Therapeutic area is bustling with R&D initiatives with several therapies transitioning to the final stage of trial, wherein they are either being tested on large groups of individuals or awaiting commercial launch. Overall spending in this area is on the rise, though it may vary significantly between developed and emerging nations.
Our research studies extensively cover some major therapeutic areas, such as cardiology/vascular, orthopedics, dental, pediatrics, gynecology, hematology and neurology, among others. We provide exhaustive data on critical aspects within the pharma-pipeline. We also help players identify key growth areas in the drug pipeline.
Therapeutic Area Market Research Reports
Jul, 2018 | 190 pages
This comprehensive report by Transparency Market Research analyzes the global PCR market for the period between 2018 and 2026. An in-depth and unbiased market assessment has been made, which offers readers an in-depth and accurate analysis. Market projections have been offered in terms of value (US$ Mn).
Jun, 2018 | 202 pages
This report analyzes the current and future scenario of the global metastatic bone disease market. Rise in incidence rate of cancer across the world, favorable reimbursement scenario, stringent regulatory policies assuring better product quality, increase in cancer research funding and new drug approvals, and surge in cancer awareness programs by governments and patient support organizations drive the global metastatic bone disease market. The global market has been segmented based on treatment, origin of metastasis, end-user, and region.
Jun, 2018 | 213 pages
Anal fistula treatment involves use of both surgical and non-surgical approaches for effective removal of anal fistulae in patients. Surgical procedures include fistulotomy, bioprosthetic plugs, advancement flap procedures, seton techniques, and new techniques such as LIFT and FiLaC therapy. Non-surgical methods include drugs as well as fibrin glue injections, adipose stem cell therapy, and collagen paste.
May, 2018 | 183 pages
This report on the radiopharmaceutical market analyzes the current and future scenario of the global market. Increase in incidence of various diseases, development of new sources for radioisotope production, and rise in demand for nuclear medicine are boosting the radiopharmaceutical market. Increase in incidence of cancer and cardiovascular diseases, growth in awareness about effective use of radiopharmaceuticals, and rise in preference for SPECT and PET scans are some of the factors expected to drive the growth of the global radiopharmaceutical market during the forecast period.
Apr, 2018 | 84 pages
The global market for compression therapy is treading along a positive growth path on account of the rise in sports and strenuous activities. In compressive therapy, an elastic garment is clung to the body part to exert gradual compression on the limb.
Apr, 2018 | 154 pages
Radiodermatitis, also known as radiation dermatitis, is a peculiar symptom caused as a result of radiation therapy pertaining to the treatment of cancerous as well as noncancerous conditions, and has significant negative impact on a patient’s physical functionalities and quality of life. It has been estimated that in developed countries such as the U.S., Canada, Australia, the U.K, France, and Germany, nearly half of the patients who receive treatment for cancer was also subjected to radiation therapy during the illness, and about all of them experience some degree of skin reaction.
Mar, 2018 | 86 pages
This report on the global geriatric medicine market is a comprehensive assessment of how the demand has progressed in the recent past and where it is headed in the near future. Developed by experienced and professional research analyst, the report aspires to serve as a credible business tool for its targeted audiences such as pharmaceutical companies, drug research and development institutes, suppliers and distributors of pharmaceuticals, and government agencies.
Mar, 2018 | 73 pages
Cartilage is a soft and rubbery material present in the bone joint and is involved in preventing friction between the bones by acting as a shock absorber in the joint. Damage to cartilage restricts the normal movement of knee causing pain and most often occurs after a traumatic and twisting injury to the knee. If left untreated, it may require knee replacement surgery. Knee cartilage repair has been beneficial for conditions such as mal-unions, delayed unions, and slow healing wounds.
Mar, 2018 | 215 pages
This report studies the current as well as future prospects of the global urinary incontinence treatment devices market. Stakeholders of this report include companies and intermediaries engaged in the manufacture, commercialization, and provision of medical devices for the treatment of urinary incontinence as well as new players planning to enter the market. This report comprises an elaborate executive summary along with a market snapshot providing overall information of various segments considered in the scope of the study.
Feb, 2018 | 170 pages
Transparency Market Research has revealed various facts pertaining to sterilization wrap in its recently published research report on global sterilization wrap market. This research study is filled with incisive market insights and essential acumen and reflects various factors that have contributed to the growth of the global market.
Feb, 2018 | 154 pages
The report on the exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) therapeutics & diagnostics market analyzes the current and future scenario of the global market. Rise in the prevalence of cystic fibrosis and chronic pancreatitis, and increase in prevalence of diabetes across the world are the major drivers of the global exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) therapeutics & diagnostics market.
Jan, 2018 | 243 pages
Hysteroscopes are essential part of gynecological procedures which allow the diagnosis of intrauterine infections and serve as devices for surgical interventions. These devices revolutionized surgeries due to their accuracy, convenience, and low cost. Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure to treat primarily dysfunctional bleeding, painful fibroids, and other problems of women. In some cases woman can go home same day.
Jan, 2018 | 189 pages
The report on the assisted reproductive technology market analyzes the current and future scenario of the global market. Increase in prevalence of infertility, advent of new technology for development of new devices for ART procedure for high success rate, and increase in adoption and awareness for IVF and surrogacy, are the major drivers of the global assisted reproductive technology market.
Jan, 2018 | 180 pages
This report on the women’s health market analyzes the current and future scenario of the global market. Rise in number of women facing menopausal condition, rising incidence of women’s diseases, growing awareness among people about the availability of treatment for women’s health related diseases, technological advancements and high R&D investments are major factors driving market growth.
Nov, 2017 | 180 pages
The report on the breast pumps market analyzes the current and future scenario of the global market. Government initiatives in creating awareness on benefits of breastfeeding, rising working women population worldwide, rising demand for breastfeeding products, and advancement of breast pumps technologies by major key players are the major drivers of the global breast pumps market.
Nov, 2017 | 170 pages
Atrial fibrillation is an irregular heartbeat identified by the rapid and abnormal beating of the heart. The global market for atrial fibrillation is majorly driven by the rise in high blood pressure and valvular heart disease.
Nov, 2017 | 241 pages
Heparin is an anticoagulant that is mainly used to prevent and treat pulmonary embolism, venous thrombosis, and other conditions of blood clotting. Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is an important preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among surgical patients.
Nov, 2017 | 136 pages
This report on the global vitreous tamponades market analyzes the current and future prospects of the market. The report comprises an elaborate executive summary, including a market snapshot that provides overall information of various segments and sub-segments.
Oct, 2017 | 175 pages
This report on antithrombin market studies the current as well as future prospects of the market globally. The stakeholders of this report include companies and intermediaries engaged in the manufacture, commercialization, providing services of antithrombin products such as Antithrombin III, ATryn, and Antithrombin Gama and others as well as new entrants planning to enter this market.
Sep, 2017 | 180 pages
The global stem cells market is envisaged to gain a whole lot of demand owing to the perpetual focus on research conducted to expand the utilization of associated products for several applications. As a result, stem cells have been used in the treatment of various diseases and witnessed the discovery of several clinical applications previously unfolded.
Sep, 2017 | 138 pages
Medical specialty bags are frequently utilized for surgical procedures, including urinary surgical methods and laparoscopic surgical systems. With a rising number of surgeries being conducted around the world on account of growing instances of infections and chronic ailments, the market for medical specialty bags is expected to see a steady uptick in demand in the next couple of years.
Sep, 2017 | 152 pages
This report provides in-depth region wise and country wise analysis of the forensic technologies market. Stakeholders of this report include manufacturers and service provider of forensic device, raw material suppliers, research institutes involve in the research of forensic technologies and new players planning to enter the market.
Aug, 2017 | 160 pages
This report on brain tumor diagnosis and treatments market studies the current as well as future prospects of the market globally. The stakeholders of this report include companies and intermediaries engaged in the manufacture, commercialization, providing services of brain tumor diagnosis and treatments as well as new entrants planning to enter this market. This report comprises an elaborate executive summary along with a market snapshot providing overall information of various segments and sub-segments considered in the scope of the study.
Jul, 2017 | 280 pages
Urinary catheters find applications among patients suffering from various urinary disorders such as urinary incontinence and urinary retention, and among patients who have undergone genital or prostrate surgery or suffering from disorders such as multiple sclerosis and neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease and dementia. Urinary catheters have been primarily classified into three major segments: intermittent, indwelling and male external urinary catheters.
Jun, 2017 | 248 pages
Apheresis is a procedure of blood component separation, based on centrifugation and membrane filtration technology. Blood components are separated based on their characteristics such as molecular weight, size, affinity for a particular substance, etc. Blood is withdrawn from patient’s body, an anticoagulant is mixed and the blood components are separated based on their characteristics and specific machine criteria.
Apr, 2017 | 236 pages
This report provides in-depth region wise and country wise analysis of the peptide therapeutics market. Stakeholders of this report include manufacturers of peptide products, raw material suppliers, nutraceutical and cosmeceutical companies, food processing industries and new players planning to enter the market. It further provides qualitative and quantitative analysis of the global peptide therapeutics market. Qualitative analysis comprises market dynamics, trends, product overview, and country-level market information.
Mar, 2017 | 214 pages
Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Pressure Ulcers are types of chronic wounds, affecting millions of people around the world. The prevalence of diabetes is rising at a high rate, and various studies and statistics state that around 15% of people suffering from diabetes are at a risk of diabetic foot ulcers, once in their lifetime. Also 24% of diabetic foot ulcers usually progress to a stage requiring amputation of the leg / foot . Pressure ulcers are most common cause of hospitalization and longer hospital stays, reducing the mobility of the patients.
Feb, 2017 | 343 pages
This report studies the current as well as future prospects of the global medical nonwoven disposables market. Stakeholders of this report include companies and intermediaries engaged in the manufacture of products such as medical nonwoven disposables. The report categorically analyzes the medical nonwoven disposables market based on type of products, materials, end-users and geography.
Jan, 2017 | 152 pages
This report provides in-depth region wise and country wise analysis of the autologous cell therapy market. Stakeholders of this report include manufacturers of cell therapy products, raw material suppliers, cancer drug processing companies, and new players planning to enter the market.
Nov, 2016 | 60 pages
The prefilled syringes small molecule market was valued around US$ 12.03 Bn in 2015, accounting for significant market share of the global prefilled syringes market and anticipated to grow at substantial growth rate over the forecast period. The primary objective of the report is to offer insights on the market dynamics that can influence growth of the prefilled syringe small molecule market in U.S. and EU-5 region over the forecast period.
Oct, 2016 | 183 pages
This report provides in-depth region wise and country wise analysis of the human vaccines market. Stakeholders of this report include manufacturers of human vaccines products, raw material suppliers, vaccine processing companies, and new players planning to enter the market.
Oct, 2016 | 208 pages
This report on medical aesthetic devices studies the current as well as future prospects of the market globally. The stakeholders of this report include companies and intermediaries engaged in the manufacture and commercialization of various medical aesthetic devices (MAD) and products as well as new entrants planning to enter this market.
Sep, 2016 | 232 pages
Vascular access devices are medical devices used to obtain access to the bloodstream, and are hollow and flexible tubes made of latex, silicone, and other materials, inserted into arteries or veins, to deliver medication, administer fluids and nutritional compounds, and collection of blood and blood products. The report on global vascular access devices market, analyzes the current and future prospects of the market.
Sep, 2016 | 237 pages
Transcatheter embolization is a process of placing synthetic material or medication called embolic agent into blood vessel through catheter to block the blood flow toward a specific area of the body. Embolization is a highly effective way to prevent abnormal bleeding and is minimally invasive as compared to open surgery.
Aug, 2016 | 131 pages
Kaposi sarcoma is a soft tissue sarcoma that develops in connective tissues, blood vessels, fibrous tissues, and muscles. It is a malignant, multi-centric, neoplastic vascular proliferation, characterized by the development of bluish-red cutaneous nodules on the feet. According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Kaposi sarcoma is considered an acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) defining disease.
May, 2016 | 192 pages
Pharmaceutical drugs are sold through various channels such as retail, mail orders, clinics and hospitals. This report on the global hospital pharmaceuticals market analyses the current and future prospects of the market specifically pertaining to drugs sold in hospital settings.
Apr, 2016 | 70 pages
This report on the needle free drug delivery devices market analyzes the current and future scenario of the global market. Large number of chronic pain and diabetes sufferers is increasing the usage of needle free drug delivery devices. Less pain and consistency in drug delivery are the major drivers of the global needle free drug delivery devices market.
Apr, 2016 | 78 pages
Hydrocephalus is defined as an abnormal increase in the amount of cerebrospinal fluid inside the cranial cavity accompanied with enlargement of cerebral ventricles, which frequently leads to intracranial pressure and skull enlargement. Hydrocephalus majorly affects population aged 50 years and above. According to the World Population Prospects: the 2012 Revision (United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs), the age group above 80 years, also referred as ‘oldest old’ in the report, was nearly 14% and is expected to increase to 19% by 2050.
Dec, 2015 | 86 pages
This report on the menopausal hot flashes market studies the current and future prospects of the treatment across the globe. Hot flashes are common symptoms experience by women in menopause transition. Hot flashes are defined as ephemeral, recurring periods of heat sensation and redness, often associated with sweat and are experienced by about 75% of women in the U.S and Europe at some point before or during the menopause period.
Dec, 2015 | 85 pages
Global high potency active pharmaceutical ingredient (HPAPI) market report provides comprehensive analysis considering various macro as well as micro economic factors. The report studies the HPAPI market from five perspectives: type of HPAPI, type of manufacturer, type of drug, therapeutic area, and geography.
Sep, 2015 | 67 pages
Tissue engineered skin substitutes are cellular and acellular materials that aid in the healing of damaged skin by releasing cytokines and growth factors at the wound site. Skin substitutes or artificial skin substitute are derived from human tissue, non-human tissue, synthetic materials, and combination of the above materials. This report studies the current scenario as well as future market potential for tissue engineered skin substitutes globally.
May, 2015 | 125 pages
This report on G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) market studies the current as well as future prospects of the market globally. The stakeholders of this report include companies engaged in manufacturing and commercialization of GPCR assays, cell lines, and consumables and entrants that are planning to invest in the GPCRs market.
May, 2015 | 94 pages
Strategically located in the Middle East, between Saudi Arabia and Iran, Iraq is an emerging nation with a population of approximately 33.4 million. Despite experiencing frequent insurgency attacks and unrest, Iraq is emerging as an economic player and a regional powerhouse.
May, 2015 | 115 pages
This report provides an in-depth analysis of the global ostomy drainage bags market. The stakeholders for this report include companies involved in development, manufacturing, distribution, and commercialization of ostomy drainage bags, and new entrants planning to enter the ostomy drainage bags market.
Apr, 2015 | 65 pages
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) are naturally occurring proteins found in the human body. Identified in 1965 by Marshall Urist, bone morphogenetic proteins are among the most potent growth factors that induce mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate into osteoblast cells.
Mar, 2015 | 89 pages
Auto-injectors are used for the administration of a single dose of a particular (typically life-saving) drug. They are designed for easy use and intended for self administration or administration by any untrained personnel. This report provides an in-depth analysis of the global auto-injectors market.
Jan, 2015 | 101 pages
The orthopedic soft tissue surgical procedures market has been segmented into surgeries such as rotator cuff repair, vaginal prolapse, lateral epicondylitis, Achilles, gluteal tendon and anterior cruciate ligament.
Jan, 2015 | 83 pages
A vaccine is a biological preparation of killed forms of microbes, living attenuated organisms, living fully virulent organisms, a microbe’s toxins or one of its surface proteins. Vaccines play a key role in improving immunity against particular diseases. Therefore, vaccination is promoted as a vital public health intervention throughout the globe.
Jan, 2015 | 98 pages
Oxygen therapy is a treatment that provides extra oxygen to lungs whenever a disease or respiratory condition is preventing them from getting enough oxygen. It is gaining popularity as one of the most reliable options used for the treatment of numerous types of respiratory diseases due to its supplementary, palliative, and definitive role.
Jan, 2015 | 86 pages
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an infection caused by aphthovirus belonging to the family Picornaviridae. FMD is caused by seven different types of serotypes: O, A, C, Asia 1 and Southern African Territories (SAT) 1, 2 and 3. Currently available vaccines are serotype-specific, hence multiple vaccinations are required to cover the antigenic diversity.
Nov, 2014 | 99 pages
The process of wound dressing has remained traditional until recently when modern science discovered that moisture and proper aeration is imperative for the adequate growth of underlying epidermal or endoderm cells. Researchers have revealed that moisture and aeration not only helps the wound to heal faster by aiding to the growth of new cells, but also decreases discomfort to a certain degree. The requirement for wound dressing is now not only limited to trauma patients or household accidental cases, but also includes diabetic geriatrics who commonly suffer from ulcerative complications.
Oct, 2014 | 81 pages
This study on novel drug delivery systems (NDDS) in cancer therapy comprises study of technologies such as embolization devices, liquid embolics and nanoparticles that offer unique approaches in cancer remedy. Several embolic agents are used by interventional radiologists for the selective occlusion of arteries supplying blood to tumors.
Oct, 2014 | 104 pages
In the medical science field, the segment of dental bone graft substitutes and other biomaterials are regarded as an emerging field. It aims to back the growth and development of natural bone and assist or repair natural tooth/teeth so as to restore them.
Aug, 2014 | 118 pages
Dialysis is a life-sustaining process that purifies the blood of kidney failure patient by cleaning waste products, removing extra fluids and by controlling the body’s fluidic levels. Dialysis products and services market would be experiencing impressive growth majorly due to rising prevalence of chronic kidney diseases (CKD) and rapidly rising diabetic population.
Jul, 2014 | 72 pages
Products that are injected into facial skin for aesthetic purpose are referred as facial injectables. Rising geriatric population and thereby increased demand for aesthetic procedures are escalating the growth of the facial injectables market. In addition, rapidly growing entertainment industry is fuelling the growth of the facial injectables market.
Jul, 2014 | 102 pages
This report on preventive healthcare technology and services market studies current as well as future prospects of the market globally. Preventive healthcare technologies and services market is a combination of screening, monitoring, prophylaxis and healthcare information technology having single target of disease prevention. These technologies aid in prevention of diseases by predetermination of the disease or immunization.
Jul, 2014 | 104 pages
An ablation procedure is a minimally invasive process to remove unwanted tissue from the body by using various energy devices such as radiofrequency, microwave, ultrasound, electrical current, laser and others. The ablation devices are consisting of catheters, generators and other monitoring equipments.
Jul, 2014 | 105 pages
Of late, endoscopy devices have been reporting a tremendous rise in their demand, thanks to the rising preference for minimally invasive surgeries and cost-efficient endoscopic procedures as pre- or post-surgical operations. The growing awareness regarding the benefits of non-invasive procedures, such as reduced possibility of blood loss and infections and a shorter hospital stay due to a faster recovery, is projected to reflect positively on the demand for endoscopy devices in the years to come.
Jul, 2014 | 85 pages
Regenerative medicine is an emerging field in the healthcare industry concerned with the repair, replacement, and regeneration of damaged human tissue and organs. This includes damage from age-related degeneration, congenital defects, accidents, or diseases. Due to its vital contribution, regenerative medicine is becoming widely popular in the treatment of neurological, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and orthopedic conditions. Bone and joint conditions are among the leading applications of regenerative medicine.
Jun, 2014 | 94 pages
The global market for orthopedic trauma fixation devices is experiencing substantial growth owing to the rising frequency of fractures and shortage of substitutes. Expanding demand for improved facilities in orthopedic trauma surgeries and rising investments by multinational companies and governments have supported the growth of the market for orthopedic trauma fixation devices.
Jun, 2014 | 99 pages
According to recently published data by the WHO, there are about 150 mn people with diabetes mellitus across the world. The organization attributes this alarming figure to the rising ageing population, genetic predispositions, and growing prevalence of a sedentary lifestyles. If these factors continue to have a steady impact, the current figure is expected to double by 2025.
Jun, 2014 | 117 pages
This market research report provides a comprehensive overview of the global animal healthcare market in terms of demand patterns, ongoing trends, market size, and future market forecasts. The report discusses the ongoing trends in the animal healthcare market, which have a direct impact on crucial market growth factors such as plans for investment, growth strategies, and innovation.
May, 2014 | 117 pages
The study on the biomaterials market for implantable devices takes into consideration all the materials that constitute this market, their applications, geographical reach and degree of success in the market. The report segments and studies the global biomaterials market for implantable devices by the following types: Metals, ceramics, polymers, and natural-origin biomaterials. For the purpose of this market
May, 2014 | 77 pages
This report consists of the market analysis for the various technologies used in the cell separation market. Increasing cell therapy oriented research and development globally is driving the cell separation technologies market towards significant growth. The stakeholders for this report include providers and manufacturers of cell separation technology based instruments.
May, 2014 | 135 pages
Chromatography system is a physical method of separation of biological components from various types of biological samples, air and water. Chromatography systems commonly separate sample mixture into two phase namely mobile phase and stationary phase.
May, 2014 | 100 pages
This report studies the current as well as future prospects of the coronary stents market globally. At present, there are several individuals around the world who require percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) due some form of coronary artery diseases (CADs), such as angina pectoris and acute myocardial infarction, regardless of their gender, age or geographic location.
Apr, 2014 | 106 pages
Due to its significant contribution to proliferation and migration of cells, the global market for hyaluronic acid products has reported rapid expansion over the years. In 2012, the global market for hyaluronic acid products stood at US$5.32 billion and, according to the calculation of analysts at TMR, the market is rising at a CAGR of 9.2% over the period from 2013 to 2019.
Apr, 2014 | 125 pages
Human reproductive technologies encompass therapies and procedures for conceiving and controlling pregnancy by artificial and semi-artificial means. The popularity of reproductive technology has increased tremendously in the last couple of years, especially in the treatment of infertility in men and women alike.
Jan, 2014 | 115 pages
Anti-aging products and services are becoming highly prevalent owing to the growing number of aging baby boomers, which has fuelled the demand for numerous methods that can curb or reverse the signs of aging. The anti-aging products market in comparison with the anti-aging services market has become more resilient owing to the fact that in times of financial downturn, the customers’ preferences shift to economical, mass-marketed products.
Dec, 2013 | 105 pages
The market for orthobiologics is gaining increasing attention owing to the compelling benefits of these substances in expediting skeletal and tissue healing. The numerous limitations faced by allografts and autografts in the field of skeletal and tissue healing are further compelling medical practitioners to adopt orthobiologics at an increasing rate.
Dec, 2013 | 80 pages
The research report comprises a comprehensive analysis of the global market for cardiac prosthetic devices. The report throws light on factors such as the market’s competitive landscape, production capacities of key businesses, resource utilization, demand and supply patterns, and recent developments in the market, with the help of qualitative and quantitative elaboration on the market. The market study focuses mainly on the drivers.
Aug, 2013 | 115 pages
Genomics and proteomics have greatly increased the volume and quality of information with regards to several lesser known genetic diseases and as such have expedited the cure for many illnesses. The market report encompasses the various technologies that account for genomics and proteomics research by various end users such as drug discovery and development, life-science research such as disease identification and diagnostics.
Jul, 2013 | 50 pages
Medical disposables are various products used in medical procedures such as wound management and drug delivery. These are essential for carrying out any medical procedure. The growing presence of medical facilities in developing countries and growing geriatric population in developed countries are the major growth drivers for the global medical disposables market.
Feb, 2013 | 94 pages
This report on the global apheresis equipment market includes the different facets of therapeutic apheresis, donor apheresis, and the apheresis devices market. The report covers the performance of various segments of the apheresis market in terms of revenues generated in such segments.
Oct, 2012 | 125 pages
Neuromodulation devices are used to carry out a process by which a neuron uses one or more neurotransmitters to regulate other populations of neurons. Neuromodulation is a physiological process by which nervous activity is regulated by controlling the physiological levels of several classes of neurotransmitters. One of the fastest growing sectors of the medical devices market, the neuromodulation devices market is estimated to reach a value of US$7.1 bn by 2018, expanding at a CAGR of 14.4% in the period from 2012 to 2018.
Nov, 2011 | 83 pages
Prostate cancer market is set to grow multifold in the coming future, owing to the fact that it is the second most leading cause of cancer associated mortality among men after lung cancer. In 2010, more than 1.9 million people have been diagnosed with the prostate cancer across the world. African Americans and whites are most affected with this disease.