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A solder ball, also known as solder bump, is a globe or sphere of solder that provides a contact between the chip package and the printed circuit board. It is used to facilitate the soldering process. The ball is placed by an automated equipment or manually over the flux. This helps the ball to be held in place. The alloy is used to join two metal surfaces through melting so that it forms a thin layer between the surfaces. Solder balls are used in the soldering process to increase contact reliability in packaging. Solder balls or spheres are employed in various applications, ranging from electronics to automotive. They are used in the manufacture of semiconductors for computers, smartphones, automotive parts, and other products. The semiconductor industry has been significantly impacted by globalization. Rise in population, development of nations, and growth in standard of living have augmented the demand for electronics. This, in turn, has propelled the demand for semiconductors and solder balls. Demand for technologically developed products that deliver high level of performance has been rising.

Based on product type, solder balls market can be segmented into lead solder balls and lead-free solder balls. Lead solder balls are solder balls that contain lead based alloy, while lead-free solder balls do not contain lead alloy. Examples of lead-free alloys include tin-silver-copper alloy and tin-silver-copper-nickel alloy. Currently, demand for lead-free solder balls is increasing across the globe due to the various side-effects caused by lead solder balls. Lead is a basic constituent in the traditional solder process. It is generally used to lower the melting point of the solder. Lead based solder balls offer high reliability due to their strong mechanical properties. They are used to assemble printed circuit boards in electronics equipment. Lead based products are more economical compared to other alloy types. They also offer high efficiency. However, of late, lead solder balls have been causing environmental issues such as environmental pollution and threat to human health. Thus, its usage has been restricted in electronic products. Lead can cause adverse effects in blood, kidneys, and nervous, immune, and cardiovascular systems in human beings. It is also regarded as a probable human carcinogen. Lead used in solder is included among the hazardous substances by the European Union. RoHS, which originated in the European Union, restricts the usage of hazardous materials in electrical and electronic products. This is estimated to adversely affect the demand for lead based solder balls. Therefore, manufacturers are shifting toward lead-free solder balls.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a life-cycle assessment of the environmental impacts of lead-free solder balls used in electronic products. This assessment allows the industry to redirect efforts toward products and processes that reduce solders' environmental footprint, including energy consumption; release of toxic chemicals; and potential risks to human health and the environment.

Asia Pacific is one of the prominent regions of the global lead-free solder balls market. It held the major share of the global market in 2016. The lead-free solder balls market in Asia Pacific is anticipated to expand at a fast pace during the forecast period owing to the rise in automation, improvement in standard of living, and growth in population in the region. North America and Europe follow Asia Pacific. The lead-free solder balls market in Middle East & Africa and Latin America accounted for lower share in 2016. The lead-free solder balls market in these regions is estimated to expand at a sluggish pace during the forecast period.

Key players operating in lead-free solder balls market include Indium Corporation, Matsuo Handa Co. Ltd., Senju Metal Industry Co. Ltd., and Duksan Hi-Metal Co. Ltd.

This study by TMR is all-encompassing framework of the dynamics of the market. It mainly comprises critical assessment of consumers' or customers' journeys, current and emerging avenues, and strategic framework to enable CXOs take effective decisions.

Our key underpinning is the 4-Quadrant Framework EIRS that offers detailed visualization of four elements:

  • Customer Experience Maps
  • Insights and Tools based on data-driven research
  • Actionable Results to meet all the business priorities
  • Strategic Frameworks to boost the growth journey

The study strives to evaluate the current and future growth prospects, untapped avenues, factors shaping their revenue potential, and demand and consumption patterns in the global market by breaking it into region-wise assessment.

The following regional segments are covered comprehensively:

  • North America
  • Asia Pacific
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • The Middle East and Africa

The EIRS quadrant framework in the report sums up our wide spectrum of data-driven research and advisory for CXOs to help them make better decisions for their businesses and stay as leaders.

Below is a snapshot of these quadrants.

1. Customer Experience Map

The study offers an in-depth assessment of various customers’ journeys pertinent to the market and its segments. It offers various customer impressions about the products and service use. The analysis takes a closer look at their pain points and fears across various customer touchpoints. The consultation and business intelligence solutions will help interested stakeholders, including CXOs, define customer experience maps tailored to their needs. This will help them aim at boosting customer engagement with their brands.

2. Insights and Tools

The various insights in the study are based on elaborate cycles of primary and secondary research the analysts engage with during the course of research. The analysts and expert advisors at TMR adopt industry-wide, quantitative customer insights tools and market projection methodologies to arrive at results, which makes them reliable. The study not just offers estimations and projections, but also an uncluttered evaluation of these figures on the market dynamics. These insights merge data-driven research framework with qualitative consultations for business owners, CXOs, policy makers, and investors. The insights will also help their customers overcome their fears.

3. Actionable Results

The findings presented in this study by TMR are an indispensable guide for meeting all business priorities, including mission-critical ones. The results when implemented have shown tangible benefits to business stakeholders and industry entities to boost their performance. The results are tailored to fit the individual strategic framework. The study also illustrates some of the recent case studies on solving various problems by companies they faced in their consolidation journey.

4. Strategic Frameworks

The study equips businesses and anyone interested in the market to frame broad strategic frameworks. This has become more important than ever, given the current uncertainty due to COVID-19. The study deliberates on consultations to overcome various such past disruptions and foresees new ones to boost the preparedness. The frameworks help businesses plan their strategic alignments for recovery from such disruptive trends. Further, analysts at TMR helps you break down the complex scenario and bring resiliency in uncertain times.

The report sheds light on various aspects and answers pertinent questions on the market. Some of the important ones are:

1. What can be the best investment choices for venturing into new product and service lines?

2. What value propositions should businesses aim at while making new research and development funding?

3. Which regulations will be most helpful for stakeholders to boost their supply chain network?

4. Which regions might see the demand maturing in certain segments in near future?

5. What are the some of the best cost optimization strategies with vendors that some well-entrenched players have gained success with?

6. Which are the key perspectives that the C-suite are leveraging to move businesses to new growth trajectory?

7. Which government regulations might challenge the status of key regional markets?

8. How will the emerging political and economic scenario affect opportunities in key growth areas?

9. What are some of the value-grab opportunities in various segments?

10. What will be the barrier to entry for new players in the market?

Note: Although care has been taken to maintain the highest levels of accuracy in TMR’s reports, recent market/vendor-specific changes may take time to reflect in the analysis.

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Lead Free Solder Balls Market

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