Market Research Reports

Energy & Mining Market Research Reports


 

Published Date: 2014-09-15

Nuclear turbine is an essential component of a nuclear turbine island. For the pressurized water reactor, the usual design of the steam turbine entails an in-line combination of three low-pressure turbines and one high-pressure turbine. 

Published Date: 2014-09-11

Lubricants are essential for the proper functioning of machines. These are used to reduce friction and wear and tear in different operating parts of machines. Lubricants offer different properties such as high viscosity index, high boiling point, corrosion prevention, low freezing point, thermal stability and high resistance to oxidation.

Published Date: 2014-09-05

This research study analyzes the market for Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) in terms of volume and revenue. The LPG market has been sub-segmented based on source, end-user and geography. Supply and demand for the LPG market has been shown separately to provide a holistic view of the market study. 

Published Date: 2014-08-27

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is gaining momentum in the transportation fuels segment, due to growth in drive towards adoption of clean fuels by national governments around the world. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is obtained through compression of natural gas to less than 1% of the volume it generally occupies at normal atmospheric conditions.

Published Date: 2014-08-27

Rising offshore drilling activities coupled with a paradigm shift towards the development of shale gas and deep-sea reserves is expected to drive the drilling fluids market in Latin America from 2014 to 2020. 

Published Date: 2014-08-27

Stringent government regulations for disposal of drilling fluids coupled with a paradigm shift towards development of shale gas and deep sea reserves is expected to drive the drilling fluids waste management market in Latin America from 2014 to 2020. Currently, drilling fluids waste management companies are reaping the rewards of the boom in the oil and gas industry in Latin America. 

Published Date: 2014-08-01

This research study analyzes the market size of organic solar cells, in terms of volume (KW) and revenue (USD Thousand). Organic solar cells have been segmented on the basis of applications and geography, in order to provide a holistic view of the market. Market data for all the segments has been provided on a regional level for the period 2012 to 2020.

Published Date: 2014-07-31

This research study analyzes the market size of Concentrated Solar Power, in terms of volume (MW installed) and revenue (USD million). CSP market has been segmented on the basis of technology and geography, in order to provide a holistic view of the market. Market data for all segments has been provided on a regional level for the period 2014 to 2020. 

Published Date: 2014-07-30

This report is an attempt by Transparency Market Research to identify the potentials and growth of biochar market globally. The market segmentation for biochar, as provided in the report include: technology, feedstock, application and geography. The current and forecast analysis for all these segments has been provided in terms of both volume (Kilo tons) and revenue (USD million), considering 2013 as the base year.

Published Date: 2014-07-28

Wind energy is a relatively mature method of generating renewable energy. It has garnered significant share in the global renewable energy market due to its relatively mature technology and low cost of generation vis-a-vis other renewable energy sources. The wind industry’s rapid development in the past few years indicates its significant potential to create jobs, spur economic activity and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Published Date: 2014-07-01

The Floating Production Systems market report by Transparency Market Research provides an in-depth analysis of the global Floating Production Systems market. The report segments the market on the basis of product type and regions, and also provides forecasts and estimates for each product.

Published Date: 2014-07-01

The CO2 EOR market report by Transparency Market Research provides an in-depth analysis of the Permian Basin CO2 EOR industry. The report provides comprehensive analysis of the CO2 EOR fields, operators and their production capacities and also provides the forecasts and estimates for the Permian Basin CO2 supply market by volume. 

Published Date: 2014-06-30

Wave and tidal energy are methods of harnessing energy of oceans for power generation. Countries around the world are increasingly looking to utilize these forms of renewable energy as they provide a constant and steady source of clean energy. Abundance of ocean surface and significant potential of energy generation in nations across the world has led them to pursue ocean energy generation as an important part of their future renewable energy mix.

Published Date: 2014-06-27

Biofuels is a class of energy derived biologically from carbon fixation. In recent years, biofuels are gaining vital importance in the market due to factors such as, government support, low carbon emissions, volatility, energy sustainability, rising crude oil prices, and increase in automobile industry. The market has also witnessed a tremendous rise in demand for biofuels as they are naturally derived and can easily replace non-renewable resources.

Published Date: 2014-06-26

Noble gases form a minor component of the earth’s atmosphere. Argon is the most abundantly available noble gas in the atmosphere, followed by helium and neon. Gases such as krypton and xenon are available in minute quantities, amounting to barely 0.00011% of air. Akin to oxygen and nitrogen, the noble gases are generally obtained through separation of air in Air Separation Units (ASUs) through methods such as liquefaction of gases and fractional distillation.

Published Date: 2014-06-25

Waste to energy is a technique used to convert municipal solid waste generated from various domestic, commercial and industrial users into energy. Different technologies are used to process waste and each technology has a different course of action, but the end product is in the form of electricity, steam and fuel cell. The energy generated from waste is used by various sectors including residential, commercial and industrial. 

Published Date: 2014-06-11

This report covers the market analysis for drill bits such as roller cone and fixed cutters used in oil and gas industry. The stakeholders for this study include drill bits manufacturers, players involved in Exploration and Production (E&P) activities. The market overview section of the report demonstrates the market dynamics and trends such as the drivers, restraints and opportunities that influence the current nature and future status of this field.

Published Date: 2014-06-09

Catalyst regeneration entails the processing of spent catalysts in order to make them reusable. This is done by reinstating chemical properties of spent catalysts and thereby increasing their efficiency through a process called catalyst regeneration. The major advantage of catalyst regeneration is that it costs less than fresh catalysts.

Published Date: 2014-05-30

The liquefied natural gas market report by Transparency Market Research provides an in-depth analysis of the global liquefied natural gas industry. The report segments the market on the basis of end-users and regions, and also provides forecasts and estimates for each end-user. The report analyzes demand and supply characteristics of the market by providing a detailed forecast and analysis of volume and revenue for the period from 2013 to 2019.

Published Date: 2014-05-28

Geothermal energy is used for two primary purposes: direct use and power generation. This report deals exclusively with the use of geothermal energy for power generation purposes. Geothermal energy is renewable in nature; however, it displays features of conventional power generation methods due to high capacity factors and ability to supply base load. 

Published Date: 2014-05-12

Rising investments in offshore and onshore drilling activities is a key factor that is expected to stimulate the North America drilling fluids market in the near future. The market research report provides in-depth and high-level analysis of the regional market, focusing on the major product and application segments of drilling fluids. 

Published Date: 2014-05-06

Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) is a relatively new yet fast maturing technology in the area of wastewater treatment. Prevalent technologies in wastewater treatment such as a conventional activated sludge (CAS) system are gradually replaced by MBR. Conventional systems had problems in settling the activated sludge used in the secondary clarifiers. This issue has been effectively resolved by MBR technology.

Published Date: 2014-04-30

Solar trackers are utilized to move photovoltaic panels toward the sun to utilize more sunlight. They enable solar modules to remain in the best position to accumulate maximum energy from the sun. The application of tracking technology allows solar panels to follow the movement of the sun and increase electricity production as compared to a stationary array. 

Published Date: 2014-04-24

The enhanced oil recovery market report by Transparency Market Research provides an in-depth analysis of the global enhanced oil recovery industry. The report segments the market on the basis of technology and region and also provides the forecasts and estimates for each technology. 

Published Date: 2014-04-22

There has been an increased emphasis on the need for green, renewable and sustainable energy sources globally. There is a clear relationship between economic growth and electricity demand and the emerging economies are anticipated to become the major consumers of electricity as their economy advances. High dependency on conventional energy sources to fulfill this growth in demand of electricity would prove unsustainable. 

Published Date: 2014-04-22

The demand for shale gas is constantly increasing as the depleting reservoirs have forced the world to focus on unconventional source of energy. A revolution in this sector started with the production of shale gas in North America. The success of shale gas in North America has motivated other countries such as China to invest in it. 

Published Date: 2014-03-26

Generally, there are two main classes of naphtha - heavy naphtha and paraffinic naphtha. Paraffinic naphtha is rich in olefins and is suitable for polyolefin and olefin production.  Heavy naphtha is mainly used for production of aromatics. 

Published Date: 2014-01-28

Power rental systems are beneficial during power blackout/outages in order to keep the production process uninterrupted. Reliable power solutions minimize the idle time in production due to ad hoc power failures. Global electricity demand is expected to double by 2030 at an annual rate of 2.4% as per IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 

Published Date: 2013-12-26

The coal fired power generation market report by Transparency Market Research provides an in-depth analysis of the global coal fired power industry. The report segments the market on the basis of technology, region and application and also provides the forecasts and estimates for each segment.

Published Date: 2013-12-06

A microturbine system generates power and is a combination of a small gas turbine and high speed generator. The combustor in a microturbine can run on various types of fuel such as diesel, natural gas, biogas, alcohol, hydrogen, and LPG, emitting negligible toxicity. Microturbines can generate energy from 25kW to 1000kW, and can be used in commercial, residential, and industrial sectors.

Published Date: 2013-11-01

Power plants utilizing fossil fuel such as coal emit sulfur dioxide with the flue gas, cause harmful environmental effects such as acid rain. To remove sulfur dioxide from the flue gas, flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems are extensively used and with the introduction of new stringent government policies and regulations, companies are going for FGD systems to reduce harmful gaseous substances such as SO2 emission.

Published Date: 2013-09-30

Solar trackers are the devices used to orient photovoltaic panels toward the sun to harness more sunlight. Solar trackers are devices which enable solar modules to remain in the best position to accumulate maximum energy from the sun. These trackers are installed in residential, commercial and utility scale solar projects.

Published Date: 2013-08-21

The report analyzes and forecast global unconventional gas market from the production point of view and not from demand or consumption side. The market size of unconventional gas is given in terms of revenue (USD billion) and volumes (bcf) between the period 2013 and 2019. The study also includes the key drivers and restraints along with impact analysis of each during the forecast period. 

Published Date: 2013-07-17

Ever-increasing drilling activities coupled with a shift towards developing deep sea reserves across the world is expected to drive the global market for drilling fluids. Nanotechnology holds the future of drilling fluids as investment continues to grow in developing drilling fluids using nanotechnology.  

Published Date: 2013-07-16

Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) boilers have witnessed substantial growth over the past couple of years owing to the increased need for power coupled with stricter emission norms which resulted in the need for cleaner methods of power generation.

Published Date: 2013-04-03

Combined heat and power (CHP) systems, also known as cogeneration systems are used for the simultaneous generation of both electricity and heat energy. In CHP, the heat generated while generating electricity is captured and used for heating purposes. It ultimately increases the efficiency of the system by avoiding the heat losses. Rising energy prices and increasingly stringent regulations regarding energy consumption and emissions have resulted in a surge in demand for CHP systems.

Published Date: 2013-01-16

The fuel cell industry is emerging as one of the fastest growing markets owing to the collaborations of governments, businesses, and academic institutions, which is helping to produce fuel cells at a lower cost and improve their efficiency. The global fuel cell market is expected to grow at an estimated compounded annual growth rate of 16.6% during 2010 to 2014 owing to the decrease in fuel cell prices.

Published Date: 2012-10-23

Coal bed methane is used as an alternative for natural gas in a number of consumer and industrial applications. Some of the prominent applications include heating homes, propelling vehicles, feedstock in industry, and for generating electricity. The most common technology used for production of coal bed methane is multistage hydraulic fracturing combined with horizontal drilling. Combination of these technologies is playing a key role in increasing the production of CBM in North America.

Published Date: 2012-09-24

This report is an effort to identify factors, which will be the driving force behind the low voltage cables market in the major countries of Latin America in the next six years. The report provides extensive analysis of the low voltage cables industry, current market trends, industry drivers and challenges for better understanding of the low voltage cables market structure.

Upcoming Market Research Reports in Energy & Mining

 

Rapidly growing demand for decentralized renewable energy solutions are likely to boost the demand for rooftop solar PV modules in the future. Densely populated areas with high solar irradiation & flat roof structures are showing promising prospects for implementation of such kinds of generation schemes. 

 

Growing energy demand coupled with increasing urbanization and industrialization is expected to boost the demand for hydraulic mining in the future. Hydraulic mining also referred to as hydraulicking was developed in California at around 1850 for excavating soft underground deposits. In Hydraulic mining a high pressure jet of water is used to excavate and wash the gravel.

 

Well Pad is a platform that has been made for a drilling rig to work on a plot of land meant for crude oil and natural gas extraction. The producing well pad typically includes five types of equipments such as wellheads, separation unit, tanks, combustors and remote telemetry unit (RTU). There is a wellhead on the pad for every well drilled and many have multiple wells.

 

Oil and gas industry is experiencing a boom from several years. Increasing energy demand coupled with the increasing oil prices has made this an attractive market for investing companies. Oil and gas exploration and production companies are investing heavily to increase the production and meet the energy demand.

 

Substantial growth in the oil and gas industry is anticipated to drive growth in the oil and gas fishing market. The global demand in the oil and gas fishing market is primarily driven by escalating energy demand around the world. Moreover, the rise in the oil and gas demand is expected to propel growth in the global oil and gas fishing market. 

 

The increasing oil and gas exploration activities in deep offshore locations have led to the development of subsea power grids. The depletion of onshore wells has forced the exploration companies to focus on deep offshore locations. A continuous supply of power is required for successfully operating in these offshore locations. 

 

Burgeoning power demand coupled with presence of cross-subsidy charge in the per unit power generation cost are the key factors driving growth in the global captive power generation market. Growing power demand worldwide along with the increasing urbanization, industrialization and a growing population is anticipated to boost growth in the global captive power generation market. 

 

Oil and gas industry is experiencing a tremendous growth from several years and is expected to grow during the forecast period. The industry growth is also elevating the demand of various other industries which are directly related to oil and gas industry. The global oilfield services market provides services to oil and gas industry and is experiencing the similar growth.

 

Lubricating oil additives are chemical compounds used to enhance the properties of base oil by imparting properties such as corrosion resistance, anti oxidation and viscosity enhancement among others. In addition to enhancing lube oil properties, they suppress undesirable base oil properties such as decreasing pour point of lubricating oils and impart new properties such as neutralizing strong acids. Chemically, lubricating oil additives can be organic or inorganic in nature. 

 

Substantial growth in the oil and gas industry is expected to drive global demand for static and rotating equipment market. Demand in the static and rotating equipment market is primarily driven by the increasing energy demand around the world. Furthermore, boost in the oil and gas demand is anticipated to accelerate growth in the global static and rotating equipment market.

 

Subsea manifold systems are an integral part of the subsea infrastructure which connects oil and gas production wells to onshore storage facilities. These systems are used to combine the output obtained from numerous subsea wells and to manage the distribution of injected water, chemicals and gas into the production wells. The increasing production activities in deep offshore locations have led to the increasing development of the global subsea manifolds market. 

 

The subsea environment is perhaps the most unexplored segment on earth. The isolation of subsea wells coupled with a complex interaction between ocean environment and subsea wells make monitoring, intervention and routine operation much complex. These systems are now being deployed in many fields to overcome the hurdles occurring at the time of production.

 

A growing offshore oil and gas sector is one of the major demand drivers for subsea control systems in the future.  The offshore exploration and production sector for both oil and gas has exhibited tremendous growth in various regions around the world. Subsea control systems make up an integral part of any subsea infrastructure. Subsea infrastructures are generally required for evacuating oil and gas produced from drilling sites to onshore storage terminals.

 

Measurement while drilling market is growing with the increasing drilling activities across the world. Huge investment in exploration and production activities by oil companies will prove to be a boom for the measurement while drilling market during the forecast period. Measurement while drilling is a type of well logging services. In this, a measurement tool is incorporated in drilling string to access the real time information.

 

Biopellets are an established and precious renewable energy resources which are widely consumed in Europe, the US and Asia-Pacific regions. It is a type of solid fuel with uniform energy content, density, shape, size and moisture. Biopellets are manufactured using various types of biomass such as sawdust and bark. 

 

Burgeoning energy demand along with increasing drilling activities around the world is expected to boost the demand for the global degasser market. Degassers are used to remove entrained gases, including corrosive oxygen and hydrogen sulfide from the drilling fluids which could otherwise form bubbles. 

 

Electricity is capable of being generated either centrally, or at different locations based on the requirement of the geographical location, demand or type of use. Most countries generate electricity in large centralized facilities, using fossil fuels, such as coal, gas, nuclear, large solar power plants or hydropower plants.

 

Gasification is centuries old proven technology which is now rapidly evolving in energy conversion and chemical production sector. Gasification is a process in which carbon- rich feedstock is raised to high temperatures in an oxygen deficient environment; this causes the feedstock to break down thermochemically.

 

The oil filter is basically designed to remove contaminants from lubricating oil, transmission oil, hydraulic oil and engine oil. They are used in various types of hydraulic machineries. On the other hand, fuel filters are designed to remove dirt and dust particles from the fuel. They are usually found in the internal combustion engines. The global oil filter and fuel filter market is expected to show a remarkable growth rate by coming years.

 

Inorganic scintillators are crystals that exhibit property of luminescence when excited by radiation. Inorganic scintillators are manufactured at high temperatures using alkali halides and oxides. Inorganic scintillators have high stability in presence of intense ionizing radiations are employed primarily for detection of radiation.

 

High capital constraints in the large hydropower market coupled with major land & environmental constraints are reasons that have given a boost to the underground hydropower plant market. Usually hydroelectric power projects developed on medium-to-large scale for serving an industrial plant or small communities are called underground hydro projects.

 

The growing need to reduce carbon emissions as well as improve the operating efficiency of the power plant has led to the widespread adoption of supercritical boilers. This technology provides high steam temperature and improved pressure parameters to achieve the desired efficiency of the power plant.

 

Escalating demand for energy along with the need for oil and gas monitoring in underwater application is expected to drive growth in global underwater monitoring systems for oil and gas market. Rising application of underwater monitoring system in deepwater monitoring is likely to augment the growth in the global underwater monitoring systems market.

 

The increasing need for compact and low maintenance power systems had led to the emergence of gas insulated substations. These substations were developed in Japan because the country is in a high seismic zone and there was a need for substations which could be installed in small confined spaces. Gas insulated substations are much more reliable and more efficient than the counterpart air insulated substations. 

 

Escalating demand for energy and rising cost of fossil fuels is likely to propel the demand for hydrogen generator. Rise in application of hydrogen generator is anticipated to drive growth in the global hydrogen generator market. Method of hydrogen generation includes: steam forming of methane and natural gas.

 

The increasing demand for energy has created concerns for the government to supply life line energy to all its citizens. Presently, the scientists are working on either developing or designing such systems that can convert the waste, timber or charcoal into useful energy sources with lesser carbon emission.

 

Decrease in conventional reserves and the necessity to carry out exploration in an increasingly harsh environment means that advanced seismic exploration technologies are required. Currently, there is a continuous trend for increasing the penetration of seismic surveys, which is only possible due to improved equipment sensitivity.

 

Over the years photovoltaic systems have been successfully deployed on land and in free space to generate energy. These commonly used solar energy systems have two weaknesses: cost associated with the solar cells fabrication & maintenance and requirement of vast land area. These challenges are recovered by the new floating solar panels systems.

 

Growing global energy demand and increasing share of renewable energy sources in the global installed capacity are bolstering the demand for smart microgrid. Microgrids are smaller versions of the conventional power grids and are designed to serve localized electric loads. They incorporate distributed energy resources (DER) such as micro-turbines, wind and photovoltaic in parallel with the conventional power grid

 

Smart grid is a relatively modern concept of ensuring proper grid discipline and efficient scheduling and dispatch of power. In some literatures, smart grid has even been defined as an infrastructure facilitating the integration of the electricity grid with energy resources, communications and automated control technology.

 

Rapid rise in the global demand for nuclear power is expected to boost the demand for nuclear power industry and thus nuclear power safety backup market. New programs developed by governments worldwide are estimated to propel the demand for nuclear power industry. Post-Fukushima, several governments have recommended installation of backup generators for nuclear power plants to guard against floods and tsunami.

 

Fuel gases are gaseous phase fuels under ordinary conditions and are mainly composed of hydrocarbons. Fuel gases are majorly considered as a source of light and heat. They provide the advantage of ease in transportation from producers end of consumers end. Sometimes the liquefaction process is used to achieve ease in storage, handling and distribution of fuel gases, for example; liquefied natural gas (LNG).

 

The global demand for oil and gas increases with the increase in world population especially with the enhanced demand for electricity, automobiles, improved housing and other energy consumption methods in the developing nations. According to the International Energy Association (IEA), the natural gas will have a golden future especially for coalbed methane (CBM) and shale gas and will also require golden standards for production. 

 

Penstock is a pressure conduit that runs between the turbine scroll case and the open water source. The open water can be a canal, river, free flow tunnel, surge tank or a reservoir. They are hydraulically efficient, as to conserve available head and structurally safe to prevent failure that would result in property and loss of life.

 

Cryolite is a mineral, with extremely limited natural occurrence. The mineral is chemically a double fluoride of aluminum and sodium. Cryolite was found exclusively in the west coast of Greenland, before getting exhausted in 1987. The demand for cryolite is now met by producing synthetic cryolite. Cryolite is one of the most important raw materials, for the process of extracting aluminum from its ore (alumina).

 

The oil & gas industry is associated with flammable and explosive materials resulting in high demand for fire protection systems. Fire is a chemical reaction that requires three basic elements to be present for the reaction to take place and continue further. The three basic elements are ignition source, fuel and oxygen. Ignition sources may include any operation, material or equipment that emits a flame or a spark.

 

Tremendous effort has been taken in the field of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) since the 1970s. Comparatively, enhanced gas recovery (EGR) is a recent concept that has taken shape owing to the increased demand of natural gas across the globe. During the producing life of a gas field, the reservoir follows many stages. Initially, when a gas field is brought into production, gas flow occurs naturally as there is existing reservoir pressure. 

 

Increasing LPG exports from the U.S. due to rising production of shale gas has resulted in increasing demand for very large gas carriers (VLGC). These gas carriers are used for transporting LPG and have a capacity of approximately 82,000 cubic meters. With the increasing demand of LPG from developing economies the demand for large carriers is also increasing to optimize the logistics cost and increase profitability margins.

 

Subsea Production Systems refers to the wells located on the sea floor. It utilizes a number of equipments to run the exploration and production smoothly. Pumps play a vital role in any fluid handling process. Exploration of the crude oil at sea floor level needs efficient fluid handling devices such as pumps. 

 

The prime function of dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) is to reduce the voltage sags on power lines that supply power to sensitive equipments. The DVR is principally accountable for restoring the quality of voltage supplied to the end-user in case the voltage from the supply is not suitable to be used for sensitive devices. DVR allow consumers to isolate and protect devices from disturbances developed by sags and swells on the distribution network or power lines.

 

Turbines are the mechanical devices that extract energy from various flows such as water, steam and gas flow and convert it into useful energy. Waterwheels and windmills are the simple types of turbine. Turbines are used for electricity generation from the various sources of energies, such as wind energy and tidal energy. Turbines are also used in aircraft’s gas turbine engines. The trend of off-shore windmill installation at locations where there is consistent wind supply is being observed across the world.

 

Rapid rise in demand for energy and increased modernization of aged thermal plants is expected to bolster the demand for turbine gearbox for thermal power market. Rise in demand for energy is attributed to the increase in the population worldwide. The increase in the demand for thermal power is likely to increase the demand for thermal power equipment as well.

 

Growing power demand coupled with rising concerns over curbing transmission related losses are likely to boost the demand for Extra High Voltage (EHV) transmission systems in the future. The exact voltage requirement for qualifying as an EHV transmission system varies regionally; however in most regions the 765 KV voltage class is considered as EHV. 

 

The global market for advanced energy storage systems consists of wide range of technologies at different maturity levels. The landscape of market comprises of companies from start-ups to multinational companies and due to varied technological spectrum, the contraction or expansion of the global advanced energy storage market is affected by the impacts of country’s policies and economic situations.

 

The increasing energy requirement leading to the depletion of natural energy resources, increasing electricity bills and pollution has created the need for the development of the energy management solutions that can monitor, forecast and control our energy consumptions and requirements. The advancements in the field of electronics and information technology have enabled the development of these devices.

 

Pentane plus is a compound mixture of unsaturated hydrocarbons ranging from C5 to C8 compounds. It is produced from high-temperature cracking of petroleum fractions. Pentane plus is separated from pyrolysis gasoline (pygas) through distillation process at the time of benzene production and is aliphatic in nature. Cracking is a process that involves breaking down of hydrocarbon molecules into smaller molecules at very high temperatures.

 

The growing hydrogen generation market is one of the primary demand drivers for Steam Methane Reformers. Steam methane reforming is the most economical way to produce hydrogen. It involves two primary reactions: the reforming reaction and the water gas shift reaction. In the reforming reaction natural gas is mixed with steam and is heated at very high temperatures to produce carbon monoxide and hydrogen.

 

The rapid industrial development has led to the increased demand for the conventional sources of energy. However, the limited presence of these sources put an extra burden on the demand supply gap. As the population continues to grow, the conventional sources of energy must be used more efficiently, and alternative sources are needed to close the demand and supply gap.

 

Landfill Gas (LFG) is obtained as a byproduct of microbiological decomposition of land-filled garbage. Bugs present inside the earth’s crust turns complex organic compounds into carbon dioxide, methane and smaller traces of other compounds. LFG majorly contains 40%-45% carbon dioxide (CO2) and 50%-55% methane (CH4). The balance is made up of hundreds of other compounds such as oxygen and nitrogen.

 

The point absorber is a wave energy device that could potentially provide ample quantities of power in a relatively small device as compared to other technologies. Although there are strategies and numerous designs for using these devices, mostly they all work in the similar manner. They are small in size as compared to the wave length and have bottom mounted structures. Power conversion takes place in various forms depending on the conformation of the device.

 

Growing demand for energy efficient equipments and increasingly stringent regulations regarding their use is driving the demand for metering pumps. A metering pump is a device that moves a measured and precise volume of liquid in a provided specific time period. These devices provide an accurate flow rate through adjustments of different flow rates. Hence it is referred to as a metering pump. 

 

With the rapid increase in the construction and mining activities for dolomite, the market for dolomite mining and equipments has the potential to exhibit significant growth in the future. According to Mineral planning factsheet, out of a total of 12.2 Million tons of Dolomite mined in the United Kingdom, around 10.8 Million tons is used in the construction industry. 

 

The global market for lignite mining is influenced by the increased need for energy and the rising prices of various energy production resources. Also, with the development taking place in the economies such as India and China, the demand for energy will rise, thereby, increasing the price of energy and its resources. This rise in price tends to shift the interest of industries towards other resources of energy.

 

The term wet scrubber describes a variety of devices that remove pollutants from a furnace flue gas or from other gas streams. In a wet scrubber, the polluted gas stream is brought into contact with the scrubbing liquid, by spraying it with the liquid, by forcing it through a pool of liquid, or by some other contact method, so as to remove the pollutants. The design of wet scrubbers depends on the industrial process conditions and the nature of the air pollutants involved.

 

High power laser diodes are made by altering the electrical properties of intrinsic semiconductors through introduction of impurities on the surface of crystal wafer. The commercially available general purpose lasers have power output in milliwatts, whereas high power lasers have a power output in watts. High power lasers include diode and non-diode lasers. Diode lasers further include direct diodes, i.e. telecom, consumer, and pump lasers.

 

Carbide minerals typically comprise types of minerals such as cohenite, haxonite, moissanite and tongbaite. Out of all these types, moissanite is the most important and widely used carbide mineral across the globe. Silicon carbide, which occurs in nature as rarest of rare mineral moissanite, is used in a diverse range of applications such as abrasives and cutting tools, automobile parts, structural materials, electric systems, power electronic devices, LEDs, astronomy, heating elements, thin filament pyrometry, jewelry, nuclear fuel cladding, nuclear fuel particles, catalyst support, steel production, carborundum printmaking and grapheme production. 

 

End-of-pipe is a technology deployed to decrease or eliminate emission of substance into the atmosphere that can harm human health or environment. Air pollution control is one of the major areas of pollution control, along with solid waste management, wastewater treatment and hazardous waste management. Air is said to be polluted when it contains harmful substances in high concentration and causes undesirable effects.

 

A SMES system stores energy in the form of a magnetic field in a superconducting coil. The magnetic flow is created by the flow of DC through the coil which produces the stored energy. The stored magnetic energy can be easily converted back to electricity and utilized by power consuming devices. This system primarily comprises of three major parts: the coil, cooling system and the power conditioning system.

 

Integration of synchrophasor measurement in multi-function recorders and protective relays and increasing investments in modernization of the power grid is expected to boost the global demand for synchrophasors market. Synchrophasor is a device which measures values such as voltage and power from phasor measurement units (PMUs). The measurements are taken at high speed and time-stamped as per the common time reference.

 

Boilers are closed vessels used for generation of steam by supplying heat energy to water. Various kinds of energy sources such as fossil fuels, nuclear fuels, biomass and solar energy are used to generate steam. Boilers can be divided into two types based on their process as water-tube and fire-tube boilers. In water-tube boilers, tubes filled with water are heated using combustion gases flowing outside the tubes, whereas in fire tube boilers, hot combustion gases flowing inside the tubes are used to heat the water that flows outside the tubes.

 

Electric generator transforms mechanical energy to electricity in order to transmit and distribute power lines to commercial, domestic and industrial customers. Generators used to supply electric power networks produce AC (alternating current). Speed and construction of the generator varies on the basis of characteristic of the mechanical prime mover. Generators can also produce the electrical power needed for aircraft, trains, automobiles and ships.

 

Water shortage is biggest problem that is being faced by all developing as well as developed countries. Over the next few coming years, the shortage of water is expected to increase. Water desalination is a process of extracting clean water through the process of removing salt or saline from the salt water bodies.

 

A flexitank is a large plastic bag, fitted with a loading and discharge valve. Prior to loading, the flexi-tank bag is laid out into a box container. Unlike the tank container, which is re-used repeatedly, the flexitank is designed for one trip. The empty contaminated bag must be disposed in an approved waste facility. Certain materials can be incinerated and others might be suitable for shredding in preparation for recycling.

 

Downhole tools include drilling jars, roller centralizers, drag friction, drill-pipes, fishing tools, shock tools and tubular tools among others. These tools are used in various applications such as oil and gas production, well drilling, well completion and well interventions. The adoption of downhole tools is increasingly seen in well intervention activities due to increasing drilling activities in countries such as U.S and Mexico.

 

SPAR is a type of floating oil platform which is generally used to carry out offshore drilling activities in ultra deep water regions. It is a vertical floating platform which is moored by a semi-taut mooring system. A SPAR platform comprises of a large diameter and a single vertical cylinder that supports the deck. The cylinder is filled with a material which is denser than water and lowers the centre of gravity of the platform and provides stability. 

 

Semi submersible rigs are specialized marine vessels and are specifically used for the offshore oil and gas drilling market. The growth of the offshore drilling industry in the future is likely to facilitate the market demand for semi submersible rigs during the forecasted period. Fixed structures are not feasible for carrying out offshore drilling activities which is why these semi submersible rigs are gradually coming into demand. 

 

Water trading is a voluntary transfer of certain quantity of water between the buyer and the seller, so that the buyer of water can satisfy the demand at its end. It is a solution for all the verticals of end users that need water. Therefore, water trading serves as a solution for different users such as urban and agricultural that provides equal price and allocates water according to the demand. 

 

Solar chimney is also called as a thermal chimney. It a is a way to enhance the natural ventilation of buildings through convection of air by solar energy. A solar chimney is a vertical tower using solar energy to increase the natural stack ventilation of a building. Solar chimney's contains three essential elements such as a glass roof collector, chimney and wind turbine. Solar radiation heats the air through a circular glass roof open at the periphery and forms a hot air collector.

 

Growing awareness towards the use of renewable energy and emerging applications of such energy for day to day applications is bolstering the growth of the solar cooker market. Solar energy not only has been proven as a viable form of energy generation, but high levels of development in the solar PV market have increased the overall application segments of solar energy. There are several advantages of using these solar cookers.

 

According to Energy Wire magazine report, the number of oil spills in the United States has increased by around 18% in 2013. As per the magazine, oil and gas industry was responsible more than 7,662 (major-minor) leakages, spills and blowouts. The increasing number of oil spill has resulted in the development of a new emerging management market, which is related to prevention, treatment and cleaning of oil spills, all over the world. 

 

A surge of shutdowns may be observed in the future for most of the ageing nuclear reactors in the world. These reactors which have supplied power to millions of homes in the past have always faced hurdles in terms of public acceptance. With most nuclear plant owners unwilling to dish out extra millions for renovation of their old plants, gradual shutdowns are imminent. 

 

Solar photovoltaic is a technology that converts solar energy into useful energy forms by absorbing solar photon (particles of light that operate as individual units of energy). Photovoltaic cell is also known as solar cell. Solar cell is an electrical device that translates light energy into electric energy or electricity using photovoltaic effect. Solar cell is a type of photoelectric cell which on exposure to light can produce and support an electric current without any external voltage source.

 

Global oil storage market is composed of many small independent owners and will experience growth in the coming future. This can be attributed to the demand for oil storage which is rising at the major global supply hubs because of increased trade between countries and is expected to continue with the leading terminals worldwide as the major beneficiaries. 

 

With a number of operational risks involved in the oil and gas industry, safety is the main concern. Several devices are used for safety purposes such as BOP (Blow out preventers), a bind ram, shear ram, etc to control kick or uncontrolled fluid from the wellbore but these devices are only reliable and effective as the hydraulic that drives them. For precisely the same reason, oil and gas accumulators market is growing, creating a need for good and reliable accumulators. 

 

The depleting land based mineral resources have created a thrust in marine mining activities that has direct implications on the marine mining market. Marine mining is used to recover the minerals and metals from the seafloor that cannot be extracted with the help of dredgers. With the spark in the marine mining market, Hitachi has even shifted their attention from construction of land based mining equipments to marine mining equipments.

 

Wide number of applications, increasing energy demand, Depleting conventional oil and gas reserves, concerns related to energy security, advancement in exploration and production techniques are some of the major factors driving tight oil market. Whereas, lack of modern technology in emerging countries, high capital requirement and negative environmental impacts are some of the factors restraining the growth of this market.

 

Aluminum represents the second largest metal found in the earth’s crust making it second only to silicon (27.7%). Growing demand for the lightweight metal is propelled majorly by emerging economies such as China that consumes large share of the world’s aluminium production. In the year 2011, China’s automotive industry growth rate increased from 7% to 14%.

 

Cellulosic ethanol which is manufactured using inedible parts of plants, wood and grasses is a biofuel. Lignocellulose basically is a structural material that consists of mass of plants such as hemicelluloses, cellulose and lignin. Wood chips, panicum virgatum and some byproducts of tree maintenance are various cellulosic materials used for production of ethanol.

 

Copper denoted by the symbol Cu is a ductile metal with very high electrical and thermal conductivity. Copper is soft and malleable in its pure form and is used to fabricate pipes and cables. Copper finds application in various building material, high speed data transmission, solar energy, storage of nuclear waste, superconductor and metal alloys.

 

Anthracite is a hard and compact variety of coal that has the highest content of carbon amongst all types of coals. With fewer impurities & highest calorific value there is a global increase in anthracite’s demand which is escalating the anthracite coal mining market. It accounts for only 1% of the total world’s coal reserves. Residue left over after the combustion of anthracite has fewer impurities with negligible smoke compared to other varieties of coal which makes it an efficient fuel.

 

With the ever rising demand for the minerals and metals, the need for surface mining is increasing and has lead to a direct positive effect on the surface mining market. According to EIA the world coal consumption is increasing at the rate of 1.3% per year, which is extracted mostly from the surface and the underground activities.

 

The mining industry finds itself in a new era due to global economic and political trends. Strengthening demand for primary resources predominately from emerging economies has taken up the mining industry to a new level. Underground mining allows coal extracting companies to explore and extract deeper coal reserves and is viewed as less destructive than strip mining.

 

Increasing population, expanding residential and commercial estates has complicated the supply chain and distribution of gas. The old manual gas devices are now replaced by more advanced digital devices with intelligent technologies. These smart gas devices are expected to create efficiency for the utilities and the end users.

 

The conservation and management of our diversified resources is very much important to achieve the goal of sustainable development. Therefore it is very much necessary to establish solutions, which reduces the overuse of nonrenewable fossil fuel resources. Stringent environmental laws coupled with concerns related to the excessive usage of the finite fossil fuels can result in enhancing the demand of the bio refinery products market.

 

Floating rig is one of the most important segments of oil field production chain as it provides services and equipments to oil explorers, producers and transportation of crude oil and natural gas. Rigs are huge structures that are used in the process of extraction of crude oil from oil wellbore. Either floating or bottom supported rigs are required for drilling of oil wells offshore.

 

Hydrographic survey is a process used to measure and describe the bodily features of oceans, seas coastal areas, lakes and rivers. The equipments which are required to do such surveys are known as hydrographic equipments. The main goal of hydrographic surveys is to ensure safe maritime navigation.

 

Recent oil discoveries in Venezuela and West African countries coupled with increasing investments pertaining to the development of small ports and canal systems have fuelled the barge market globally. Many leading barge manufacturers have achieved record earnings driven primarily by strong marine fuel sales.

 

Industrial flue gas treatment system is a set of technologies which is used to remove hazardous gases such as sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) from the emission of industries and power plants. Fossil fuels such as oil and coal contain specified amount of sulphur. When these fuels are combusted in the presence of air almost 95% or more sulphur is directly converted into sulphur dioxide (SO2). 

 

Chromium is a brittle, lustrous and hard metal found in the earth’s crust. It has a silver gray texture which does not discolor on exposure to air and forms green chromic oxide when heated. Chromium is unstable with oxygen and on exposure, instantly produces a fine oxide layer that is impermeable to oxygen thus protecting the metal.

 

Zinc is a widely used metal which protects large structures by enhancing longevity and performance of steel. It also proves to be one of the most effective & economical ways to protect steel against corrosion. The global market for Zinc mining will see a steady growth in the coming years, as the industrialized countries will require better protection for their large structures, which will be achieved through galvanizing steel structures, or coating them with Zinc. 

 

A photovoltaic (PV) inverter, also known as solar inverter is a device that converts the variable direct current (DC) output of a PV panel into alternating current (AC) frequency. This frequency can directly used by off-grid and local electrical network or can be fed into a commercial network. PV inverter is significant element in a photovoltaic system, allowing direct use of commercial appliances. 

 

Syngas, also known as synthesis gas, is a mixture of gases consisting primarily of carbon monoxide, hydrogen and often carbon dioxide. Syngas is often used as a fuel for internal combustion engines as this gas is combustible. This gas is used as an intermediate in producing synthetic natural gas (SNG) thus it is called as syngas. 

 

Blowout preventer (BOP) is a mechanical device that is used to seal, control and monitor oil and gas wells. Once sealed, it allows access to the wellbore below the BOP to control the well. They are developed to control high pressure and turbulent flow emerging from a well reservoir during exploration phase.

 

Natural gas storage is the process of storing natural gas through different methods for an indefinite amount of time, until required for consumption. Primarily such storage is required to offset the effects of erratic and sporadic demand for natural gas.

 

The report titled ‘Fuel Pumps Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends And Forecast, 2013 – 2019’ analyzes the worldwide market for various types of fuel pumps. This report gives you access to comprehensive analytics across geographies such as Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, and Rest of the World. These market data analytics are gleaned from primary and secondary research efforts. Annual forecasts and estimates are provided for the forecast period ranging from 2013 to 2019. 

 

Electrostatic Precipitators (ESPs) are a filtration device used for removing fine particulate matter from an exhaust gas by means of an electrostatic force. ESPs possess high collection efficiency and can handle large gas volumes at high temperatures. This renders them vital to heavy industries such as steel mills & cement plants, and especially to thermal power plants.

 

Electric submersible pump (ESP) or sub pump is a device having hermetically sealed motor that is coupled to the pump body. The entire system is submerged into the fluid to be pumped. Submersible pumps are more efficient than jet pumps as they push fluid to the surface whereas jet pump pulls the fluid. Moreover these pumps prevent pump cavitation that is cause by high elevation difference between pump and the fluid surface.

 

Dry Type Transformer is non-oil HV transformers which is not immersed in oil and is cooled by air convection or by fans. It is a type of transformer with a unique core and coil design which are mounted on rubber isolation pads to reduce noise.  It doesn’t use liquid in heating process or in the cooling process, unlike the transformer which are used by the utility grid. 

 

With the increase in population our demand for energy is also increasing day by day, hence we are always looking for some alternate source of energy that can fulfill our energy demands. Biobutanol which is a renewable source of energy can help us in achieving this energy security. Biobutanol also known as butyl alcohol is a 4 carbon chained non polar molecule similar to that of gasoline.

 

Peat, also known as turf, is an accumulation of organic matter or decayed vegetation that is found in natural areas such as mires or peatlands. Soils that contain significant amount of peat are referred to as a histosol. It is generally formed in wetland temperatures, where flooding slows down the rates of decomposition by obstructing the flow of oxygen from the atmosphere.

 

A diesel generator is a combination of a diesel engine along with an electric generator thus forming a distributed generation unit. The basic function is power generation via an internal combustion engine to produce energy from gaseous fuels. The chief advantage of distributed generation is the quick ramp up of electricity as opposed to traditional generation in power plants.

 

Lubricants are substances that are utilized to reduce the friction between the two moving or sliding surfaces. Main objective of the lubricant is to keep the two moving or sliding surfaces aside in order to decrease the friction and reduce the continuous destruction of materials. The process of reducing the friction between the two moving or sliding surfaces through the introduction of lubricants is called as lubrication.

 

Bio energy is a renewable source of energy that is made available from materials derived from biological sources.  Biomass is a matter derived from plants and animals available on renewable basis. It includes wood and agricultural crops, wood waste, sugarcane, municipal organic waste, manure, etc.

 

This research report forecasts and analyzes the global wind power market. This form of power is obtained by converting wind energy into electrical energy through the use of wind turbines. The wind power market research report is a valuable resource for both new entrants in the market and established players as it features a comprehensive analysis of: market growth drivers and inhibitors, current trends in the market, structure and the wind power market and a value chain analysis, and market projections. 

 

Coal handling is the initial process of power generation in every coal fired power plant. From its unloading at the plant site to its subsequent firing in the boiler furnace, the coal goes through a number of preparation and storage phases. These systems are an integral part of the overall coal quality management system and material flow of the power plant. 

 

Gasification in gradually delivering new value in traditional fuels such as coal, wood and oil. A biomass gasifier is an equipment that converts biomass into clean gaseous fuel which is commonly referred to as producer gas. These gasifier’s provide a way of optimally utilizing biomass for generation of electricity. These gasifier’s go a long way in harnessing the useful energy from both industrial as well as household wastes.

 

Air Core Drilling uses hardened blades made of tungsten or steel to drill a hole into unconsolidated ground. Air Core Drilling uses a special reverse circulation drill. Drill bit used in air core drilling uses three blades arrangement around the bit head. Compressed air is injected through annular to remove cutting from hole. These cuttings move inside a tube which sits inside the hollow rod to which bit is attached.

 

Diamond Core Drilling is a process of extracting core samples from the earth. This is an exploratory process to determine the structural strength of mineral composition for potential mining or construction projects. Diamond drilling uses a diamond impregmented drill bit. The drilling bit is coupled to the end of hollow rods. The cutting of solid formation rock drilled by drilling bit is in form of a cylinder.

 

In the Oil & Gas industry, a crown block is a stationary section containing pulleys across which the drill line is threaded. This is in contrast to the traveling block, and it is the combination of these two types of blocks along with the drill line which enables the lifting of loads heavier than what a solitary line could support. Thus, a crown block is an important part of the drilling equipment arsenal aiding in geological exploration, well repair & maintenance, and overall environmental management.

 

Drilling process plays a vital role in oil exploration and production (E&P) activities. Drilling waste management technology is a significant part of successful drilling process and production operations. The suitable waste management application is crucial for successful drilling operations as well as for environmental protection. Ineffective waste management in drilling process can cause harmful chemicals and liquids to affect the environment. 

 

Cryogenic Tanks are used for the storage and transportation of fluids such as liquid nitrogen, liquefied natural gas, Liquid oxygen and liquid argon at very low temperatures. Cryogenic Tanks are segmented based on the type such as stationery cryogenic tanks and trailers cryogenic tanks. Stationery cryogenic tanks are utilized for the long term storage of liquefied gases such as oxygen, argon and nitrogen at atmospheric pressure. They are further classified as flat bottom tanks and elliptical bottom tanks.

 

The research report on the conductor pipe technology offers a descriptive and unbiased analysis to provide a full comprehension of the market and make informed business decisions. Worldwide data - historic, current and forecast – of the conductor pipe market has been assessed and manifested in a streamlined pattern.

 

Oil sands, technically termed as bituminous sands come under a form of petroleum deposit. They are loose or consolidated sandstone having naturally occurring mixture of sand, water and clay which is saturated with viscous and extremely dense form of petroleum called bitumen. Due to higher oil prices the oil sands and heavy oil market has seen a growth. 

 

Fuel cell converts chemical energy into electrical energy by a chemical reaction with oxidizing agent. There are many types of fuel cells consisting of anode, cathode and electrolyte which help the charges to move between two sides of the fuel cells. Alkaline Fuel Cell or AFC uses alkaline electrolyte and is also known as Bacon fuel cell. It is one of the most developed and cheapest fuel cell technologies. 

 

Coiled tubing is used in the Oil and Gas industry, primarily for upstream activities. It is a lengthy and coiled tubular product used for oil and gas well operations. It also finds use in well clean out’s, pumping of nitrogen and as production tubing in depleted gas wells among others. 

 

Geothermal Exploration is the exploration of geothermal resources that can be extracted for the purpose of electricity generation. Geothermal resource is primarily a volume of hot rock and water. Geothermal exploration program implements various techniques to identify geothermal reservoirs and information that can point to high porosity, low density and high permeability areas that can assist in defining well field development.

 

As a part of sustainable development several market players are focusing on development of advanced gas generators. Advanced gas generators provide extra functionalities and features over conventional generators. For an example, it includes comprehensive control as well as monitoring systems which helps in improving overall efficiency. 

 

Intensive industrialization has produced all sorts of technology that has impacted human life. However, the environmental situation is becoming more and more carbon dense and intensive. Such situations are spurring the need of cleaner energy sources that will have less negative impact on environment in terms of emissions. 

 

Thermal energy storage (TES) stores excess thermal energy in a storage medium and supplies it back in later use. TES can be utilized on an individual, multiuser, district or even on larger scale.TES systems provide balance between day time and night time or summer time and winter time. TES is commonly used in air conditioning activities of commercial buildings, where heat is stored during cooling cycles and recovered during heating cycles.

 

CIGS (Copper indium gallium selenide) is a semiconductor with direct bandgap which is used for solar cells manufacturing. The absorber of CIGS is placed on a glass or plastic backing, together with electrodes on back and front for current collection. Since the material powerfully absorbs sunlight and has a higher absorption coefficient, comparatively as compared to other semiconductor material, a thin film is required.

 

Gas meters are the flow meters which measure the volume of fuel gases for example natural gas and propane.  Smart meters record a location’s gas consumption regularly and transfer these records to the utility control center regularly over a communication network. Useful information such as gas consumption, gas pressure can be captured for analysis in order to check status of the gas network.

 

Desalter is a part of processing unit in an oil refinery. It is the first unit where raw crude is processed before processing it into crude distillation unit. Salts in crude are generally contained in residual water suspended in oil phase. Desalter is used to remove salt, water, sediment and suspended solids. 

 

A condenser is a device used to reduce vapour or gas to liquid. Condensers are heat exchanger which comes in various sizes and designs. The ranges of condensers vary from small to large-scale units used for industrial purposes. It is commonly used for indoor and outdoor air conditioning systems. Condensers commonly use surrounding water or air as the coolant.

 

Globally, the demand for electricity is huge and fulfillment of electricity needs requires best possible exploitation of on hand nuclear reactors and the employment of novel ones over the anticipated period. Many nations are in the process of intensifying installed nuclear power capacity by adding new reactors to their nuclear fleet. 

 

Incinerators are equipments that allow organic materials or substance to combust. Incineration process is commonly adopted by waste management and waste treatment plants. It basically burns all substances in bulk to produce thermal energy. This thermal energy can be utilized to produce electricity from steam powered turbines. However, the recent designs of incinerators, allows users to monitor and control combustion process.

 

A transmission tower is a structure usually erected for the purpose of supporting and conveying transmission lines. Transmission tower are the main supporting structure for overhead lines. They carry heavy transmission conductor at a sufficient height from the ground. The overall market for the transmission tower has been segmented on the basis of product such as high voltage transmission towers (AC & DC), on the basis of tower design such as tubular steel, lattice, wood and concrete as well as on geographical basis. 

 

A Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit is an integral part of an oil refinery. It was first introduced in the U.S by Exxon Corporation on account of the growing need for hydrocarbon based fuels. It is mostly used to convert high molecular weight and high boiling point hydrocarbons to more valuable products such as olefinic gases, gasoline and other petroleum products. 

 

Hydraulic turbines are the device that converts hydraulic energy into the mechanical energy. The turbines transfer the energy from a flowing fluid to rotating shaft. A water wheel consists of a large metal or a wooden wheel, with a number of buckets or blade arranged on the outside rim forming the driving surface.

 

Delayed Coker Unit is an essential part of refining operations. Delayed Coking is a cyclic process that cracks vacuum residue feedstock into gas, light products and petroleum coke at high temperature. The feedstock is heated in a fired heater to the cracking temperature and is transported to a drum for the cracking to take place, hence it is known as delayed coking. The cracking process results in carbon deposits.

 

With world oil reserves depleting by the day, the hydrocarbons under the ocean floor remain the sole untapped pockets of oil and gas in the world. Increasing number of oil exploration and production companies are showing interest in tapping this resource. Of all the proven hydrocarbon reserves on the earth’s surface, deepwater reserves account for nearly 11%. 

 

Cadmium telluride (CdTe) is compound formed from tellurium and cadmium. It is used in solar cells and infrared optical material in lenses and optical windows. CdTe is used in photovoltaic cells and converts sunlight into electricity. The cost of CdTe based solar cells is relatively cheaper as compared to other products. In addition, the manufacturing is simplified as compared to other materials. 

 

Crude oil carriers are generally referred to as oil tankers that transport crude oil from one place to another. Oil tankers are designed for the bulk transport of oil. Crude tankers transport unrefined crude oil from extraction location to the refineries. Tanker shipping provides a convenient way of transporting bulk liquid for international seaborne trade. Transportation rates in the shipping industry are determined by time charter equivalent. Oil tankers have become an integral part of the transportation process.

 

Energy efficient windows are made through the process of insulated glazing or double glazing. These windows generally comprise of two or multiple glass panes separated by an air or a gas mixture. These windows are generally utilized to insulate the building against excessive heat transfer across the overall building envelope thus driving down heating or cooling requirements. 

 

Smart building is a concept which refers to the incorporation of real-time systems which provides management through one single system. Smart buildings model also integrate the technologies which focuses on the improvement of the building life-span by taking corrective measures on the occurrence of the problems.

 

Gas detector is a device which detects the gases present within an area. Gas detectors are designed to provide protection against hazardous atmospheres.  It is usually a part of safety system which is used to detect gas leak occurring. A gas detector has a fire alarm which operates in the area where the leakage is occurring and gives an opportunity to leave the area. This type of device helps to prevent from various harmful gases.

 

The down streaming process in petroleum industry includes final processing of crude oil into finished products such as asphalt, plastics, synthetic rubber, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals and pesticides. The downstream process in petroleum industry also includes the final product distribution and its marketing. Thus it is the intermediate step between the suppliers and the customers.

 

Inclination towards cleaner and more energy-efficient options for generating power has resulted in the growth of the heat recovery steam generator’s market. Government bodies and utilities are under constant pressure to increase their power capacities so as to keep pace with economic growth and at the same time to minimize any negative environmental impact.

 

A solar panel is set of solar PV modules connected electrically. A PV module is an interconnected collection of solar cells. Solar PV modules are mounted on a supporting structure. Solar energy is one of the best alternative renewable sources of energy with least maintenance and operation costs. Solar radiation is trapped and converted to electricity via solar panels.

 

Demand for energy and depleting onshore reserves are forcing oil and gas companies to invest and focus on offshore drilling and production. Offshore drilling requires a huge investment and depends on the availability of offshore potential reserves. The key companies are interested to invest in offshore drilling to meet current and future demand.

 

Structural power composites are components of a structure that perform multiple functions such as carrying load and simultaneously store and deliver electrical energy. Structural power composites do not increase the weight of the structure, but in turn perform the above mentioned additional functions, thus, significantly saving volume of the structure and enhancing its performance.

 

Also known as ground source heat pump (GSHP), geothermal heat pumps are devices that can transfer heat to and from the ground for heating or cooling purposes. Though first used in the 1940’s the technology was not commercially available to us until recently. 

 

The use of gas turbines for generating electricity is a technology dating back many years. These turbines are a kind of internal combustion (IC) engine where an air fuel mixture is burnt to generate hot gases. The hot gases are then used to rotate this turbine and in turn generate electricity. Such turbines are able to combust a large variety of fuels like natural gas, fuel oil and other synthetic oils. 

 

Biodiesel is a clean burning fuel made from readily available renewable resources. It is a domestic, sustainable, diesel fuel replacement that meets strict quality standards. Biodiesel contains no petroleum and can be mixed at any level with petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel mix. As a renewable energy, biodiesel is receiving increasing attention because of the relevance it gains from the rising petroleum prices and its environmental advantages. 

 

Automation in oil and gas industry refers to the use of control systems for accomplishment of tasks with less human intervention as safety and efficiency are prime concerns of the market. , As continuous technological advancements are evoking over past few years, oil and gas industry is projected as fastest growing process application market. 

 

Flexible AC Transmission (FACT) Equipment market has seen swift growth in recent years. The swift growth is attributed to growing desire to effectively address transmission loss, voltage fluctuation and several other problems associated with the electricity transmission. The technical advances in Flexible AC equipments; including network reliability, reduced failure rate, and low maintenance cost have made them superior to fixed compensation equipments. 

 

Energy conservation is reduction in amount of energy consumed, whereas energy efficiency is using less energy for any constant service. Both are energy reduction techniques. Energy conservation results in increased environmental quality, personal financing security and national security. The Energy efficiency markets distributes goods and services which reduces energy used to fuel our economies. 

 

Coal is a global resource, its demand and price fluctuates frequently. In upcoming years the demand of coking coal will increase because of the requirement of developing countries for production of steel. The aim of coal mining is to extract coal from the ground. Mining of different types of coal takes place either underground or in surface pits. Most of the coal mines consist of bituminous, anthracite or lignite type of coal. 

 

Digital oil field technology is the use of automation, instrumentation and IT technologies together in order to improve our existing oil and gas industry technologies. This integration with the help of software makes the analysis much easier and faster. This technology helps in efficient data management, production process optimization, provide more realistic images of the reservoir.

 

Artificial lift refers to the mechanical devices that are used to increase the oil recovery when the natural drive is not sufficient to lift the oil. It is the means of overcoming bottom hole pressure so that the well can produce at some desirable rate. Artificial lifts have become an important part of the production process. The use of modern technologies like horizontal drilling promotes the use of artificial lift.

 

Increasing population over last few years has been raising questions related to energy shortage and severe environmental problems. The process has begun to tackle these issues. With this growing concern, companies are going for green solution for their processes and technologies. Companies are trying to reduce Carbon Dioxide emission in energy efficient motors and providing the healthier environment.

 

Nuclear reactors are used to produce electricity across the world. The heat produced by controlled fission chain reaction in nuclear reactors is used to create steam pressure. This steam pressure is used to drive a power- generating turbine. Currently nuclear reactors are used to produce approximately 19% of the world’s total electricity production.

 

Gas pooling is a mechanism through which gas produced from domestic fields is pooled with Liquefied natural gas (LNG) in order to make gas affordable to anchor customers such as power and fertilizer sector. Over the past decade, India’s energy consumption has increased at a rapid rate. This has been primarily due to the growing economy and rising population. 

 

Bamboo composites are made from the natural fibers of bamboos. Bamboo composites are biodegradable, hence has advantage over the plastic composites as a green product. Use of bamboo composites in the wind turbines offers advantages over the plastic composites such as lost cost, light weight, biodegradable and reusable.  

 

Biomass is a resource for renewable energy. It is derived from principal resources such as forestry, biogenic waste and agricultural products. Energy is created from biomass or by converting it into products such as other bio fuels. The electricity can be generated by direct combustion or by converting biomass into fiber or industrial chemical.

 

Voltage regulation measures the change in the voltage magnitude between the sending and receiving end of a transmission or distribution line. It describes the ability of the system for providing constant voltage over wide range of loads. Voltage regulator types include step transformers and on-load tap changer transformer.

 

The need for energy security is an inescapable reality that needs to be addressed by contemporary organizations and establishments. The report titled ‘Energy Security Market (Power Plants) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, 2013 - 2019’ offers a complete analysis of the sources that offer an uninterrupted supply of energy. 

 

A hybrid vehicle is the combination of traditional engines and electric vehicles. They use features of both traditional and electric systems to reduce the emission levels of gases. Traditional engines, which run on fuels such as diesel and gasoline, are scarce and they emit a variety of gases such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, etc.

 

A turbocharger is a device used to boost the power yield of an engine. It is a type of forced induction system that compresses the air flowing into the engine, which helps increase more air flow into a cylinder. This results in more fuel addition, which in turn increases the power output of the engine per stroke.

 

Waste to diesel is a relatively new concept and an unconventional source of energy. In this process, diesel is produced from municipal waste, plastic waste, and oil and fat waste. Our planet is suffocated by waste, and waste management is a costly affair, without any scope of a return on investment. Our blue planet is also facing troubles with depleting fossil fuel reserves. 

 

The rising demand for energy and limited/inefficient storage systems are proving inadequate to satisfy the demand for industrial energy requirements. Researchers are aggressively and continuously working in order to develop and manufacture effective and efficient systems that will store and distribute the required amount of energy globally. 

 

Coal can be converted into liquid fuel by the process of coal liquefaction. There are two methods used (direct and indirect liquefaction) for obtaining liquid fuels from coal. The major objective of coal liquefaction is to produce synthetic oil to supplement the natural sources of petroleum.

 

In today’s world, there is an incessant global requirement for more energy which at the same time has to be cleaner than the energy produced from traditional technologies. The increase in the demand for energy has facilitated the increasing penetration of distributed generation technologies, primarily of renewable energy sources. Use of clean energy can substantially minimize the risk of global warming and climate change. 

 

The primary function of offshore support vessels is transportation of goods and personnel to and from offshore oil platforms and other offshore structures. Increased offshore activities and rising investments in modernizing infrastructure of oil wells and platforms are expected to bolster the global offshore support vessel market. 

 

Smart grid is an electricity grid that is used to deliver electricity using two way technology to enable communication between consumers and utility. Smart grid manages electricity demand in a reliable, efficient and sustainable manner. A smart grid involves a network of sub-stations, transformers, and electric lines that help in delivering electricity from power plant to business offices and homes.

 

A collector which is designed to tap the thermal energy given out by the sun is called a solar thermal collector. Solar thermal collectors are mainly categorized as concentrating and non-concentrating. They can come in various sizes and are made up of various materials, depending on the purpose for which they are installed. Solar thermal collectors can be found in households, laboratories, research and development facilities, commercial buildings and industries. 

 

Economic growth and rise in population have been the most important reasons for energy/power generation in the past few decades. Commercial and residential energy is expected to increase with significant growth numbers and this is being driven mainly by energy requirements in Asia-Pacific and North America.

 

Methanol is the liquefied form of methane, a gas which is usually produced as a result of the decomposition of organic matter. Methanol is one of the better alternatives available for contemporary gasoline products as it dispenses the same amount of energy. It also acts as an additive in petroleum products, boosting the performance of internal combustion engines. 

 

Energy efficient motors function just like standard motors but their different construction technique makes them much more energy efficient. These motors are able to consume less energy per work unit due to improved material and the better design used for their construction. Higher efficiency of these motors has always attracted end-users, as they have great engineering capabilities and applications and low maintenance cost.

 

A fuel injection system is used in various automobile engines (gasoline engine & diesel engines) of light and heavy vehicles. The growth of global automotive industry is one of the major macro factors driving the market for fuel injection system. A fuel injection system is formed by assembling various components, and ensures proper flow of fuel into the engine.

 

It not just offers insights into opportunities that can be developed into lucrative business ideas, but also gives users a clear picture of the market by indicating growth drivers and inhibitors. As the per capita consumption of energy rises steadily, the dynamics of the energy consumption market continue to undergo changes. While on one hand there is increasing pressure from governments to switch over to renewable energy sources, on the other hand there is a mounting demand for cost-efficient energy supply.

 

Lighting equipment could be mundanely understood as the equipment responsible for the production of light energy. With an ever increasing rise in the global population, and the rising awareness amongst us to protect our mother earth, lighting equipment market is experiencing a healthy growth rate.

 

The growing demand for portable electronics has led the growth of this market. Earlier, batteries were used for conventional products such as flashlights, watches, calculators etc. Now-a-days the scenario has totally changed and the introduction of portable devices has increased in the areas of communications, entertainment, computing, and photography, thus pushing the market growth. 

 

A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine that is used to initiate ignition to burn the fuel. They are available as two strokes and four strokes diesel engines. Diesel engines are used in submarines, ships, locomotives, trucks, buses, heavy equipments and in passenger cars. The demand of diesel engines has been growing globally due to its versatile usage in various areas.

 

Waste treatment refers to activities that are carried out in order to ensure proper disposal of waste materials. The rapid industrialization in developing economies across the world is one of the major factors for the growth of the waste treatment and disposal services market. The continuous growth of economies, industrialization, and environmental regulations are expected to drive the growth of the market in the upcoming years.

 

In the present environment of ever-increasing oil prices and crises of inflation, especially in developing countries, petroleum fuel optimization technology acts as a boon. Many countries are promoting and developing such technology due to its commercial capabilities. Hence, this market is expected to increase in the coming years.

 

Energy is one of the basic requirements in almost all fields and sectors. The rising global requirement for energy is triggering research and development teams across the globe to develop new systems that can provide better and adequate amount of energy. The utility-scale energy storage technologies market is expected to excel effectively from 2013 to 2018 due to the wide applications that require a large amount of energy.

 


Fuel additives are chemicals which are added to various fuels such as gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, kerosene etc. in order to enhance their performance. Fuel additives are also responsible for reducing the corrosion effects caused by fuels and improving the combustion properties of fuels.

 

The rising demand for energy and limited/inefficient storage systems are proving inadequate to satisfy the demand for industrial energy requirements. Researchers are aggressively and continuously working in order to develop and manufacture effective and efficient systems that will store and distribute the required amount of energy globally. Energy retrofits are the adjustment or addition to the existing energy consuming equipment that are utilized in commercial outlets and in buildings.

 

The global market for components of proton exchange membranes (PEM) and membrane electrode assemblies (MEA) used in PEM Fuel cells (PEMFC) is witnessing a trend of rising demand. The market is expected to record a compounded growth of approximately 21.1% from 2012 to 2018. The key factors influencing the market growth are growing environmental problems and depleting conventional fuel resources

 

Wind energy storage devices consist of devices used to store wind energy. The wind energy storage devices market can be classified based on the modes of storage of wind energy such as pumped hydro storage, compressed air storage, and flywheels. The pumped hydro storage method uses wind turbines to pump water from a low reservoir to a high reservoir, which is then dropped onto a turbine to generate electricity.

 

Ultraviolet light is used for water, air and soil treatment which diminishes pathogens present in them, and the germ count as well. The ultraviolet light market is expected to cross USD 2 billion by 2018 at a CAGR of 12.5%. Ultraviolet light is more economical and eco-friendly compared to chemical substances used in water treatment which is the primary reason for this growth.

 

The adsorption process involves the adhesion of atoms, molecules, or ions of substances that are in gaseous or liquid form onto a solid substrate surface. This surface is called the adsorbent and the other substance adhering to the surface is called the adsorbate. Inorganic nanoporous adsorbents have a pore size smaller than 50 nm while micro porous adsorbents are the ones which have a pore size greater than 50 nm. These materials are effectively used in the separation of various chemicals in chromatographical procedures. The adsorption characteristics of these materials help in separating the impurities and required chemicals from the original solution.

 

Worldwide market for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) is forecasted to reach $530 million at the compounded annual growth rate of 6.9% from 2011 to 2016. This growth in solid oxide fuel cells industry is expected as a result of its better efficiency and cost effective nature. These types of fuel cells are mainly used in stationary, mobile, and portable applications. Development in technology is also helping in growth of this industry. Solid oxide fuel cells play vital part in securing energy security for the country, improving environment, reducing urban pollution, and creating jobs in manufacturing industry.

 

Waste derived biogas market is projected to reach $217 billion by the year 2016 owing to the factors like price instability, supply anxieties, and environmental awareness towards the use of fossil fuels. Biogas is a clean fuel mainly obtained from waste materials and is a significant substitute for conventional fossil fuels. Renewable, sustainable energy generation will be the fastest growing energy sector over two decades due to increasing awareness towards environmental protection, and growing concerns towards overuse of fossil fuels. Energy generation techniques from renewable resources are in increasing demand, particularly energy generation from biogas. Biogas is generated through the process of anaerobic digestion.

 

Growing need of alternative energy sources due to rapidly depleting non-renewable energy sources is driving the market for photovoltaics. The global photovoltaic market is expected to reach 55,621 megawatts value by the year 2015 with the compounded annual growth rate of 38%. Continuous developments in this market and growing support from government of most countries are some of the major factors contributing to the growth of this market. Improvements in manufacturing techniques and efficiencies will reduce the actual material quantity used in solar cells. Value of photovoltaic material is projected to grow by 12.3% by the year 2015 and reach $47 million.

 

Portable power fuel cell market is witnessing significant growth since past few years due to its use in number of applications. With advancement in science and technology, there emerged a need for portable electrical energy source which has given rise to development of portable power fuel cells. Fuel cells are more energy efficient and it is believed that traditional batteries will not provide required energy for the modern age electronic devices. Hence, such portable power fuel cells are best alternative for batteries.

 

Continuous developments in the automobile, machine, and transportation industries are driving the lubricating oil market extensively. Driven by relative industries, the lubricating oil industry is emerging as one of the top petroleum and chemical industries all over the globe. Lubricating oil find numerous applications in various industries. Changing lifestyles and the growing need of comfort in each and every aspect of life is giving rise to the invention of various machines, thus indirectly driving the market for lubricating oil. The automobile industry is a major contributor towards the growth of this market. Production and demand for lubricating oil is expected to rise in the coming years due to growth in relative industries.

 

Direct methanol fuel cells provide extended run times with quick refill of charging liquid. These cells are expected to equal the cost with thin film batteries by the end of the forecasted period. Increasing demand for portable electricity with increasing use of broadband cell phones, laptops, and tablet PCs is mainly driving the DMFC market.

 

Air travel industry is emerging greatly owing to the implication of new technology every day and is expected to undergo significant growth. Although air traveling is faster and safe as compared to other means of travelling, it is quite costly. One of the major challenges faced by this industry is tremendous hike in air fares in recent years, mainly because of the increasing prices of jet fuel. Major airline companies and jet fuel consumers are looking for alternatives to limit fluctuation in jet fuel costs and return to profitability.

 

Gasoline-naphtha-crude-MTBE market is expected to witness an increase in MTBE consumption in the coming years in the Asian market. MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether) is a flammable, volatile, and colorless liquid sparingly soluble in water and has minty odor of diethyl ether that adds unpleasant taste. MTBE is a gasoline additive that is used as oxygenate to raise octane number. It is most exclusively used as fuel component in fuel for gasoline engines to raise the oxygen content of gasoline.

 

Increasing fuel costs and economic recession have encouraged demand for more efficient power cogeneration equipments that can improve profitability. Technological trends in the cogeneration equipment market emphasize on increasing efficiency, portability, and quality of these equipments. Product innovations and sustained research and developments in this field are some important factors contributing to the growth of cogeneration equipment market. One of the major challenges faced by this market is its inconsistency in orders.

 

Some of the major factors driving the growth of gas market are growing populations, increasing urbanization, rapidly growing automobile sector, increasing need for power generation, and growth in petrochemical industry. For decades, gas has been delivered to businesses and homes throughout the world and it has become the most dependable energy source.

 

The global fuel oil market is rising owing to the growth in petrochemicals, transportation, and building materials industry segments. Demand for better quality fuel oil is on a rise as it enhances engine life and maximizes productivity. However, the high prices of crude oil are affecting the market by slowing down its growth rate. Volatility in crude oil prices and scarcity of the crude oil has forced various R&D centers across the globe to find out an alternative source of fuel oil to satisfy the growing demand.

 

The shipping industry is facing challenges due to strong regulations against the use of bunker oil for large ships. Bunker oil is a waste product of traditional fuel oil that is too thick for vehicles and small ships to burn efficiently. Its high sulfur content and difficulty for use in road vehicles makes it a cheaper power source for large ships and power plants.

 

The report takes a close look at the coal industry and indicates specific trends and opportunities that can be capitalized by market players. The coal industry is analyzed based on major geographical markets, various market segments, and key industry players and their strategies for growth. Factors that will most likely propel or inhibit the market are also studied in this report.

 

The global clean coal technology market is majorly driven by growing concerns regarding greenhouse emissions at coal plants. Asia is the largest and fastest growing market in the world in terms of clean technology applications, and China and India have witnessed the strongest growth due to increased investments in coal-fired power plants.

 

The global wind turbine rotor blade market research report is an analytical compilation of the global scenario of this market. This study marks out factors that will impact the global as well as regional dynamics of the wind turbine rotor blade market. Our analysts discuss in detail the market figures and help you anticipate emerging trends and threats.

 

The report on the global wind turbine gearbox market offers a snapshot of all vital factors that will influence the market between 2010 and 2017. The report is essentially an objective study conducted with an aim to provide trends, market figures, and recommendations to key stakeholders in the global wind turbine gearbox market. 

 

The report provides a bird’s eye view of the global market for solar energy before touching upon each segment of the industry comprehensively. The report is highly recommended if you are a new entrant wanting to make profitable inroads into this market and also if you are an established player looking for innovative opportunities to expand your footprint. This report gives you access to a detailed overview of the market figures based on various applications, product types, and geographical markets.

 

The petroleum refining catalysts market could be segmented into three major categories: on the basis of types into: isomer forming catalysts, fluid catalytic cracking catalysts, hydrogen producing catalysts, alkyl catalysts, hydrodesulphurization catalysts, H.P.C (hydroprocesssing) catalysts and other catalysts, on the basis of components into: chemicals, zeloites and metals, and on the basis of end users into: chemical industry, refining catalyst industry, petrol refineries, metal industry and others. The market could also be segmented on the basis of geography into: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and the rest of the world regions.

 

The global biogas upgrading market is expected to reach $338.5 million by the year 2016 at the compounded annual growth rate of 22%. Europe is the largest contributor to the growth of this market and it is expected to hold the market value of $250.5 million in 2016 with CAGR of 22%. Asia Pacific market is projected to reach $83.9 million at a CAGR of 22.8% by the year 2016. Renewable energy is expected to be one of the fastest growing energy sources in the near future. The market for biogas generation is estimated to grow significantly due to its use in number of residential and industrial applications. Biogas offers better efficiency as compared to other renewable energy resources and it is even more cost effective.

 

Cryogenic equipments are designed to keep liquefied gases in liquid state as these gases are required to be stored at a temperature below -150°C, commonly referred as cryogenic temperature. Some of the major factors driving this market are the increasing consumption and demand of energy and power from the growing population and industrialization. With the growth in global economy, especially china the demand for cryogenic equipments is set to rise. Cryogenic equipments are widely used in industries such as chemical, electronic, metals, energy, and power among others. Among all the major geographies APAC is leading the market with a market share of more than 35% followed by Europe and North America. Cryogenic equipments are mostly used in the form of tanks, vaporizers, pumps and valves. Out of all these types, tank is the most popular and growing segment closely followed by valves and others.

 

Increasing concerns about the use of conventional thermal energy sources, developed economies are largely dependent on nuclear energy for power generation in order to satisfy their power demands. Nuclear power is used for the generation of electricity across the world due to its power efficiency and sufficient availability. Nuclear disasters in the past few years have questioned the safety of using nuclear power. This industry has been experiencing tremendous growth in the past few years. Significant technological development in reactor technology, safety measures, and zero carbon emissions from nuclear power plants are some important factors driving the growth of this market. Impact of nuclear disaster remains foreseen in the coming years, but there are many countries adopting this technology to meet their energy demands.

 

Worldwide increasing prices of crude oil and growing demand for fuel operated machinery is encouraging the need for alternative fuels. Currently, natural gas, ethanol, methanol, biodiesel, propane and others are some of the best alternatives available. With the advent of new technology, these fuels are used in number of vehicle applications. Use of these alternative fuels in vehicles can reduce emission of harmful pollutants. Alternative fuels market has not only revolutionized transportation industry, but it has also created new boundary for expansion of emerging energy players.

 

Demand for power generation has grown immensely with tremendous growth in the world population and the consequent need to fulfill the ever-increasing demands. Fossil fuels are proving insufficient in meeting the increasing demand for energy and hence there is a need to look out for substitute energy resources. Natural gas is the best alternative that can be used for generation of electricity. The natural gas-fired electricity generation market is growing rapidly as it offers a number of advantages over other fossil fuels.

 

Thin film photovoltaics are solar cells manufactured by placing one or more thin layers of photovoltaic material on a substrate. The thickness of such a layer varies widely ranging from few nanometers to a few micrometers. There are two leading manufactured solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies in commercial use today; crystalline silicon PV and thin-film PV. Photovoltaic (PV) technology transforms solar energy from the sun released in the form of photons into electricity. Current PV technologies use semiconductor materials also found in computers and other electronic equipment. Semiconductors release electrons from their atomic bonds producing electrical current.

 

The report on the energy harvesting market and energy storage market throws light on the quantitative and qualitative aspects that will help market players plan their growth strategies, financial models, and marketing initiatives. The energy harvesting and energy storage market is composed of numerous types of technologies and their applications, all of which are studied in detail in this report.

 

Natural gas obtained from coal, gas shale, and gas hydrates are generally referred to as unconventional natural gases. There has been a rapid growth in the exploration and production of unconventional natural gas due to the need for power generation. Technological improvements in the extraction methods like drilling and hydraulic fracturing and benefits of natural gas over other fuels for power generation are some important reasons driving this market. Widespread availability of unconventional natural gas resources is also adding to their increasing use in the number of applications, thus leading to market growth.

 

The global heat pump market is growing fast as governments of developed economies are promoting renewable energy and emphasizing on the development of energy-efficient buildings. A large number of corporate and government organizations are coming forward for the development of this industry, and financial support from such organizations is continuing to be the main driver of this market. The growth of the heat pump industry resulted in the slow development of conventional heating products like boilers. The ground-to-water heat pump segment dominates this industry accounting for the overall maximum growth rate. Air-to-water type heat pump holds the largest shares in countries like Japan, France, Switzerland, and Norway. Although, the ground-to-water segment holds the largest share, the growth of this industry is mainly driven by the air-to-water segment.

 

Global butadiene demand was estimated to be around 10.5 million tons in 2011. In terms of revenues, the market was estimated to be worth over USD 40 billion for the same year. Also the global automotive tires market is expected to reach at a historical mark of around USD180 billion by 2017, which makes butadiene market more attractive for the investors.

 

Hydraulic fracturing is the process of creating fractures in the rocks by injecting a mixture of sand and water to take out the oil and gas. This process allows the wellbore to crack underground and helps it to open further to flow out petroleum and natural gas. Hydraulic fracturing is used in mining industry. Government support helps it to increase its operations. The driving factors for hydraulic fracturing include the growing use of natural gas, technological advancements, increasing number of reservoirs, huge investments, mergers and acquisitions and so on. The hydraulic fracturing market is restrained by water availability, stringent government regulations and opposition by the public due to its hazardous environmental impact.

 

The report provides users with an unmatched analysis of key growth drivers, market growth inhibitors, an analysis of the value chain, untapped or under-developed opportunities, as well as other factors such as the industry structure and predictions market growth in the years to come. In this report, our analysts provide a breakdown of data pertaining to recent developments, opportunities and bargaining power of manufacturers, consumers, and suppliers, as well as a comprehensive company profiles section that will help you keep abreast of the latest from your competitors.

 

Oil shale generally refers to any sedimentary rock that contains solid bituminous materials that are released as petroleum-like liquids after heating by chemical process of pyrolysis. Oil shale is formed by deposition of organic debris and silt on lake beds and sea bottoms. Over a long period of time, this material is transformed into sedimentary rock by heat and pressure. Oil shales are rich in oil content and can be burned without any additional processing. With depletion in natural resources, the oil shale market is growing in demand due to large availability of deposits in the world, mainly found in America. Increasing oil prices, energy security, and economic benefits are some important factors driving the growth of the oil shale industry.

 

Transparency Market Research’s report on petroleum coke market provides a comprehensive review of the size, growth, and the forecast for this market. Petroleum coke or petcoke is a result of myriad distillation processes used for refinement of heavy crude oil. It is a co-product of the process, and not a by-product. The petroleum coke market across the globe has seen a steady rise over the past few years.

 

Limited availability of natural resources is proving insufficient to meet the increasing energy demands of the growing population. Continuous growth in demand for alternative energy resources with improved efficiency have taken the technologies and products of this market to a new level called the third generation. Increasing demand for alternative energy sources is driving the energy market to a great extent.

 

Biomass Microwave Pyrolysis Market (Biochar and Wood Vinegar) U. S. Industry Analysis, Size, Volume, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2014 - 2020

 

The growing concern over the increasing carbon emissions has forced global automobile industry to develop advance and better vehicles running on alternative fuels. The factors such as Volatile Oil Prices, Shrinking of Fuel Reserves, Government Support and European Emission Standards are some of the factors driving the hybrid cars market. The report anticipates global hybrid automobile industry will witness a CAGR of more than 20 % over the period of 2012-2018.

 

The global emission control product and technology market study answers pertinent questions about the growth, trends, and opportunities in this industry. This research study identifies major barriers to growth, regional trends, and trends within various application segments of the global emission control product and technology market.

 

Technological improvements and increasing installations have propelled the global direct drive wind turbines market. In addition to these, lower maintenance requirements and product developments have also supported the growth. The research report provides an exhaustive analysis of the industry, combined with clear understanding of the structure and major segments of the market.

 

This report is an elaborate study of the global carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology market, and aims to bring you up to speed with the latest developments and trends in the market. The CCS technology market research report studies all key geographical regions to present a holistic view of the emerging opportunities, slow-growth areas, and other influencing factors.

 

The global study on the energy storage technologies market provides a comprehensive snapshot of the latest trends and developments in this sector. It brings you up to speed with the technologies, strategies, and threats that will matter in the energy storage technologies market through 2017. The report not only provides a qualitative analysis of energy storage technologies industry, but also validates it with market numbers and percentages.

 

Hydro Power accounts for more than 20% of the global electric supply and is one of the largest sources of power generation. Hydro power as an alternate source of energy is gaining popularity globally due to its ability to respond to varying electricity demand, flood control and water management. The major factors driving hydro power market include the increasing demand of energy and overall environmental security. 

 

The research study on the global lubricants market is designed to offer you insight into key questions about the future of the lubricants industry. This report enumerates all vital growth factors, inhibitors, innovative products that are on the horizon, as well as strategic initiatives of market players that matter.
 

Energy & Mining Research

Global demand for energy is constantly rising. According to the International Energy Agency, demand for energy is expected to increase by approximately 50% by 2030. Currently, fossil fuels account for more than 80% of demand for primary energy. Global energy consumption is at stake in the long run as reserves would last only until the next decade. This calls for a higher usage of sources of renewable energy to cope up with the rise in demand for energy.

Global energy market is categorized into non-renewable energy sources such as oil, gas and coal; renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, ocean, geothermal, biofuels, and biomass; and alternate energy resources such as shale gas, nuclear energy and LED lighting. Of late, the energy market has been facing serious challenges due to rising demand and high cost of energy. Therefore, economies need to increase their focus on developing alternate energy sources that can sustain for a longer period. Low tariff rates, heavy subsidies coupled with advanced technologies can play a crucial role in reducing the cost of production of alternate energy. 

In this age of increasing demand for primary resources, mining plays a key role in resolving many of the industry’s key challenges. The mining sector comprises organizations whose primary activities include extraction of naturally occurring resources and mineral solids. Ores, coal and precious stones are some of the examples of minerals. Well operations and quarrying are also broadly covered in the mining industry. The sector conducts two primary activities: mining support and mining operations. 

Widening talent gap, constant commodity price gyrations, costs associated with wages, taxes and capital investments, declining extraction grades, geographically remote and politically challenging regions, increasing need for safety and environmental protection, and productivity and reliability are some of the factors that significantly affect this industry . With depleting natural resources, mining will play an increasingly instrumental role in the future. Effective mining techniques and equipments will be introduced, and streamlining of operations will become mandatory. As the world feels the scarcity of natural resources, a drive to conserve and sustainably extract the remaining resources is imminent. This will lead to the emergence of a much more modernized and advanced mining sector, the opportunities for which are indeed limitless.

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