Barium oxide is a hygroscopic compound majorly used for ceramic coating, glass, optical applications. It is a non flammable compound prepared by heating barium carbonate with coke, carbon black or tar. Other method by which barium oxide can be produced is by thermal decomposition of barium nitrate. It is cubical in structure.
Barium oxide is majorly used for coating applications. It is used to coat hot cathodes such as cathode ray tubes. It is used as a substitute to lead oxide for the production of certain types of glasses such as optical crown glass. Barium oxide is used as an ethoxylation catalyst in the reaction of ethylene oxide and alcohols. This reaction takes place between 150o and 200o. In addition, it is also a source of pure oxygen though heat fluctuation. Barium Oxide powder is typically insoluble in aqueous solutions (water) and is extremely stable making them useful in ceramic structures such as producing clay bowls, advanced electronics and in light weight structural components in aerospace and electrochemical applications such as fuel cells in which they exhibit ionic conductivity. Furthermore, barium oxide is available in pellets, powder, tablets and nano – powder. Thus, they can be used in an array of applications.
The growing demand for coating applications in various industries in order to make the products and equipment corrosion and heat resistant is expected to augment the growth of the barium oxide market. In addition, barium oxide is extensively used in nanotechnology. Thus, the increasing demand for nanotechnology coupled with its wide applications in other industries such as glass and ceramics is anticipated to propel the demand for barium oxide. However, barium oxide is harmful to human skin and if swallowed in large quantity causes irritation. Excessive quantities of barium oxide may lead to death. If it contacts the skin or the eyes or is inhaled it causes pain and redness. However, it is more dangerous when ingested. It can cause nausea and diarrhea, muscle paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia, and can cause death. If ingested, medical attention should be sought immediately. Moreover, it is harmful to aquatic organisms. Thus, there are stringent regulations on the use of barium oxide which may restrain the growth of barium oxide in the near future.
Asia Pacific was the leading regional market for barium oxide. China had the largest demand for barium oxide owing to huge demand from the automobile and other industries. However, other countries such as India, Japan and South Korea are likely to exhibit more demand for barium oxide in upcoming years. Asia Pacific has experienced dynamic economic growth in the past decade. This trend is expected to continue in the next few years. Asia Pacific was followed by North America. U.S. had the largest demand for barium oxide. The demand was huge owing to increasing demand from various applications and for research and development purposes in chemical industry. Europe had the third largest market share in barium oxide market. Growing demand from automobile industry is driving the barium oxide market in Europe. European countries such as Germany and the UK were the major consumers of barium oxide in this region. Rest of the World market is anticipated to have stable demand for barium oxide market in near future. Latin America is one of the largest markets for barium hydroxide in the Rest of the World.
Some of the key players in the barium oxide market are Tianjin Flourish Chemical Co. Ltd. and Alliance Global among others.
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