type of stimulant and appetite suppressant that can be smoked, injected and snorted. Cocaine is extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. In nature, cocaine acts as a triple reuptake inhibitor (TRI) or serotonin-norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor, which makes it anesthetic, when taken in low doses. Globally, cocaine dependence is a major public health concern and cause of significant mortality and morbidity.

 

Blood testing is a laboratory based analysis that is performed in order to determine general state of health, presence of a bacteria or virus and to assess disease progression. It is usually performed by taking a small sample of blood from the patient’s body with the help of a needle or finger prick.

 

Endocrine, Nutritional, & Metabolic Disorders include diseases that affect endocrine glands (thyroid, parathyroid, pituitary, adrenals, thymus, islets of pancreas, ovaries and testicles), nutritional deficiencies such as malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies, and metabolism disorders such related  lipid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism, plasma protein metabolism and other metabolic disorders.

 

Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare inherited disorder that affects organs and tissues of the body. This may cause an intellectual disability, distinguishing facial features, and skeletal abnormalities in an individual. Characteristic facial features can include a large head, low hairline, large ears, and rounded eyebrows, protruding jaw, flattened bridge of the nose, overgrown gums, widely spaced teeth, and large tongue. 

 

Complex regional pain syndrome is a debilitating chronic pain condition causing intense pain particularly in the arms, hands, legs, or feet. This syndrome is characterized by pain, swelling, vasomotor instability, limited range of motion, skin color changes and patchy bone demineralization. CRPS is often regarded to be caused as a result of malfunction of failure of peripheral and central nervous system and therefore also sometimes referred as reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome.

 

Foot and mouth disease is considered as a highly contagious and severe disease observed in animals with considerable economic impact. Animals which are affected by foot and mouth disease include goat, sheep and cloven-hoofed ruminant. Deer, antelope, elephant and giraffe are susceptible to foot and mouth disease.

 

Learning disability is the disorder of brain to receive, store and respond to the new information. People suffering from learning disabilities have problems in listening, paying attention, reading, speaking, writing, reasoning and performing mathematical operations. Learning disability is actually a group of disorders, not a single disorder which includes dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyspraxia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and auditory and visual processing disorders. 

 

Psychiatric therapies include therapeutic interaction processes between trained psychiatric professionals and the patient in order to treat psychology related problems of patients. Psychiatric therapies involve the treatment of emotional and mental disorders and behavior disturbance by using psychological techniques and therapies.

 

Smart pill technology is used to diagnose gastrointestinal (GI) disorders such as constipation and gastroparesis. Smart pill technology functions by providing the practitioner, with information pertaining to various parameters such as pH, temperature and pressure of gastrointestinal tract. This technology comprises wireless capsule, a receiver worn (by the patient) and computer software that analyzes and sorts the collated information. 

 

Dermatomycoses is a fungal infection of the skin commonly caused by yeast, dermatophytes or other groups of fungi (e.g. epidermophyton, microsporum and genera trichophyton). These organisms break down the keratin tissues of hair, epidermis, nails and are mainly characterized by colonization of the keratinized layers on the surface of skin. Dermatomycoses commonly refers as tinea or ring-worm infections due to its characteristic ringed lesions.

 

Epinephrine or adrenaline is a hormone secreted by adrenal glands in the blood stream. It is one of the two common hormones (the other being glucagon) that is responsible for glycogen breakdown. Secretion of epinephrine is characterized by the presence of extreme emotions such as anxiety or anger thereby resulting in elevated levels of blood pressure along with increased muscle strength and high sugar metabolism. 

 

Microcrystalline cellulose is refined and partially de-polymerized wood pulp and is commonly found in the form of a white, freely flowing powder. Microcrystalline cellulose is inert in nature and chemically non-reactive with body fluids. It does not degrade during digestion and has a low absorption quotient. Microcrystalline cellulose is majorly used in foodstuffs to impart dietary bulk and can also be used as a natural laxative. It is prepared by treating alpha-cellulose and is obtained in the form of pulp from fibrous plant material.

 

Epilepsy is a group of long-term neurological disorders that is characterized by recurring seizures. These seizures are episodes that occur when group of nerve cells or neurons in brain sends wrong signals. Seizures could differ from primary generalized seizures to partial seizures depending upon the cause of the epilepsy.  Patients suffering from epilepsy may complain about strange emotions and sensations or they may behave strangely. 

 

Cast and splint is an orthopedic device utilized for the protection and support of fractured bone and joint. Cast and splint is helpful to immobilize the injured limb and joint until it fully heals. Cast is more effective and supportive for the protection of injured bone and limb as compared to splint. Splint is also called as half cast which is faster and easier to use as compared with casting. 

 

Geriatric is the branch of medicine concerned with clinical, remedial, preventive and social aspects of illness usually among people over 65 years of age. In response to the needs and demands of an aging population, demand for geriatric medicines has grown rapidly in last 3 decades. The elderly patients across the globe face an array of ill health conditions which include co-morbid complexities such as falls, cerebral ageing and syncope among others. 

 

Blood glucose or blood sugar refers to the sugar passed through the blood stream that is responsible for ensuring the energy supply to all the cells in the body. The regulation of blood glucose levels is essential in order to maintain the normal levels thereby maintaining hemostasis (maintaining a stable or equilibrium condition in the blood’s internal environment). The state of hemostasis is necessary for our bodies to ensure proper functionality. 

 

Medical nonwoven disposables are important products in the global healthcare industry as they provide hygiene benefits over the woven fabrics. Woven fabrics used in hospitals, clinics and physician offices are vulnerable to hospital acquired infections (HAIs) and other infections such as AIDs and hepatitis. Medical nonwoven disposables prevent transmission of these infections to some extent since they are soon disposed of. 

 

Bone cement have been used widely in supporting artificial joints for more than half a century. Bone cement provides elasticity by filling the space between prosthesis and the bone. The necessity of bone cement is supported by the fact that the human hip is acted on 10-12 times by the body weight and therefore the forces acting on hips should be absorbed by the bone cement to ensure safety of artificial implants.

 

Sleep disorder is a deviation in the normal sleeping pattern. It can also be defined as difficulty related to sleeping that includes falling asleep at inappropriate time, excessive sleep and abnormal behavior associated with the sleep. Sleep disorders are classified into four categories namely, dyssomnias, parasomnias, proposed sleep disorder and medical disorder. Dyssomnia is the disturbance in quality, time and amount of sleep.

 

Biopharmaceutical industry is one of the major contributors in global economic progress. Due to globalization, outsourcing of the biopharmaceutical processes has increased to great extent. Complexity of processes and technology oriented industry companies started finding it feasible for outsourcing processes to experts. Outsourcing also helped corporate in cost reduction and better focus on core business segments.

 

Adhesive bandage, also known as sticking plaster, is a wound care dressing product that is utilized as small dressing. Adhesive bandages are applied on the patients who have not undergone serious accident but have minor abrasion (scratches) and cut on their body. The most widely utilized term for adhesive bandage by Americans is Band-Aid or Bandage; however, the British population terms them as plaster.

 

Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder, which is characterized by brain’s inability to control the sleep-wake cycle of an individual. This disorder is not caused due to any mental illness, but is mainly caused due to genetic abnormalities occurring from environmental factors or biologic factors.

 

Delirium is a serious mental disorder, which can cause two most common type of behaviors, namely, hyperactive behavior, which is characterized by severe confusion, disorientation and disturbance in consciousness that fluctuates and hypoactive behavior, which is characterized by the sudden onset of withdrawal from interaction with the outside world. 

 

The Ambulatory surgery and emergency centers provide surgical and emergency medical services for outpatients and do not require hospitalization.  These centers have developed into an excellent option for general public for minor and serious surgeries and therefore insurance companies are eyeing to capitalize on the growth of this industry. 

 

During the forecast period healthcare providers overtake healthcare payers significantly in terms of growth in the market. Conventional business intelligence leads the global healthcare business intelligence market, by technology, when it comes to revenue. Although mobile business intelligence or cloud business intelligence pose a huge market growth potential due to rising usage of mobile by the healthcare society, and growing demand of health systems and hospitals for a more cheaper, accessible, flexible, scalable and agile form of business intelligence in this expenditure constraint healthcare environment.

 

Restenosis prevention continues to be a major challenge for the interventional cardiologists. This is because of inevitable limitations of the present technologies or therapies in preventing the recurrence of stenosis (narrowing of blood vessel). There are different types of cardiac stents such as drug eluting stents (DES) and bare metal stents (BMS) available for treating stenosis. Although drug eluting stents attenuated the level of cell proliferation and reduced the need for revascularization, there are risks related to late stent thrombosis and long term dependency on antiplatelet therapy.

 

Duodenal ulcer, also called as peptic ulcer is a defect in the lining of the small intestine, an area called duodenum. The lining which protects the small intestine is resistant against the acid which is produced in our stomach. If the protecting line fails to protect the intestine or does not work properly against the acid it results in an ulcer. A causative microorganism for duodenal ulcer is helicobacter pylori, a gram-negative, microaerophilic bacteria. Common symptoms for duodenal ulcer includes abdominal pain, pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, feeling of plumpness, blood in vomiting and chest pain. 

 

B-type natriuretic peptides, also called, brain natriuretic peptide, is a 32-amino acid (AA) polypeptide, which is produced by ventricles of the heart, as a reflex action to over-stretching of cardiac muscles cells. The generation of BNP is controlled by calcium ions. BNP and ANP (atrial natriuretic peptide) are working similarly and the physiological action of both is similar.

 

A biosimilar medicine possesses the similar pharmacokinetic and mode of action as an original biological medicine that has already been approved for therapeutic use. Biosimilars are made from a living organism such as bacteria and yeast or can also be derived from small molecules like human insulin, erythropoietin and monoclonal antibodies via recombinant DNA and gene expression technologies.

 

Biological therapy is defined as use of living organisms and substances derived from organism or synthetically produced version of such substances in laboratories to treat the disease condition. Some of the biological therapies for cancer involve vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body’s defense system to act against cancer cells. 

 

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of multifaceted neurodevelopment disabilities characterized by social, behavioral and communication challenges. This condition is characterized by communication difficulties, social impairment and repetitive and stereotyped behavioral patterns. 

 

The market of antiviral drugs is segmented on the basis of products, such as Hepatitis-C antivirals, HIV antivirals, Herpes antivirals, Hepatitis-B antivirals, Influenza antivirals and others. The market is also segmented on the basis of enzyme specific actions, such as DNA polymerase inhibitors, NS3 Protease inhibitors, reverse transcriptase inhibitors and others.

 

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a clinical condition in which primarily heart’s left ventricular considered to be the main pumping chamber is affected where it becomes enlarged unable to pump blood to the body. If proper measures are not taken then the problem often spreads to the right ventricle and then to the atria as the disease gets worse. Dilated cardiomyopathy also can lead to heart valve problems, arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats) and blood clots in the heart.

 

Cholangitis is referred as an infection of biliary tract that leads to significant mortality and morbidity. It is a bacterial infection that occurs when the bile duct that carries bile for liver to intestine and gallbladder is blocked by tumor or gallstone. Bile is a liquid generated by liver for food digestion.

 

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB typically infects lungs (Pulmonary tuberculosis) but may also infect other parts of body (Extrapulmonary tuberculosis) such as central nervous system, lymphatic system and genitourinary system.

 

The intraocular swelling and inflammation of the uvea of the eye is known as uveitis. The middle part of the eye i.e. the uvea is made of three parts, namely the iris, ciliary body and the choroid.

 

Urgent care centers provide immediate medications to patients with injuries or illness on an unscheduled, walk-in basis, thereby avoiding visits to emergency care centers. These centers also offer other services such as occupational medicine, school and sports physicals and travel medicine. The common conditions addressed by urgent care centers include fever, sprains and strains, back pain, and upper respiratory infections.

 

Pulmonary edema is a medical condition, in which, the fluid is accumulated in air spaces and parenchyma of lung cells. This affects the gas exchange activity by lungs and leads to respiratory failure. In case of severe pulmonary edema, the condition could be life-threatening and need emergency medical treatment.

 

Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS) is a rare, genetic autosomal disease which leads to urticaria, sensorineural deafness, and also leads to amyloidosis. The disease is mainly caused due to mutation of CIAS1 gene, that leads to increased production of interleukin 1B. Due to interaction of IL1B and skin receptors, the inflammation occurs, which leads to fever and rashes. 

 

Macular edema is the condition when the fluid and proteins start collecting on or under the macula of the eye thereby resulting in swelling.  Due to such swelling, a person’s central eye vision gets distorted. Macular edema is classified into two types namely cystoids macular edema (CME) and diabetic macular edema (DME).

 

Transdermal patches are defined as pharmaceutical preparations containing active substance. They are available in varying sizes and intended to deliver the active ingredient through skin. These patches have been proven to be effective especially for cardiac and hormonal disorders. The traditional oral dosage forms have considerable setbacks owing to their reduced bioavailability due to hepatic metabolism. 

 

Cervical dysplasia, also known as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), is a premalignant transformation, which is characterized by abnormal growth of cells over the surface of the cervix. This condition is curable and is not considered as cancer and ranges from mild to severe forms depending upon the concentration of abnormal cell formation. However, sometimes this disease may not require intervention and can eliminate on its own due to strong immune response, and if left untreated it may also lead to cervical cancer.

 

Cysticercosis or Taeniasis is an intestinal infection caused primarily due to tapeworms. The largest frequency of infections is caused by the Taenia solium variety of tapeworms which are found in pork. T. solium mediated cysticercosis affects the livelihoods of millions of people over the world, yet remains a largely neglected disease. Cysticerci develop in a number of tissues during the larval tapeworm stage. Besides pork, other sources of obtaining the disease are uncooked vegetables and in rare occasions contaminated water.

 

Angina is a kind of chest pain or discomfort caused by poor flow of blood in the heart. This often occurs due to narrowing of blood arteries (atherosclerosis) caused by plaque formation or blood clot. People with obesity, history of heart disease, diabetes, high level of blood cholesterol and smoking are high risk of getting affected with angina. Some common symptoms associated with angina include pain, pressure or strange feeling in chest, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, irregular heartbeat, nausea or vomiting and weakness.

 

Yersinia is a gram positive rod shaped bacteria belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae that mostly causes enterocolitis, terminal iletis, acute diarrhea, mesenteric lymphadenitis, psediappendicitis and sepsis. Yersinia is a food borne bacteria that enters in the human body through unhygienic, canned and stale food.

 

Diabetic neuropathy is a neurological disorder associated with diabetes mellitus. The disorder affects all peripheral nerves including autonomic nervous system, pain fibers, and motor neurons.  According to World Health Organization (WHO) approximately 350 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes and 80% of them live in low and middle income countries.

 

Cystic fibrosis (CF), also known as mucoviscidosis, is autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by abnormal transport of chloride and sodium across an epithelium. The occurrence of disease leads to thick and viscous secretions which causes a life threatening impact on the lungs, the pancreas, liver, and intestine, and also blocks the pancreatic enzymatic actions on the body.

 

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) of the gastrointestinal tract that affects the mucosal lining of the colon commonly occur in people aged between 15-30 years. Ulcerative colitis is one of the 2 major types of IBD along with Crohn’s disease. Unlike Crohn’s disease, which can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, ulcerative colitis characteristically involves only the large bowel.

 

Proteasomes are the protein complexes present inside eukaryotes and a few prokaryotes. Proteolysis is the main function of these proteasomes, in which, unnecessary or damaged proteins are degraded by the breakage of peptide bonds catalyzed by enzymes called as proteases. This overall system of protein degradation is known as ubiquitin proteasome system.

 

Fungi inclusive of molds, mildew and yeast are types of parasites which infect various parts of the body such as the digestive tract, skin, genitals, lungs, liver and other body tissues. Systemic fungal infections are the ones in which fungi enter the bloodstream and cause more serious conditions. It is caused either by invasive organisms common in a specific geographic area or an opportunistic organism that attacks immune-suppressed individuals.

 

Radiodermatitis alternatively known as radiation dermatitis is a significant symptom caused by radiation therapy for the treatment of cancerous as well as non-cancerous disease or conditions. Cumulative daily doses of radiation to the treatment field or target site on the body prevents normal skin to repopulate and weakens the skin integrity at and around the radiation field.

 

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that mostly results inchronic bacterial infection of bacterium treponem pallidum. It can spread through direct contact with the syphilis sore during vaginal, anal or oral sex. Moreover, it can also be causedfrom an infected mother to her unborn child. The symptoms of this disease is divided into stages like primary, secondary, latent syphilis and late syphilis. 

 

Allergic Rhinitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the nasal cavity which causes respiratory problems and affects all age groups. Common symptoms of the disease include sneezing, sore throat, nasal itching and blocked or running nose. The disease often goes unnoticed due to symptoms of the disease coincide with the symptoms of the common cold among humans. 

 

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a type of skin disorder in which the skin becomes dry, itchy and inflamed. Scratching of the skin leads to redness, swelling, scaling, cracking, weeping and crusting. Though, this condition is most common in infants and children, also affects adult population. 

 

Small molecule targeted cancer therapies are drugs designed to block the growth of cancerous cells. Conventional cytotoxic medications and chemotherapies usually destroys rapidly dividing cancer cells by inhibiting cell division process. However, small molecule targeted therapies destroys cancerous cells with fewer side effects and high precision. 

 

Small molecule kinase inhibitors are categorized as enzyme inhibitor that inhibits the mechanism of action of protein kinases. Protein kinases are the enzymes which add phosphate group to a protein or any other organic molecule. Phosphate group posses the capability of inhibiting the functioning of a protein.

 

The drugs that are taken by the patients on their own are known as self administration drugs. These drugs are administered in the body through implantable and non implantable infusion pumps which have an opening that comes in contact with the skin surface for injecting drugs. In addition, oral, over-the-counter and topical prescription drugs are also considered to be self administered drugs. 

 

Proton therapy is an advanced form of radiation therapy especially for cancer patients with significant advantages over conventional radiation therapy in terms of efficacy and unwanted side effects. In proton therapy a beam of protons is irradiated to diseased tissue with the help of a particle accelerator. These protons cause damage to targeted cells by interfering with their genetic functions. 

 

Proteins are essential for good health; people affected by genetic disorders cannot produce these proteins. Examples of such proteins include insulin, various blood clotting factors, growth hormones and others. Protein therapy ensures efficient administration of these proteins to patients suffering from deficiency, resulting in effective therapeutic benefits.

 

The pharmaceutical industry is witnessing a shift in focus from molecular drugs to protein based drugs due to its high specificity, enhanced efficacy, affinity, solubility, and low incidences of toxicity. The market for protein drugs is segmented into antibody drugs, peptide hormones, blood products and enzymes market. 

 

Prostatic Acid Phosphatase (PAP) test is a type of blood test to determine health of prostate gland by measuring prostatic acid phosphatase levels. PAP is an enzyme found in men and majorly present in the prostate gland and semen. Significant amounts of PAP are also found in platelets, bone, spleen, kidney and liver.

 

The use of preventable vaccines is to avoid the occurrence of an infectious disease, which is preventable by the use of vaccines. The occurrence of death due to a vaccine-preventable disease is termed as vaccine-preventable death, the reason being failure to attain vaccines in time, lack of access to vaccines and financial limitations. 

 

Periodontal (gums) diseases include infections of gums and its surrounding tissue which causes loosening of teeth. There are two forms of periodontal diseases which include gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is inflammation of gums and usually precedes periodontitis.

 

Paclitaxel injection is a viscous anticancer drug, derived from the bark of the Pacific yew tree. Paclitaxel belongs to the group of drugs called antineoplastic. Paclitaxel injection is primarily used to treat various advanced stage cancer of the breast,ovaries, Kaposi sarcoma and non-small cell lung cancer. It is type of cytoskeletal medication that targets tubulin, which are a type of globular proteins.

 

Next generation sequencers are used inthe sequencing technologies which massively parallelize the DNA sequencing process rather than being limited to single or few fragments of DNA. The next generation sequencing (NGS) technology enables rapid sequencing and produce thousands and millions of sequences in single run with the use of next generation sequencers. 

 

Thyroid cancer, a type of malignant cancer, initiate from follicular and par follicular thyroid cells. The most effective treatment of thyroid cancer is surgical removal of thyroid gland followed by radioactive ablation and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression therapy. Chemotherapy is also used in cases of metastasis and progressive stage of thyroid cancer. 

 

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease. The cause of rheumatoid arthritis is not known. The joint inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis causes swelling, pain, stiffness and redness in the joints. It can lead to a significant loss of mobility due to pain and joint destruction. 

 

Globally, tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality.Tuberculosis, is an infectious bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It most commonly affects the lungs, although it can affect organs in the central nervous system, lymphatic system and circulatory system among others.

 

Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) is an autoimmune disease which is characterized by inflammation of tissue in the body. Immune response is directed toward body’s own cells, resulting in acute or chronic inflammation. Symptoms of lupus are general and hence often mistaken with symptoms of other diseases. 

 

The primary use of the blood substitute is to provide a temporary support to the circulation system whenever the conditions demand. These conditions may be blood transfusions or surgeries in which blood substitutes are mostly focused on the basic role of transporting the oxygen for a short duration.

 

Silver has a long history of use in the world of medicine due to its antimicrobial properties. Clinicians, medical practitioners and healthcare facilities routinely use silver in a variety of forms to treat various wounds of the human body. Silver wound dressings come in several variants that includes sterile adhesive pads, films, bandages as well as combined wound dressings such as calcium alginate for increased wound healing potential and better moisture retention.

 

Tissue engineering and organ regeneration market encompasses those products used in medicine. The application of these new age biomaterials include burn treatment or wound care, orthopaedics, urological products, and neurology products. Engineered cell growth has been present over the past many years with little or no applications in medicine. 

 

Atrophic Vaginal, also known as atrophic vaginitis or urogenital atrophy, is an inflammatory disease of the vagina due to thinning and shrinking of the tissues. The most common cause of diseases is lack of reproductive hormone, estrogen, which happens naturally during perimenopause and increased in postmenopause.

 

Neuroprotective products are medications that are used to protect or preserve the neuronal structure of the brain from degeneration and injury. These products are extensively used as treatment option for many central nervous system complications such as stroke, neurodegenerative diseases, spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury.

 

Nerve repair and regeneration, a subfield of neural tissue engineering often refers to the repair or regrowth of nervous tissues, cells or cellular products. The mechanism involved in nerve repair and regeneration includes generation of new glial cells, neurons, myelin, axons and synapses. The nervous system is classified under two broad divisions, namely, the central and peripheral nervous system.

 

Men’s health therapeutics are used for males to treat and correct the diseases and disorders specific to androgens. Such therapeutics have garnered attention in recent times because of the health problems as a result of changes in hormones level.A rise in average age of men is observed globally which further results into increase in number of males with declined testosterone levels.

 

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by plasmodium parasites that is transmitted from female anopheles mosquito.WHO stated that, malaria is one of the top public health challenge,globally. There are four species of malarial parasite that cause the disease namely,plasmodium vivax, plasmodium malariae, plasmodium ovale, and plasmodium falciparum.

 

Organ transplant immunosuppressants are a class of drugsadministered to lower the chances of organ rejection after a transplant and are also called as anti-rejection drugs. When a person gets an organ transplant such as kidney, liver or heart, the body identifies transplant as a foreign tissue and attacks it causing severe rejection. These immunosuppressant drugs weaken the immune system thereby decreasing the body’s reaction totransplant. 

 

Parenteral formulations are sterile liquid or solid dosages (powder) packaged in either single or multi dose containers. Intended for administration by injection or infusion, parenteral preparations provide maximum bioavailability and efficacy than the oral dosage forms. Largely, parenteral preparations are classified based on their volume into small and large volume parenteral formulations.

 

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is developed after an individual goes through a traumatic event such as serious injury, road accident, or sexual assault. The disorder is common in military soldiers who have very high chances of traumatic events due to stress of combat. Other contributing factors include history of drug abuse, mental illness, depression, and high stress in daily life.

 

Pharmaceutical formulations containing proteins and peptides are usually administered via intravenous or subcutaneous route of administration, because instability and sensitivity towards body fluids. However, owing to rising R&D activities and technological advancements, the researchers have successfully developed protein formulations that are orally administered with no change in therapeutic activity and pharmacokinetic aspects.

 

Hemophilia is a genetic disorder where the body fails to coagulate blood when blood vessel is ruptured. Between itsvariants, hemophilia A is more common than hemophilia B. A very rare form of hemophilia namely acquired hemophilia results from abnormalities in immune system of an individual. Acquired hemophilia is not a genetic disorder.

 

Human Papillomaviruses (HPV) are members of papillomaviridae family a group of more than 150 related viruses. These are specifically known as papillomaviruses because of some of its types give rise to a wart or papilloma which are benign growths. Some of them are also associated with certain cancers and known as carcinogenic HPVs. More than 40 types of HPV viruses are easily transferred from one person to another by sexual contact anal and oral.

 

Histones are the major protein constituents of eukaryotic nucleus. Histone methyltransferases catalyzes the transfer of methyl group to lysine and arginine residues of the histone protein. It catalyzes the reaction with the help of SN-2 mechanism where transfer of methyl group from S Adenosyl Methionine to amino group of target lysine takes place.

 

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)is a blood product administered intravenously. These are mainly used for the treatment of immune deficiencies, autoimmune diseases and acute infections. IVIG is given as a plasma protein replacement therapy for immune deficient patients (i.e. patients have decreased or abolished antibody productions). Intravenous immunoglobulin is administered to maintain sufficient antibody levels of a patient in order to prevent infections or to enhance immunity.

 

Histone deacetylase (HDAC) are enzymes which remove acetyl groups from an N-acetyl lysine amino acid present on a histone, thus wrapping the DNA tightly by the histones. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) are compounds which interfere with this function of histone deacetylase. HDIs display promising potential in oncology for applications such as diagnosis, cancer detection and prognosis.

 

The completion of human genome project resulted in discovery of several human disease causing genes. This discovery has further led to the evolution of DNA diagnostic platforms and resulted in the transformation of DNA diagnostics platforms from a research based activity into a major professional or commercial activity. 

 

Cardiovascular diseases are leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Biomarkers are generally used as an indicator forparticular diseases such as rheumatic and congenital heart diseases and cardiac arrhythmia. Cardiac biomarkers are measurable and quantifiable biological parameters. These are specifically used to check the presence or severity of cardiovascular diseases.

 

Generic drugs are drugs that are not associated with any company or a brand name and are subject to regulation of countries where they are dispensed. According to US FDA generic medicines are drugs that are identical or within an acceptable bioequivalent range with respect to pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics properties of branded drugs. 

 

Anti-inflammatory therapeutics are mostly used to reduce inflammation. These drugs are types of analgesics that are used for reducing pain.Primarily, these therapeutics are used in disease conditions such as respiratory diseases, arthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases and multiple sclerosis. Anti-inflammatory therapeutics alleviate pain by counteracting the enzyme cyclooxygenase enzyme.

 

Hemophilia is a group of hereditary genetic disorders that affects the body’s ability to control blood coagulation. The bleeding can be internal or external, especially in the ankles, knees and elbows. The two most common type of hemophilia are hemophilia A and hemophilia B, while another type which is the rarest hemophilia known as acquired hemophilia is not an inherited condition but is caused by immune system acting against the clotting factors present in blood.

 

C-reactive protein (CRP) is an immunoprotein synthesized in liver, and plays an important role in the activation of the complement system. CRP is expressed in very low levels under normal conditions, but increases 1,000 fold within 24 hours of infection or tissue damage. Main causes of increased CRP levels include trauma, infection, inflammatory arthritis, and certain types of cancers.

 

Macular degenerationtherapeutics are used to treat age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a chronic eye disease mostly observed in patient above the age of 50 years.AMD is more prevalent in developed nations and accounts for 8.7 percent of blindness in the world. AMD involves damage to macular areas which impairs the vision of an individual in the center of the retina.

 

One of the biggest challenge that pharmaceutical industries are facing is transportation of time dependent and temperature sensitive drugs to various countries due to variation in geographic conditions and lack of adequate infrastructure.  Cold Chain Logistics is the temperature controlled storage and distribution of pharmaceutical products, blood plasma products, tissues and chemicals within the country or across the globe to ensure a proper shelf life with the help of compressor technology.

 

Gastroesophageal (GE)junction carcinoma is a type of cancer thatdevelops between the esophagus and the tube that connects the stomach with the mouth. This type of cancer begins when carcinogens such as, alkylating agents or chemical particles enter in the esophagus or stomach. 

 

Asthma is narrowing of the airway of lungs caused by inflammation in the air passage resulting from both genetic and environmental influences.Allergic asthma is the most common form of asthma.Allergic asthma is triggered by inhaled allergens, such as dust mite allergen, pet dander, pollen, mold, resulting in asthma symptoms.

 

Progressive ataxia and weakness disorders are related to damage, degeneration or loss of neurons of the brain which leads to muscle coordination disability. The market for treatments for syndromes of progressive ataxia and weakness disorders is growing rapidly over the last few years. Some of the major key factors driving the market are novel drug development, rapid technological changes and increased collaborations among industry players towards development of new therapies.

 

Dementia is a serious brain disorder or damage which leads to memory loss, language and thinking ability. The global market for treatments for syndromes of Dementia is witnessing a significant growth in last few years. Rapid technological advancement with increasing number of research in the area of Dementia and other movement disorders are supporting growth to the market.

 

Organ transplantation is the process of transplant of an organ from one body to another or from donor site to another recipient site for the purpose of replacing the damaged or absent organ.  Organ transplantation is the last therapeutic option for the treatment in the final stage of organ failure. Organs that can be transplanted are heart, kidney, liver, lungs, pancreas, intestine, and thymus. 

 

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or benign prostatic hypertrophy, is a urological disorder that involves proliferation of the cellular components of the prostrate. BPH is the most common form of neoplasm in men. BPH results in the formation of large nodes and nodules in the periurethral region of the prostate.

 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder observed in females during their reproductive age, due to which they may suffer from infertility problems. PCOS is characterized by a range of symptoms such as acne, menstrual irregularities, hirsutism, obesity, insulin resistance, anovulation and infertility. PCOS therapeutics include a wide a range of medications that are available in the worldwide.

 

Factor assays are mainly undertaken during prolongation of the Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) and Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) resulting in the deficiency of one or more clotting proteins. Overall a basic general principle is followed by all functional clotting factor assays that involves specific plotting/clotting time from either PTT or APTT depending on which factor it’s being assayed against sample dilution.

 

Botanical drugs are drugs develop through botanical drug and research pathway, whereas plant derived drugs are combination of botanical as well as other approved drugs that contains plant materials, synthetic and semi synthetic substances. These botanical products are intended for use in the mitigation, cure, diagnosis and treatment or prevention of diseases in humans. 

 

Memory and cognitive disorders are mental health disorders that primarily affect learning, memory, perception and problem solving ability. The global market of therapeutics for memory and cognition disorders is witnessing a significant growth over recent years due to aging population in different parts of the world, new drugs development and better understanding of drugs mechanism.

 

Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by muscle pain, fatigue and allodynia. Although the disease mostly affects females, rarely males and children may also be affected. Individuals suffering from fibromyalgia develop tender points on their body especially neck, back, hip and legs.

 

The report titled ‘Erythropoietin Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, 2013 – 2019’ features an in-depth analysis of the commercial scope of erythropoietin – a glycoprotein hormone. This report establishes and analyzes the size and scope of the global market for erythropoietin, to offer an accurate estimate of industry size, growth figures and industry trends. 

 

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) is a test performed to detect the presence of antibodies in a biological liquid sample.  ELISA is used as quality control check in many industry and as a diagnostic tool in plant pathology and in medicine. 

 

Gastric cancer refers to the cancer arising from lining of stomach. It may lead to uncontrolled growth of malignant cells that originate in stomach tissue and forms a tumor in any part of the stomach. Mainly there are five types of gastric cancer namely adenocarcinoma, squamous cell cancer, lymphoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, neuroendocrine tumors.

 

Vitamin E is a significant antioxidant which helps against free-radicals and it can be conserved longer by the tissues in the body as compared to man-made vitamin E. Natural vitamins has seen increased demand from the end users in recent past. Natural source vitamin E includes tocopherols and tocotrienols.

 

Interferons are a class of proteins generated and released by the host cells in response to the presence of pathogenic microbes such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and tumor cells. Interferons belong to a class of glycoproteins called cytokines and are referred to as first line defenders against microbial infections.

 

Drug discovery is a process of inventing a new medication in the field of pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and pharmacology. Drug discovery is a complex, lengthycomplicated and expensive process. This process is carried out in four stages namely, target identification, target validation, high-speed screening and lead optimization.

 

Angiogenesis is a physiological process that is associated withthe formation of new blood vessel from existing blood vessels. Angiogenesis process is commonly categorized into two types namely sprouting angiogenesis and intussusceptive angiogenesis. Sprouting angiogenesis is a fundamental mechanism of vessel growth in which formation of new blood vessel is regulated by sequential steps.

 

The structural and functional relationship of cell and tissue is critical. Cell and tissue analysis products are used in isolation, purification and analysis of the cells. The cell and tissue analysis products market primarily include bio specimen- preparing techniques, cell and tissue separations and cell and tissue characterization products. 

 

Gene therapy is a burgeoning market within the pharmaceutical industry and is teeming with new opportunities. Transparency Market Research’s latest report titled ‘Gene Therapy Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, 2013 – 2019’ provides a comprehensive analysis of one of the most critical medical fields. The market analyses and estimates contained in this report are of special significance to pharmaceutical companies, educational institutes, marketing professionals, and entrepreneurs venturing into the gene therapy market.

 

Drug and alcohol screening tests focuses on providing vital protection of public and employee safety. Drug and alcohol screening testsreducesthe risk of human injury and property damage as well as help organizations to establish a strong and safe culture. 

 

Cyclospora cayetanensis, a single-celled coccidian parasitic pathogen, causes intestinal infection resulting in diarrhea. In medical terminology, this diarrheal infection is referred as cyclospora infection (cyclosporiasis).This infection is usually transmitted through feces and ingestion of food and water contaminated with sporulated oocysts. Cyclosporadiagnostic testing is not a routine laboratory test, and is carried upon specific requests from physicians.

 

Nucleic acid tests are performed in order to detect the presence of viral DNAs or RNAs in blood samples of patients. Three major processes involved in NAT are sample pooling and nucleic acid (NA) extraction, target NA amplification and target amplicon NA detection.

 

Blood brain barrier refers to a set of special tight junctions formed around the microvasculature of the brain to gain the optimal neural functioning. The primary function of blood brain barrier is to protect the brain from harmful toxins that are potentially present in the blood stream and allows the passage of lipid soluble, oxygen and carbon dioxide to perform the normal cellular function of brain.

 

Nanotechnology has opened a new path for drug delivery to specific cells with the usage of nanoparticles. Nanomedical approach for drug delivery is centered on the development of nanoscale molecules or particles to improve the drug efficiency. Drugs are loaded on nanoparticles or nanocarriers (size is between 1 and 100 nm) and then transported in to the targeted site.

 

Bone and joints ingredients are those elements which are taken as supplement in order to maintain healthy bones and joints. These value added ingredients help in increasing the strength and flexibility of the bones and joints in the body. There are various bone and joint ingredients including calcium, soy isoflavone and collagen.

 

This research report on the global Gaucher disease drugs market assesses the market depending the various market segments, overall geographical categories, and latest market trends. Our reports help you accumulate the maximum amount of data possible with the help of a precise analysis method that changes the competitive dynamics.

 

Single-stranded fragments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are called DNA probes and RNA probes respectively. These DNA and RNA probes are short in length (usually 100-1000 bases long) capable of forming highly specific, non-covalent duplexes with complementary sequence of nucleic acid strand.

 

E-clinical trial solutions are a combination of technology, products and services that work together to automate and manage clinical trials. This term is used to refer to electronic systems that are used for conducting or automating the management of clinical trials and minimizing human errors.

 

Hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which the arterial blood pressure is elevated to an undesired level. Also referred to as arterial hypertension or high blood pressure in generic terms, the condition is measured in terms of systolic and diastolic pressure. At rest blood pressure level is in the range of 120-140 mm Hg systolic and 60-90mm Hg diastolic.

 

Predictive gene testing mentors are used to detect disease or disorder inherited by analyzing gene mutations associated with particular inherited disease or disorder. Predictive gene testing is also known as presymptomatic testing due to the fact that this test is performed even before the early signs of the disease or disorder are observed and thus enable determining person’s risk of suffering disease or disorder.

 

Pneumonia is a type of lung infection caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, virus, fungi and parasites. Streptococcus pneumonia is one of the most common causes of pneumonia among children, others are Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hob) and Pneumocystis jiroveci. It is characterized by symptoms such as short breathing, fever, chest pain, nausea and vomiting.

 

Pneumonia is a common lung infection caused by a variety of microorganisms such as bacteria, virus, fungi and parasites. In pneumonia the air sacs of lungs that are known as alveoli are filled with fluid or pus causing inflammation. The common symptoms of pneumonia are cough with phlegm, sneezing, sore throat, chills, fever and trouble in breathing.

 

Physician office lab (POL) term is wide and diverse, it encompasses physician’s practices as small (2 to 5 doctors) to large practitioners (200 physicians) that operate labs similar to small laboratory hospitals. Hospitals and commercial labs perform tests, but physicians prefer to perform in-house testing in order to enhance the patient care. In-house testing facilitates physicians to no longer rely on the reference labs for test results.

 

Pandemic diseases are well defined as infectitious diseases which affects a large population across continents or even worldwide. The most prominent pandemic diseases occurred and currently still prevalent affecting a class of population includes avian influenza, cholera, influenza, leptospirosis, SARS and coronavirus infection, tularemia and viral hepatitis.

 

Pediatric drugs are a special class of drugs which are prescribed to children and infants for different diseases.  These drugs are recommended in various conditions such as asthma, anorexia, birth defects, cancer in children, growth deficiencies, juvenile diabetes, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and others. 

 

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), a chromatographic technique is used to identify, quantify and separate each component from a sample of complex chemical mixtures. Presently, HPLC is a versatile technique, available for analyzing all types of biological compounds that can be isolated or synthesized.

 

Infusion therapy refers to the administration of medications through needles and catheters. These procedures are usually performed when oral medication treatments are not effective on the patients. Home infusion therapies are those infusion therapies that can be taken by the patient at home, upon prescription by a physician.

 

Healthcare textiles are known as medical textiles. It is one of the rapidly growing sectors in the technical textile market. Textile materials for healthcare and medical products ranges from simple bandage materials or gauze to scaffolds for tissue repairing and a large variety of prostheses for body implants.

 

High Throughput Screening (HTS) refers to a scientific experimentation method used in the process of drug discovery. HTS enables automated assays of biological or biochemical activity of compounds similar to drugs. These assays facilitate discovery of enzymes, ligands for receptors and other pharmacological tests.

 

Apoptosis is a programmed natural process of cell death in the body which results from natural stimuli in order to protect against viral infection, unusual cell division and cells with damaged genetic material. However malfunctioning of apoptosis can trigger uncontrolled and non regulated cell death related to degenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s.

 

According to a definition stated by the U.S. FDA, Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) is referred to as any substance or a mixture of substances which are used in manufacturing of a drug and tends to become an active ingredient of the drug upon its production. These ingredients also refer to the central or prime ingredient in the product which affects disease diagnosis, prevention and cure. 

 

Theranostics refer to a combination of diagnosis and therapy. Diagnosis includes specific tests for a patient to detect a possible disease whereas therapy includes treatment for the diagnosed disease. Theranostics forms a key part of personalized medicine. 

 

Menotropin is a substance used for the treatment for infertility cases. Menotropin is also called as (human menopausal gonadotropin or HMG) consisting of equal proportion of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). These hormones are extracted from urine of post menopausal women.

 

The purpose of medication management, a nursing intervention, is to optimize the use of medications administered to patients and enable their safe outcome. Presently, medication management service providers are keen on providing professional-assisted medication management regime for patients and assure their safety at all stages of their recovery.

 

Intranasal drug delivery systems administer drugs through nasal route for local or systemic action based on the desired therapeutic modality to the patients. Nasals drugs may be prescribed for acute or chronic treatments and include antibiotics, snuffs, vasoconstrictors, local anesthetics, pain relief drugs, calcium supplements and antihistamines and others. 

 

Despite the advances in brain and central nervous system disorders remains the world’s leading cause of disability. The delivery of drugs to central nervous system remains a challenge for the treatment of nervous system disorders. The major problem faced with drug delivery is the presence of blood brain barrier (BBB).

 

Ion-Selective analyzers consist of ion-selective electrodes that detect some specific ions in the presence of other ions and ion concentrations in an analytical solution, typically whole blood, plasma and serum.

 

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is the most widely found plasma protein in human fetus.  The AFP protein found in humans is encoded by the AFP gene that is located on chromosome 4.  It is a major plasma protein which is produced during fetal development in yolk sac and the liver.

 

Biomarkers are used to indicate the biological state of a process, pathogenic process or therapeutic action.  Biomarkers facilitate understanding the development of a chronic disease, relationship between exposure to environmental chemicals and identification of subgroups of people who are relatively at high risk of developing disease.

 

Today, a majority of newly approved drugs are being marketed in lyophilized form for reconstitution at the point of care as molecular complexity of these drugs does not allow their distribution in a liquid form. Earlier, reconstitution and mixing was quite difficult and used to involve multiple steps that’s why drugs requiring reconstitution were used to administer in healthcare settings by medical professionals resulting into higher treatment costs.

 

Hyperlipidemia refers to abnormal elevation of lipids and/or lipoprotein levels. Risk factors associated with such condition include stroke, peripheral vascular disease, atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases.

 


The human endocrine system comprises of a number of glands such as pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, pineal, thymus, parathyroid and gonads. These glands secrete hormones into the blood which are responsible for metabolism, growth, sexual development and other body functions. Endocrinology drugs are used to treat diseases related with insufficient hormones supply and dysfunctional glands.

 


Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are derived from blastocyst and are capable of differentiating into number of cell types that make up the human body. hESCs can replicate indefinitely and produce non-regenerative tissues such as neural and myocardial cells. These abilities of human embryonic stems cells allow them to be used as a tool in regenerative medicine and research.

 

Glaucoma is caused due to rise in the intraocular pressure, if persists may lead to permanent eye damage.This increased pressure damages the optic nerve which transmits message to the brain High pressure is built due to the blockage of the trabecular meshwork which results in the accumulation of aqueous humor.

 

Vaccines have been in use since decades to provide immunological responses against diseases. A conventional vaccine is a biological preparation of weakened or attenuated, killed forms of a microbe or one of its cellular components, while a DNA vaccine is composed of genetically engineered DNA. 

 

Neurologic disorder can be defined as a change in the functioning of nervous system. These disorders occur due to the structural or biochemical change in the activity of brain, spinal cord and other nerves. Neurologic disorders can be primarily categorized into three main divisions namely central nervous system disorders, peripheral nervous system disorders and autonomous nervous system disorder.

 

Gonorrhea is a contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The disease can also pass on to a new born through infected mother during parturition. This disease can affect both men and women. The bacterium grows in warm and moist areas of uterus, reproductive tract, fallopian tubes and urethra.

 

Biobank is referred as a repository or library that stores biological samples which are intended for research purpose. Biobanks play a pivotal role in biomedical research and stores wide array of biospecimens that include purified saliva, blood, plasma, DNA samples. Biobanks provide data that represent large number of individuals samples used by researchers for multiple purposes (disease identification, genetic trait identification and others).

 

Antimigraine drugs are the therapeutic agents indicated to use against migraine headaches. Migraine is characterized by recurrent attacks of moderate to severe headaches along with other nervous system symptoms. Migraine is more common in women than men, majorly due to the fluctuations in the harmone levels. According to a Medline article, around 12% of the U.S. population suffers from migraine headaches.

 

Incretion is a process of internal secretion of hormone through endocrine glands. These hormones control the major internal body functions such as digestive activities and movement. Sometimes these hormones are not secreted in an appropriate amount to control internal body functions.

 

Fermenters are used for a variety of fermentation processes performed for pharmaceuticals drug manufacturing. The fermentation process includes the growth of bacteria and production of drugs under tight regulations such as aeration rate, dosage of nutrients and temperature control.

 

This report analyzes in detail the global market for chiropractic care, complete with annual forecasts and estimates. The report is designed to help entities operating within the chiropractic care market, or those looking to enter the market, to gain a comprehensive understanding of its landscape.

 

Compression therapy is a process of applying external pressure to treat various chronic wounds such as deep venous thrombosis, phlebitis and lymphedema. A common myth prevailing among people is that compression bandages and clothes hinder the blood circulation but in reality these products are designed in such a way that when applied properly they assist in blood flow.

 

Dyslipidemia is a lipoprotein metabolism disorder characterized by abnormal amount of lipoprotein (LDL and HDL) concentrations in blood. It is usually caused by genetic factors, secondary factors or a combination of both kinds of factors. High density lipoproteins (HDL) are also known as good cholesterol and higher levels of these help reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

 

Bioterrorism refers to form of terrorism that involves intentional dissemination or release of biological agents. The agents can be viruses, bacteria or toxins and can also be referred to as germ warfare. Biological agents are mainly found in nature but sometimes they can be modified by the terrorist as to make agents more toxic.

 

Blood comprises of red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma and platelets. Sometimes, people might be affected with different types of blood disorders and blood cancers due to aging, infections, exposure to certain chemicals, smoking, genetic disorders and other factors. Hence, the category of blood disorders is wide and numerous types of diseases fall under it. There are three main types of cancer that affect blood namely leukemia which affects the bone marrow and is caused by abnormal production of white blood cells.

 

Micro-RNA is a small non-coding RNA molecule which is a vital component of genetic regulation. Set of micro-RNAs are present in plants and animals functioning in gene expression process. They are involved in the normal functioning of the eukaryotic cells. Biogenesis of micro-RNA is the basis for RNA interference drug discovery and research in therapeutics. 

 

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurological disease and also termed as Lou Gehrig’s disease.  The disease affects the motor neurons, which control the action of voluntary muscles, as a result the messages between brain and muscle fibers are blocked. ALS could occur in a person due to genetic inheritance, mutation in gene which encodes enzyme copper-zinc superoxide dismutase coupled with defect in chromosome 9. 

 

Antiemetics are therapeutic agents which are used to treat vomiting and nausea caused by several medical conditions. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, they are symptoms associated with a variety of medical conditions such as gastroenteritis, motion sickness, dizziness, pregnancy, overeating, emotional stress and food poisoning.

 

With increasing joint and connective tissue problems caused by hectic lifestyles, non-nutritious food habits, and lack of physical workouts, the demand for rheumatology is on an increase on a global scale. Rheumatology is concerned with the therapy of rheumatic diseases and problems involving joints, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, heritable connective tissue disorders, and vasculitis.

 

The market for central nervous system disorder drugs comprise of drugs used for the treatment of diseases affecting the brain or spinal cord such as epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, depression, anxiety and bipolar disorders. Epilepsy is a chronic brain disorder characterized by recurring seizures. Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative CNS disorder associated with symptoms including tremor, rigidity, akinesia and bradykinesia.

 

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an immune-mediated disease in which the body’s own immune system attacks the parts of the digestive system of the human body. Such disease involves inflammation of lower gastrointestinal tract and causes irreversible damage to the bowel.

 

Immunoglobulin’s also called as antibodies are large Y-shaped protein produced by B-cell.  These are the glycoprotein molecule produced by plasma cells in response to entry of foreign entity such as bacteria and viruses in the body. Production of antibodies is an important function of immune system. Antibodies use binding mechanism for neutralizing the activity of a foreign particle called as an antigen.

 

Psychotherapeutic drugs market is comprised of drugs which are used to treat mental illnesses such as confused thinking, extreme mood swings, long lasting depression, social withdrawal and suicidal thought. Commonly found mental disorders are schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, anxiety and depression. Schizophrenia is a mental disease associated with hearing voices, unorganized speech and broken thoughts.

 

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a type of blood cancer caused by uncontrolled growth of the cells in bone marrow. CML is a type of myeloproliferative disease which is characterized by the chromosomal translocation. Patients suffering from CML show increased susceptibility to infections, thrombocytopenia, anemia and may also have enlarged spleen which causes pain on the left side. 

 

Tumor is also termed as neoplasm and it is caused by an abnormal proliferation of tissues. This abnormal proliferation can be due to genetic mutations. Tumors can be subcategorized as benign and malignant. Benign is not destructive however, possess a potential to turn into a malignant tumor. It has been observed that cancer is second leading cause of deaths in Europe and North America.

 

Lymphoma is a kind of blood cancer which occurs when B or T lymphocytes and leukocytes grow abnormally. In addition, it also occurs if these cells survive longer than their normal life cycle. Lymphoma generally occurs in lymph nodes, bone marrow, spleen, blood and other organs which form a part of the lymphatic system.

 

An anti-peptic ulcer drug is a class of drugs used for the treatment of most common ulcers in stomach and upper part of small intestine. These drugs act by decreasing the levels of gastric acidity or by enhancing the protection for mucosa. Major causes of peptic ulcer are Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection or due to long-term use of drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

 

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a simple and rapid method to amplify DNA, i.e. produce a large number of clones of DNA molecules from a sample. In the fields of molecular biology or molecular pathology, where the sample quality might be poor, PCR has become the most widely used technology. The market for PCR technology includes reagents and consumables, instruments, software and services. 

 

Clinical nutrition provides sufficient amount of nutrients such as vitamins, protein and mineral to the patients and also helps to keep energy balance. Clinical nutrition products help to improve digestion, metabolisms, absorption, transportation, storage and discharge from the human body.

 

Radiation oncology, also known as radiation therapy, is the medical use of ionizing radiation as a part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells. It is sometimes abbreviated to XRT or DXT. Radiation therapy is useful in treating cancer localized in one area of the body and also in preventing resurgence of tumor after the removal of primary malignant cells. 

 

The era of development is leading to a hazardous increase in environmental pollution, which is giving birth to a number of chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma and COPD and is resulting in both physical and psychological suffering for the patients. The global market for inhalation systems is growing rapidly because of increasing respiratory problems and is expected to have a high growth rate during the period from 2012 to 2018. 

 

Chancroid, also known as soft chancre, is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection which is characterized by painful sores on the genetalia. It spreads from one individual to another only through sexual contact. This type of infection is mainly found in developing countries where the number of sex workers is high. With an increase in chancroid related diseases, the need for chancroid diagnostics is increasing. 

 

Interventional radiology involves the use of minimally invasive procedures in the diagnosis (example: angiograms) and treatment (example: angioplasties) of various medical conditions. These procedures are performed with the aid of image guidance systems. Interventional radiology includes various processes such as biopsies, cancerous/non-cancerous tumor removal and intravascular procedures.

 

Injectable drug delivery is defined as introduction of a drug or drugs in the patient by using a delivery device. Injectables allow the transport of drugs formulated in liquid form, directly in the body. Even though, they may be designed to transport the drug to specific part of the body.  

 

Nucleic acid aptamers are species of nucleic acid that are engineered in in vitro selection or SELEX i.e. systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment. Aptamers bind different molecular targets such as proteins, nucleic acids, cells, organisms and other molecules and assist in molecular recognition of certain characters that fight antibodies. 

 

Uterine cancer is a cancer of uterus and is classified into the following four types, namely uterine sarcomas, endometrial cancer, cervical cancer and gestational trophoblastic disease. These cancers arise from malignancies of connective tissues, endometrium and cervix uteri of the uterus. Uterine cancers are the fourth most common cancers among women overall.

 

Anti-infective agents are drugs used for the purpose of killing and/or suppressing the infection causing organisms from invading the host organism by means of its replication or releasing variety of toxins in the host. Such infection causing micro-organisms include viruses, bacteria, fungi, viroids and macro parasites.

 

Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections are caused due to Staphylococcus aureus bacterium which infects different parts of the body. These infections are difficult to treat due to high degree of resistance of these pathogens to the most commonly used antibiotics such as methicillin, amoxicillin, penicillin and oxacillin. 

 


Nanobiotechnology is an emerging field in healthcare which encompasses the applications of two fields - nanotechnology and biotechnology - in the field of healthcare and medicine. Nanotechnology is poised to become the largest competitive space in the industry with applications in several areas within the industry. 

 

Antithrombotic is a drug that helps reduce thrombus formation. Different antithrombotics affect different blood clotting processes like antiplatelet drugs, anticoagulants, and thrombolytic drugs. Its main application is to treat the abnormal blood in the human body. Although antithrombotic drugs are widely used to prevent and treat arterial and venous thrombosis, the disease still remains one of the major reasons for deaths across the globe. 

 

Medical Simulation is a branch of science technology which is used to educate and train the medical professionals about surgeries, prescriptions and general surgeries. These are also used to train students in anatomy and physiology during their clinical trainings. The end users of the medical simulation technology markets are academics, military, hospitals and others.

 

Hepatitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the liver which often leads to other complications such as jaundice, anorexia, liver failure and cirrhosis. Hepatitis is generally of two types- acute when it lasts for less than six months and chronic when it lasts for longer period. 

 


Orphan drugs are specific pharmaceutical agents which are developed for treatment of orphan or rare diseases. Orphan disease, according to laws of various countries, may include medical conditions which have low prevalence, i.e. affects less than 200,000 persons (U.S.), or 50,000 (Japan). Expiring patents of blockbuster drugs, drying pipelines, stringent regulations across the globe, has encouraged the pharmaceutical industries to shift the focus to a new business model that includes niche busters or orphan drugs. 

 

The research report on the Alzheimer’s drugs market provides a comprehensive snapshot of the trends, growth drivers and restraints that will influence the market over the forecast period 2012 to 2018. The report analyzes these shifting dynamics to come up with accurate projections for the market in the coming years.

 

Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are the ones that are contracted by patients while they are receiving treatment for another medical condition in a healthcare setting. Thus HAIs can be acquired at any place where healthcare is delivered. HAIs are generally caused by infectious agents, pathogens, fungi, bacteria, and viruses.

 


Autacoids are certain biological factors that act like hormones and help in treating local injuries and other ailments. Autacoids are temporarily formed in the body and act locally. They have many different actions such as modulation of action of glands, smooth muscles, platelets, nerves, and other tissues. They are released by stimuli and when they are released into the body, they can bring certain changes such as itching, skin reddening, and bronchospasms.

 


The generic drugs industry comprises of the manufacture and marketing of certain drugs which have the same active ingredients as the brand-name drugs manufactured by any pharmaceutical company. The major benefit of generic drugs is that the cost of such drugs is much less than that of branded drugs.

 

Sexually transmitted diseases (STD), also known as venereal diseases have significant probability of transmission among humans by means of human sexual behavior. These diseases can also spread through childbirth or breast feeding and by the shared use of needles. Diseases such as HIV, HPV, and Hepatitis B & C are forms of STDs.

 

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a type of pulmonary hypertension results from high blood pressure associated with arteries of the lungs. In PAH, the arteries of the lungs (pulmonary arteries) become narrower than their actual size, giving rise to high blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs thus putting pressure on the right ventricle of the heart. Some of the main causes of occurrences of this disease are bad habits such as stressful lifestyle, intake of certain medicines etc.

 

Adjuvant oncology treatment comprises of a class of cancer therapeutics which is followed after primary cancer treatment, to minimize the risk of reoccurrence of cancer. The major forms of adjuvant therapy are radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biological therapy, and targeted therapy. Before deciding the adjuvant therapy to be used, statistical evidence is used by oncologists for the assessment of risk of disease relapse.

 

Antipsychotics are drugs used in the treatment of brain disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe depression. According to the New York Times, antipsychotics are one of the largest types of prescribed drugs in the United States with over 3.1 million Americans accounting for a market worth USD 18 billion in 2011 itself. Global estimates suggest that over 1.25% of the global population suffers from psychosis and related disorders.

 

Development of enzymes in medical technology has been as extensive an application as that of its applications in other industrial sectors. There are a variety of enzymes that can be used in different therapeutics. At present, extracellular application of enzymes, which involves removal of toxic substances and treatment of disorders in blood circulation, has been found to be the most successful one in medical technology.

 

The market is expected to exhibit high growth in developed economies such as the U.S. and Europe over the forecast period. The rapid increase in the number of patients suffering from depression is expected to be one of the main driving forces for the estimated growth, which can be attributed to elevating stress levels, unhealthy lifestyle, and social imbalances.

 

Antibodies and proteins developed with new and advantageous functions and properties are known as engineering of proteins and antibodies. Protein engineering can be defined as a process of developing valuable proteins and modification of antibodies to increase similarity and is called antibody engineering. 

 

Musculoskeletal diseases/disorders (MSDs) are diseases of muscles and related ligaments, and other connective tissues and bones. Some of the most common musculoskeletal diseases are back pain, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, septic arthritis, gout, myasthenia gravis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and some others. Musculoskeletal diseases are the prime cause of short term disability and chronic disability in this generation.

 

The market is currently facing growth hindrances as R&D approaches, and regulatory and reimbursement policies are inconspicuous owing to the nascent nature of the market. However, regulatory bodies are working enthusiastically to lay out policies and growth strategies, due to the fact that it holds the potential to solve or curb chronic diseases, with no currently available treatments, such as HIV AIDS. 

 

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammation of fatty myelin sheaths around the axons of the brain and spinal cord. MS tends to affect the ability of nerve cells to communicate with each other in the brain and spinal cord. MS affects people with random symptoms based on the location and severity of attack. One event can last for days, weeks or months and can affect any part of the body. Symptoms include imbalance, loss of motor function, spasms, numbness, incontinence, and difficulty in swallowing. 

 

Point of care (POC) diagnostics comprises of diagnostic tests that are performed at the patient site. POC diagnostics provides fast results which in turn help in faster patient management. The present POC diagnostics market already sports a number of products with several new products in the development stage. 

 

Artificial tears are designed to imitate the real tears and for the enhancement of different eyes problems. These are eye drops specially used for the treatment caused due to irritation and dryness .artificial tears is made using polymers, water, and salts. These tears lack the proteins which are found in the real ones. 

 

Multiple myeloma is a form of plasma cancer that develops in the bone marrow. It is the second most prevalent blood cancer type in the U.S. In 2011, the global multiple myeloma drugs market was calculated at USD 3.2 billion. The market will be driven by factors such as rising incidences of plasma cancer, and lifestyle habits.

 

Some of the major factors which are driving the clinical diagnosis automation market include: growing number of diagnosis globally, low reimbursement rates and growing number of suppliers in the diagnostic market. Many players in the clinical diagnostics market, due to intense competition are looking to sustain in the market by gaining some competitive advantage over each other.

 

The testosterone replacement therapy is a process of giving testosterone when testes do not produce sufficient amount of testosterone because of injury, damage or absence. The testosterone replacement therapy has gained the momentum in last decade with high penetration in surgery market. The testosterone replacement therapy market could be segmented into 3 categories based on the type of product, into the following sub segments: gel, patches and other.

 

Bio-services involve preclinical and clinical researches done by following the standards laid down by regulatory bodies. Clinical research organizations (CRO) segment their researches by contracts, manufacturing, and clinical trials. A clinical trial is a time consuming process, and specifies testing of the new drugs on specific people or for particular diseases. CRO can be divided into captive and independent.

 

The branch of nanotechnology that deals with the study of biological and biochemical applications is known as nano-biotechnology. The study indulges mostly into deeply classifying the elements of living things or organisms and then modifying the same into nano products. Nano-biotechnology is a vital element boosting the new developments in the field of biotechnology. Biological research coupled with nano-technology continuously leads to the development of new inventions. 

 

DNA Probes-based diagnostics deals with the study to examine the chemical structure of DNA by undoing the presence of abnormal gene sequence of DNA on the DNA strand. This abnormal gene sequence is mainly responsible for causing disease and hence technique such as gene polymorphism can help to limit the chances of occurrence of diseases. 

 

The similarities in the structure and functioning of body parts in humans and in animals increases the size of the animal therapeutics and diagnostics market. The rising number of pet adoptions across the globe, rising incidences of chronic diseases such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, rising global meat consumption, and the rising incidences of pet obesity, especially in developed countries such as the U.S., are some of the growth drivers for the market. 

 

Psoriatic Arthritis is a type of rheumatoid arthritis which mainly affects fingers and toes followed by psoriasis. Moreover, a condition in which person has both psoriasis and arthritis is identified to have suffered from psoriatic arthritis. Major symptom for psoriatic arthritis is associated with inflammation of the skin and joints. About 11% of patients who has psoriatic also develop inflammation of their joints in a time frame ranging from 6 months to 1 year or sometimes even more, depending upon the personality of the patient. 

 

Occult blood testing is carried out to test for the presence of microscopic or invisible blood cells in the stool. It is a type of colorectal cancer screening test. Occult blood is the sign of a problem in the digestive system, which can be a polyp, growth, or a cancer in the rectum or colon. Once microscopic blood is detected, proper diagnosis can take place. Occult blood can also be the result of ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, diverticular disease (caused by outpouching of the colon wall), and abnormalities of the blood vessel in the large intestine, etc. 

 

The global pharmaceutical contract manufacturing (PCM) market is believed to hold huge opportunities in the future. With economic constraints in European countries, global pharma manufacturing companies are facing extensive cost containment pressures. As a result, pharmaceutical companies are compelled to explore ways to reduce the cost of drug manufacturing. 

 

Rising global prevalence of Parkinson’s disease, cardiovascular diseases and rapidly aging world’s population are some of the drivers for the blood-brain barrier technologies market. Blood-brain barriers create CNS drug delivery problems and manufacturers are making rigorous investments in research and development to invent new drugs and drug delivery systems to amend CNS drug delivery problems. This holds the potential to open up new avenues for the market in terms of future growth opportunities.

 

The report is a valuable resource offering deep insight into the key product and application segments in the controlled release liposomal and inhalation delivery technologies market. The report also endeavors to bring market participants up to speed with the latest strategic initiatives of competitors. The Company Profiles section comprises an in-depth analysis of the latest strategies, product pipelines, and financial standing of key companies.

 

Isothermal nucleic acid amplification technology (INAAT) is the global scale study and development of testing and applications of nucleic acid in molecular and nanoparticle diagnostics and laboratory research. 

 

Cancer cells exhibit a fundamentally modified metabolism that creates an environment in the body to support the growth of tumors and malignancy. In-depth understanding of the biochemical characters of cancer has facilitated the understanding and implementation of several different cancer profiling platforms.

 

A mental disorder is a psychological anomaly that is reflected in the behavior of the patient through distress, disability or any conduct that is not a part of a person’s normal mental development. The causes of mental disorders are varied in nature and many are also unclear. Psychiatric medication and psychotherapy are the two modes of treatment for mental disorder. In psychiatric medication drug classes such as antidepressants, anxiolytics, and antipsychotics are most commonly used. 

 

Metabolomics is a nascent upcoming technology in the field of analytical biochemistry. It can be defined as a systematic study of unique chemical fingerprints that specific cellular processes leave behind. The metabolomics study engages study of metabolic profiles and their comparative analysis. The major hindrance profiling these metabolites is the analysis of all classes of compounds found in the organism and not a single entity like a cell, protein or DNA. Hence, to analyze such minutest details in the organism  requires robust platforms.

 

Over 50% of the world’s most popular drugs are sourced directly or indirectly from natural sources. Pioneering research in marine based drug discovery began with Roche Research Institute of Marine Pharmacology during the mid 1970s. Tethya crypta a marine sponge was the first organism to be commercialized to produce drugs against HIV & Herpes. A small number of marine organisms primarily constituting of algae and other invertebrates have already been researched for commercial value in pharmaceuticals.

 

Fetal monitoring refers to the use of an instrument to record the pulse rate of a fetus during pregnancy. Post fetal monitoring discrepancies in the heartbeat of a fetus are observed and this monitoring data is later used for diagnostic purposes. 

 


Fungal infections occur due to unhygienic, damp, and unclean environment. They are caused by microscopic organisms that can invade the epithelial tissue. Most dermal infections are the tinea group of infections and are commonly observed in people. They affect nails, hair, scalp, and the skin in various areas of the body. 

 

Nanoscience or nanotechnology is the study of management of materials at molecular or atomic scale on different applications. The market for nanoparticles in drug technology holds prime share in the global pharmaceuticals market. Applications of nanotechnology can be classified into nanomedicine, chemicals and cosmetics, materials, food technology, energy, military, electronics, agriculture and others.

 

Marine derived pharmaceuticals are the drugs and other pharmacological substances which are made from extracting elements present in marine life. Although the concept of marine ethnomedicine dates back to the 18th and 19th century, actual exploratory work on marine pharmacology began in the mid and late 1960s when groups of chemists in the United States, Japan, and Europe began to explore sponges, marine algae, and other forms of marine life for their medicinal properties. 

 

The global arthroscopy market is expected to undergo rapid growth in the next few years. Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive orthopedic surgical procedure in which examination of joints and their treatment is performed. Arthroscopic procedures are thus primarily performed to evaluate or treat certain orthopedic conditions such as torn cartilage, ACL reconstruction and others.

 

Monoclonal antibodies have brought a paradigm shift in biotechnology and pharmaceutical sectors. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are mono-specific antibodies which comprise of identical immune cells and these immune cells are clones of a single parent cell and are distinguished by their unique property to bind to the same epitope

 

The term ‘cell based assay’ refers to the use of live cells to test the effect of a foreign substance on the functionalities and behavior of a cell. These cell based assays are the most accurate method of cell testing, due to the fact that live cells are utilized for experiments.  It is used for determining factors like cell toxicity, cell proliferation, motility, and cell morphology. The global market for cell based assays is expected to reach an estimated value of USD 1.55 billion in 2018. 

 

Drug discovery technologies play a significant role in the field of pharmaceuticals as they heavily contribute to the introduction of drugs to the market. The application of drug discovery technologies have a significant opportunity in  the launch of drugs for severe diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, Parkinson’s disease, central nervous system disorders and others. However, the slow growth in the introduction of blockbuster drugs could pose a major threat for the growth of this market.

 

This market includes various products, technologies and services which are used in sample preparation for genomics, proteomics and epigenomics. The market was valued at USD 4 billion in 2011 and is expected to reach USD 9 billion by 2016, growing at a CAGR of 19%. This can be attributed to the fact that sample preparation is the basic step involved in any life sciences research project. 

 

Biological therapies for cancer include the usage of body’s immune system to curb cancer and to fight the side effects generated out of some other chemotherapeutic treatments. The human body has biological response modifiers (BRMs) that stimulate the body’s response towards an infection.  Scientists are now involved in producing such biological response modifiers artificially in laboratories to use them in triggering an immune response against cancer. 

 

Antibody drugs make use of the body’s own immune system to locate and eliminate cells which are responsible for the target disease. Antibody drugs have been successful in attracting the attention of researchers worldwide owing to their characteristic features such as fewer side effects and high efficacy in curing certain diseases which were previously untreatable.

 

Neurodegenerative disorders cause progressive loss of function structure of the neurons in the human brain. The most commonly known neurodegenerative diseases are Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Huntington’s Syndrome. Most neurodegenerative disorders are caused because of genetic mutation in completely unrelated cells.

 

Kinase inhibitors are enzymes which selectively block the action of other enzymes. They help in regulation of the activity of other proteins and, more indirectly, the activities of cells. All these kinases can be divided by amino acids in which phosphorylation is inhibited. Since they can control or regulate the activities of other cells, they are often used in the treatment of cancer and inflammatory conditions.

 

A thriving healthcare industry, backed by an expanding geriatric population has fueled the growth of the global heparin market. Heparin is an anticoagulant or blood thinner, which prevents the formation of blood clots. The market research report provides a clear understanding of the heparin industry by determining and analyzing its various types, applications, end-users, and regional markets. 

 

Theranostics is the fusion of drug therapy and diagnostics to optimize effectiveness, safety, and streamline drug development. Combination of medical drugs with diagnostic tests is also known as integrated medicine, pharmacodiagnostics, companion diagnostics, and Dx/Rx partnering. Theranostics market is an emerging field which is generating strong interest from healthcare industry and regulatory bodies. It is an emerging clinical diagnostics field that focuses on developing specific analysis to predict the use of most significant drug for patient.

 

Autoimmune diseases occur because of the body’s hyperactive immune response in relation to the tissues and substances normally present in the body. In autoimmune diseases, the body actually starts acting against itself. These disorders may be restricted to only a particular organ or tissue. Autoimmune diseases are treated with administration of medications which suppress the activity of the target organ –known as immunosuppression. The exact classification of autoimmune diseases is not possible. However, the overall domain of autoimmune diseases can be classified on indirect evidence based on generation of autoimmune disease in animals, direct evidence acquired from the transfer of antibody and circumstantial evidence.

 

Biopharmaceuticals are medical drugs which are produced with the help of biotechnology. The US is the largest market for biopharmaceuticals and is the leader in terms of revenue, by a substantial margin. The biopharmaceutical market can be classified based on the class of the medical drug into recombinant proteins, monoclonal antibodies and purified proteins. Based on the therapeutic applications, biopharmaceuticals can be classified as blood factors, thrombolytic agents, hormones, hematopoietic growth factors, interferon’s and vaccines.

 

Nutraceuticals are defined as the food and dietary substances which help lower the TC (total cholesterol) levels of the body. It functions by triggering the cholesterol inhibiting hormones of the body and thereby restoring homeostasis and preventing coronary heart diseases. Nutraceuticals are currently preferred more than general cholesterol lowering medications. The cholesterol lowering nutraceuticals ingredient market bears two major segmentations, on the basis of types into: beta glucans, soluble fibers, omega 3 fatty acids, plant sterols, soy foods and others, and on the basis of geography into: the North American, European, Asia Pacific and rest of the world regions.

 

Nutraceuticals have medicinal properties to treat or prevent diseases and they are food or parts of foods in the form of nutrients. Nutraceuticals foods have high antioxidant properties and are beneficial in fighting the causes of anti-aging. The free radicals produced by the body when cells in our body use oxygen, may cause oxidative damage to the body. Thus, these nutraceuticals help in preventing the side effects of those free radicals. Moreover, the human nature to remain young always has made popular the anti-aging medicines in the market. The rising disposable incomes and health awareness among people are expected to boost the anti-aging market in the near future.

 

Autologous cell therapy is a therapeutic procedure which uses the cells of an individual, which are well-bred and nurtured outside the body and then reintroduced at the site of the disease of the individual. Autologous cell therapy is a new breakthrough in the field of medical history. Autologous cell therapy (ACT) is one of the most rapidly evolving fields due to the revolution in the bioengineering sector since the last few decades. 

 

Biosimulation is computer aided mathematical simulation of biological systems and processes. Biosimulation is used for model based calculation of biological systems. The global biosimulation market is expected to grow at a considerable rate from 2011 to 2018.The primary reason for the growth of biosimulation is the increasing use of pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic (PKPD) modeling in pre-clinical drug development. PKPD is the most widely used method in drug development. 

 

Digestive health enzymes market is witnessing upsurge demand in developed economies due to growing health concerns and rising standard of living. This market is set to witness double digit growth rate during the forecasted period. Demand for digestive health enzymes is also expected to grow in developing economies as people are becoming aware about the benefits of these enzymes and spending more on personal health. 

 

Cancer is known to be one of the major causes of death across the world, and the demand for oncology drugs and devices has witnessed steady growth. Increasing efforts to detect and diagnose cancer at an early stage is a major driving force for the global cancer biomarkers market. The research report studies the overall market for cancer biomarkers, its emergence, growth and development over the years, with special emphasis on the forecast period of 2012-2018.

 

DNA sequencing industry is segmented into instruments and consumables, services, and workflow products. Instruments and consumables segment are the rapidly emerging segments accounting for about $2.2 billion by the year 2016. Services segment is expected to grow significantly and reach market value of $3.5 billion with CAGR of 29% over the year 2016. The workflow segment will reach $883.6 million at CAGR of 16.6% by 2016. The chain terminator DNA sequencing market and next generation DNA sequencing market are constantly undergoing technological changes, thus creating new opportunities and attracting new market players to this industry.

 

The cancer diagnostics market is on the verge of sudden increase due to the technological breakthroughs in tumor diagnosis and unlocking of mysteries of genetics. The HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) testing market is expected to witness a promising growth in the next few years due to rising incidences of cancerous tumors and the growing ageing population.

 

Cancer is affecting about more than 10 million people every year globally and this number is expected to increase by 2.4% by the year 2020 and reach to 14 million. Biotherapy is one of the most promising and new approach in treatment of cancer as it enhances the natural tendency of body to defend itself against malignant tumors without damaging healthy tissues.

 

Antibacterial Drugs Market (By Class - Aminoglycosides, B-Lactams, Tetracyclines, Sulfonamides, Quinolones/ Fluoroquinolones, Macrolides and Phenicols, and Pipeline Analysis) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, 2013 - 2019

 

Antibacterial Drugs Market (By Class - Aminoglycosides, B-Lactams, Tetracyclines, Sulfonamides, Quinolones/ Fluoroquinolones, Macrolides And Phenicols, And Pipeline Analysis) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends And Forecast, 2013 - 2019 Customized

 

The report on the biopharmaceutical licensing market closely examines the licensing and alliance landscape in the global biopharma market. The biopharmaceutical licensing market has undergone changes in the regulatory approach to awarding licenses, as well as alliances between market players in the conventional pharma and biopharma sectors. 

 

This market research report estimates that the global pancreatic cancer drug market will be worth USD 1.2 billion by 2015. The report provides analysis and forecasts for the pancreatic cancer market from 2012-2018. Pancreatic cancer is caused by the unrestrained growth of cells in the pancreas. 

 

High growth rate in emerging markets, technological advancements, strong support from governments and other active associations like WHO and GAVI, and increased investment in research and development are all leading to the overall growth of the vaccine production market. The vaccine production market is expected to exhibit improved performance in the coming years due to the successful launch of new vaccines. 

 

The cosmeceuticals market study pertains to the growing category of cosmetic products that deliver drug-like benefits. These products represent one of the fastest growing markets within the personal care and cosmetics industry. The global cosmeceuticals market research report estimates the overall value of this segment within the larger cosmetic products and personal care industry. 

 

The oral care products market research report provides a snapshot of trends, forecasts, and opportunities in oral hygiene products and oral consumables. The report comprises expert analysis of the factors that will impel growth in the oral care products market over the forecast period of 2012-2018. 

 

There is a rising demand for low cost biological drugs. Commercial and regulatory developments are taking the follow-on biologics market to new heights. Drug manufacturers are exploring the possibilities of producing generic biopharmaceuticals drugs with a motive of reducing the prices of these life saving drugs.

 

Influenza Vaccine is also called as flu shot and is used for protection against influenza virus. An influenza vaccine is a combination of three influenza viruses namely, influenza type A with H3N2 virus strain, influenza type A with H1N1 virus strain and influenza type B virus strain.

 

Diseases which cause improper functioning of liver are termed as Liver diseases. There are about hundreds of different known forms of liver diseases that ultimately lead to a condition named cirrhosis of liver which causes permanent damage of liver cells. 

 

The women health therapeutics market is growing rapidly due to increasing awareness among patients & physicians and introduction of new therapies in the market. The women health therapeutics market was USD 14,530 million in 2010 and is expected to reach at USD 24,669 million by 2017 at an estimated CAGR of 7.9% during 2010-2017.

 

The global Veterinary Vaccines market is expected to reach USD 5.6 billion by 2015. Among all the geographies, Europe region is leading Veterinary vaccine market in terms of consumption, closely followed by the U.S.

 

Our research consists of both secondary and primary research with later constituting the greater portion. We also have a large internal repository and access to a number of external proprietary databases to help address specific requirements of our clients. The research process begins with exhaustive secondary research on internal and external sources being carried out to source qualitative and quantitative information relating to each market.

 

The DNA gene chip market research report studies the global scenario of this market, which is among the most prominent segments in the overall biochip market. This study discusses market growth rates, forecasts, industry structure and capacity, production forecasts, and key drivers and restrains over a seven-year forecast period from 2010-2017.

 

Wound care products are used by medical practitioners to protect patients fragile skin, managing chronic & acute wounds and I.V. sites, wound closures, dressing and infections prevention. 

 

Advances in the medical dressings and wound care have improved the ability of health professionals  in the treatment of acute and chronic wounds. These products find applications for various hospital departments and procedures like operation theatres, intensive critical care units, emergency care and trauma care. Globally governments spending on health care is the main driver in this market.

 

Wound treatment market focuses on products such as dressings, closure devices, debridement, pharmacological products, tissue engineered products and others.

 

Ovarian cancer, and its rising incidence rate, is a growing concern worldwide. Market players that are currently engaged in the development of drugs and therapies for ovarian cancer stand to benefit by observing the latest trends and pipeline competitor products. Transparency Market Research’s report enables entities in the market to assess the commercial opportunities and unmet clinical demands that exist in the global ovarian cancer market.

 

Worldwide more than one million new cases of breast cancer are found every year. Breast cancer can spread to the bone, followed by the lung and liver. Metastatic breast cancer is the most advanced stage of the breast cancer. The key drivers of breast cancer treatment market are aging population, obesity and family history among others. Breast cancer is usually found in women over the age of 40 years. For treatment of breast cancer, surgery is used first and then drugs or radiation therapy or both are used. North America, Europe have witnessed largest rate of breast cancers in women. 

 

G protein coupled receptors which are also known by other names such as heptahelical receptors, G protein-linked receptors (GPLR), serpentine receptor and 7TM receptors comprises of a large family of protein. They are found in eukaryotes and choanoflagellates. GPCRs are targeted by approximately 45% to 50% of medicinal drugs. The major factors which are driving the growth of the GPCRs market include: growing researcher interest in targeting GPCR for medicinal drugs, development in indentifying new membrane structure and newer structures and the advancement in technologies used.

 

The research report on the global dietary supplements market takes into account the various types of dietary supplements, their mode of consumption, and products by age category. The report predominantly focuses on the leading and emerging product categories within the dietary supplements market globally. 

 

Among the several diseases worldwide, cancer is majorly responsible for a high global mortality rate. The number of cancer patients is soaring and in 2012 it is projected that 1,638,910 new cases of cancer will be found, whereas 577,190 people are projected to die from cancer. Of the several cancer types that exist, kidney cancer is projected to cause 12,484 deaths in 2012 and it is estimated that 59,588 new kidney cancer cases will emerge. Kidney cancer can be divided into two groups, i.e., renal pelvis cancer and renal parenchyma cancers.

 

Angina pectoris market is expected to grow at the CAGR of 3.5% and reach the value of $12,707.4 million by the year 2018. This growth is primarily driven by the increase in number of patients undergoing treatment for angina pectoris and likely approval of new therapies like varespladib and Generx that are in late stage of clinical development. If approved, these products are expected to contribute in the growth of angina pectoris industry as they will be marketed at premium price by their inventor companies. Innovative mechanism of action of these products will lead to improvements in effectiveness and safety over currently marketed products.

 

The report on the global and China wound care market focuses on the market as a whole, and discusses in detail the various segments within it. In addition to providing historical data of the wound care market, from 2005 to 2010, the report provides predictions and analyses for the forecast period 2010 to 2017. 

 

Transparency Market Research’s report on the colorectal cancer market offers comprehensive analysis and forecasts. The report makes an in-depth analysis of colorectal cancer and the related oncology pharmaceuticals this market demands. It thoroughly makes an assessment of the market with respect to the available drugs and the ones in the offing.

 

A biomarker is a gene, molecule or characteristics, by which pathogenic processes, biological processes or pharmacologic response can be evaluated or measured. They are classified on the basis of their application in different medical processes. These biomarkers help effectively in clinical decision making and thus help in diagnosing the health of a patient. In the present scenario, biomarkers are extensively used in the treatment of diseases such as cancer. The worldwide market of biomarkers is increasing tremendously due to its popularity and wide use in different drug discovery.

 

Medical education is the term associated with the practice of working as a medical practitioner either for initial training to become a doctor or for additional training after gaining the degree. Medical education market actors includemedical schools, health program providers, nursing programs providers, and such others. Continuous growth in world population and rising awareness towards personal health is creating the need for seeking medical education, either for working as a medical practitioner or for personal care.

 

The research report on the global and China OTC drug and dietary supplement market examines the scenario with the aid of descriptive overviews and key market data. The report explains the industry’s overall capabilities, growth rate, and infrastructure of manufacturing and distribution systems in use.It also elaborates on the major avenues of growth, as well as restraints on the OTC drug and dietary supplement market.

 

Impotency and urinary incontinence are growing concerns among people these days. Technological development is helping to overcome these age-related problems. There are various genitourinary drugs available today to cure the related illnesses. The genitourinary drugs market is expected to grow in developing economies in the near future due to growing concerns about urinary incontinence and related illnesses. The U.S. market remains the largest market for genitourinary drugs, while Japan stands in the second place in the consumption of genitourinary drugs.

 

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is administration of hormones to those patients who are under a phase of declining natural hormones in their body. Hormone replacement therapy is mostly administered to women undergoing menopausal phase. The hormones which are administered to patients are mostly Estrogen also supplemented by progesterone and testosterone. The modes of administration are oral tablets, implants, patches, vaginal creams etc. The global hormone replacement therapy market is expected to rise to approximately USD 3.6 billion by 2018.

 

Globally, the Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) drug market will increase from USD 4.3 billion in 2009 to USD 6.9 billion in 2019 and the market is growing with a CAGR of 4.84% during 2009 to 2019. The major markets in these segments are the United States, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom and Japan. The global top five global brands in NSCLC with the largest market share are Avastin, Tarceva, Alimta, Gemzar and Taxotere. For growth in the future there are drugs in the pipeline and in clinical trials at the phase 3 process development in the non small cell lung cancer market. In the year 2012 many pipeline agents are going to be launched - such as Stimuvax and Aflibercept. The drugs that are in clinical trials phase 3 processes are vargatef (BIBF 1120), BIBW 2992, Crizotinib, Erbitux, ARQ 197, and Ramucirumab.

 

Acute myeloid leukemia grows at a fast pace and is found in the blood and bone marrow. The leukemia therapeutics market is divided into four segments namely acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia and chronic myeloid leukemia. In the disease process, immature blood cells are present in the bone marrow. Symptoms found in patients due to the disease are flu, loss of weight, body ache and pain and spots on skin. The Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) therapeutics market was USD 239.3 million in 2011 and this market is forecasted to reach USD 731.1 million in 2018.

 

The research report on the health and wellness market in Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan is a focused regional study of these three countries. The research report offers an overview of the three markets, and extensively analyzes the nutraceutical and cosmeceutical market in this region. The report offers a snapshot of the overall health and wellness market and the way ahead in terms of new technologies, products, and formulations

 

An antibiotic is a compound or a substance that fights bacterial infections and kills or slow down their growth. The antibiotic market is witnessing high growth due new product innovations and higher investment in R & D activity. Moreover, the other regulatory concerns to control the antibiotic resistance problem are also expected to drive the antibiotics market. The demand for antibiotics is expected to reach USD 44.68 billion by 2016. Since, 2005 this market is seen to grow at an annual rate of 6.6% until 2011. There are many companies manufacturing antibiotic these days and there are many other antibiotics present in the market such as aminoglycoside antibiotics and it covers about 79% of the global demand.

 

Biobanks is a collection or storation of blood and cell samples from a large number of people. Biobank collection denotes its use in medical field and research. The global biobank industry is segmented into different sectors such as human tissue banking, or population banking, stem cell banking, commercial biobanks, private cord banking, academic collections and other services such as DNA and RNA storage. The global biobanks market was USD 142.million in 2011 and it is forecasted that this market will reach USD 216.3 million in 2018 with the compound annual growth rate of 5.4 % from 2011 – 2018.

 

The global physician dispensed cosmeceuticals market was USD 560 million in 2011 and this market is projected to reach USD1.8 billion by 2018. The market will grow with the compound annual growth rate of 18.15% from 2011 – 2918. Physician dispensed cosmeceuticals market is categorised into product segments such as skin care and eyelash products. The demand for this market will spur due to factors such as product innovations, rise in surgical procedures, increase in consumer spending and growing number of dispensing physicians. In the current scenario, the market demand for dispensing physician’s cosmeceuticals is on a surge.

 

Treatment options for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are expanding as a result of increasing research activities and more explicit understanding of the pathophysiology of diseases. For the treatment of RA, novel selective inhibitors such as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are used along with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Although COX-2 is used in treatment of RA, it has several side effects associated with the upper gastrointestinal region. Currently, use of disease modifying antirheumatic drugs is recommended by most professionals in the early stages of disease.

 

The global pediatric vaccine market is forecasted to reach $24.3 billion by the year 2017 at a compounded annual growth rate of 11.5 % during 2011-2017. This growth in revenues is expected to be driven by the introduction of new molecules that are currently in regulatory filing stage and those in later stage of development. The vaccines market has become high revenue generators despite being priced at a premium because of increasing occurrences of acute diseases and growing elderly population. The vaccine market has captured the attention of big pharmaceutical companies that have been watching the progress of this market.

 

The global orthobiological products market is expected to grow to $15.3 billion by the year 2022 as a result of tremendous growth in the medical devices industry mainly due to increase in aging population. Growth of orthobiological products is driven by increasing awareness towards adoption of orthobiologics, development in technology, and increasing number of orthopedic related procedures. As population continues to grow, there is simultaneous rise in aging population which is contributing to the growth of the orthobiological products industry as need for orthopedic procedures is greater in such elderly population. Other factors driving the growth of this market include increasing number of obese patients with rising levels of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis and patients with need for cartilage repair procedures.

 

Gene amplification technology is proving to be an important technology in human genome projects and other important fields like diagnostics. There are number of companies involved in the business of gene amplification and diagnostics with over 30 gene and signal amplification technologies. These gene amplification technologies are used for variety of applications in research and clinical settings. Currently, the market for gene amplification technologies is forecast to increase to $2.2 billion over the year 2017. This growth is expected to be driven by successful completion of human genome projects that will continue to boost the growth of this industry in future owing to the development of molecular diagnostics. Need for information about genes in genomics and other research progresses, and development in clinical diagnostic tools, is also expected to boost the growth of the gene amplification technologies market.

 

hepatitis C virus (HVC) drug market provides a snapshot of its current scenario before offering a detailed analysis of each segment within this market. It discusses the key pipeline brands and marketed products within the global HCV drug market. Key trends in this market—such as oral drug regimens, improved efficacy, and advances in drug tolerability—are evaluated in the hepatitis C drugs market research report.

 

The US market for personalized medicines is predicted to grow at the compounded annual growth rate of 9.5% during 2010 to 2015. This growth in future is expected to be driven by different factors like cost savings on treatments, early diagnosis of disease, drug safety, patient compliance, and optimization of therapies. Currently, America dominates the market for personalized medicine; however, advancement in technology and developments in the field of DNA is expected to establish personalized medicines market in UK, France, India, China, and Japan.

 

The global vaccines market, which was once considered a commodity market, is now amongst the fastest growing markets of the pharmaceutical industry. This market forms about 3% of the global pharmaceutical industry. 

 

Hepatitis B market and provides current information on key developments in the Hepatitis B market. In addition to discussing Hepatitis B molecules that are presently in the clinical trials phase, the report also provides an overview of molecules at the preclinical research and drug discovery stages. This report has been designed to help decision makers in the Hepatitis B drugs market to understand competitor pipeline molecules, and to identify potential areas for expansion and innovation. 

 

Human immuno deficiency virus better known as HIV/AIDS is one of the most catastrophic diseases/threats to the human race and health throughout the world. HIV causes AIDS. HIV was discovered in 1981, and since its existence dates back to more than 30 years, a number of changes have evolved in the market to improve the quality of life of the HIV patients. Substantial medical treatments, advancements in the medicine field, and new drug therapies have charmed the pharmaceutical industry tremendously.

 

The research report on the biosimilars (follow-on biologics) market is a valuable resource for entities operating within and on the periphery of this market. This comprehensive market study reviews the global market to provide an estimate of the global market size. It also provides market figures and CAGR for each segment within the biosimilars market. The overall market growth rate is analyzed with respect to existing and anticipated market trends.

 

weight management products details the global scenario of this market using accurate market estimation, forecasts, and analysis. The report provides critical market data such as: market drivers and growth inhibitors, opportunities and trends, key established and emerging markets, and the competitive outlook. It also features recommendations for winning imperatives from our high-pedigree analysts. The report comprises a vast array of graphs and tables that present our forecasts and estimates in an easy-to-understand format. 

 

Transparency Market Research’s report on the global enzyme inhibitors market offers razor-sharp insights pertaining to the size, forecast, and growth of this market. Enzyme inhibitors commonly occur in nature and are administered as drugs to treat a number of chronic and/or life-threatening diseases. The market for enzyme inhibitors is poised to expand in keeping with the rising incidence of various diseases.

 

Ribonucleic Acid Interference (RNAi) technologies market offers an analytical snapshot of this highly dynamic market within the pharmaceutical industry. This report provides an overview of the global RNAi technologies scenario, before detailing each critical segment-based on type, application, and products-within this market. As well as estimating market value of the RNAi technologies market in USD million, the report provides accurate market forecasts for market size and production. 
 

Pharmaceutical Research

The Pharmaceutical Industry is a key segment for global economical growth. While the industry is dominated by developed countries mainly US, the developing countries like China and India shows an impressive growth in recent years. There is significant increase in the demand for innovative drugs which drives R&D investment in the industry across various countries. The biopharmaceuticals has brought revolutionary change for new drug inception. Proteomics, Molecular biology and Genomics have helped the manufacturers to to innovate effective drugs & processes for formulation. 

The major factors affecting the growth of the industry are regulation & reforms, pricing issues. The major MNCs are nowadays outsourcing the R&D to reduce the cost and leverage the skill work pool across the countries. 

The sector covers wide range of large MNCs, mid-size firms, specialty drug maker organization, generic manufactures, and biopharmaceutical firms, small scale industries, various support facility, contract research by service companies, contract sales, regulatory guidance, etc.

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