Lubricants Market – Snapshot
Lubricants play a vital role in various industries such as automotive, industrial, and marine. They help reduce friction and wear and tear of operating parts of machines. Lubricants possess properties such as high boiling point, high viscosity index, corrosion prevention, thermal stability, low freezing point, and high resistivity to oxidation. They extend the shelf-life of mechanical parts, thereby providing higher efficiency. Lubricants are employed to facilitate smooth operation of mechanical parts and eliminate any residues deposited on these parts. Key lubricant products include metalworking fluids, process oil, transformer oil, industrial lubes & greases, and industrial oil.
The global lubricants market has been segmented based on type, product, and application. In terms of product, the market has been classified into mineral, synthetic, and semi-synthetic. Mineral was the leading segment of the market in 2017. Mineral-based lubricants are available at lower cost than synthetic and semi-synthetic lubricants. They contain large number of hydrocarbon compounds and organic compounds of oxygen, sulfur, and nitrogen. These hydrocarbons can result in the development of dirty oil, acid, and oxidation instability. This can create irregular lubrication in the engine. The challenge of mineral lubricants containing group I base oil is to deliver fuel economy at lower viscosity, without affecting engine durability. Therefore, increase in limitations on using conventional mineral oil base stock for formulating lubricants is boosting the demand for synthetic lubricants that contain higher quality base stocks such as PAO and API Group V based lubricants. Rise in emphasis on engine downsizing; and increase in usage of turbocharging, direct injection, and exhaust gas recirculation are driving the need for high purity lubricating oils, such as synthetic as well as semi-synthetic, that offer improved viscosity index and thermal and oxidative stability to maintain thermal and oxidative stability at longer or equal drain intervals.
In terms of product, the global lubricants market has been divided into automotive oils, industrial oils, metalworking fluids, hydraulic oils, process oils, marine oils, and greases & others. The automotive oils segment has been sub-segmented into engine oils and transmission oils. The automotive oils segment dominated the global lubricants market in 2017. Rise in demand for engine oils that prevent metal-to-metal contact; reduce friction inside an engine; and provide improved wear protection, lower volatility, higher viscosity index, and better thermal and oxidative stability is expected to boost the demand for automotive oils during the forecast period. Demand for hydraulic oils is also anticipated to gain momentum in the market during the forecast period. Hydraulic oils transfer potential or kinetic energy, thus creating volume flow between hydraulic equipment such as pump and hydrostatic motors. These oils reduce wear and tear of parts that rub against each other and also protect the system from corrosion. The global lubricants market is driven by the increase in application of hydraulic oils in car automatic transmissions, brakes, power steering, and industrial machines (such as tractors and other farm equipment, forklift trucks, and bulldozers).
In terms of application, the global lubricants market has been segregated into automotive, industrial, and marine. Rapid industrialization has boosted the demand for lubricants in various end-use industries. Expansion of industries such as industrial machinery, automotive, and energy in developing economies such as China, India, Brazil, and South Africa is fuelling the demand for lubricants and their derivatives such as finished lubricants. Growth in global population and rise in demand for automobiles with improved fuel efficiency are driving the demand for lubricants in the global automotive industry. Demand for lubricants in the industrial sector is expected to increase significantly during the forecast period. Industrial lubricants possess strong corrosion protection properties and help extend equipment life. They are used in various equipment. Industrial lubricants also help achieve high productivity and improve the efficiency of machineries.
In terms of region, the global lubricants market has been split into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. Asia Pacific was the leading consumer of lubricants in 2017. It was followed by Europe. China, India, and ASEAN are expected to offer lucrative opportunities to the lubricants market in Asia Pacific in the near future. Rapid industrialization, rise in urbanization, and increase in foreign direct investments in automotive, industrial machinery industries, etc. are boosting the demand for lubricants in Asia Pacific. Rise in demand for industrial oils to increase productivity and efficiency of fracturing pumps and equipment in the U.S. is propelling the lubricants market in the country. Germany, the U.K., and Russia in Europe are estimated to provide lucrative opportunities to manufacturers of lubricants, due to the increase in sale of passenger vehicles in these countries. Implementation of stringent regulations on vehicular emissions and increase in government pressure on OEMs to manufacture fuel efficient engines in Europe are boosting the market in the region. Latin America and Middle East & Africa are the least attractive regions of the global lubricants market. Presence of limited number of automotive producers is hampering the lubricants market in these regions.
Key players operating in the global lubricants market include Royal Dutch Shell Plc., Calumet Specialty Products Partners, L.P, PetroChina Company Limited, Total Group, China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec Group), JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd., FUCHS, Gulf Oil Marine Ltd., BP plc., Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS), Chevron Corporation, and ExxonMobil Corporation.
Lubricants Market - Overview
Lubricants are organic substances that are used to reduce friction and heat between moving surfaces that are in mutual contact. Lubricants prevent corrosion; reduce contamination; protect seal; transmit power; and control temperature. The lubricants are available in various forms such as liquid, solid, semi-solid, and gaseous. The global lubricants market has been segmented in terms of type, product, and application.
Based on product, the lubricants market has been classified into mineral, synthetic, and semi-synthetic. The mineral segment dominated the market in 2017. Mineral lubricants are employed to lubricate internal combustion engines of vehicles and other machines. They are made from naturally occurring crude oil, which is refined and processed to remove waxes and impurities. Mineral lubricants are composed of hydrocarbons and contain nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen compounds that cause irregular lubricity in engines. Synthetic lubricants generally provide less friction and are more stable. They last longer than mineral-based lubricants. Synthetic lubricants maintain their viscosity at high temperatures and over a long period of time. This prevents engine wear, and allows lubricants to stick to engine parts more effectively. It also protects the engine from dry starts. Based on product, the market has been divided into automotive oils, industrial oils, hydraulic oils, process oils, metalworking fluids, and greases & others. The automotive oils segment can be further sub-segmented into engine oils and transmission oils. Synthetic-based automotive oils offer better oxidation, thermal stability, volatility, as well as higher saturation levels than that of mineral-based automotive oils.
Based on region, the global lubricants market has been segregated into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. Asia Pacific dominated the global lubricants market in 2017. It was followed by Europe. Rise in production capacity of synthetic lubricants, especially in China, ASEAN, and South Korea, is a major factor expected to drive the lubricants market in Asia Pacific during the forecast period. Demand for lubricants in the U.S. is anticipated to rise moderately due to the increase in government spending to curtail emissions, increase in consumer preference of high-quality lubricants, and constant research on automation technologies in the field of blended lubricants in the country. Increase in demand for synthetic and semi-synthetic lubricants and rise in demand for food-grade industrial lubricants are likely to fuel the market in Europe during the forecast period. The market in Latin America and Middle East & Africa is estimated to expand significantly in the near future. Growth in investments by various automakers and strong investment in the industrial sector in Mexico, South Africa, and Brazil are driving the lubricants market in these countries.
The report analyzes and forecasts the lubricants market at the global and regional levels. The market has been projected in terms of volume (kilo tons) and value (US$ Mn) for the period from 2018 to 2026. The study includes drivers and restraints of the global lubricants market. It also covers the anticipated impact of these drivers and restraints on the demand for lubricants during the forecast period. The report highlights opportunities in the lubricants market at the global and regional levels.
The report comprises detailed value chain analysis, which provides a comprehensive view of the global lubricants market. The Porter’s Five Forces model for the lubricants market has also been included to help understand the competition landscape of the market. The study encompasses market attractiveness analysis, wherein type, product, and application segments have been benchmarked based on their market size, growth rate, and general attractiveness. These segments have been analyzed based on the present and future trends. Regional segmentation includes the current and forecast demand for lubricants in North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. The report also covers individual type, product, and application segments of the market in every region.
The study includes profiles of major companies operating in the global lubricants market. Key players profiled in the report are Royal Dutch Shell Plc., Calumet Specialty Products Partners, L.P., PetroChina Company Limited, Total Group, China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec Group), JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd., FUCHS, Gulf Oil Marine Ltd., BP plc., Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS), Chevron Corporation, and ExxonMobil Corporation. These players account for major share of the global lubricants market. Brand promotions and launch of new products are likely to increase sales of lubricants in the next few years. Market leaders are striving to adopt measures such as strategic pricing and product improvement to increase their market share.
The report provides size (in terms of volume and value) of the global lubricants market for the base year 2017 and the forecast for the period between 2018 and 2026. Market numbers have been estimated based on type, product, application, and regional segments. Market size and forecast for each type, product, and application segment have been provided for the global and regional markets.
Global Lubricants Market, by Type
Global Lubricants Market, by Product
- Automotive Oils
- Engine Oils
- Transmission Oils
- Industrial Oils
- Metalworking Fluids
- Hydraulic Oils
- Process Oils
- Marine Oils
- Grease & Others
Global Lubricants Market, by Application
- Passenger Cars
- Light Commercial Vehicles
- Heavy Commercial Vehicles
Global Lubricants Market, by Region
- North America
- Latin America
- Rest of Latin America
- Rest of Europe
- Asia Pacific
- South Korea
- ASEAN (excluding Indonesia and Thailand)
- Rest of Asia Pacific
- Middle East & Africa
- South Africa
- Rest of Middle East & Africa
- Extensive analysis of market trends from 2017 to 2026 to identify growth opportunities and market developments
- Comparative analysis of various types, products, and applications where lubricants are utilized
- Identification of key factors useful to build a roadmap of growth opportunities for the lubricants market at the global, regional, and country levels
- Comprehensive analysis with respect to investments and regulatory scenario that would subsequently impact the outlook and forecast for the global lubricants market between 2018 and 2026
- Detailed competition landscape of key players operating in the market to help understand the competition level
- Detailed pricing analysis based on regional and product segments
- Porter’s Five Forces analysis that highlights the bargaining power of buyers and suppliers