Zero Liquid Discharge Market - Snapshot

Zero liquid discharge (or ZLD) is a type of wastewater treatment technique, wherein almost all of the wastewater generated is recycled and purified. This eliminates discharge of any liquid at the end of the process, resulting in zero discharge of water. The zero liquid discharge wastewater treatment comprises several processes such as reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, fractional electrode ionization, and evaporation & crystallization. A well-designed, efficient, and effective zero liquid discharge wastewater treatment system should be capable of handling any fluctuations in waste contamination and flow rate and capable to recover around 95% to 99% of water for reuse. It should also be able to treat and recover valuable byproducts from waste streams and should produce a solid and dry cake for disposal. The selection of components of a ZLD treatment plant depends on several factors. However, three factors largely determine the criteria for selection of these components: the flow rate to be handled by the system, the composition of wastewater stream, and the volume of contaminants present in the stream. 

zero liquid discharge market

Increasing demand for fresh water and scarcity of freshwater sources likely to drive the market

Fresh water accounts for only 3% of the total water present on the planet. Rising demand from different sectors is putting freshwater sources under great pressure. Rapid urbanization and industrialization is putting great stress on these sources, which are limited. Moreover, growing water pollution is another major reason for declining of freshwater sources across the globe. Thus, recycling and reuse of wastewater would be able to relive some of the stress on freshwater sources in the next few years. Since the water recovered from ZLD can be reused for industrial applications, the overall demand for fresh water from the industrial sector would reduce significantly, thereby making more fresh water available for drinking and other purposes. Thus, scarcity of freshwater sources is likely to drive the market for zero liquid discharge in the near future. Moreover, stringent rules and regulations related to the environment regarding wastewater and effluent discharge from the industrial sector are also likely to fuel the market for zero liquid discharge during the forecast period. With increasing pollution and depleting water sources, the government and regulatory authorities across the world are imposing stringent regulations on the disposal of industrial and municipal wastewater. In certain countries, authorities have mandated the use of ZLD in certain industrial sectors generating wastewater in large amounts.

Increasing power demand across the globe is leading to rise in the power generation capacity as well as generation of wastewater from thermal power plants. These power plants are required to treat wastewater before disposal. However, with ZLD, they can easily recycle the water and use it for boilers or other applications. Therefore, rising power generation capacity is also expected to drive the zero liquid discharge market in the near future. 

High CAPEX and OPEX likely to restrain the market

Zero liquid discharge plants usually have higher capital costs associated with them compared to other wastewater treatment processes. A major portion of the capital expenditure (CAPEX) is the cost of equipment that need to be installed in the plant. Moreover, conventional zero liquid discharge systems are thermal-based systems comprising the high-energy-intensive evaporation process intended to recover reusable water from the wastewater stream. This high-energy-intensive process significantly increases the operational cost of a zero liquid discharge plant. Therefore, high CAPEX and operating expenditure (OPEX) are expected to be a major restraint of the market during the forecast period. 

Increasing efforts to minimize energy requirement to offer lucrative opportunities to the zero liquid discharge market

Efforts are increasingly being made to decrease the overall demand for energy in the zero liquid discharge process in order to significantly reduce the OPEX of the process. The energy cost accounts for a significant share of the operating costs of a ZLD plant. Technological advancements are being made in order to provide more energy-efficient technologies for zero liquid discharge. Industries are utilizing innovative solutions, such as waste heat evaporation and high pressure RO, for reducing their overall energy costs. Therefore, energy-efficient technologies are likely to offer lucrative opportunities to the zero liquid discharge market during the forecast period. 

Asia Pacific held a major i.e. around 40% share of the global market in 2017

Based on region, the global zero liquid discharge market has been segmented into North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Middle East & Africa. Asia Pacific dominated the global market in 2017. This can be primarily ascribed to high demand for zero liquid discharge plants in India and China. Moreover, the market in Asia Pacific is anticipated to expand at a significant pace during the forecast period, primarily due to rise in the industrialization along with scarcity of water sources in the region, especially in developing countries such as China and India. 

Several large players dominate the global zero liquid discharge market

Key players operating in the global zero liquid discharge market are Aquatech International LLC, Veolia, GEA Group Aktiengesellschaft, SUEZ, ENCON Evaporators, AQUARION AG, 3V Green Eagle S.p.A., Thermax Global, Oasys Water, Praj Industries, Kelvin Water Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Transparent Energy System Private Ltd., Austro Chemicals & Bio Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bionics Advanced Filtration Systems (P) Ltd., Dew Envirotech Pvt. Ltd, Arvind Envisol Limited, and ALFA LAVAL. The market also witnesses presence of local players in various regions.

Zero Liquid Discharge Market - Overview

Zero liquid discharge is a process of wastewater treatment with the recovery rate of 95%–99% of reusable water. The process eliminates discharge of any liquid into the environment, thereby reducing chances of water pollution from industries. The process yields only solid residue, which can be used further, depending on its composition. The ZLD wastewater treatment comprises several processes such as reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, fractional electrode ionization, and evaporation & crystallization. Increasing scarcity of freshwater sources and rising number of stringent, environment-related regulations about industrial wastewater management are likely to drive the zero liquid discharge market in the near future.

This report analyzes and forecasts the market for zero liquid discharge at the global and regional levels. The market has been forecast based on value (US$ Mn) from 2018 to 2026, considering 2017 as the base year. The study includes drivers and restraints of the global zero liquid discharge market. It also covers anticipated impact of these drivers and restraints on the demand for zero liquid discharge during the forecast period. The report also highlights opportunities for the zero liquid discharge market at the global and regional levels.

The report includes detailed value chain analysis, which provides a comprehensive view of the global zero liquid discharge market. Porter’s five forces model for the zero liquid discharge market has also been included to help understand the competition landscape in the market. The study encompasses market attractiveness analysis, wherein end-user industry segments have been benchmarked based on their market size, growth rate, and general attractiveness.

The study provides a decisive view of the global zero liquid discharge market by segmenting it in terms of end-user industry. In terms of end-user industry, the market has been segmented into energy & power, food & beverages, chemicals & petrochemicals, textile, pharmaceuticals, and others. These segments have been analyzed based on the present and future trends. Regional segmentation includes the current and forecast demand for zero liquid discharge in North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa.

The report provides size (in terms of value) of the zero liquid discharge market for the base year 2017 and the forecast between 2018 and 2026. Market value has been defined in US$ Mn. Market numbers have been estimated based on end-user industry segments of the zero liquid discharge market. Market size has been provided for the global, regional, and country-level markets.

The report comprises profiles of major companies operating in the global zero liquid discharge market. Key players operating in the global market are Aquatech International LLC, Veolia, GEA Group Aktiengesellschaft, SUEZ, ENCON Evaporators, AQUARION AG, 3V Green Eagle S.p.A., Thermax Global, Oasys Water, Praj Industries, Kelvin Water Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Transparent Energy System Private Ltd., Austro Chemicals & Bio Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bionics Advanced Filtration Systems (P) Ltd., Dew Envirotech Pvt. Ltd, Arvind Envisol Limited, and ALFA LAVAL. Market players have been profiled in terms of attributes such as company overview, financial overview, business strategies, regional presence, and recent developments. 

The global zero liquid discharge market has been segmented as follows: 

Global Zero Liquid Discharge Market, by End-user Industry

  • Energy & Power
  • Food & Beverages
  • Chemicals & Petrochemicals
  • Textile
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Others 

Global Zero Liquid Discharge Market, by Region

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • U.K.
    • France
    • Italy
    • Spain
    • Russia & CIS
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • ASEAN
    • Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Mexico
    • Rest of Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa
    • GCC
    • South Africa
    • Rest of Middle East & Africa 

Key Takeaways

  • The report provides extensive analysis of the global zero liquid discharge market trends from 2017 to 2026 to identify growth opportunities and analyze key market developments
  • The market in Asia Pacific is expected to expand at a significant pace during the forecast period
  • The energy & power end-user industry segment accounts for a prominent market share, due to high demand for ZLD in the energy & power industry
  • Diminishing freshwater sources, rising water pollution, and increasing demand for freshwater for drinking and cooking applications are expected to drive the global zero liquid discharge market in the near future
  • The report offers a list of key factors useful for building a roadmap of upcoming opportunities for the zero liquid discharge market at the global, regional, and country levels
  • The report provides insights into growth opportunities for various stakeholders in the value chain of the global zero liquid discharge market and a detailed competition landscape of key players operating in the market to help understand the market competition level
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