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Active-matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) is a growing technology currently used in televisions and mobile devices. AMOLED is a particular type of display technology with a thin flexible film. Organic compounds combine to form electroluminescent material in this display technology, which is used underneath the addressing of pixels.

 

Surface-conduction electron-emitter display commonly known as SED is a technology which is used while making different flat display panel such as electronic visual displays. SED’s make use of electron emitters with a nanoscopic-scale to boost colored crystals of phosphors and to develop an image. SED consists of small cathode ray tubes (CRT’s) and each CRT is used to develop a sub-pixel on the display screen and then it is assembled in a group of three to make RGB pixels.

 

Also known as ground source heat pump (GSHP), geothermal heat pumps are devices that can transfer heat to and from the ground for heating or cooling purposes. Though first used in the 1940’s the technology was not commercially available to us until recently. 

 

The use of gas turbines for generating electricity is a technology dating back many years. These turbines are a kind of internal combustion (IC) engine where an air fuel mixture is burnt to generate hot gases. The hot gases are then used to rotate this turbine and in turn generate electricity. Such turbines are able to combust a large variety of fuels like natural gas, fuel oil and other synthetic oils. 

 

Floating production systems are used to carry out drilling and exploration activities in oil and gas offshore fields. The design of floating production systems depends on drilling conditions and economic viability. Floating production systems are of various sizes and shapes, ranging from cylindrical spar shape, to that of a ship shape.

 

Biodiesel is a clean burning fuel made from readily available renewable resources. It is a domestic, sustainable, diesel fuel replacement that meets strict quality standards. Biodiesel contains no petroleum and can be mixed at any level with petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel mix. As a renewable energy, biodiesel is receiving increasing attention because of the relevance it gains from the rising petroleum prices and its environmental advantages. 

 

Polypropylene is a thermoplastic polymer which can be readily formed by catalytic polymerization of propylene. In foam form it is used for various applications such as packaging, automobile, construction, electrical and electronics, and medical industries. The polypropylene foam has witnessed an enormous growth in the past few decades and this trend is expected grow over the next few years. 

 

Superplasticizers are the polymers used as dispersants to improve the flow efficiency of the suspensions by reducing the aggregation of the particles. These are mostly used as admixtures to concretes which improves the strength of the concrete in its’ applications. 

 

Piezoelectricity is a reversible property possessed by materials that do not have center of symmetry. When dimensional change is imposed on the dielectric, a voltage is created which is known as direct effect. In addition, the application of an electric field to a dielectric results in a dimensional change which is called inverse effect. 

 

Super absorbent Polymers (SAPs) are usually cross-linked acrylic homo-polymers. SAPs can absorb and retain large amounts of liquids compared to their own mass. SAPs find major applications in personal disposable hygiene market. SAPs are mainly used in baby diapers, sanitary napkins and adult protective underwear.

 

Neuroprotective products are medications that are used to protect or preserve the neuronal structure of the brain from degeneration and injury. These products are extensively used as treatment option for many central nervous system complications such as stroke, neurodegenerative diseases, spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury.

 

Tire cord and tire fabrics are used as reinforcement for various types of tires which include passenger car tire, light and heavy vehicle tire and off the road tires among others. This kind of reinforcement is used to increase the strength and durability of the tires. Tire cord and tire fabrics include nylon & dipped fabric, polyester cord fabric, rayon, polyethylene and aramid among others. 

 

Nerve repair and regeneration, a subfield of neural tissue engineering often refers to the repair or regrowth of nervous tissues, cells or cellular products. The mechanism involved in nerve repair and regeneration includes generation of new glial cells, neurons, myelin, axons and synapses. The nervous system is classified under two broad divisions, namely, the central and peripheral nervous system.

 

Men’s health therapeutics are used for males to treat and correct the diseases and disorders specific to androgens. Such therapeutics have garnered attention in recent times because of the health problems as a result of changes in hormones level.A rise in average age of men is observed globally which further results into increase in number of males with declined testosterone levels.

 

Meningitis diagnostic testing includes the laboratory tests and imaging studies used to detect the presence of meningitis. Meningitis is a medical condition involving inflammation of the meninges which may be caused by several factors such as bacterial or viral infection.In rare cases, it may be caused due tothe use of certain drugs such as amoxicillin, azathioprine and methotrexate.

 

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by plasmodium parasites that is transmitted from female anopheles mosquito.WHO stated that, malaria is one of the top public health challenge,globally. There are four species of malarial parasite that cause the disease namely,plasmodium vivax, plasmodium malariae, plasmodium ovale, and plasmodium falciparum.

 

Makeup also known as color cosmetics which is used to enhance the appearance of human features, generally includes, eye, face, lip and nails. The demand for color makeup is influenced by new fashion trends in technology involved to make it more attractive and funky.

 

Transient or dissolvable electronics is a under research field wherein the semiconductor, electronic devices or gadgets can dissolve or disappear after use or under a pre-defined condition. This eco-friendly technology is expected to bring a revolutionary change in electronic recycling sector. 

 

Wireless mesh networks utilize mesh topology for organizing the radio nodes. A typical architecture may include routers, mesh clients and gateways. This networking architecture reduces cumbersome radio frequency (RF) planning and costly cable backhaul making network deployments such as enterprise WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) simpler, faster and cost efficient. 

 

Organ transplant immunosuppressants are a class of drugsadministered to lower the chances of organ rejection after a transplant and are also called as anti-rejection drugs. When a person gets an organ transplant such as kidney, liver or heart, the body identifies transplant as a foreign tissue and attacks it causing severe rejection. These immunosuppressant drugs weaken the immune system thereby decreasing the body’s reaction totransplant. 

 

Parenteral formulations are sterile liquid or solid dosages (powder) packaged in either single or multi dose containers. Intended for administration by injection or infusion, parenteral preparations provide maximum bioavailability and efficacy than the oral dosage forms. Largely, parenteral preparations are classified based on their volume into small and large volume parenteral formulations.

 

The life science is a field of science thatdeals with the study of living organisms such as human being, microorganism and animals. It includes wide range of areas of study for example biology, anatomy, health sciences, medical sciences or medicine. The software used in life science enables users to increase efficacy and reduce the cost of deploying valuable IT infrastructure.

 

Wi-Fi technology is crucial for various systems such as Machine to Machine (M2M), Hot Spots, Outdoor Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi on the Go and In-Flight Wi-Fi. Outdoor Wi-Fi market is expected to grow at a substantial growth rate throughout the forecast period. Outdoor W-Fi technology is emerging across various verticals such as healthcare, education, public sector and travel and hospitality among others. 

 

Automation in oil and gas industry refers to the use of control systems for accomplishment of tasks with less human intervention as safety and efficiency are prime concerns of the market. , As continuous technological advancements are evoking over past few years, oil and gas industry is projected as fastest growing process application market. 

 

The global video surveillance market and video analytics market have changed a lot over the years. The need for intelligent security systems, rising criminal activities, and dwelling infrastructure has driven the demand for intelligent security systems. Surveillance systems provide the remote monitoring advantage over the physical security, resulting in wide development of technology across the world.

 

Near field communication is a technology for smartphones and other digital devices to establish communication with each other by touching them together or holding into each other’s proximity area. All the new smartphones and tablets are now a days equipped with NFC technology. Currently, NFC is applicable in contactless transaction and data transfer with simplified setup of complex communication such as Wi-Fi. 

 

Flexible AC Transmission (FACT) Equipment market has seen swift growth in recent years. The swift growth is attributed to growing desire to effectively address transmission loss, voltage fluctuation and several other problems associated with the electricity transmission. The technical advances in Flexible AC equipments; including network reliability, reduced failure rate, and low maintenance cost have made them superior to fixed compensation equipments. 

 

Protein chip or protein array is a high throughput technique to detect protein, investigate protein function and interact and monitor their expression level. Protein array is utilized as a popular technology in basic research and biotechnology enterprises. The principle of protein array involves utilization of proteins on a surface that includes glass, membranes, microtiterwells, mass spectrometer plates and beads.

 

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is developed after an individual goes through a traumatic event such as serious injury, road accident, or sexual assault. The disorder is common in military soldiers who have very high chances of traumatic events due to stress of combat. Other contributing factors include history of drug abuse, mental illness, depression, and high stress in daily life.

 

Photomedicine is a branch of medicine that involves the application of light and photobiology for the treatment and diagnosis of diseases and complications related with health. Photomedicine consists of exposure to lights with specific wavelengths using lasers, polychromatic polarized light, full-spectrum light, dichroic lamps, light-emitting diodes and fluorescent lamps. 

 

Pharmaceutical formulations containing proteins and peptides are usually administered via intravenous or subcutaneous route of administration, because instability and sensitivity towards body fluids. However, owing to rising R&D activities and technological advancements, the researchers have successfully developed protein formulations that are orally administered with no change in therapeutic activity and pharmacokinetic aspects.

 

Energy conservation is reduction in amount of energy consumed, whereas energy efficiency is using less energy for any constant service. Both are energy reduction techniques. Energy conservation results in increased environmental quality, personal financing security and national security. The Energy efficiency markets distributes goods and services which reduces energy used to fuel our economies. 

 

Films play a significant role in packaging industry. Polymers such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyester and EVOH are usually used as film materials in the packaging industry. Films are usually manufactured by extrusion process and are  in various forms depending upon their end use. Cast films, blown films, shrink films, oriented films and co-extruded films are some of the most important variations of films. 

 

Coal is a global resource, its demand and price fluctuates frequently. In upcoming years the demand of coking coal will increase because of the requirement of developing countries for production of steel. The aim of coal mining is to extract coal from the ground. Mining of different types of coal takes place either underground or in surface pits. Most of the coal mines consist of bituminous, anthracite or lignite type of coal. 

 

Digital oil field technology is the use of automation, instrumentation and IT technologies together in order to improve our existing oil and gas industry technologies. This integration with the help of software makes the analysis much easier and faster. This technology helps in efficient data management, production process optimization, provide more realistic images of the reservoir.

 

Artificial lift refers to the mechanical devices that are used to increase the oil recovery when the natural drive is not sufficient to lift the oil. It is the means of overcoming bottom hole pressure so that the well can produce at some desirable rate. Artificial lifts have become an important part of the production process. The use of modern technologies like horizontal drilling promotes the use of artificial lift.

 

Surface and fire protection coatings are particularly industrial coatings which include a wide range of substrate solutions for the purpose of protection from fire or corrosion. Materials such as moisture-cure-urethane, epoxy and polyurethane are some of the commonly used polymers utilized in manufacturing these coatings.

 

Alpha olefins are organic compounds comprising of alkenes or olefins, which are commonly manufactured by the oligomerization of ethylene. These compounds offer a range of industrially important products such as 1-decene, 1-octene, 1-hexene, and 1-butene, 1-dodecene, 1-tetradecene, 1-hexadecene & 1-octadecene.

 

Concrete floors represent a major investment for any industry. In spite of this, it is the most neglected part of the structure. Apart from the mechanical wear and tear, spillages of numerous kinds of chemicals also occur, deteriorating the concrete and reinforcement surface. Moreover, the occurrence of cracks and surface porosity allows oils to soak in, resulting in unpleasant patches.

 

Metal injection molding (MIM) and ceramic injection molding (CIM) are advanced net shape processing technologies used for the manufacture of complex, high-volume components. Together, these molding technologies are known as powder injection molding (PIM). The technology is gaining importance as new components are being designed that require high mechanical strength while being small in size. 

 

Roofing and insulation has many advantages such as exhibiting excellent barrier properties for the direct radiant heat from the sun, preserving energy and for achieving more comfort at less cost. Roofing and insulations have several benefits which ultimately help to lower the total energy consumption cost and provide greater comfort level along with the reduced use of HVAC equipment requirements.

 

Fiberglass, which is also known as glass reinforced plastics, is manufactured by reinforcing the plastic matrix using fine fibers of glass. Fiberglass being light weight, robust material and extremely strong are used extensively for manufacturing a wide range of products. The raw material required to manufacture fiber glass is easily available at low cost, thus, making it favorable than carbon fibers for various applications.

 

Powder Metallurgy (PM) is a method of mixing fine powdered metals or alloy materials and compressing them into a desired form or shape and then heating it in a controlled environment to bond the compressed material. The process generally involves four steps, viz., powder manufacturing, blending, compacting and sintering. 

 

Biosensors are the devices used for the detection of analyte and combines physiological detector with biological components. There are certain types of biosensors that include resonant mirror, electrochemical, surface plasmon resonance and light addressable potentiometric.The biosensors market is expected to witness the growth owning to wide range of applications in cardiac monitoring, diabetes monitoring, agriculture, drug recovery, environmental practices and others. 

 

Hemophilia is a genetic disorder where the body fails to coagulate blood when blood vessel is ruptured. Between itsvariants, hemophilia A is more common than hemophilia B. A very rare form of hemophilia namely acquired hemophilia results from abnormalities in immune system of an individual. Acquired hemophilia is not a genetic disorder.

 

Human Papillomaviruses (HPV) are members of papillomaviridae family a group of more than 150 related viruses. These are specifically known as papillomaviruses because of some of its types give rise to a wart or papilloma which are benign growths. Some of them are also associated with certain cancers and known as carcinogenic HPVs. More than 40 types of HPV viruses are easily transferred from one person to another by sexual contact anal and oral.

 

Increasing population over last few years has been raising questions related to energy shortage and severe environmental problems. The process has begun to tackle these issues. With this growing concern, companies are going for green solution for their processes and technologies. Companies are trying to reduce Carbon Dioxide emission in energy efficient motors and providing the healthier environment.

 

Network management is a broad subject of managing a computer network. Network management is a combination of software’s and hardware’s which allows to monitor the computer network. Network management contributes in identifying the devices present in a network, monitoring the performance of a device and tracking the performance indicators such as packet loss, latency, bandwidth utilization including others. Network management covers security, reliability and performance of any network.

 

Connected Living Room is a concept where technological related devices are used to provide information and entertainment together to the user. Connected Living Room enables a user to share the videos, music and images with consumer devices such as Set-top boxes, Television sets, personal computers. The Connected Living Room market across the globe is expected to show a substantial growth with a single digit increase in CAGR by the year 2019.

 

Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) is a power semiconductor device and majorly finds application in switch, pulse modulation and phase control among others. This device competes with other power semiconductor devices including power MOSFETs, Silicon-Carbide (SiC), Gallium-Nitride (GaN). IGBT has been gaining demand owing to lower switching losses and higher reliability, which highlights features including higher efficiency and better thermal performance.

 

Electronic paper technology is mainly used for the development and ease of e-book readers. This market has grown in recent years with successful advancement in E-paper display devices. Benefits offered by E-paper technology include lower power consumption in addition with sunlight readability. This results in an enhanced performance. E-paper display technology is capable to compete with the established and mature display technologies such as LCD.

 

Histones are the major protein constituents of eukaryotic nucleus. Histone methyltransferases catalyzes the transfer of methyl group to lysine and arginine residues of the histone protein. It catalyzes the reaction with the help of SN-2 mechanism where transfer of methyl group from S Adenosyl Methionine to amino group of target lysine takes place.

 

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)is a blood product administered intravenously. These are mainly used for the treatment of immune deficiencies, autoimmune diseases and acute infections. IVIG is given as a plasma protein replacement therapy for immune deficient patients (i.e. patients have decreased or abolished antibody productions). Intravenous immunoglobulin is administered to maintain sufficient antibody levels of a patient in order to prevent infections or to enhance immunity.

 

OMS is a tool for identifying and improving the efficiency of restoration and communication with customers. OMS integrates with systems such as Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System (SCADA), Distribution Automation (DA) System, Automatic Meter Reading (AMR), Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), Customer Information System (CIS), Interactive Voice Response System (IVR) and Geographic Information System (GIS) for outage management. 

 

Natural antioxidants are mostly found in fresh food. They have the ability to remove harmful/toxic substances from body. They are chemically free radicals and stable in their own way and hence do not give away electrons. Antioxidants convert harmful toxins into harmless products which are excreted from body as waste products. 

 

Histone deacetylase (HDAC) are enzymes which remove acetyl groups from an N-acetyl lysine amino acid present on a histone, thus wrapping the DNA tightly by the histones. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) are compounds which interfere with this function of histone deacetylase. HDIs display promising potential in oncology for applications such as diagnosis, cancer detection and prognosis.

 

Cell separation technologies include devices and technologies that provide high yields of pure, viable and functional cell isolates. The principles of cell separation have not increased over the years but primarily include magnetic separation to a very large extent today. The market for cell separation technologies is driven primarily by increasing demand from research, considering the rise of cell therapy in recent years. 

 

The completion of human genome project resulted in discovery of several human disease causing genes. This discovery has further led to the evolution of DNA diagnostic platforms and resulted in the transformation of DNA diagnostics platforms from a research based activity into a major professional or commercial activity. 

 

Cardiovascular diseases are leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Biomarkers are generally used as an indicator forparticular diseases such as rheumatic and congenital heart diseases and cardiac arrhythmia. Cardiac biomarkers are measurable and quantifiable biological parameters. These are specifically used to check the presence or severity of cardiovascular diseases.

 

Generic drugs are drugs that are not associated with any company or a brand name and are subject to regulation of countries where they are dispensed. According to US FDA generic medicines are drugs that are identical or within an acceptable bioequivalent range with respect to pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics properties of branded drugs. 

 

A hospital asset management solution helps in managing and maintaining the various equipments located throughout the hospital campus by a set of automation and optimization processes. Based on technology, the hospital asset management market can be segmented into four categories, namely, radio-frequency identification (RFID), Wi-Fi based real-time location systems (RTLS), ultrasound and infrared.

 

Nuclear reactors are used to produce electricity across the world. The heat produced by controlled fission chain reaction in nuclear reactors is used to create steam pressure. This steam pressure is used to drive a power- generating turbine. Currently nuclear reactors are used to produce approximately 19% of the world’s total electricity production.

 

Mica is a shiny silicate mineral material having a layered structure. It occurs in the form of infinitesimal in rocks, granite or as crystals. The most salient characteristic of mica is that it has close basal cleavage. This property can be explained by its atomic arrangement in hexagonal sheet form. Mica is extensively distributed and occurs in metamorphic, sedimentary, igneous and regimes. 

 

Gas pooling is a mechanism through which gas produced from domestic fields is pooled with Liquefied natural gas (LNG) in order to make gas affordable to anchor customers such as power and fertilizer sector. Over the past decade, India’s energy consumption has increased at a rapid rate. This has been primarily due to the growing economy and rising population. 

 

Food Flavors is a substance that is used to give food flavors thus altering the characteristics of the solute. It gives food sweet, tangy, sour, bitter, salty or pungent taste. Flavorings  (also called as Flavorants) is usually used to give flavor to natural food products such as vegetables or meat. It also creates flavor for food that do not possess desired flavors or has undesirable taste such as snacks and candies. 

 

Cubic boron nitride (CBN) is the chemical compound present in crystalline forms. CBN films exhibit certain properties such as high thermal conductivity, electrical resistance and low thermal expansion. CBN is being increasingly used as a substitute for diamonds as it is the second hardest compound. This has resulted in its use as an abrasive in machining and cutting applications.

 

Bamboo composites are made from the natural fibers of bamboos. Bamboo composites are biodegradable, hence has advantage over the plastic composites as a green product. Use of bamboo composites in the wind turbines offers advantages over the plastic composites such as lost cost, light weight, biodegradable and reusable.  

 

Smart textiles are fabrics that have electronic and digital components embedded in them. There is a seamless integration of textiles with electronic elements such as sensors, actuators and micro-controllers. Smart textiles can be classified into two categories viz., passive smart textiles and active smart textiles. Passive smart textiles include textiles which provide additional features irrespective of the change in environment.

 

Composites are the materials in which a homogeneous ‘matrix’ component is ‘reinforced’ by a stiffer and stronger element that is generally fibrous but may have a particulate or other shape. Fiber Reinforced Composites (FRC) consist of three parts, viz., fibers as dispersed phase; matrix as continuous and interphase region as interface. Fiber reinforced polymer (FRPs) are the most common form of FRCs wherein the matrix is a polymer. 

 

Commercial roofing represents a wide range of roofing solutions used in the exterior part of a structure or a building. These roofing solutions are made from a variety of materials such as asphalt, rubber, asbestos, stone slabs and wood. Different roofing products such as asphalt shingle, rubber shingle and wood shingles are manufactured which are used in certain commercial applications such as hotels, offices, malls and medical centers. 

 

Residential roofing comprises of installing roofs, sidings and drainage systems for roofs. On the basis of end use, residential roofing can be segmented as reroofing and new construction roofing. Historically, reroofing dominated the global residential roofing market and the trend is expected to continue. However, rising residential and commercial construction activities, particularly in Asia Pacific, is expected to drive the new construction roofing segment of the market.

 

Facial recognition technology as a biometric security measure has gained significant traction in recent years driven by growth in security measures around the globe which itself is propelled by rise in incidents of crime and terrorism. The components of facial recognition market include hardware, software and services. Software utilized in this industry include modeling, database, and analytic software.

 

Nanodevices have been introduced via use of nanotechnology and they have been of significant aid for the healthcare applications. The Nanodevices can be defined to be in the size ranging within the dimensions of 100 nm in size. Growing importance of diagnostics and demand for early detection with quick turnaround time has triggered the growth of their application in medical and diagnostic devices.

 

Bioactive materials react with body tissue for adherence and are used with the purpose of tissue repair and remodeling. Bioactive materials are used in dental care, medical care, pharmaceuticals, cosmeticsand antibacterial products. Bioactive materials bind with tissue through various types of attachment namely, mechanical interlocks, biological fixation, bioactive fixation and replacement with tissues. 

 

Anti-inflammatory therapeutics are mostly used to reduce inflammation. These drugs are types of analgesics that are used for reducing pain.Primarily, these therapeutics are used in disease conditions such as respiratory diseases, arthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases and multiple sclerosis. Anti-inflammatory therapeutics alleviate pain by counteracting the enzyme cyclooxygenase enzyme.

 

The ambulance service industry includes private and municipal operators who respond to medical emergency calls by providing transportation facility to the patients either by road, water or air. The services are not restricted only to en-route patients to a hospital, but also provide emergency medical care in the process. Ambulances are equipped with lifesaving equipment to provide emergency medical aid to the patient until reaching the hospital. 

 

In sweets, chocolates are considered to be the most favorite treat for everyone. Chocolate can be defined as a processed sweetened food, having a major content of cocoa. It includes various types; such as with maximum cocoa content, is the dark chocolate, milk chocolates has the major content of milk and other different flavor. 

 

Displacement sensors measure the distance an object moves and they can also be used to measure object height and width. There are two types of displacement sensors namely contact types which utilize a differential transformer, dial gage, etc. and non-contact types which utilize a laser beam, magnetic field, ultra-sonic wave, etc. Proximity sensors are switches or sensing devices which can detect a nearby, specific object without actual contact.

 

Telecom endpoint security is a method for network protection that involves all the computing equipment on a network to adhere with certain standards before the permission of network access is allowed. Endpoints in such a case includes smart phones, laptops, PCs, tablets, remote devices, point of sale(POS) terminals and specialized devices such as bar code readers.

 

Chocolates are the processed sweetened food consumed worldwide. It includes various types, such as dark chocolate, milk chocolates among others according the usage of different ingredients in different quantities. In Asia Pacific, the demand for chocolate is projected to increase significantly with the increase in disposable income and increasing population. 

 

Hip replacement is a medical procedure in which the joint of the hip is surgically replaced by an implant that include devices used to restore mobility and offer relieve from pain that are usually associated with hip diseases, arthritis and hip injuries. The design features of each hip replacement implants that include dimensions, size and material makes each implants unique and distinctive. 

 

Hemophilia is a group of hereditary genetic disorders that affects the body’s ability to control blood coagulation. The bleeding can be internal or external, especially in the ankles, knees and elbows. The two most common type of hemophilia are hemophilia A and hemophilia B, while another type which is the rarest hemophilia known as acquired hemophilia is not an inherited condition but is caused by immune system acting against the clotting factors present in blood.

 

C-reactive protein (CRP) is an immunoprotein synthesized in liver, and plays an important role in the activation of the complement system. CRP is expressed in very low levels under normal conditions, but increases 1,000 fold within 24 hours of infection or tissue damage. Main causes of increased CRP levels include trauma, infection, inflammatory arthritis, and certain types of cancers.

 

Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) concentrates a large amount of sunlight by means of mirrors and lenses. This technology is basically utilized to achieve maximum utilization of incident solar power. CSP is one of the most sustainable and promising renewable energies. It improves performance of a solar system as well as provides competitive energy prices.

 

A drill bit is a cutting device that is attached at the end of a drill string. It is used to create cylindrical holes majorly of circular cross section. Drill bit is hollow and has jets to allow for the expulsion of the drilling fluid. They are manufactured using various materials, with steel and tungsten carbide being the common material used.

 

Biomass is a resource for renewable energy. It is derived from principal resources such as forestry, biogenic waste and agricultural products. Energy is created from biomass or by converting it into products such as other bio fuels. The electricity can be generated by direct combustion or by converting biomass into fiber or industrial chemical.

 

Lightweight materials and designs have been a crucial element for product designs across several industries which mostly include aviation and automotive industry. Moreover, global trends towards CO2 reduction and resource efficiency have gradually led to an increased demand for light weight materials in the market to manufacture lightweight and fuel efficient vehicles.

 

Magnetic materials are materials that either naturally possess magnetic properties or can be induced artificially with magnetic properties. Magnetic properties can be permanent or temporarily induced as per the end use. On the basis of product type, magnetic materials can be segmented in to five major categories namely neodymium (NdFeB) magnet, samarium-cobalt (SmCo) magnet, ferrite, alnico magnet and others.

 

Advanced polymer composites (APCs) are high performance materials which are manufactured from continuous fibers using various processes such as resin infusion, pultrusion and filament winding. The fibers used in production of APCs are aramid, carbon fibers, S2-glass and E-glass. In addition to these fibers, four types of resins are used as a matrix in quantity; epoxy, vinylester, phenolic and polyester. 

 

Advanced structural carbon products are materials which are manufactured from different allotropes of carbon such as amorphous carbon and graphite. Certain products such as carbon-reinforced carbon composites, monolithic structural graphite, carbon fibers, and carbon foams are produced in the industry. These products are used in an extensive range of applications such as industrial, automotives, aerospace & defense, and energy. 

 

Portland cement is a cementitious building material which is a mixture of clay and limestone. The most common use of this cement is the production of concrete. Portland cement is widely used in construction industry due to its excellent strength, dimensional stability, abrasion resistance, durability and low cost.

 

Hemostat is a surgical tool used to control bleeding during surgery. Hemostats are applied by the means of tissue sealants and tissue adhesion agents. Tissue sealants and adhesives are mainly classified into two types namely, physical agents and biological substrates. Tissue sealants, tissue adhesives and adhesion prevention products are rapidly replacing conventional sutures for wound and incision closure. 

 

Macular degenerationtherapeutics are used to treat age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a chronic eye disease mostly observed in patient above the age of 50 years.AMD is more prevalent in developed nations and accounts for 8.7 percent of blindness in the world. AMD involves damage to macular areas which impairs the vision of an individual in the center of the retina.

 

One of the biggest challenge that pharmaceutical industries are facing is transportation of time dependent and temperature sensitive drugs to various countries due to variation in geographic conditions and lack of adequate infrastructure.  Cold Chain Logistics is the temperature controlled storage and distribution of pharmaceutical products, blood plasma products, tissues and chemicals within the country or across the globe to ensure a proper shelf life with the help of compressor technology.

 

Gastroesophageal (GE)junction carcinoma is a type of cancer thatdevelops between the esophagus and the tube that connects the stomach with the mouth. This type of cancer begins when carcinogens such as, alkylating agents or chemical particles enter in the esophagus or stomach. 

 

Titration is a laboratory method for determining and analyzing chemical composition of any substance, product, liquid or solutions by the use of automatic or manual titrators. The products / instrumentsare widely utilized in the research, quality control of drugs, excipients and other chemicals, chemical analysis, moisture analysis, across multitude of laboratories and industries across the globe. 

 

Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a form of hemoglobin that helps to measure and identify the average plasma glucose concentration over the medium term of approximately 3 months (life-span of an average red blood cell). When hemoglobin gets exposed to plasma glucose HbA1c is formed through a non-enzymatic glycation pathway. Glycated hemoglobin build-up is observed within the red blood cell and reflects the average level of glucose to which the cell has been exposed during its life-cycle.

 

Carboxymethyl cellulose is a derivative of cellulose and it holds a major share in all cellulose and cellulose derivatives market. The major industrial method of producing carboxymethyl cellulose is by interacting alkali cellulose and monochloroacetic acid in the presence of caustic soda. 

 

Electronics in automotive industry has increased ease of driving, safety and also vies to provide quality infotainment. Automotive electronics industry provides solutions for perfect combination of design, feel, ergonomics and quality through electronics. The solutions provided include instrument clusters, displays, infotainment & navigation, and telematics. 

 

Bio-inspired structures have been the subject of extreme scientific study. Scientists have attempted to replicate the physics and chemistry of these structures. This has lead to the design of artificial nano-engineered surfaces (NES) which has a multitude of commercial applications. Nano-engineered surfaces improve many industrial processes as well as a variety of consumer products. 

 

Hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) is a pulmonary infectionthat occurs after 48 hours of hospitalization and it was not present at the time of admission. It is the most-common infection and is usually bacterial in origin. The symptoms of pneumonia are cough, fever, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, decreased blood pressure and high heart rate.HAP is the major cause of high morbidity, mortality and cost.

 

Asthma is narrowing of the airway of lungs caused by inflammation in the air passage resulting from both genetic and environmental influences.Allergic asthma is the most common form of asthma.Allergic asthma is triggered by inhaled allergens, such as dust mite allergen, pet dander, pollen, mold, resulting in asthma symptoms.

 

Progressive ataxia and weakness disorders are related to damage, degeneration or loss of neurons of the brain which leads to muscle coordination disability. The market for treatments for syndromes of progressive ataxia and weakness disorders is growing rapidly over the last few years. Some of the major key factors driving the market are novel drug development, rapid technological changes and increased collaborations among industry players towards development of new therapies.

 

Dementia is a serious brain disorder or damage which leads to memory loss, language and thinking ability. The global market for treatments for syndromes of Dementia is witnessing a significant growth in last few years. Rapid technological advancement with increasing number of research in the area of Dementia and other movement disorders are supporting growth to the market.

 

Organ transplantation is the process of transplant of an organ from one body to another or from donor site to another recipient site for the purpose of replacing the damaged or absent organ.  Organ transplantation is the last therapeutic option for the treatment in the final stage of organ failure. Organs that can be transplanted are heart, kidney, liver, lungs, pancreas, intestine, and thymus. 

 

Low or Zero-Calorie Food is the major growing segment in the global health food market. The growing health concern and changing consumer’s lifestyle, which is moving them away from consuming high-calorie foods, acts as major driving factor for the industry. Other major factors contributing to market growth are increasing diabetes concerns and rising obesity levels. 

 

Ultraviolet irradiation is one of the methods used for water treatment using disinfection process which destroys the waterborne pathogens without use of any chemical. Ultraviolet is also used to remove organic and inorganic chemicals such as chlorine, chloramines, ozone and total organic carbon (TOC) from water.

 

Sparkling water, also known as carbonated Water, is plain water into which carbon dioxide gas has been dissolved. The process of dissolving carbon dioxide gas is called carbonation. Carbonated Water is prepared by passing pressurized carbon dioxide through water. The pressure increases the solubility and allows more carbon dioxide to dissolve than would be possible under standard atmospheric pressure. 

 

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or benign prostatic hypertrophy, is a urological disorder that involves proliferation of the cellular components of the prostrate. BPH is the most common form of neoplasm in men. BPH results in the formation of large nodes and nodules in the periurethral region of the prostate.

 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder observed in females during their reproductive age, due to which they may suffer from infertility problems. PCOS is characterized by a range of symptoms such as acne, menstrual irregularities, hirsutism, obesity, insulin resistance, anovulation and infertility. PCOS therapeutics include a wide a range of medications that are available in the worldwide.

 

Factor assays are mainly undertaken during prolongation of the Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) and Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) resulting in the deficiency of one or more clotting proteins. Overall a basic general principle is followed by all functional clotting factor assays that involves specific plotting/clotting time from either PTT or APTT depending on which factor it’s being assayed against sample dilution.

 

Botanical drugs are drugs develop through botanical drug and research pathway, whereas plant derived drugs are combination of botanical as well as other approved drugs that contains plant materials, synthetic and semi synthetic substances. These botanical products are intended for use in the mitigation, cure, diagnosis and treatment or prevention of diseases in humans. 

 

Memory and cognitive disorders are mental health disorders that primarily affect learning, memory, perception and problem solving ability. The global market of therapeutics for memory and cognition disorders is witnessing a significant growth over recent years due to aging population in different parts of the world, new drugs development and better understanding of drugs mechanism.

 

Membrane Separation is a technology used to separate materials via pores or minute gap in the molecular arrangement without adding any chemicals. Major membrane processes used for water treatment are microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and reverse osmosis. 

 

Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by muscle pain, fatigue and allodynia. Although the disease mostly affects females, rarely males and children may also be affected. Individuals suffering from fibromyalgia develop tender points on their body especially neck, back, hip and legs.

 

Cellulose acetate is an eco-friendly thermoplastic polymer attained by acetylating cellulose. It is a transparent, glossy, non-flammable and tough polymer with good dimensional solidity and high resistance against heat and chemicals. Cellulose acetate is obtained in flake form from wood pulp with the help of acetic anhydride. It is available in granular, powder and fiber form.

 

Voltage regulation measures the change in the voltage magnitude between the sending and receiving end of a transmission or distribution line. It describes the ability of the system for providing constant voltage over wide range of loads. Voltage regulator types include step transformers and on-load tap changer transformer.

 

Fluorspar is the commercial name for the mineral fluorite (calcium fluoride CaF2). Commercially fluorspar is graded according to quality and attributes into acid grade, ceramic grade and metallurgical grade. It generally develops well formed cubic crystals exhibiting a wide range of colors.

 

Planting and Fertilizing Machinery comprises of mechanized methods used for farming activities such as planting seeds and application of fertilizers. Technological advancements have changed the delivery system for planting and fertilizing. Farmers are more inclined towards using machinery for planting and fertilizing rather than human labor. Agricultural activities were moderately impacted during recession. 

 

Erythropoietin is a type of a glycoprotein produced by body that controls red blood cell production in the body and is produced in kidneys. Kidney cells responsible for production of erythropoietin are sensitive to oxygen levels in the blood. Low levels of oxygen in the blood triggers the production and release of erythropoietin. 

 

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) is a test performed to detect the presence of antibodies in a biological liquid sample.  ELISA is used as quality control check in many industry and as a diagnostic tool in plant pathology and in medicine. 

 

Dual chamber injectors and syringes aremedical devices used to store active pharmaceutical components or biological substances (such as tissue, blood or serum) that are not stable for extended period of time. These devices helps to maintain sterility of drugs before the time of injection in order to avoid drug loss.

 

Gastric cancer refers to the cancer arising from lining of stomach. It may lead to uncontrolled growth of malignant cells that originate in stomach tissue and forms a tumor in any part of the stomach. Mainly there are five types of gastric cancer namely adenocarcinoma, squamous cell cancer, lymphoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, neuroendocrine tumors.

 

A closed system of farming wherein a farmer or a farm technician attempts to achieve farm production under regulated conditions which have been created artificially is known as plant factory. Plant factories are generally used for the purpose of growing organic vegetables. This needs artificial control of temperature, light, carbon dioxide and moisture. 

 

Vitamin E is a significant antioxidant which helps against free-radicals and it can be conserved longer by the tissues in the body as compared to man-made vitamin E. Natural vitamins has seen increased demand from the end users in recent past. Natural source vitamin E includes tocopherols and tocotrienols.

 

Interferons are a class of proteins generated and released by the host cells in response to the presence of pathogenic microbes such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and tumor cells. Interferons belong to a class of glycoproteins called cytokines and are referred to as first line defenders against microbial infections.

 

Enteroviruses are small, contagious single-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses associated with several human and mammalian diseases. The enterovirus genus comprise 12 species which includes four major serotypes including poliovirus, coxsackievirus, echovirus and enterovirus. 

 

Alpha-2 antiplasmin or plasmin inhibitor, is a type of glycoprotein synthesized by the liver, kidneys and other tissues of the body. It is a serine protease inhibitor which belongs to the Serpin superfamily that acts as the primary inhibitor of the serine protease plasmin. Fibrinolysis occurs due to the conversion of plasminogen to serine protease plasmin by plasminogen activator. 

 

Drug discovery is a process of inventing a new medication in the field of pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and pharmacology. Drug discovery is a complex, lengthycomplicated and expensive process. This process is carried out in four stages namely, target identification, target validation, high-speed screening and lead optimization.

 

Angiogenesis is a physiological process that is associated withthe formation of new blood vessel from existing blood vessels. Angiogenesis process is commonly categorized into two types namely sprouting angiogenesis and intussusceptive angiogenesis. Sprouting angiogenesis is a fundamental mechanism of vessel growth in which formation of new blood vessel is regulated by sequential steps.

 

The structural and functional relationship of cell and tissue is critical. Cell and tissue analysis products are used in isolation, purification and analysis of the cells. The cell and tissue analysis products market primarily include bio specimen- preparing techniques, cell and tissue separations and cell and tissue characterization products. 

 

Aortic intervention involves repairing of aortic valve walls when an aneurysm exists. There has been enormous progress in the endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies. Intra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms can be treated by endovascular graft in majority of cases and endovascular aortic repair has gained wide acceptance throughout the world.

 

Luxury Hotels market is one of the fastest growing sectors in the consumer retail segment. The growth in the travel and tourism industry is majorly fuelling the growth of luxury hotel markets.

 

Gene therapy involves use of DNA as a pharmaceutical agent to treat diseases. It is one of the most important developments in the field of medicine that has potential to treat various lethal diseases such as HIV, cancer and cystic fibrosis.

 

Drug and alcohol screening tests focuses on providing vital protection of public and employee safety. Drug and alcohol screening testsreducesthe risk of human injury and property damage as well as help organizations to establish a strong and safe culture. 

 

Cyclospora cayetanensis, a single-celled coccidian parasitic pathogen, causes intestinal infection resulting in diarrhea. In medical terminology, this diarrheal infection is referred as cyclospora infection (cyclosporiasis).This infection is usually transmitted through feces and ingestion of food and water contaminated with sporulated oocysts. Cyclosporadiagnostic testing is not a routine laboratory test, and is carried upon specific requests from physicians.

 

Cognitive assessment and training is a formal assessment of one’s psychological functions and speed of information processing. This method of assessment helps an individual in assessing, defining and focusing on individual needs more efficiently.

 

Nucleic acid tests are performed in order to detect the presence of viral DNAs or RNAs in blood samples of patients. Three major processes involved in NAT are sample pooling and nucleic acid (NA) extraction, target NA amplification and target amplicon NA detection.

 

A chocolate can be in form of paste or a solid block, and is made from roasted and ground cocoa seeds, lecithin, a product from soybean oil, and sweetened with flavors. The market for chocolates has shown substantial growth over the last decade, and is expected to grow faster in this decade.

 

Blood brain barrier refers to a set of special tight junctions formed around the microvasculature of the brain to gain the optimal neural functioning. The primary function of blood brain barrier is to protect the brain from harmful toxins that are potentially present in the blood stream and allows the passage of lipid soluble, oxygen and carbon dioxide to perform the normal cellular function of brain.

 

The Gems and Jewellery industry is growing because of the rising income levels of consumers as well as the increasing usage of ornaments in the ceremonies in Asian countries. In Asian countries, people are moving away from the traditional unorganized jewellery shops towards the organized branded products to protect themselves from counterfeit products.

 

Cystic Fibrosis (CF), also known as mucoviscidosis, is a genetic disorders that affects the lungs, pancreas, liver and intestine. It is characterized by abnormal transport of chloride and sodium across the epithelium. It leads to secretion of stick and thick mucus, which obstruct pancreatic enzyme activity in the body.

 

Large diabetic population is a major driver for the global diabetic food market. In 2013, around 347 million people were diabetic worldwide. Other major factors contributing to market growth are increasing health awareness and rising obesity levels. The people who are not diabetic also consume diabetic products as precautionary measures of getting diabetic.

 

Electronic access control (EAC) refers to method of using electronic or electromechanical hardware for locking doors. There are three types of credential used such as key or card, code and biometrics. Rise in terrorist attacks, vandalism, violence in public places such as, city centers and educational institution has made security one of the major concerns for individual, organization and the government agencies.

 

Electronic cigarette are battery-powered devices filled with liquid nicotine that is dissolved in a solution of water and propylene glycol. They look like real cigarettes and are considered less harmful than the conventional cigarettes. They are available in different flavors such as chocolate, strawberry and pina colada.

 

Pain pumps or intrathecal drug delivery is a method of delivering medication e.g. an opioid directly to the spinal cord. The system incorporates a small pump which is surgically placed under the abdominal skin that delivers medication through a catheter to the area around the spinal cord. Pain pumps are generally advised if all other traditional methods have failed to provide relief from long term symptoms.

 

Dental bone grafting is a specialized periodontal procedure developed to re-establishdental bone loss. This bone loss can be a result of periodontal diseases, dental infection of abscess or trauma. Bone grafting is required because of socket preservation, ridge augmentation or sinus augmentation.

 

Diagnostic ophthalmic devices are technology based devices used for diagnosis of any defect in the human visual pathway. The causeof the defect may be any eye related disorder, an infection or can be congenital. Many newly developed and easy-to-use ophthalmic diagnostics are helping the patients worldwide.

 

Nanotechnology has opened a new path for drug delivery to specific cells with the usage of nanoparticles. Nanomedical approach for drug delivery is centered on the development of nanoscale molecules or particles to improve the drug efficiency. Drugs are loaded on nanoparticles or nanocarriers (size is between 1 and 100 nm) and then transported in to the targeted site.

 

Would heal or wound repair is the physiological process by which the body repairs organ tissue or skin after injury. The wound healing process is divided in to four sequential steps namely hemostasis, inflammatory, proliferative and remodeling. Hemostasis is the first step that begins immediately after injury followed by fibrin clot formation.

 

Bone and joints ingredients are those elements which are taken as supplement in order to maintain healthy bones and joints. These value added ingredients help in increasing the strength and flexibility of the bones and joints in the body. There are various bone and joint ingredients including calcium, soy isoflavone and collagen.

 

The All Natural Food and Drinks refer to foods and drinks which are minimally processed. The All-natural Food and Drinks market is an alternative to the organic foods or the products labelled as “free from”. The demand from the developed markets such as the U.S., the U.K., and Germany is expected to increase in the coming years.

 

Animal healthcare products, which includes vaccines, antibiotics and medical feed, are used to provide a quality life to food producing and pet animals. Food producing animals include cattle, poultry, ship and fish, which provide protein via meat and dairy. Pet animals, such as dogs, cats and horses, are tamed animals kept for company or protection. 

 

Increasing global market for automotive is driving the global automotive battery market. North America is the largest Automotive Battery Market, followed by Europe and Asia Pacific. China is one the fastest growing market as it is one of the largest passenger and commercial vehicle consumer in the world. 

 

Gaucher’s disease is a rare and inherited disorder due to deficiency of enzyme called glucocerebrosidase. It causes accumulation of excessive fatty substance in spleen, liver, lungs, bones and sometimes, brain.The signs and symptoms of this condition vary widely among affected individuals.

 

Refrigerant is a substance used in refrigeration equipments. Over the period the use of Halons such as CFC and HCFC has become obsolete due to their adverse effects on environment. This has lead to emergence of newer refrigerant products. The major global suppliers have responded towards this market trend with a move to provide wide range of alternative refrigerants.

 

Cardiac Assist Devices (CAD) are type of mechanical pumps that work along with the heart to improve its pumping efficiency and maintain the optimum blood flow throughout the body. Cardiac Assist Devices can be segmented in three types ventricular assist devices, intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABPs) and total artificial heart.

 

Ancillary locations i.e. Emergency room (ER), Operation Room (OR) and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) are critical care centers in a hospital. Diagnostic testing at these care centers must be immediate and accurate so as to deliver appropriate treatment for disease. Majority of the testing includes complete blood count (CBC), urine analysis, electrocardiogram (ECG) and X ray.

 

Single-stranded fragments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are called DNA probes and RNA probes respectively. These DNA and RNA probes are short in length (usually 100-1000 bases long) capable of forming highly specific, non-covalent duplexes with complementary sequence of nucleic acid strand.

 

Automation in applied microbiology has been largely gaining importance in major areas of microbiological research. A continuous need for better and advanced microbial processes has been observed in order to improve their efficiency and speed.

 

Strokes can be classified as either ischemic or hemorrhagic, where an ischemic stroke is characterized by failure in proper blood supply to a part of brain due to blockage (due to blood clots or arthrosclerosis) created in the blood vessel.

 

Clostridium is a gram-positive bacteria which belongs to phylum Firmicutes, it’s an obligate anaerobe capable of producing endospores. Clostridium botulinium, Clostridium difficle, Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium tetani and Clostridium sordellii are the different species of clostridium responsible for diseases in humans.

 

Smart elevator systems include modern digital controls systems such as access controls which include card based systems, biometric systems, touch screens & keypads and automation systems such as sensors & controllers, motors & drives and operating panels. As the requirement for higher safety, better controllability, ease of access and security has increased globally, it has given paramount market position to smart devices in industries and smart elevator system is one of them.

 

Bentonite also called as montmorillonite is a clay which has ability to produce electrical charge upon being hydrated. Bentonite is recognized for its capability to soak up and eradicate toxins, impurities, heavy meats and chemicals. Bentonite is used in variety of foods such as yogurts and candy.

 

Plastic surgery is a medical procedure to alter, correct or restore skin or underlying tissues on any part of the body. Basically, a plastic surgery is performed as a reconstructive procedure or cosmetic procedure. A reconstructive plastic surgery is carried outfor correction of functional impairments resulting from traumatic injuries, burns, congenital abnormalities such as cleft palates or lips, developmental abnormalities, infections, disease and cancer.

 

E-clinical trial solutions are a combination of technology, products and services that work together to automate and manage clinical trials. This term is used to refer to electronic systems that are used for conducting or automating the management of clinical trials and minimizing human errors.

 

Hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which the arterial blood pressure is elevated to an undesired level. Also referred to as arterial hypertension or high blood pressure in generic terms, the condition is measured in terms of systolic and diastolic pressure. At rest blood pressure level is in the range of 120-140 mm Hg systolic and 60-90mm Hg diastolic.

 

Lyophilization also called as freeze drying is a process of dehydration of samples, commonly used to preserve perishable substances. In pharmaceutical industries, it is used to concentrate and stabilize products into powder form. The process consists of four stages- lyophilization pretreatment, freezing the compound, primary drying process, secondary drying.

 

Predictive gene testing mentors are used to detect disease or disorder inherited by analyzing gene mutations associated with particular inherited disease or disorder. Predictive gene testing is also known as presymptomatic testing due to the fact that this test is performed even before the early signs of the disease or disorder are observed and thus enable determining person’s risk of suffering disease or disorder.

 

Blood gas and electrolyte (or Blood gas analyzer) analyzers are widely used in blood testing. Blood gas analyzer measures concentration of hydrogen ions which is a measure of acidity, partial pressure of carbon dioxide to access efficiency of its elimination from the body, and partial pressure of oxygen to access the efficiency in oxygen absorption.

 

Cosmetic surgery is abranch of medical science that enhances the appearance of an individual through various medical and surgical procedures without affecting the unique facial characteristics. Various minimally invasive and non-invasive procedures use facial injectables for cosmetic surgeries that are gaining popularity over traditional facelift surgeries.

 

ADME is the process of absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination of chemicals or drugs that describe their disposition inside a human body. The four processes influence the performance of a particular drug toward human tissues; toxicology testing before introducing a particular drug is increasingly becoming important. 

 

A stent graft is a tube shaped device composed of a rigid structure called a stent (mostly a metal) and a special fabric covering the stent. A stent is a metal mesh without any covering but a stent graft has a fabric covering and is mainly used in endovascular surgeries.

 

Veterinary diagnostics are the tests that help in determiningand identifyingvariousdisorders in animals. These procedures are performed via various methods that utilize their blood, feces and tissue samples.The new methods and technologies that have been developed for human diagnostics are also utilized extensively in veterinary diagnostics.

 

Engineered wood, also known as composite wood comprises of a number of wood products made by binding veneers, particles, fibers and strands of wood, together with adhesives to form composite materials. They are modeled to absolute design requirements as per the client’s specifications and tested to meet international and national standards.

 

Doors have been widely popular as it is one of the most commonly used structures in construction. They control the atmosphere of a place by enclosing the air drafts as well as increasing the visual appeal of the architecture. Doors can be classified based on their mechanism such as high speed doors, rotating doors and hinged doors.

 

Polyoxymethylene is also known as polyacetal and it is a thermoplastic synthetic. Owing to its high rigidness and good dimensional stability, it finds application in engineering, especially for precision part manufacturing. Polyoxymethylene (POM) provides resistance to wear, creep and impact, extensive fatigue life, and good resistance to moisture and solvents.

 

Companies in railroad equipment manufacturing industry manufacture freight and passenger rail cars, locomotives, brakes and other parts and equipment used in railroad operations. The transportation equipments manufacturing industry has become central to economical development. 

 

Ultra High Temperature (UHT) milk is produced by heating raw milk at high temperature (135-145 degrees Celsius)for very short time (for 2-5 seconds). Heating at high temperature kills all microorganisms (both decomposers and pathogens) and spores. Short heating time prevents damage to the nutritional value of milk, and keeps the color, aroma, and taste relatively unchanged as fresh milk. 

 

The increasing per capita income of the consumers coupled with the concern for health is driving the water purifier market globally. According to The World Water Organization (a US-based non-profit association), around 1 billion of the global population in 2012 did not had access to safe drinking water.

 

Pressure relief devices mould around the patients’ body to distribute their weight or relieve pressure over bony areas and are majorly used in patients that are at risk of developing pressure ulcers or pressure issues in middle ear. Some of the highly advanced pressure relief devices are designed such that they remove pressure from different areas of the body at regular intervals.

 

The portable medical electronic industry is witnessing significant growth and adoption in recent years. Mobilization of medical devices has driven the healthcare industry as the use of medical equipments has expanded beyond hospitals to homecare environments. Due to the presence of microprocessors the devices manufactured are more portable, compact and are light in weight.

 

Fishery is an entity which has been widely popular for many years for harvesting or raising fish. The equipments used for these purposes have eased the process from time to time serving the livelihood of over a few hundred million people in the world. The machinery used for fishing is based on its classification viz. recreational and commercial.

 

Pneumonia is a type of lung infection caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, virus, fungi and parasites. Streptococcus pneumonia is one of the most common causes of pneumonia among children, others are Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hob) and Pneumocystis jiroveci. It is characterized by symptoms such as short breathing, fever, chest pain, nausea and vomiting.

 

Pneumonia is a common lung infection caused by a variety of microorganisms such as bacteria, virus, fungi and parasites. In pneumonia the air sacs of lungs that are known as alveoli are filled with fluid or pus causing inflammation. The common symptoms of pneumonia are cough with phlegm, sneezing, sore throat, chills, fever and trouble in breathing.

 

Polyisobutylene (PIB) is a linear polymer of isobutylene with varying average molecular weights and is present in various forms such as tough elastomeric solids, viscous liquid and soft solids. It is available in various forms such as conventional PIB, Highly Reactive PIB (HR-PIB) and enhanced PIB. 

 

Atherosclerosis is a common cardiovascular disorder that occurs due to the deposition of fat and cholesterol on the walls of arteries, leading to formation of hard structures known as plaques. These structures tend to obstruct blood flow by blocking the arteries and in turn lead to many health problems like hypertension. Occurrence of atherosclerosis is more common with aging.

 

Physician office lab (POL) term is wide and diverse, it encompasses physician’s practices as small (2 to 5 doctors) to large practitioners (200 physicians) that operate labs similar to small laboratory hospitals. Hospitals and commercial labs perform tests, but physicians prefer to perform in-house testing in order to enhance the patient care. In-house testing facilitates physicians to no longer rely on the reference labs for test results.

 

Agriculture machinery and equipment is any type of machinery that is used on farm for farming. It helps to bring farmers farm-tech prosperity, making harvest season simpler, and more profitable. The main application of agriculture machinery is traction and power, soil cultivation, planting, fertilizing and pest control, irrigation, producing sorter, hay making, harvesting, loading, milking. 

 

Bone and joint health concerns have grown globally, due to increased cases of fractures, back and neck pains, bone ailments and trauma. Bone and joints health supplements industry has been offering diverse value-added functional ingredients, belonging to different health segments.

 

Mattresses consist of a quilted or fastened case generally of heavy fabric such as cotton, straw, foam or hair. They are broadly classified as innerspring, air, foam and non innerspring (speciality) mattress. Non innerspring mattresses include waterbeds, airbeds and viscoelastic foam mattresses.

 

Pandemic diseases are well defined as infectitious diseases which affects a large population across continents or even worldwide. The most prominent pandemic diseases occurred and currently still prevalent affecting a class of population includes avian influenza, cholera, influenza, leptospirosis, SARS and coronavirus infection, tularemia and viral hepatitis.

 

Orthopedic biomaterials are organic or synthetic materials of biologic composition used for internal fixation of fracture. Biomaterial devices which are manufactured for large number of orthopedic applications are commonly termed as ‘Implants’. These biomaterials help in re-establishing the structural integrity of the damaged bone due to trauma or diseased conditions. 

 

Pediatric drugs are a special class of drugs which are prescribed to children and infants for different diseases.  These drugs are recommended in various conditions such as asthma, anorexia, birth defects, cancer in children, growth deficiencies, juvenile diabetes, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and others. 

 

Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) also known as Vacuum Assisted Closure (V.A.C) is a wound dressing technique that aids in healing acute and chronic or severe wounds and also aids in speedy recovery of severe burns. This is a non-pharmacological treatment used against several types of wounds such as venous ulcers, diabetic ulcers, pressure ulcers, arterial ulcers, severe burns and others.

 

Propionic acid is a three-carbon carboxylic acid manufactured by the hydrocarboxylation of ethylene with the inclusion of a nickel carbonyl catalyst. It prevents the growth of some bacteria and mold due to which it is widely used as preservatives for food for human consumption and animal feed.

 

Nonylphenol is a viscous liquid, soluble in oil and organic solvents and insoluble in water. Nonylphenol is used mainly for the production of non-ionic surfactants. It is also used in production of phenolic resins and epoxy.

 

Earlier medical nutrition solutions were meant for only to address malnutrition, but continued advancements in healthcare has led to the use of these medicated foods to complement drugs to treat various diseases such as diabetes, obesity, renal failure, pediatric malnutrition, sarcopenia and cancer.

 

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), a chromatographic technique is used to identify, quantify and separate each component from a sample of complex chemical mixtures. Presently, HPLC is a versatile technique, available for analyzing all types of biological compounds that can be isolated or synthesized.

 

Infusion therapy refers to the administration of medications through needles and catheters. These procedures are usually performed when oral medication treatments are not effective on the patients. Home infusion therapies are those infusion therapies that can be taken by the patient at home, upon prescription by a physician.

 

Healthcare textiles are known as medical textiles. It is one of the rapidly growing sectors in the technical textile market. Textile materials for healthcare and medical products ranges from simple bandage materials or gauze to scaffolds for tissue repairing and a large variety of prostheses for body implants.

 

High Throughput Screening (HTS) refers to a scientific experimentation method used in the process of drug discovery. HTS enables automated assays of biological or biochemical activity of compounds similar to drugs. These assays facilitate discovery of enzymes, ligands for receptors and other pharmacological tests.

 

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) is most common type of heart surgery that is performed to treat people suffering from severe angina and coronary artery heart disease. In coronary heart disease, a plaque is formed inside the coronary artery that carries oxygenated blood to myocardium. 

 

Cryopreservation is the process of preserving cells or complete tissues that are susceptible to damage caused by chemical reactivity and harmful enzymatic activity. This process is accomplished by keeping these materials at sub-zero temperatures wherein the activity of chemicals and enzymes stops. This process is performed in an apparatus known as cryopreservation equipment.

 

Antiseptics and Disinfectants are broadly classified under the class of Anti-infective agents or germicides. Antiseptics are chemical compounds or antimicrobial agent that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganism when applied to a living tissue such as skin.

 

Apoptosis is a programmed natural process of cell death in the body which results from natural stimuli in order to protect against viral infection, unusual cell division and cells with damaged genetic material. However malfunctioning of apoptosis can trigger uncontrolled and non regulated cell death related to degenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s.

 

Biological drugs are biological medical products whose active drug substance is extracted by using living organism. The active substance is derived from living organism by the usage of recombinant DNA technology.

 

Multiparameter patient monitors are referred as monitoring systems that measure and display numerical data and waveforms for patient. These are parameters obtained through monitoring systems used for the diagnosis and treatment of patients in various healthcare departments.

 

Advanced batteries are rechargeable PLI (Poly Lithium Ion) batteries. These batteries find applications in automotive and electric vehicle industry along with laptops and other electrical products. Advanced batteries posses some of the unique properties namely light weight and compactness owing to which they are gaining popularity over conventional batteries.

 

According to a definition stated by the U.S. FDA, Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) is referred to as any substance or a mixture of substances which are used in manufacturing of a drug and tends to become an active ingredient of the drug upon its production. These ingredients also refer to the central or prime ingredient in the product which affects disease diagnosis, prevention and cure. 

 

An oxygen concentrator is a device used to deliver concentrated oxygen to a patient requiring oxygen therapy. These devices are considered as a safer, easy to use and inexpensive compared to compressed oxygen cylinders. Portable oxygen concentrator is useful to people using oxygen tanks as a constant supply of oxygen by enabling them mobility. 

 

Neurovascular intervention is referred to prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of vascular disorders of the central nervous system with minimal invasive procedures or technologies.

 

Asphalt is the refined residue from the distillation process of specific crude oils. It is primarily used in road construction as a glue or binder and is mixed with aggregate particles for creating asphalt concrete. The other main applications of asphalt include production of roofing felt, bituminous waterproofing products and sealing flat roofs among others. 

 

Nitinol a metal alloy is composed of with similar atomic percentages of nickel and titanium. There is an increase in the usage of nitinol devices due to the presence of two important properties namely superelasticity and shape memory. 

 

Theranostics refer to a combination of diagnosis and therapy. Diagnosis includes specific tests for a patient to detect a possible disease whereas therapy includes treatment for the diagnosed disease. Theranostics forms a key part of personalized medicine. 

 

Energy security is uninterrupted availability of energy sources at a reasonable price. Currently, world is dependent on energy supply to fuel the basic requirements such as security, transportation, public safety, communication and healthcare.

 

Lighting is an important safety aspect for airports to facilitate night flying and create ambience at terminals for customers. Also, airport lights play an important role in facilitating landings during the night.

 

Nanocellulose, available in the form of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC), microfibrillated cellulose (MFC), nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) and bacterial cellulose (BC) are widely used across different verticals including pharmaceuticals, cosmeceuticals, food, paint and paper industry. 

 

Mycoplasma, a genus of bacteria is a causative agent for various infectious diseases in humans such as pneumonia and pelvic inflammatory diseases and some mycoplasmic species are also detected in different types of cancer cells. Due to their lack of cell wall, mycoplasmal bacteria are resistant to many common antibiotics which target cell wall synthesis.

 

In-Car entertainment and information system market referred as ICE or IVI (In-Vehicle Infotainment) include products such as audio system including radio, DVD players with the video screen, and rear seat entertainment such as games, navigation devices (GPS), software platforms, and its accessories.

 

Obesity can be defined as a medical condition where excess fat deposition leads to adverse health conditions. Obesity increases the chances of diseases related with heart, certain type of cancer, diabetes and osteoarthritis. Obesity has become one of the serious leading healthcare problems across the globe. It is mainly caused by increased fatty intake, reduced physical exercises and sometimes genetic inheritance.

 

Mononucleosis or mono is a common infectious disease caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) which belongs to herpes virus family. The common symptoms of mono are high fever, sore throat, swollen lymph glands, tonsils and weakness. The symptoms usually occur after 4 to 6 weeks of exposure to the virus. 

 

Microencapsulation has been used across various industries since many years including agrochemical, pharmaceutical, food, paper industry and textiles. Microencapsulation is a process of coating small droplets or particles with a continuous film of polymeric material to produce small capsules known as microcapsules.

 

This industry manufactures aircraft engines, engine parts, propeller, rotor, landing gear, fuselage, hydraulic and electric control, and avionics systems. Engines and other component parts compose of about 45 percent of the global aircraft and parts market. U.S., Canada, Japan, France, and UK are all major producers of aircraft parts. 

 

Menotropin is a substance used for the treatment for infertility cases. Menotropin is also called as (human menopausal gonadotropin or HMG) consisting of equal proportion of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). These hormones are extracted from urine of post menopausal women.

 

Meningococcal vaccines are used against Nisseria meningitidis, a gram negative bacterium that causes various types of meningococcal diseases such as meningitis, meningococcemia and septicemia.

 

ATM is an abbreviation of automated teller machine which is also known as automated banking machine, cash point, cash machine or cash line. It is a computerized telecommunication device that enables a client of financial institution to perform transactions without the support of a cashier, bank teller or clerk.

 

The purpose of medication management, a nursing intervention, is to optimize the use of medications administered to patients and enable their safe outcome. Presently, medication management service providers are keen on providing professional-assisted medication management regime for patients and assure their safety at all stages of their recovery.

 

Harvesting machinery is used to gather mature crops from the farmland. These machines perform various actions such as cutting, winnowing and threshing concurrently. Harvesting machinery is mostly used for agricultural purposes.

 

With the global increase in the number of air travelers, airports, demand for commercial aircrafts the commercial aviation crew management systems market holds great potential in near future. A human error could cost an aviation company a huge loss, therefore manpower planning plays major role in this industry.

 

Fiber optics has been in use widely across various industries such as telecommunication, electronics and healthcare for many years for transferring data, imaging and illumination. The various advantages associated with the use of optical fibers include low power consumption, less expensive, light weight, increased flexibility and high carrying capacity. 

 

Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by bacterial species borrelia. It is a tick borne disease caused by the transmission to humans by the bite of infected ticks. Patients infected with lyme disease suffer from symptoms such as fever, depression, fatigue and skin rashes.

 

Hydrogen Peroxide is the simplest and versatile peroxide formed due to a chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen. It is a liquid, which is more viscous than water and is colorless in the diluted form. It is generally used as a chemical disinfectant.

 

The global market for intravenous and vein access devices encompasses a variety of devices such as peripheral venous access, central venous access, ambulatory infusion, enteral feeding, syringe infusion, implantable pumps and diabetes insulin infusion devices. These devices are used for intravenous administration of drugs, fluid infusion, blood sampling, venous pressure monitoring, blood and transfusion.

 

Intranasal drug delivery systems administer drugs through nasal route for local or systemic action based on the desired therapeutic modality to the patients. Nasals drugs may be prescribed for acute or chronic treatments and include antibiotics, snuffs, vasoconstrictors, local anesthetics, pain relief drugs, calcium supplements and antihistamines and others. 

 

Forage is feed for livestock such as cattle, horses, and sheep. Forage is also used for animals such as deer and birds like ostrich and emu. It consists of legumes, grasses, hay, and silage or green-feed, other crops such as cereals and corn harvested as pasture which are grown for domestic and export market. Specialist forage such as chiroy, plantain, lotus, sulla also contributes to this market. 

 

Gamma or scintillation camera is used to image human body organs by detecting gamma rays emitted as a result of administering radioactive isotopes. This technique of imaging is called scintigraphy.

 

Over the past decade, the world has been witnessing a great deal of progress in the field of wearable medical technology that has led clinicians to work more efficiently by enabling them extending patient care even outside the hospital environment.

 

Marine biotechnology is a growing field comprising marine bio-medicine including pharmaceuticals discovery, materials technology, bio remediation, marine biomedical model organism, genomics, bioinformatics and molecular genetics.

 

Dimethyl Ether is clean, liquefied, colourless gas produced by dehydration of methanol. Dimethyl Ether is also called as wood ether or methyl ether. It exhibit properties similar to liquid petroleum gas (LPG) or natural gas (NG), and hence can be used as an alternative for fire and transportation fuel.

 

Biomaterials are referred to as natural or synthetic materials intended to use in several applications such as prosthetics, therapeutic, diagnostic and storage applications. These materials come in contact with various elements of biological systems such as biological fluids and various tissues.

 

Bearing market is comprised of roller bearing, ball bearing, plain bearing, spherical plain bearing, single row ball bearing, plastic ball bearing. Some of the types of ball bearing include cylinder roller bearing, hollow bearing, spherical roller bearings, tapered bearing, cross roller bearings, air bearings, and sensorised bearing.

 

A hybrid vehicle is the combination of traditional engines and electric vehicles. They use features of both traditional and electric systems to reduce the emission levels of gases. Traditional engines, which run on fuels such as diesel and gasoline, are scarce and they emit a variety of gases such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, etc.

 

Despite the advances in brain and central nervous system disorders remains the world’s leading cause of disability. The delivery of drugs to central nervous system remains a challenge for the treatment of nervous system disorders. The major problem faced with drug delivery is the presence of blood brain barrier (BBB).

 

Pico Projectors, known as handheld projectors, are niche technology escorted with portable devices such as mobile phones, cameras, and tablets. These pico projectors provide a convenient way to quickly project the content of these devices onto any surface such as walls, notebooks, or airplane food trays, portable projection screens sized and designed for pico projectors and presenter mobility.

 

Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) is a glycoprotein synthesized by the prostate gland and is also found in man’s semen; increased amount of PAP in men indicates prostate cancer, an abnormality of prostate gland.

 

Ion-Selective analyzers consist of ion-selective electrodes that detect some specific ions in the presence of other ions and ion concentrations in an analytical solution, typically whole blood, plasma and serum.

 

Immunoassays refer to biochemical tests or analytical techniques used to measure concentration of macromolecules in a solution with the help of antibody or immunoglobulin. The macromolecules refer to the analytes or proteins.

 

The syringes that are inbuilt with a safety mechanism are known as integrated safety syringes or safety syringes. The needles on these syringes are either detachable or permanently attached, and are coated with a sheath that helps prevent needle retraction. 

 

Company that rents automobiles at a certain charge for a particular period of time is known as car rental agency. These agencies are primarily located in busy city areas or near airports. The cars can be rented also through online reservations.

 

Application server is a program that handles all the operations between the user and backend application or database. It provides an integrated environment for the deployment of custom server based business applications. Application server market comprises of application servers used for the cloud applications, mobile devices and tablets.

 

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a protein usually produced in the developing fetus and disappears or is absent in adults. Abnormal amounts of this protein may lead to cancer. CEA test is performed to measure the level of proteins and check for the recurrence of colon and other cancers in patients already diagnosed with cancer.  The normal accepted range of this protein is 0 micrograms to 0.25 micrograms per liter.

 

The need for accurate information systems arises primarily from the increasing number of critical patients, since they can deliver information about the various medical parameters of patients accurately. High acuity information system is engaged in maintaining electronic patient records (EPR) coupled with computerized physician order entry (CPOE). 

 

Lime flavored soft drinks market mainly comprises of companies that produce carbonated lemon drinks. Traditionally, lemon drinks made at home are not carbonated. Rising health issues due to consumption of cola and other drinks has led consumers to opt for non carbonated drinks such as lime flavored soft drinks.

 

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is the most widely found plasma protein in human fetus.  The AFP protein found in humans is encoded by the AFP gene that is located on chromosome 4.  It is a major plasma protein which is produced during fetal development in yolk sac and the liver.

 

Biomarkers are used to indicate the biological state of a process, pathogenic process or therapeutic action.  Biomarkers facilitate understanding the development of a chronic disease, relationship between exposure to environmental chemicals and identification of subgroups of people who are relatively at high risk of developing disease.

 

Blood glucose testing at regular intervals is very crucial for diabetic patients, in order to keep a track of fluctuating glucose levels in the blood. The crucial aim of diabetes treatment is to ensure normal levels of blood glucose.

 

Medical cameras are used to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body for medical purpose and provide investigation of medical symptoms, diagnosis confirmation and also treatment such as widening of a constricted esophagus, extracting off a polyp or removal of a foreign object or cauterization of a bleeding vessel.

 

A personal cloud is a form of cloud storage for home users to store personalized data such as photos, videos, documents; it can also be used to stream multimedia. It is similar to a private cloud, but provides enhanced control. Personal clouds are also referred to as personal cloud storage, mobile cloud storage, and pocket cloud storage.

 

Dialysis is the process of removal of waste and excess water from blood. The kidneys are put for dialysis if they are not able to detoxify blood naturally. The devices that are utilized for performing dialysis are known as dialysis devices. Heavy machines that are used in the same cannot be replaced after every use. However, few devices like catheters can be replaced.

 

Today, a majority of newly approved drugs are being marketed in lyophilized form for reconstitution at the point of care as molecular complexity of these drugs does not allow their distribution in a liquid form. Earlier, reconstitution and mixing was quite difficult and used to involve multiple steps that’s why drugs requiring reconstitution were used to administer in healthcare settings by medical professionals resulting into higher treatment costs.

 

A turbocharger is a device used to boost the power yield of an engine. It is a type of forced induction system that compresses the air flowing into the engine, which helps increase more air flow into a cylinder. This results in more fuel addition, which in turn increases the power output of the engine per stroke.

 

Benzene is a colorless chemical having a sweet odor and a boiling point of 80 degree Celsius. It is mainly used as an industrial solvent and a gasoline additive. Xylene is also sweet smelling, flammable and colorless in nature. It is used as a solvent in printing, leather and rubber industries.

 

Isopropyl-benzene is commonly called as Cumene which is an organic compound generally based on aromatic hydrocarbons with aliphatic substitution. Cumene is a colorless, flammable liquid and having boiling point of 152°C is a constituent of refined fuels and crude oil. Cumene is stable material but shows little instability forming peroxides while storage when comes in contact of air. 

 

The market for electric handheld BP devices is growing worldwide under the impact of increasing incidences of chronic diseases that require routine blood pressure monitoring, consumer awareness and advancements in technology leading to miniaturization of BP devices. 

 

Similarly, on the basis of services market is segmented as consulting, system integration, managed services and other services. Further, the market is also segmented on the basis of delivery modes, such as web conferencing, video streaming, webcasting and video conferencing.

 

Hyperlipidemia refers to abnormal elevation of lipids and/or lipoprotein levels. Risk factors associated with such condition include stroke, peripheral vascular disease, atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases.

 

Phenol, also known as carbolic acid, is a white crystalline organic compound which is volatile in nature. It is an important industrial commodity as its derivatives are key ingredients in making a wide range of industry products. Phenol and its derivatives are mostly used to make polycarbonates, epoxy resins, Bakelite, nylon, phenolic resins, detergents, herbicides, and pharmaceutical drugs.

 

Microspheres are small spherical microparticles of a size ranging from 1µm to 1000 µm, and can be produced naturally as well as synthetically. These are innovative raw materials with superior functionality that help improve the quality of the final product at a reduced cost. Growth of the oil, gas, and medical industry is a major driver for the microsphere market.

 


Fault Current is any abnormal current in an electrical power system. An electrical fault may occur due to short circuit, where the current bypasses the normal load. Fault Current Limiters (FCL’s) are devices used in power systems that are used to control the power wastage.

 


Intrathecal pumps classified under intrathecal drug delivery system are used to deliver small amounts of drug directly to the patient’s spinal fluid for relieving chronic back or spinal pain. This small programmed battery powered pump is surgically implanted under the subcutaneous tissue of the abdomen and is connected to a catheter tunneled to the site of spinal entry.

 


The human endocrine system comprises of a number of glands such as pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, pineal, thymus, parathyroid and gonads. These glands secrete hormones into the blood which are responsible for metabolism, growth, sexual development and other body functions. Endocrinology drugs are used to treat diseases related with insufficient hormones supply and dysfunctional glands.

 


An Enteric Cytopathic Human Orphan virus abbreviated as echovirus is an RNA virus that causes infections and diseases of gastrointestinal tract in the human body. Primarily, infants and young children are most susceptible to echovirus however it may also infect adults leading to various diseases such as acute febrile illness, respiratory diseases, rash, hand foot and mouth disease, myocarditis, encephalitis, neonatal sepsis and aseptic meningitis.

 


Food service equipments are useful in transporting and dispensing or serving prepared foods in restaurants. Food service equipments include all types of commercial equipments in kitchens used for preparation, refrigeration storage, and food holding & serving. The four basic categories into which food service equipments are classified are cleaning, cooking, food preparation and refrigeration.

 


Agriculture is undoubtedly one of the ground-breaking revolutions in the history of the world. With the passage of time, and improvement in applied technology, machineries have become an indispensable part of agriculture and forestry.

 


Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are derived from blastocyst and are capable of differentiating into number of cell types that make up the human body. hESCs can replicate indefinitely and produce non-regenerative tissues such as neural and myocardial cells. These abilities of human embryonic stems cells allow them to be used as a tool in regenerative medicine and research.

 

Glaucoma is caused due to rise in the intraocular pressure, if persists may lead to permanent eye damage.This increased pressure damages the optic nerve which transmits message to the brain High pressure is built due to the blockage of the trabecular meshwork which results in the accumulation of aqueous humor.

 

Paper packaging is used for variety of purpose such as for void fill, blocking, bracing, wrapping, and cushioning. Paper packaging material market is fastest growing segment of overall packaging market because of versatility, innovation, efficiency and sustainability adding value to food and non food products.

 

The first evidence of baking dates back to the Babylonian era, and Man has come a long way since then. New products as well as techniques of baking have been developed. However, the main ingredients have remained more or less the same. Baking ingredients include baking powder, baking soda, flour, butter, eggs, yeasts, honey, fruits, nuts, and several flavor and color additives.

 

Ambient meat is processed meat that can be stored at normal temperatures for a relatively longer period of time without adversely affecting its taste or texture. The processing of meat is extremely important for it to prolong its shelf life. Usually the meat is dehydrated, acidity is regulated, and stored in air-tight containers so as to minimize the threat of bacteria. 

 

Global market for agricultural equipments is mainly dominated by farm tractors. Farm tractors are one of the comprehensive equipments in farming. Farm tractors reduce the labor work and produce higher output as compared to human labor. Growing demands of farmers over the years have led to continuous evolution of farm tractors.

 

Household paper product market includes household disposable paper products such as facial tissue, paper towels, toilet tissue, cups & plates and paper napkins. Household paper products are used for maintaining proper hygiene and cleanliness. Health concerns regarding infectious diseases and allergy has been a major factor in the growth of household paper products market.

 

Capnography is the measurement of exhaled carbon dioxide concentration in the breath of a patient. It plays an important role in identifying respiratory and basic circulatory distress and impairment by enabling information about CO2 production, perfusion, alveolar ventilation and respiratory pattern.

 

Vaccines have been in use since decades to provide immunological responses against diseases. A conventional vaccine is a biological preparation of weakened or attenuated, killed forms of a microbe or one of its cellular components, while a DNA vaccine is composed of genetically engineered DNA. 

 

The electrodes used in medical devices transfer the ionic current energy into electrical current in the body. These currents can be amplified and have proved to be helpful in diagnosing various diseases. Medical electrodes comprises of a lead, metal and electrode conducting paste. 

 

Raman is an analytical technique used to observe vibrational resonance in molecules. It is a non-destructive technique and such instruments work on the principle of scattering of light at different wavelengths from the incident probe light or sample. 

 

Phosphoric fertilizers are manufactured by adding acid to ground or pulverized phosphate rock. Phosphate (SSP) is produced by employing sulfuric acid to chemically extract phosphate from phosphate rock.

 

Polymeric composites used for manufacturing parts of aquatic vessels like ships, recreational boats, racing boats, power-boats, jet-boards, and sub-marines are called marine composites. It helps to reduce vessel weight and cost of production, improve fuel efficiency, impact resistance, and longevity of the vessel.

 

Locusts have been known to be a menace to agriculture and cultivation from time immemorial, and Man has gained valuable knowledge and expertise to tackle the menace of insects. However, even today a vast majority of households across the globe suffer from insect attacks, thus generating a multi-million dollar home-insecticide industry. 

 

Neurologic disorder can be defined as a change in the functioning of nervous system. These disorders occur due to the structural or biochemical change in the activity of brain, spinal cord and other nerves. Neurologic disorders can be primarily categorized into three main divisions namely central nervous system disorders, peripheral nervous system disorders and autonomous nervous system disorder.

 

Gonorrhea is a contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The disease can also pass on to a new born through infected mother during parturition. This disease can affect both men and women. The bacterium grows in warm and moist areas of uterus, reproductive tract, fallopian tubes and urethra.

 

Biobank is referred as a repository or library that stores biological samples which are intended for research purpose. Biobanks play a pivotal role in biomedical research and stores wide array of biospecimens that include purified saliva, blood, plasma, DNA samples. Biobanks provide data that represent large number of individuals samples used by researchers for multiple purposes (disease identification, genetic trait identification and others).

 

Antimigraine drugs are the therapeutic agents indicated to use against migraine headaches. Migraine is characterized by recurrent attacks of moderate to severe headaches along with other nervous system symptoms. Migraine is more common in women than men, majorly due to the fluctuations in the harmone levels. According to a Medline article, around 12% of the U.S. population suffers from migraine headaches.

 

Malt industry includes establishments that produce malt, primarily for the manufacture of alcoholic beverages, such as beer and whisky. They are also used to make confections such as malted shakes, malt vinegar, flavored drinks such as Ovaltine, Horlicks, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as bagels, malt loaf, and rich tea.

 

The industrial rubber products market include products developed from various types of rubber such as natural rubber, synthetic rubber, elastomers (EPM/EPDM), silicone rubber, butyl rubber (IIR Isobutylene-Isoprene rubber), ethylene-propylene, liquid silicone rubbers (LSR). The industrial rubber products market is extremely competitive with the top ten companies accounting for less than one-third of the total sales. 

 

Fast foods are food products that can be prepared and served within a short stipulated amount of time. It includes various types of edible snacks such as burgers, pizzas, fries and rolls among others. The raw materials needed for this market mainly constitute of flour, vegetables and meat.

 

Insulation refers to a process wherein a non-conducting material is used to isolate something from its surroundings, and sustain its normal state of being. It can be used for different purposes like sound, heat, and electricity insulation. However, the insulation market is heavily influenced by the high-growth building-insulation market. 

 

Dyes and pigments are coloring materials, which are water insoluble. Key end-user industries of pigments include wood-coloring, stone, textiles, paints & coatings, food and metals. Pigment are usually manufactured as dry colorants and grounded into fine powder. As pigments are water insoluble it requires some special techniques for dyeing and printing.

 

Microfluidics is a science that deals with the study of flow of liquid through the channels of micrometer size. It basically deals with the control and manipulation of fluids that is geometrically constrained to a sub-millimeter scale. Microfluidics field came into existence in 1990’s when microscale analytical chemistry technique and microelectronic technology began to be recognized.

 

The consistent innovations in the medical imaging industry are leading to the development of easy to use, portable, reliable and more accessible devices. With the enhanced imaging capabilities these devices are no longer confined to just large hospitals and institutions. 

 

Toll when collected electronically in an attempt to eliminate the delay on toll roads is called electronic toll collection (ETC). Electronic toll collection debits the accounts of the owners of the registered cars without stopping. ETC alerts the system for the cars that have not been registered. 

 

Meals that are prepared outside the homes and catered to students, or the working masses is known as food service. Food service industry offers its services to schools, colleges, cafeterias, restaurants among others.  The four types of foodservice systems are conventional, centralized, ready prepared and assembly service.

 

Hysterectomy is the process where complete or partial uterus is removed from the women’s body by the gynecologist. In complete uterus removal, fundus, cervix and body of the uterus are removed whereas in partial only body of the uterus is excised. 

 

Incretion is a process of internal secretion of hormone through endocrine glands. These hormones control the major internal body functions such as digestive activities and movement. Sometimes these hormones are not secreted in an appropriate amount to control internal body functions.

 

Inferior vena cava or posterior vena cava is the largest vein in the human body responsible for carrying de-oxygenated blood from the lower extremities of the body into the right atrium of heart and then to the lungs. Vena cava filter is a medical device designed to prevent blood clots from travelling to lungs.

 

Service provided by ground based controllers directing the aircraft on the ground and through the airspace is called as air traffic control. Primary purpose of air traffic control ATC globally is to avoid collision, provide information and support to the pilot and organize and expedite the traffic in the air. 

 

Gynecology is the study of female reproductive system which includes urodynamic testing. Urodynamics refers to the use of various procedures and devices for examining the bladder’s ability to store and release urine steadily and completely.  Urodynamics helps physicians to understand bladder functions and sphincter muscles. 

 

Fermenters are used for a variety of fermentation processes performed for pharmaceuticals drug manufacturing. The fermentation process includes the growth of bacteria and production of drugs under tight regulations such as aeration rate, dosage of nutrients and temperature control.

 

A condiment is an edible substance that is added to some foods to inculcate particular flavor or in some cultures to compliment a dish. Sauce is a flavorful relish or seasoning served as an accompaniment to food. Some condiments are used during cooking to add texture to food or sometime added prior to serving as sauces in sandwiches.

 

Refrigerators are used to cool down perishable food items, thereby preventing action of mold, yeast and bacteria. Refrigerators market is one of the fastest growing segments of consumer home appliances industry. Also positive growths in food industry have stimulated the growth of commercial refrigerators and related equipments market. 

 

Beverages are important part of balanced and healthy life. They provide energy, quench thirst, and provide hydration. The key ingredients in non-alcoholic beverages include high fructose corn syrup, caffeine and low calorie sweetener. Consumers beverage choice are no longer restricted to refreshment purpose, but rather are influenced by various factors. 

 

Chiropractic is a healthcare profession that is focused on diagnosis of nervous and musculoskeletal system disorders. Chiropractic care is mostly used by chiropractic physicians as a pain relief therapy for joints, bones, muscles and connective tissue. Physicians use hands on spinal manipulation or manual therapy and other alternative treatments for the proper alignment of the musculoskeletal structure.

 

Digital Pathology is referred to as creation of image based information environment by the usage of computer technology. It allows the creation, sharing, analysis and interpretation of digital images through glass slides. Digital Pathology is conversion of glass slide into digital slides that can be analyzed, viewed and managed. 

 

Soy is a nutritional food product, widely accepted by almost all cultures across the globe. Soy-milk has gained popularity among the lactose intolerant population. Due to the low amount of carbohydrates, fats and cholesterol in soy milk compared to dairy milk, it is a popular choice among the modern health conscious population.

 

Prebiotics are specific foods which increases the growth of bacteria and its activity in the digestive system. Prebiotics are defined as “A selectively fermented ingredient which allows specific changes, both in the composition and/or activity of the gastrointestinal microflora that confers benefits upon host well-being and health”.

 

Compression therapy is a process of applying external pressure to treat various chronic wounds such as deep venous thrombosis, phlebitis and lymphedema. A common myth prevailing among people is that compression bandages and clothes hinder the blood circulation but in reality these products are designed in such a way that when applied properly they assist in blood flow.

 

Currently, North America accounted for the majority of the global market share and is followed by Europe due to factors such as high disposable income of consumers and the presence of advanced diagnostic and therapeutic technologies in these regions. Asia-Pacific demonstrates promising growth in the adoption of direct energy devices.

 

Dyslipidemia is a lipoprotein metabolism disorder characterized by abnormal amount of lipoprotein (LDL and HDL) concentrations in blood. It is usually caused by genetic factors, secondary factors or a combination of both kinds of factors. High density lipoproteins (HDL) are also known as good cholesterol and higher levels of these help reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

 

Chlamydia is one of the most widespread sexually transmitted diseases. It is caused by bacteria named Chlamydomonas trachomatis. This disease is more common in females as compared to male population. In addition, the disease is more prevalent in people who are older than 25 years due to multiple sex and sex partners. In 2011, around 1,412,791 people were suffering from Chlamydia in the U.S. 

 

Nuts and seeds are rich in nutritional value and contain essential nutrients like protein, folate, essential minerals, and fiber. Nuts are defined as dried hard shelled fruits with edible kernel, while seeds are embryonic plants enclosed in seed-coat. Edible seeds are derived from cereals, legumes, and nuts. Seeds and nuts cater to a variety of applications. 

 

Bioterrorism refers to form of terrorism that involves intentional dissemination or release of biological agents. The agents can be viruses, bacteria or toxins and can also be referred to as germ warfare. Biological agents are mainly found in nature but sometimes they can be modified by the terrorist as to make agents more toxic.

 

Cardiopulmonary stress test (CPST) is performed in order to measure gas exchange i.e. the amount of oxygen inhaled and the amount of carbon dioxide exhaled. It is generally performed on a treadmill or a special type of bicycle with a unique mouthpiece to measure gas exchange. It provides information about body’s response to exercise.

 

The world runs on wheels, and almost all automotive-wheels essentially need tires. Modern pneumatic tire production fundamentally needs synthetic or natural rubber along with other chemicals. A huge majority of the world rubber production is consumed by the tire industry. The crucial performance requirements of automotive-tires are to provide grip to the vehicle, resist abrasion, and carry and transport loads, all the while providing reasonable safety and performance to the vehicle. Different types of rubber are used for manufacturing tires for different purposes.

 

The 4G Equipments are carriers to boost in-building wireless signal strength and coverage in areas such as stadiums, campuses, resorts, hospitals or other large places to provide increased network capacity and faster data transmission rates. The 4G Equipment are categorized as LTE (Long term Equipment) and Wi-max equipment. The 4G equipments are used in applications of 4G such as virtual presence, virtual navigation, crisis management, tele medicine and education, multimedia and video services, tele geo processing application.

 

Blood comprises of red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma and platelets. Sometimes, people might be affected with different types of blood disorders and blood cancers due to aging, infections, exposure to certain chemicals, smoking, genetic disorders and other factors. Hence, the category of blood disorders is wide and numerous types of diseases fall under it. There are three main types of cancer that affect blood namely leukemia which affects the bone marrow and is caused by abnormal production of white blood cells.

 

The cast removal devices are instruments used for cutting casting material such as orthopedic plaster. These devices possess properties such as high cutting torque and low material speed. The devices are further classified in three categories in accordance to their method of application for cutting such as hand handled device, advanced device and bottom edge device. The hand handled devices cut the orthopedic casts without noise with a few or no debris generation however advanced devices maintain the velocity of the equipment throughout the cast. The bottom edge devices are designed to cut the cast from the bottom of the cast to reduce the risk to skin cutting.

 

Chlor alkali refers to an industrial process used for producing caustic soda, chlorine, and other chlorine and sodium based products or derivatives like hydrochloric acid, chlorinated paraffin, sodium hypochlorite, bleaching powder, and hydrogen gas. The process involves the electrolysis of brine (sodium chloride) solution resulting in the formation of the above-mentioned products. The main products of the chlor alkali market are chlorine gas, caustic soda (sodium hydroxide), and soda ash (sodium carbonate).

 

The fishing equipments can be segmented into following product categories: reels and poles, rods, lures, fishing lines, flies & baits, hooks, tackle boxes, tools & pliers, rigs, sinkers, tippets & swivels. The fishing techniques include angling, trolling, long line fishing and snagging. Depending upon the technique of fishing various appropriate tools have been developed. Globally fishing is a large market and continues to grow at a rapid pace. Increasing population has its own demands for food products and fish & fish products form a large segment in people’s food habit worldwide.

 

Stretchers are medical devices that are used for carrying patients who require medical attention. These are also used in emergency medical situation outside of the hospitals, by military services and also by search and rescue personnel. A stretcher is a mobile device that can be used for the transportation of a patient from place to another. There are various types of stretchers commercially available namely EMS stretchers, folding stretchers, simple stretchers, scoop stretcher, stroke basket, reeves stretcher and nimier stretcher.

 

Hyaluronic acid also known as hyaluronan, hyaluronate or HA is a high molecular mass anionic polysaccharide present in fluid form in human body. Hyaluronic acid when to be used as medicine is extracted from rooster combs or produced from bacteria in laboratories. It is mostly used in treatment of knee osteoarthritis by injecting it into the patient’s knee joint and is also used for tissue healing post surgery. It acts as a lubricant in joints and other tissues and also helps in healing of injuries.

 

Micro-RNA is a small non-coding RNA molecule which is a vital component of genetic regulation. Set of micro-RNAs are present in plants and animals functioning in gene expression process. They are involved in the normal functioning of the eukaryotic cells. Biogenesis of micro-RNA is the basis for RNA interference drug discovery and research in therapeutics. 

 

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurological disease and also termed as Lou Gehrig’s disease.  The disease affects the motor neurons, which control the action of voluntary muscles, as a result the messages between brain and muscle fibers are blocked. ALS could occur in a person due to genetic inheritance, mutation in gene which encodes enzyme copper-zinc superoxide dismutase coupled with defect in chromosome 9. 

 

Antiemetics are therapeutic agents which are used to treat vomiting and nausea caused by several medical conditions. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, they are symptoms associated with a variety of medical conditions such as gastroenteritis, motion sickness, dizziness, pregnancy, overeating, emotional stress and food poisoning.

 

Body contouring is a surgical procedure that involves alteration of the body parts such as torso, upper arms, thighs, buttocks, and chest with an intention to improve the overall appearance of the body. This is more effective for those who already have gone through massive weight loss and want to get rid of excess skin and remaining fats from their body.

 

Wood flooring manufacturing market is currently preferred owing to its durability, restorability and its environmental profile. It can be classified as solid, acrylic impregnated and engineered wood. Bamboo flooring, one form of grass flooring is also considered as a type of wood flooring. Wood flooring comes in shapes such as strips, parquet and planks. 

 

The reason for the inception of gluten free products is the fact that gluten rich food is known to cause a disease known as celiac disease. It’s a condition wherein the patient’s immune system gets auto-triggered when they consume foods containing gluten. There is no medication available currently to cure this disease and the only way possible to avoid it is to switch to a gluten free diet. 

 

Sweets are a part and parcel of everybody’s life, and are universally regarded for giving a gratifying experience. Consumption of sweet-spread is historically rooted in the European and American culture. Sweet spreads consist of jams and jellies, honey, nut-based spreads, syrup based spreads, and chocolate spreads. 

 

Cyclohexanone is obtained during the manufacturing of nylon intermediaries like adipic acid or caprolactam. Major companies captively consume cyclohexanone and a very small portion of the demand is from sectors other than nylon. Over three fourth of the production of cyclohexanone is based on cyclohexane and the remaining is based on phenol. The major use of the compound except in the nylon industry is as a solvent in the paint and dye industry.

 

Adhesion is one of the common problems affecting almost 55% to 90% patients followed by surgery. Adhesion is a band of scar tissue formed between organs and tissue after a surgery as a part of a normal healing process. However, when it connects wrong tissues into each other, adhesions may lead to severe clinical symptoms such as pelvic pain, intestinal blockage, infertility and loss of sensation depending on the location and size of the adhesions. 

 

The mobile phone industry has witnessed exponential growth over the last decade. Development in the electronics and telecommunications sector has spawned a variety of advanced technologies, operating system and value added features to cell phones. Advent of 2G, 3G and 4G technologies has resulted in increasing Internet usage, giving rise to mobile money/payment.

 

Waste to diesel is a relatively new concept and an unconventional source of energy. In this process, diesel is produced from municipal waste, plastic waste, and oil and fat waste. Our planet is suffocated by waste, and waste management is a costly affair, without any scope of a return on investment. Our blue planet is also facing troubles with depleting fossil fuel reserves. 

 

Hemostasis is the phenomenon of interaction between platelets, blood vessels and coagulation protein which helps to stop the bleeding. In addition, this process also maintains the blood flow in the blood vessels. Bleeding disorders could be a result of vascular and coagulation abnormalities. Hemostasis diagnostics helps in detection of these abnormalities and assists in proper treatment.

 

Lyophilization is a process in which water is removed from a frozen product and placed in vacuum which allows the ice to directly convert into vapor. In this process ice is directly converted in vapor phase without undergoing liquid phase.  This process includes three phases namely freezing, sublimation and desorption. 

 

Surfactants is a term derived by combining the term “surface active agents”. Surfactants are anphipatic molecules that help lowering the surface tension of liquid. Surfactants usually act as  wetting agents, detergents, emulsifiers or as foaming agents. Detergency, substantivity and conditioning are important properties of surfactants owing to which surfactants are widely used in different industries.

 

The tobacco is utilized in manufacturing of cigar, cigarettes, smoking and chewing tobacco. It is also used in manufacturing ‘snuff’ and ‘bidis’. The consumption of tobacco products augmented globally during the economic slowdown due to the foreclosures, downfall in the stock market and stress of layoffs that drove many people to seek relief through smoking.

 

Non-polyolefin commodity resins are produced from Elastomers. The products thus manufactured can withstand extreme temperatures and harsh operating environments. Non-polyolefin resins have high tensile strength and its products are beneficial in insulating or protecting delicate materials in different industries. 

 

A heterogeneous network (HetNet) is one which connects computers and other devices with different operating systems or protocols. For instance, the network (LAN) that connects Microsoft Windows and Linux based computers with Apple Macintosh computers is HetNet. Heterogeneous network is a cost effective way of handling the increasing demand for mobile data. 

 

With increasing joint and connective tissue problems caused by hectic lifestyles, non-nutritious food habits, and lack of physical workouts, the demand for rheumatology is on an increase on a global scale. Rheumatology is concerned with the therapy of rheumatic diseases and problems involving joints, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, heritable connective tissue disorders, and vasculitis.

 

The rising demand for energy and limited/inefficient storage systems are proving inadequate to satisfy the demand for industrial energy requirements. Researchers are aggressively and continuously working in order to develop and manufacture effective and efficient systems that will store and distribute the required amount of energy globally. 

 

Coal can be converted into liquid fuel by the process of coal liquefaction. There are two methods used (direct and indirect liquefaction) for obtaining liquid fuels from coal. The major objective of coal liquefaction is to produce synthetic oil to supplement the natural sources of petroleum.

 

Carbon black is produced by incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum. Traditionally, it was produced by charring wood or bone. It appears black and reflects very little light. Its major application is in the manufacture of automobile tires since it reflects the heat away from the treads and the belt area of the tire, thereby increasing the lifespan of tires

 

Plastics play a major role in our lives today and are found abundantly in our everyday lives. They find applications across a host of industries including medicines, construction, appliances, automotives, and in other industries. However, repeated use of plastics over a substantial period is raising a concern over their hygiene. Overuse of plastic bottles to store water results in leaking of chemicals into the water.

 

Cloud storage allows users to store data on a server which is remotely located. A service provider hosts the cloud service on a server which is safe from catastrophic failures such as fire, earthquake, and tsunamis. With daily additions in transactional information, it has become a challenge for companies to store such humongous amount of data. Cloud storage provides the solution via remote access through the internet.

 

Fluoroscopy Mobile C-armCloud storage allows users to store data on a server which is remotely located. A service provider hosts the cloud service on a server which is safe from catastrophic failures such as fire, earthquake, and tsunamis. With daily additions in transactional information, it has become a challenge for companies to store such humongous amount of data. 

 

Yeasts are eukaryotic organisms whose cells contain complex structures enclosed within a membrane. Yeast microbes are one of the earliest domesticated organisms that have been used extensively for fermentation and baking throughout history. With development in biotechnology many extracts and useful strains of yeasts have been developed which are used as food additives, in flavoring or as nutrients for bacterial culture media. 

 

Large scale adoption of digital signal processing in consumer electronics has lead to increased utilization of DSP chips that have penetrated into a number of applications that use advanced digital signal processing. Electronic design automation (EDA) vendors, foundries, fabless and fab manufacturers, intellectual property (IP) vendors, assembly & testing and packaging vendors are some of the key industry players in this market.

 

A laboratory information system (LIS) is an integrated software to manage data and information at all levels in scientific and commercial laboratories. In healthcare LIS is used to manage operations, data, records, quality control, sample and instrument in clinical healthcare laboratories and pharmaceutical drug discovery and manufacturing laboratories.

 

Coxsackieviruses are non-enveloped viruses belonging to the picornaviridae family and enterovirus genus that possess linear single-stranded RNA as their genetic material. Based on their pathogenecity tested on mice, they are further categorized into group A and group B viruses.

 

VOCs (volatile organic compounds) are substances such as formaldehyde which are used in paints to allow them to dry faster. These are highly toxic to humans and high levels of VOC in paints results in the release of toxic VOC fumes for a long period of time. Low VOC paints use water as a solvent instead of petroleum-based materials. 

 

ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat) and Bronchoscopy devices market comprises of a wide array of medical devices such as ENT powered instruments and radiofrequency devices, ENT hand instruments, endoscopes, bronchial stents, bronchial flexible scope and airway stents. These devices are used in a number of surgical procedures and treatment associated with ENT and lung diseases such as myringotomy, stapedectomy, tonsillectomy, internal biopsy and bronchial stenting. 

 

Companies in coated paper market manufacture products that include coated and laminated paper, uncoated paper sacks and bags, laminated and coated packaging paper, laminated foil, plastic foil, surface-coated paperboard and coated paper bags. In this industry the raw materials are paper and paperboard and these are processed with plastic, latex, clay and metal to create products. Coated wood-free paper is the most popular product. 

 

The market for central nervous system disorder drugs comprise of drugs used for the treatment of diseases affecting the brain or spinal cord such as epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, depression, anxiety and bipolar disorders. Epilepsy is a chronic brain disorder characterized by recurring seizures. Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative CNS disorder associated with symptoms including tremor, rigidity, akinesia and bradykinesia.

 

Hydrocolloids are those polymers that are readily soluble, dispersive and prone to swell in water and thus change the physical properties of the solution to form gels, or enable thickening, emulsification and/or stabilization. Xanthan, carrageenan, starches and other such naturally occurring substances are some common hydrocolloids used in the market today. Based on their application, hydrocolloids are used in food, oilfields,  pharmaceutical, paper and board, textiles and other industries.

 

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an immune-mediated disease in which the body’s own immune system attacks the parts of the digestive system of the human body. Such disease involves inflammation of lower gastrointestinal tract and causes irreversible damage to the bowel.

 

Business process management is a key term and it is actively persuaded in corporate these days. A business process is series of value added activities collaborated together purposefully to achieve a common goal. Business process is critical to any organization as it generates revenue for them and also comprise for a significant cost to the company. BPM is used for connection, integration, and service-oriented architecture (SOA) process management. 

 

Immunoglobulin’s also called as antibodies are large Y-shaped protein produced by B-cell.  These are the glycoprotein molecule produced by plasma cells in response to entry of foreign entity such as bacteria and viruses in the body. Production of antibodies is an important function of immune system. Antibodies use binding mechanism for neutralizing the activity of a foreign particle called as an antigen.

 

Metal smelting is a process of extracting metal from its ore which is mixed with heat generating or purifying substances such as coke or limestone. Smelted or pure gold finds its application in various fields such as medical, dental, electronics and industrial application. While purchasing gold ore, investors are buying the insignificant material that sticks to pure gold.

 

Light weight electric vehicle are usually two or three wheelers, weighing less than 100 kilograms and energy storage device such as fuel cell or battery. They also use light weight metals for their construction. Earlier, weight of electric vehicles increased considerably by usage of traditional heavy batteries. This makes light weight electric vehicle an inevitable option.

 

Biophotonics is described as the study of interaction of light with biological samples carried out to manipulate or sense certain parameters of the sample. This technique is used to detect biological functions at cellular and sub-cellular levels. Microscopy is the most widely used method of light sensing to obtain images with high magnification while manipulation of sample is carried out by photoactivation, photoablation, photobleaching and optical tweezing.

 

A solvent is generally any liquid (could be solid or gas also), which has the capacity to dissolve a substance (solute) in it resulting in the formation of a solution. The solvent market has seen a rise in the last few years, which has caused high levels of toxic emission in the atmosphere. Traditional solvents emit VOC (volatile organic compounds) and are being increasingly used in paints, aerosol, and in other similar industries.

 

Enzymes are proteins with highly selective catalysts and are responsible for digestion and for improving the quality of food. Enzymes are now used in various industrial applications which include the food and beverages industry.  In this industry, enzymes are used in the production of infant foods, chocolate syrups, cheese, milk, egg products, alcoholic beverages, and sweeteners.

 

Dairy products industry is one of the most dynamic markets globally. Growing health concerns due to consumption of non-vegetarian foods has prompted consumers to go for vegetarian foods and dairy products. Dairy products include a very broad range of products such as cheese, yoghurt, butter, buttermilk, ice cream, lactose free milk, cream and frozen desserts among others. 

 

In today’s world, there is an incessant global requirement for more energy which at the same time has to be cleaner than the energy produced from traditional technologies. The increase in the demand for energy has facilitated the increasing penetration of distributed generation technologies, primarily of renewable energy sources. Use of clean energy can substantially minimize the risk of global warming and climate change. 

 

Lignin is a complex polymer abundantly found in plant tissues. In other words, lignin is the fibrous part of the plant. It stores large quantities of solar energy and is responsible for water transportation within the plant. Commercially, lignin is used in a wide range of low volume, niche applications. 

 

Syrup is a thick mixture of water and sugar usually flavored or medicated, or the accumulated juice of a fruit or plant. Syrups are mainly used in the food and beverage industries, as well as pharmaceutical industry. Most common types of syrups are Beverages, corn, fruit, maple, table (or pancake), toppings, candy, medicines. Syrups are not only used for adding sweetness to food items but they also provide flavor, by allowing flavor to stay on tongue for longer period.

 

Aluminum foils offer many advantages to the packaging and food industries and the consumer including consumer friendliness & recyclability. Consumers can freeze or heat food products in the foil container directly. Other applications of aluminum include beverage, confectionary, personal care, health care and other industrial uses. 

 

Healthcare Information System is an integrated information system to provide better patient care by managing essential data at all levels of health services such as assessing patient activity and conditions, record management, hospital administration, billing, scheduling and diagnostic testing.

 

Adenoviruses are major causes of febrile illness among children. They can infect the membranes of respiratory tract, intestines, eyes and urinary tract causing pharyngitis, pneumonia and gastroenteritis, bronchiolitis, hemorrhagic cystitis and conjunctivitis. There are 57 types of adenoviruses known to infect human beings, classified into seven categories from A to G on the basis of genome size and composition. 

 

Circuit breakers and fuses are essential part of power protection industry. These are essential components in distribution networks (grids). They are used for protection against short circuits, fault currents, unexpected power outage resulting from overload and ground faults.

 

Nutraceuticals are products that give extra nutritional value to food, and help in prevention and treatment of diseases. The nutraceuticals market can be classified into functional foods, dietary supplements, medicinal foods, and farmaceuticals. The market can also be segmented by its usage in body building, diabetes control, pain relief, and weight control. 

 

Cement is a key building material which is used as a binder. Clay and limestone are key raw materials used in the manufacture of cement. Cement can also be used in mixture as a concrete and mortar. Mortar is formed by mixing cement with sand whereas concrete is formed by mixing cement, sand, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate. Mortar is used to bind blocks, stone and bricks into walls.

 

Blood pressure is defined as the measure of force exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of the vessels as heart pumps. If blood pressure rises above normal pressure it leads to numerous health problems such as heart diseases, stroke, kidney failure and peripheral vascular diseases. In the United States, over 30% of the population around 65 million individuals suffer from hypertension.

 

Food enzymes act as catalyst in the breaking down of vitamins and nutrients in the metabolic reactions. Enzymes are consists of complex amino-acids and helps in digestion. They are primarily involved in interconversion of complex molecules to smaller molecules such as carbohydrate to carbohydrase, lipid to lipase and protein to protease. 

 

Decorative coatings or architectural coatings are the finishes and paints that are applied on commercial and residential buildings. They are mainly used to add colors to the room and make them attractive and fresh and to serve as protection from moisture, corrosion, bacteria and UV radiation. The decorative coatings have various applications such as interior and exterior house paints, primers, sealers, varnishes and stains.

 

Psychotherapeutic drugs market is comprised of drugs which are used to treat mental illnesses such as confused thinking, extreme mood swings, long lasting depression, social withdrawal and suicidal thought. Commonly found mental disorders are schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, anxiety and depression. Schizophrenia is a mental disease associated with hearing voices, unorganized speech and broken thoughts.

 

Pressure-sensitive adhesive (PSA) tape is a tape having backing material applied with pressure sensitive adhesive material. The adhesive activates quickly when it is kept on substrate and pressure is applied. These types of adhesive do not require any kind of solvent, heat or water to for activation. In order to protect adhesive on tape before end use; sometimes a removable layer is also provided.

 

Reinforced plastics are a type of composite material which incorporates additional substances in the form of fillers that aim to improve the structural and physical properties of a base plastic material. These fillers are generally in the form of fibers and are made of materials such as glass, aramid, carbon, cellulosic derivatives, asbestos, and in some cases even metal fibers. 

 

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a naturally occurring vitamin-like substance present in plants, animals, and humans. It plays an important role in the production of cellular energy and in the basic functioning of cells. In the human body, it is found in the heart, liver, kidney, and pancreas. Coenzyme Q10 is industrially manufactured largely by yeast fermentation and on a smaller scale by bacterial fermentation.

 

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a type of blood cancer caused by uncontrolled growth of the cells in bone marrow. CML is a type of myeloproliferative disease which is characterized by the chromosomal translocation. Patients suffering from CML show increased susceptibility to infections, thrombocytopenia, anemia and may also have enlarged spleen which causes pain on the left side. 

 

Computer aided detection (CADe) assists radiologists in interpretation of medical images effectively. This is also known as computer aided diagnosis (CADx). These procedures help radiologists and doctors to evaluate and analyze the information yielded by various imaging techniques such as MRI, X-ray and ultrasound diagnostics. CAD technology is a combination of digital image processing, radiological image processing and artificial intelligence.

 

Polymer resins, which on undergoing a chemical reaction (process of curing), form three-dimensional cross-linked structures, are generally known as thermoset resins. On account of their rigid cross-linked structure after the curing process, thermosetting resins exhibit better physical properties than thermoplastic resins.

 

Magnetic flow meter is technically an electromagnetic flow meter or mag meter. Flow meter is a device used to measure mass, volume, linear, nonlinear flow rate of a liquid or a gas. A magnetic flow meter is an instrument which can measure a water-based or conductive volumetric flow. Magnetic flow meters are ideal for applications where low maintenance and low pressure drop are required. 

 

Conditional access systems are devices used to restrict the transmission of digital media such as video content or satellite TV signals through cable. Conditional access systems are also used for protection of content and blocking of unauthorized user for video content.

 

Coagulation is a part of ‘hemostasis’ which is a normal process in body in which blood flow and clot formation is regulated by various enzymes and proteins. Coagulation ceases the blood loss occurring from damaged vessels in case of injury. Dysfunction of coagulation process may lead to increase in risk of bleeding or obstructive clotting.

 

A nebulizer is a drug delivery device through which asthma medication is turned down to liquid form (mist) which is inhaled into the lungs. These devices are used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), asthma, cystic fibrosis and other related respiratory diseases. Nebulizers work by breaking medical suspensions into small aerosol (example: mist) droplets, directly inhaled through the mouthpiece of the device. 

 

Phosphate is an inorganic salt of phosphoric acid usually derived by mining activity. Phosphates are used as fertilizers on a large scale. In addition, they are also used in animal nutrition, detergents and food and beverages among others. Monocalcium phosphates, dicalcium phosphates, and tricalcium phosphates are the three types of phosphates widely used as fertilizers and can be water soluble or insoluble. 

 


Potassium chloride is a colorless or white, cubic, crystalline compound that closely resembles common salt (sodium chloride). It is soluble in water, alcohol, and alkalis. Potassium chloride occurs pure in nature in form of the mineral sylvite and is found combined in many minerals and in brines and ocean water. 

 


A wood based panel is a general term for a variety of different board products, which have an impressive range of engineering properties. Wood based panels are primarily used in construction, packaging, and shipping. Wood based panels can be classified into different product segments such as softwood plywood, particle-board and medium density fiber board, decorative hardwood plywood and veneer (under 6mm thick), waferboard and other structural composite boards, insulation board and hardboard.

 

The primary function of offshore support vessels is transportation of goods and personnel to and from offshore oil platforms and other offshore structures. Increased offshore activities and rising investments in modernizing infrastructure of oil wells and platforms are expected to bolster the global offshore support vessel market. 

 

Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices are intended to treat heart failure. These devices aid in the proper synchronization of heart beats by sending small undetectable signals to lower chambers of the heart. This in turn enables the heart to pump blood and oxygen more efficiently.
 

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