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Global Waste to Energy Market: Overview 

Waste to energy processes refer to a technique used for converting municipal solid waste, which is generated from the industrial, commercial, and domestic sectors, into energy. Various technologies are deployed to process the waste generated from the various sectors to produce fuel cell, steam, and electricity. The course of action in every technology is comparatively different and the end product is used in industries, commercial units, and domestic dwellings. Waste to energy technology helps in regaining monetary value from different kinds of wastes such as plastic and tin cans, among others. 

The global waste to energy market is expected to be driven by the growing demand for renewable resources worldwide and the shift towards alternative renewable sources of energy such as coal to decrease carbon emissions. Governments across the world have been impelled to impose stringent regulations regarding waste control due to the rising volume of industrial and domestic waste. The market is further expected to benefit from the incentives provided by governments in the form of tax benefits and subsidies. The deployment of waste to energy techniques is anticipated to rise over the forthcoming years owing to the burgeoning environmental concerns across the globe. 

The market is projected to rise to a valuation of US$31.8 bn by the end of 2019. 

Biological Technology to Gain Preference among Consumers despite Dominance of Thermal Systems 

In terms of technology, the global waste to energy market has been classified into biological and thermal technologies. Thermal technology has gained importance over biological technology in recent years, as it is flexible in terms of the feed used in the plant and helps reduce the weight and volume of the ash generated from the waste. The thermal technology segment accounted for a share of 80% in 2012 in the global waste to energy market. 

However, the market for thermal technology might face challenges as the different varieties of feed being processed in the incineration plants affect the effectiveness of the plants. The growth of the biological technology segment is also expected to gain momentum over the coming years as it converts waste into energy through anaerobic digestion. This technology is highly preferred by farmers as it is a biodegradable process and the moisture content is comparatively high. 

Asia Pacific to Retain Firm Grip on Global Market 

At present, Asia Pacific leads the global waste to energy market with a share of over 40%. The market is anticipated to witness robust growth in the coming years owing to the growing disposable income of consumers in the region and economic development of the countries. The waste to energy market in Asia Pacific is expected to be propelled by Japan, China, and India. Japan is one of the countries exhibiting widespread adoption of the latest waste management solutions. The increasing amount of industrial and domestic waste in India and China is expected to further fuel the growth of the market. 

The key players operating in the market are Suez Environment S.A., Waste Management Inc., Constructions industrielles de la Méditerranée (CNIM), C&G Environmental Protection Holdings, Covanta Energy Corporation, China Everbright International Limited, and Veolia Environment.

Waste to energy is a technique used to convert municipal solid waste generated from various domestic, commercial and industrial users into energy. Different technologies are used to process waste and each technology has a different course of action, but the end product is in the form of electricity, steam and fuel cell. The energy generated from waste is used by various sectors including residential, commercial and industrial. Recycle and reuse of solid waste being generated is the first preference by any country to reduce the amount of waste being treated. Recycle and reuse of waste helps in the recovery of monetary value from various types of waste being generated such as tin cans, plastic, etc.

The waste to energy market report by Transparency Market Research provides in-depth analysis of the global waste to energy industry. The report segments the market on the basis of technology and region and provides forecasts and estimates for each segment. The report also provides detailed forecast and analysis of revenue over the forecasted period 2013 to 2019.


Thermal technology has captured the market for waste to energy due to its ability to reduce the volume and weight of waste. The technology has been popular from many years and majority of waste to energy plants use this technology due to its relatively simple technology and operation. Improvements have been made in thermal technology to reduce the amount of gas contaminants from flue gas and meet the various regulatory norms. Other thermal technology such as Pyrolysis and Gasification has limited use due to their feed selectivity and high cost. Research has been going on to improve these technologies and make them cost effective. Biological technology which consists of anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste is lagging behind in terms of market share as well as revenue, but the technology is promising in the near future.


Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, and Rest of the World (RoW) are the major geographic areas covered in the waste to energy report. European counties such as Germany, Austria, Sweden, Belgium and Netherlands are very much active to promote waste to energy practices and have reduced the amount of waste being dumped or land filled in respective countries. Asia pacific is currently leading the market and country like Japan is very promising with incinerating more than 60 percent of their waste generated and keeps landfill to minimum. Even the transportation of municipal waste to a long distance is not allowed in Japan which provides an opportunity to a large number of waste to energy plants. Other countries like China and India have a great potential for waste generation due to huge amount of waste generated by their large population and the investment in these countries is also increasing to treat their municipal waste and enhance their quality of life. Each geographical region has been segmented further on the basis of the technology and revenue, forecasts and estimates for each segment have been provided over the forecasted period 2013 to 2019.


The report provides a thorough analysis of some key companies such as The Babcock & Wilcox Company, Foster Wheeler AG, KEPPEL SEGHERS, Veolia Environnement, Suez Environment S.A, and Waste Management Inc. The report provides a detailed analysis of the various factors influencing the waste to energy industry with the help of Porter’s five force analysis. The analysis helps to understand the bargaining power of buyers, bargaining power of suppliers, threats from new entrant, threats from the substitutes and the degree of competition in the market. The report also analyses the value chain of the market and the various drivers, restrains and opportunity of the waste to energy market.


Waste to Energy Market: Technology Analysis

  • Thermal
  • Biological

Waste to Energy Market: Regional Analysis

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Rest of the World (RoW)

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