Primary Battery Market: Overview

A battery utilizes connected anode and cathode to produce electricity. Variations in materials utilized to manufacture a battery has led to the development of different types of batteries. Batteries can be classified into primary and secondary. A secondary battery is a rechargeable portable voltaic cell. A primary battery is a portable voltaic cell which is non-rechargeable. Primary batteries are also known as non-rechargeable batteries. Disposable batteries are intended to be used once and discarded. Primary batteries are utilized as primary cells and are recharged after use. The state-of-charge of primary batteries can be estimated by measuring the internal resistance.

Primary Battery Market: Trends & Developments

Demand for primary batteries is increasing in the military sector. These batteries are employed in situations when charging is not possible, for instance, in situations such as rescue missions, military combat, and forest-fire. Primary batteries are used for applications that draw occasional power; however, these are expensive when used continuously. Environmental concerns regarding the disposal of primary batteries is expected to restrain the market in the next few years. One of the reasons for low performance of primary battery under load conditions is the high internal resistance of primary batteries, which causes the voltage to collapse. Thus, the battery manufacturers recommend against attempting to recharge primary cells/batteries. Currently, batteries are under intense investigation by scientists and engineers around the world. Several key innovations depend on the development of long-lasting primary batteries. Development of these batteries can help electric automobiles and portable electronic devices to operate for a long period of time, without the needing for recharging. Thus, the development of more powerful primary batteries is expected to create opportunities in the primary battery market.

Primary Battery Market: Key Segments

The primary battery market can be segmented based on type, end-user industry, and region. In terms of type, the global primary battery market can be divided into alkaline, lithium-metal, silver-oxide, zinc–air, and –zinc-carbon. Alkaline batteries are extensively employed as primary battery packs. These have high specific energy and are cost-effective, environmentally friendly, and leak-proof, even when fully discharged. Alkaline batteries can be stored for up to 10 years and can be carried on aircrafts without being subject to UN Transport and other regulations. Lithium-metal batteries are high capacity primary batteries. These batteries have very strict air shipping guidelines and are subject to “Dangerous Good Regulations” involving Class 9 hazardous materials. In terms of end-user industry, the primary battery market can be divided into defense, aerospace, medical, aviation, and others.

Primary Battery Market: Regional Outlook

Based on geography, North America holds a major share of the global primary battery market. In terms of demand, the U.S. military is a major consumer of primary batteries. The U.S. aviation industry utilizes primary batteries for ground and emergency power backup. In Asia Pacific, primary batteries are widely used for backup power in electronic devices during utility power breakdown/failure. Countries such as China, Japan, and India are major consumers of primary batteries in Asia Pacific.

Primary Battery Market: Key Players

Key players operating in the global primary battery market include EaglePicher Technologies, Electrochem Solutions, Inc., SANYO Energy Corporation, FDK Corporation, and Excell Battery Co.

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