Automotive relay connectors are found in all vehicles, which includes cars, trucks, trailers, and buses. Relay connectors ensure low amperage circuits to power high amperage circuits. Relays enable the switching of multiple things through a single output. For example, switching on and off the car headlamps or the radio in a vehicle. Most automotive relays are single pole double throw (SPDT) or single pole single throw. These relays consume very less current, which is as low as 200 milliamps. In addition, such relays have either normally open contacts or normally closed contacts, operating under a control circuit and handling up to 30 or 40 amps of power. The control circuit has a coil and a load circuit, which has a switch. When power is applied to the coil, a magnetic field is formed, which either closes or opens the switch.
Relays, which can handle high power in controlling electric motors and other loads are called contractors. Solid state relays use semiconductor devices to perform switching instead of controlling power circuits with moving parts. Relays with multiple operating coils and calibrated operating features are used for the protection of electrical circuits from faults and overloads. In advanced electrical power systems, such functions are carried out by digital instruments known as protective relays. Magnetic latching relays use a single pulse of power to move its contacts in one direction and a redirected pulse to move it back. Repetition of pulses from the same input tends to have no effects. Magnetic latching relays find vast application in uninterrupted power source applications, where transitioning the contacts is not required.
The major driving factor for the global automotive relay connectors market is the mandatory government regulations ensuring proper safety and security in automobiles where the usage of relay connectors is meant for safety and security in vehicles. In addition, growth in the automotive sector coupled with increasing production of vehicles across the globe, high disposable income of automobile consumers, and rising investments in automotive relay connector companies is set to bolster the growth of the automotive relay connectors market globally. Moreover, high penetration of automotive relay connector manufacturers in emerging markets of Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa, and Latin America is another vital reason propelling growth of this market. However, high research and development cost associated with the development of advanced and efficient relay connectors is set to inhibit the market in the short-term.
The automotive relay connectors market can be classified by relay type, by application type, and by vehicle type. The relay type segment can be classified as plug-in relay and PCB relay. By application type, the market can be segregated as safety and security, driver information, body and chassis, powertrain, and others. The vehicle type segment can be classified into passenger vehicles, heavy commercial vehicles, and light commercial vehicles.
In the automotive relay connectors market, Asia Pacific holds the key market share in terms of revenue followed by North America, Europe, Latin America, and Middle East and Africa (MEA).In the Asia Pacific region, countries such as China and India have been witnessing heavy demand and production of passenger vehicles. This in turn is motivating the growth of the automotive relay connectors market in the region. The market in North America and Europe tends to be a bit saturated but the market is expected to remain stable during the forecast period. By the end of the forecast period, Middle East and Africa, and Latin America are expected to show significant growth, considering the growth in the automotive sector and rising demand for passenger and commercial vehicles in the regions.
The key players in the automotive relay connectors market include ABB Ltd., Daesung Group, American Zettler Inc., Deltrol Controls, Eaton, Denso, Nippon-Aleph, Fujitsu, NEC Corporation, Omron, Panasonic, TE Connectivity, and Salzer Electronics Ltd. among others.
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