Fiber Optic Connectivity Market

Fiber Optic Connectivity Market (Component - Hardware (Fiber Optic Cables, Fiber Optic Connectors, Fiber Optic Cable Assemblies, Hybrid Cables, Cabling Systems, Enclosures/ Fiber Boxes, Manufacturing and Cleaning Tools, Wavelength Division Multiplexers, Transceivers and Switches), Software, Services (Professional Services, Testing Services); Industry - Mining, Oil and Gas, Wind Power, Electric Substation, Smart Cities)] -Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2018 - 2026

  • Rep Id : TMRGL45906
  • Published On : Jun 2018
  • No. of Pages : 178
  • Category : IT & Telecom

1. Preface
     1.1. Market Scope
     1.2. Market Segmentation
     1.3. Key Research Objectives

2. Assumptions and Research Methodology
     2.1. Market Taxonomy - Segment Definitions
     2.2. Research Methodology
            2.2.1. List of Primary and Secondary Sources
     2.3. Key Assumptions for Data Modeling

3. Executive Summary : Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market

4. Market Overview
     4.1. Introduction
     4.2. Market Factor Analysis
            4.2.1. Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
            4.2.2. Value Chain Analysis
            4.2.3. Market Dynamics (Growth Influencers)
                     4.2.3.1. Drivers
                     4.2.3.2. Restraints
                     4.2.3.3. Opportunities
                     4.2.3.4. Impact Analysis of Drivers & Restraints
     4.3. Regulations and Policies
     4.4. Key Trend Analysis
     4.5. Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, 2016 - 2026
            4.5.1. Market Revenue Analysis (US$ Mn)
                     4.5.1.1. Historic growth trends, 2012-2017
                     4.5.1.2. Forecast trends, 2018-2026
            4.5.2. Price Trend Analysis
     4.6. Market Attractiveness Analysis– By Region (Global/ North America/ Europe/ Asia Pacific/ Middle East & Africa/ South America)
            4.6.1. By Region/ Country
            4.6.2. By Component
            4.6.3. By Industry
     4.7. Technical Specification Analysis, by Application
            4.7.1. Cable Termination (Connectors, Assemblies, Housing Material, Number of Fibers, Fiber Types and Hybrid Cables)
            4.7.2. Cable Properties (Weight, Dimensions, Fire Resistance, Operating Temperature, Ingress Protection, Vibration, Shock, Mating Durability, Mechanical Properties, UV Resistance and Optical Insertion Loss)
            4.7.3. Customization (Armoring, Packing Density, Chemical Compatibility and Abrasion Resistance)
            4.7.4. Special Handling/ Environmental Conditions (Heavy Dust Loads, Repeated Dis- And Re-Connections, Small Bending Radii, High Strain, Special Markings and Submersed)
            4.7.5. Other Particularities (Special Procedures For Installation, Fast Delivery Times, Flexibility, High Degree Of Customization and Large/ Small Volumes)
     4.8. Market Outlook

5. Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Component
     5.1. Overview
     5.2. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 - 2026
            5.2.1. Hardware
                     5.2.1.1. Fiber Optic Cables
                     5.2.1.2. Fiber Optic Connectors
                     5.2.1.3. Fiber Optic Cable Assemblies
                     5.2.1.4. Hybrid Cables
                     5.2.1.5. Cabling Systems (Cable Dividers, Distributors, Junctions)
                     5.2.1.6. Enclosures/ Fiber Boxes
                     5.2.1.7. Manufacturing and Cleaning Tools
                     5.2.1.8. Wavelength Division Multiplexers
                     5.2.1.9. Transceivers
                     5.2.1.10. Switches
            5.2.2. Software
            5.2.3. Services
                     5.2.3.1. Professional Services
                     5.2.3.2. Testing Services

6. Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Industry
     6.1. Overview
     6.2. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 - 2026
            6.2.1. Mining
            6.2.2. Oil & Gas
            6.2.3. Wind Power
            6.2.4. Electric Substation
            6.2.5. Smart Cities (Building Automation and Street Furniture)

7. Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Region
     7.1. Overview
     7.2. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, 2016 - 2026
            7.2.1. North America
            7.2.2. Europe
            7.2.3. Asia Pacific
            7.2.4. Middle East and Africa
            7.2.5. South America

8. North America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast
     8.1. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 - 2026
            8.1.1. Hardware
                     8.1.1.1. Fiber Optic Cables
                     8.1.1.2. Fiber Optic Connectors
                     8.1.1.3. Fiber Optic Cable Assemblies
                     8.1.1.4. Hybrid Cables
                     8.1.1.5. Cabling Systems (Cable Dividers, Distributors, Junctions)
                     8.1.1.6. Enclosures/ Fiber Boxes
                     8.1.1.7. Manufacturing and Cleaning Tools
                     8.1.1.8. Wavelength Division Multiplexers
                     8.1.1.9. Transceivers
                     8.1.1.10. Switches
            8.1.2. Software
            8.1.3. Services
                     8.1.3.1. Professional Services
                     8.1.3.2. Testing Services
     8.2. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 - 2026
            8.2.1. Mining
            8.2.2. Oil & Gas
            8.2.3. Wind Power
            8.2.4. Electric Substation
            8.2.5. Smart Cities (Building Automation and Street Furniture)
     8.3. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Country, 2016 - 2026
            8.3.1. The U.S.
            8.3.2. Canada
            8.3.3. Rest of North America

9. Europe Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast
     9.1. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 - 2026
            9.1.1. Hardware
                     9.1.1.1. Fiber Optic Cables
                     9.1.1.2. Fiber Optic Connectors
                     9.1.1.3. Fiber Optic Cable Assemblies
                     9.1.1.4. Hybrid Cables
                     9.1.1.5. Cabling Systems (Cable Dividers, Distributors, Junctions)
                     9.1.1.6. Enclosures/ Fiber Boxes
                     9.1.1.7. Manufacturing and Cleaning Tools
                     9.1.1.8. Wavelength Division Multiplexers
                     9.1.1.9. Transceivers
                     9.1.1.10. Switches
            9.1.2. Software
            9.1.3. Services
                     9.1.3.1. Professional Services
                     9.1.3.2. Testing Services
     9.2. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 - 2026
            9.2.1. Mining
            9.2.2. Oil & Gas
            9.2.3. Wind Power
            9.2.4. Electric Substation
            9.2.5. Smart Cities (Building Automation and Street Furniture)
     9.3. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Country, 2016 - 2026
            9.3.1. Germany
            9.3.2. France
            9.3.3. The U.K.
            9.3.4. Rest of Europe

10. Asia Pacific Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast
     10.1. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 - 2026
            10.1.1. Hardware
                     10.1.1.1. Fiber Optic Cables
                     10.1.1.2. Fiber Optic Connectors
                     10.1.1.3. Fiber Optic Cable Assemblies
                     10.1.1.4. Hybrid Cables
                     10.1.1.5. Cabling Systems (Cable Dividers, Distributors, Junctions)
                     10.1.1.6. Enclosures/ Fiber Boxes
                     10.1.1.7. Manufacturing and Cleaning Tools
                     10.1.1.8. Wavelength Division Multiplexers
                     10.1.1.9. Transceivers
                     10.1.1.10. Switches
            10.1.2. Software
            10.1.3. Services
                     10.1.3.1. Professional Services
                     10.1.3.2. Testing Services
     10.2. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 - 2026
            10.2.1. Mining
            10.2.2. Oil & Gas
            10.2.3. Wind Power
            10.2.4. Electric Substation
            10.2.5. Smart Cities (Building Automation and Street Furniture)
     10.3. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Country, 2016 - 2026
            10.3.1. China
            10.3.2. Japan
            10.3.3. India
            10.3.4. Australia
            10.3.5. Rest of Asia Pacific

11. Middle East & Africa (MEA) Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast
     11.1. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 - 2026
            11.1.1. Hardware
                     11.1.1.1. Fiber Optic Cables
                     11.1.1.2. Fiber Optic Connectors
                     11.1.1.3. Fiber Optic Cable Assemblies
                     11.1.1.4. Hybrid Cables
                     11.1.1.5. Cabling Systems (Cable Dividers, Distributors, Junctions)
                     11.1.1.6. Enclosures/ Fiber Boxes
                     11.1.1.7. Manufacturing and Cleaning Tools
                     11.1.1.8. Wavelength Division Multiplexers
                     11.1.1.9. Transceivers
                     11.1.1.10. Switches
            11.1.2. Software
            11.1.3. Services
                     11.1.3.1. Professional Services
                     11.1.3.2. Testing Services
     11.2. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 - 2026
            11.2.1. Mining
            11.2.2. Oil & Gas
            11.2.3. Wind Power
            11.2.4. Electric Substation
            11.2.5. Smart Cities (Building Automation and Street Furniture)
     11.3. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Country, 2016 - 2026
            11.3.1. GCC Countries
            11.3.2. South Africa
            11.3.3. Rest of MEA

12. South America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast
     12.1. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 - 2026
            12.1.1. Hardware
                     12.1.1.1. Fiber Optic Cables
                     12.1.1.2. Fiber Optic Connectors
                     12.1.1.3. Fiber Optic Cable Assemblies
                     12.1.1.4. Hybrid Cables
                     12.1.1.5. Cabling Systems (Cable Dividers, Distributors, Junctions)
                     12.1.1.6. Enclosures/ Fiber Boxes
                     12.1.1.7. Manufacturing and Cleaning Tools
                     12.1.1.8. Wavelength Division Multiplexers
                     12.1.1.9. Transceivers
                     12.1.1.10. Switches
            12.1.2. Software
            12.1.3. Services
                     12.1.3.1. Professional Services
                     12.1.3.2. Testing Services
     12.2. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 - 2026
            12.2.1. Mining
            12.2.2. Oil & Gas
            12.2.3. Wind Power
            12.2.4. Electric Substation
            12.2.5. Smart Cities (Building Automation and Street Furniture)
     12.3. Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Country, 2016 - 2026
            12.3.1. Brazil
            12.3.2. Rest of South America

13. Competition Landscape
     13.1. Market Revenue Share Analysis (%), by Company (2017)
     13.2. Regional Presence (Intensity Map)

14. Company Profiles
     14.1. Adtell Integration
            14.1.1. Basic Overview
            14.1.2. Revenue
            14.1.3. Strategy
     14.2. Adtran, Inc.
            14.2.1. Basic Overview
            14.2.2. Revenue
            14.2.3. Strategy
     14.3. ADVA Optical Networking
            14.3.1. Basic Overview
            14.3.2. Revenue
            14.3.3. Strategy
     14.4. Broadcom
            14.4.1. Basic Overview
            14.4.2. Revenue
            14.4.3. Strategy
     14.5. Ciena Corporation
            14.5.1. Basic Overview
            14.5.2. Revenue
            14.5.3. Strategy
     14.6. Cisco Systems, Inc.
            14.6.1. Basic Overview
            14.6.2. Revenue
            14.6.3. Strategy
     14.7. Corning Incorporated
            14.7.1. Basic Overview
            14.7.2. Revenue
            14.7.3. Strategy
     14.8. Fiber Optic Services (FOS)
            14.8.1. Basic Overview
            14.8.2. Revenue
            14.8.3. Strategy
     14.9. Finisar Corporation
            14.9.1. Basic Overview
            14.9.2. Revenue
            14.9.3. Strategy
     14.10. Fujitsu Optical Components Ltd.
            14.10.1. Basic Overview
            14.10.2. Revenue
            14.10.3. Strategy
     14.11. Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
            14.11.1. Basic Overview
            14.11.2. Revenue
            14.11.3. Strategy
     14.12. Huawei Technologies Co.
            14.12.1. Basic Overview
            14.12.2. Revenue
            14.12.3. Strategy
     14.13. HUBER+SUHNER AG
            14.13.1. Basic Overview
            14.13.2. Revenue
            14.13.3. Strategy
     14.14. Infinera Corporation
            14.14.1. Basic Overview
            14.14.2. Revenue
            14.14.3. Strategy
     14.15. Lumentum Operations LLC
            14.15.1. Basic Overview
            14.15.2. Revenue
            14.15.3. Strategy
     14.16. OptiLayer GmbH
            14.16.1. Basic Overview
            14.16.2. Revenue
            14.16.3. Strategy
     14.17. Optiwave Systems, Inc.
            14.17.1. Basic Overview
            14.17.2. Revenue
            14.17.3. Strategy
     14.18. ZTE Corporation
            14.18.1. Basic Overview
            14.18.2. Revenue
            14.18.3. Strategy

15. Key Takeaways

List of Tables

Table No 1: Fiber Optic, Hardware Components, Average Price
Table No 2: Data Center Cabling Options
Table No 3: Overview of Data Center Cabling Types
Table No 4: Overview of Cable Properties
Table No 5: Available Standard Fiber Optic Cable Construction Types:
Table No 6: Indoor/Outdoor Cables Specifications
Table No 7: Connectorization Specifications
Table No 8: Housing Specifications
Table No 9: Connector Panels Specifications
Table No 10: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 – 2026
Table No 11: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, Hardware, 2016 – 2026
Table No 12: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Fiber Optic Cables, 2016 – 2026
Table No 13: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Fiber Optic Connectors, 2016 – 2026
Table No 14: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Fiber Optic Cable Assemblies, 2016 – 2026
Table No 15: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Hybrid Cables, 2016 – 2026
Table No 16: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Cabling Systems, 2016 – 2026
Table No 17: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Enclosures/ Fiber Boxes, 2016 – 2026
Table No 18: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Manufacturing and Cleaning Tools, 2016 – 2026
Table No 19: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Wavelength Division Multiplexers, 2016 – 2026
Table No 20: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Transceivers, 2016 – 2026
Table No 21: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Switches, 2016 – 2026
Table No 22: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Services, 2016 – 2026
Table No 23: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Professional Services, 2016 – 2026
Table No 24: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Professional Services, 2016 – 2026
Table No 25: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 – 2026
Table No 26: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Mining, 2016 – 2026
Table No 27: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Oil & Gas, 2016 – 2026
Table No 28: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Wind Power, 2016 – 2026
Table No 29: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Electric Substation, 2016 – 2026
Table No 30: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, Smart Cities,2016 – 2026
Table No 31: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Region, 2016 – 2026
Table No 32: North America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 – 2026
Table No 33: North America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, Hardware, 2016 – 2026
Table No 34: North America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Services, 2016 – 2026
Table No 35: North America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 – 2026
Table No 36: North America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Country, 2016 – 2026
Table No 37: Europe Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 – 2026
Table No 38: Europe Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, Hardware, 2016 – 2026
Table No 39: Europe Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Services, 2016 – 2026
Table No 40: Europe Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 – 2026
Table No 41: Europe Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Country, 2016 – 2026
Table No 42: Asia Pacific Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 – 2026
Table No 43: Asia Pacific Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, Hardware, 2016 – 2026
Table No 44: Asia Pacific Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Services, 2016 – 2026
Table No 45: Asia Pacific Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 – 2026
Table No 46: Asia Pacific Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Country, 2016 – 2026
Table No 47: Middle East & Africa Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 – 2026
Table No 48: Middle East & Africa Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, Hardware, 2016 – 2026
Table No 49: Middle East & Africa Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Services, 2016 – 2026
Table No 50: Middle East & Africa Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 – 2026
Table No 51: Middle East & Africa Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Country, 2016 – 2026
Table No 52: South America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, 2016 – 2026
Table No 53: South America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Component, Hardware, 2016 – 2026
Table No 54: South America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Services, 2016 – 2026
Table No 55: South America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Industry, 2016 – 2026
Table No 56: South America Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Size (US$ Mn) Forecast, by Country, 2016 – 2026

List of Figures

Figure No 1a: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market
Figure No 1b: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Component
Figure No 2: Executive Summary - Regional Snapshot
Figure No 3: Executive Summary - Market Dynamics Snapshot
Figure No 4: Executive Summary - Segment Snapshot
Figure No 5: Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
Figure No 6: Value Chain Analysis
Figure No 7: Impact Analysis of Drivers & Restraints
Figure No 8: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, 2016 – 2026
Figure No 9: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Opportunity Assessment, 2016 – 2026
Figure No 10: Price Trend Analysis (trend forecast), 2016-2026
Figure No 11: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Attractiveness Analysis, by Component (2018)
Figure No 12: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Attractiveness Analysis, by End Use Industry (2018)
Figure No 14: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Value Share (Value %), by Industry, 2018
Figure No 13: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Value Share (Value %), by Component, Hardware, 2018
Figure No 15: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Value Share (Value %), by Geography, 2018
Figure No 16: Key Findings - Component
Figure No 18: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Component (2018)
Figure No 19: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Component (2026)
Figure No 20: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Component, Hardware
Figure No 21: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Component, Software
Figure No 22: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Component, Services
Figure No 23: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Component, Hardware (2018)
Figure No 24: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Component, Hardware (2026)
Figure No 25: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Component, Services (2018)
Figure No 26: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Component, Services (2026)
Figure No 27: Key Findings Industry
Figure No 29: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Industry (2018)
Figure No 30: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Industry (2026)
Figure No 31: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Industry, Mining
Figure No 32: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Industry, Oil & Gas
Figure No 33: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Industry, Wind Power
Figure No 34: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Industry, Electric Substation
Figure No 35: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Industry, Smart Cities
Figure No 36: Key Findings - Region
Figure No 38: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Region (2018)
Figure No 39: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis and Forecast, by Region (2026)
Figure No 40: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Region, North America
Figure No 41: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Region, Europe
Figure No 42: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Region, Asia Pacific
Figure No 43: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Region, MEA
Figure No 44: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market, by Region, South America
Figure No 45: Global Fiber Optic Connectivity Market Analysis, by Company (2017)
Figure No 46: Regional Presence (Intensity Map)

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