Calcium Lignosulfonate Market: Overview
Lignosulfonates are one of the abundantly available wood chemicals. These are commonly obtained as by-products during the sulfite processing of wood pulp. Lignosulfonates are primarily anionic polyelectrolytes that are easily soluble in water. These are natural anionic surfactants with high molecular weight, and are primarily used in the ceramics, construction, chemicals, oil & gas, and animal feed additives industries.
Lignosulfonates are of various types, such as calcium lignosulfonate, sodium lignosulfonate, magnesium lignosulfonate, and ammonium lignosulfonate. Calcium lignosulfonate is an amorphous light-yellow-brown powder obtained from the sulfite pulping of softwood. It is soluble in water, however, practically insoluble in organic solvents.
Sodium and calcium salts are the commercially available types of lignosulfonates. Calcium lignosulfonate exhibits properties such as dispersing, binding, complexing, and emulsifying, that enable its usage as an additive in applications such as concrete admixture, animal feed, dust suppressant, agriculture chemicals, and oil well drilling muds, among others.
Calcium Lignosulfonate Market: Trends and Segmentation
Calcium lignosulfonate is employed in oil well drilling muds as reagents to control various parameters of drilling fluids. It is primarily used to control the viscosity of drilling mud and to facilitate oil recovery.
Calcium lignosulfonate is also used in the food industry as a carrier for the production of encapsulated fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K), carotenoids (e.g. β-carotene, β-apo-8’-carotenal, zeaxanthin, canthaxanthin, lutein, and lycopene), and other functional ingredients to facilitate their introduction to water-based foods.
Concrete admixtures and animal feed are the two key applications of calcium lignosulfonate. Calcium lignosulfonate plays the important role of water-reducing chemical in concrete admixtures. It typically possesses the capacity to reduce water by 8% to 12% in the form of plasticizer, and up to 25% in the modified form (superplasticizer grade). Calcium lignosulfonate is used as pellet binder in animal feed.
Calcium lignosulfonate, owing to its property as a binder, is employed in applications such as animal feed, paints & pigments, dust control, and in the food industry. The oil & gas industry uses calcium lignosulfonate as a dispersant.
Based on application, the market for calcium lignosulfonate can be segmented into concrete admixture, animal feed, dust control, oil well additives, agrichemicals, and others.
The key players in the calcium lignosulfonate market are backward integrated, which strengthens their dominance. However, companies are facing steep competition from the substitutes available in the overall lignosulfonates market. This is anticipated to affect the global dynamics of the calcium lignosulfonate market in the next few years.
Calcium Lignosulfonate Market: Region-wise Outlook
Demand for calcium lignosulfonate is primarily observed in Europe. Countries such as Germany, Poland, the Netherlands, Sweden, Spain and the U.K. are the key importers of calcium lignosulfonate. Both production and consumption of calcium lignosulfonate in Europe are high, with countries in the region trading it among themselves, as well as exporting it to other regions.
In the global market, countries such as South Africa, Russia, Germany, Sweden, the U.S., Canada, and China are some of the key exporters of calcium lignosulfonate. Companies such Borregaard LignoTech, Tembec Inc., Burgo Group S.p.A., and Sappi operate their production facilities in these countries.
The overall consumption of calcium lignosulfonate in Middle East & Africa is lower as compared to its production in the region (the top producer being South Africa). Demand for calcium lignosulfonate in the region is fulfilled with the help of regional trade as well as through imports to a certain extent.
China is the leader in terms of production and consumption of calcium lignosulfonate in Asia Pacific. Demand in Asia Pacific is estimated to arise from countries such as India, China, South Korea, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Indonesia.
Calcium Lignosulfonate Market: Key Players
Key players operating in the calcium lignosulfonate market include Borregaard LignoTech, Tembec Inc., Nippon Paper Industries Co. Ltd., Burgo Group S.p.A., Domsjö Fabriker AB, Sappi, Green Agrochem, and Shenyang Xingzhenghe Chemical Co. Ltd.
Key players operating in the cadmium selenide market includes American Elements, Plasmaterials, Eksma Optics, Europe, Strem Chemical, and Leshan Kaiya Photoelectric Technology.
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