Global Liquefied Petroleum Gas Market: Snapshot

The global liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) market demonstrates a fragmented and competitive vendor landscape due to the presence of a large number of players. The entry of new players is likely to intensify the competition in the market in the upcoming years. Key players in the market are focusing hard on branding and market positioning to stay ahead in the competition. Mergers and acquisitions and expansion of retail and distribution outlets are some other growth strategies that players in this market have resorted to.

One of the key growth drivers of the global LPG market is the ubiquitous usage of LPG as a cooking fuel in a number countries in Asia Pacific, Africa, and Latin America. The residential and commercial segment, primarily for cooking purpose, accounted for more than 60% of overall consumption of LPG in 2013. The increasing use of LPG as a transportation fuel, predominantly in Europe and the increasing use of LPG as a feedstock in petrochemical refineries is also having a positive bearing on this market.

A report by Transparency Market Research predicts the global LPG market to expand at a CAGR of 3.40% between 2014 and 2020, for the market to become worth US$299.05 bn by the end of 2020 increasing from US$ 233.83 bn in 2013.

Residential and Commercial End-use Segment to Remain Significant

The segments of the global LPG market depending upon source are refineries, non-associated gas, and associated gas. Amongst all, the segment of non-associated gas is expected to hold the leading share of the market over the forecast period.

In terms of end-use, the segments into which the global LPG market is divided are petrochemical and refinery, transportation, residential and commercial, industrial, and others. Of them, the segment of residential and commercial led in 2013 with a share of over 60% in the market. LPG is majorly used as a cooking fuel and also for lighting and eating in the residential and commercial segment.

Expansion of Trade Routes Makes North America Significant Export Market

From a geographical standpoint, the global LPG market is divided into: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and South and Central America. Asia Pacific, among all, is expected to lead in terms of consumption accounting for 36.90% of the overall market by 2020. The growth of the region is driven by high consumption of LPG in China and India. Besides this, development of shale gas in China will lead Asia Pacific to emerge as a significant market for LPG production.

North America is expected to emerge as a significant region for LPG production over the forecast period. The shale gas boom in the U.S. has led the country to account for significant export of LPG. In addition, the extension of the Panama Canal leading to its heavy use for movement of gas carrying vessels from North America is having a positive influence on this regional market. The surplus production from the U.S. routed through Latin America is benefitting countries in these regions for commercial and residential demand for LPG. This is also benefitting Asia Pacific for cheap imports of LPG from the U.S., and giving an increased competition for export from the Middle East.

Key players operating in the global LPG market include SHV Energy N.V., Copagaz Distribuidora De Gas S.A., Repsol S.A., Kleenheat Gas Pty Ltd, China Gas Holdings Ltd., Royal Dutch Shell plc, Origin Energy, UGI Corp., British Petroleum plc, and Exxon Mobil Corp.

Global Liquefied Petroleum Gas Market: An Overview

The global liquefied petroleum gas market is expected to rise at a significant pace during the forecast period, thanks to rising industrialization and urbanization across the globe.

Liquefied petroleum gas is a mixture of propane and butane.  It is derived from natural resources such as crude oil as a by-component during petroleum refining process. There are several applications of liquefied petroleum gas. Some of their common application is cooking fuel, industrial heating, and refrigerant and aircraft fuel.

Global Liquefied Petroleum Gas Market: Notable Developments

Some of the latest development in the global liquefied petroleum gas market are-

Players in the global liquefied petroleum gas market are ramping their investments to enhance the application sectors of the LPG. This is expeted to fuel the demand for the liquefied petroleum gas in the coming future.

Global Liquefied Petroleum Gas Market: Key Trends

Liquefied petroleum gas is a clean energy product, it has a lower carbon emission as compared to other conventional fuel such as coal and wood. Due to this, LPG is an effective solution for alarming rise in global warming. This is a pivotal factor expected to bolster growth in the liquefied petroleum gas market.

On account of above factor, several regulatory bodies are emphasizing on the use of LPG for cooking. Increasing government initiatives in developing countries such as Indonesia, China, and India is expected to drive the liquefied petroleum gas market growth over the forecast period. Governments are offering several subsidies over LPG use. This is encouraging consumers to use of LPG for cooking.

Further, expanding LPG portfolio in transportation sector is another factor bolstering the demand of liquefied petroleum in automobile industry as well.  This is mainly become LPG as an automobile fuel produces low smoke than petrol and diesel. That’s the reason it is an effective solution to curb automotive emission.

Furthermore increasing application of LPG in industrial sector such as refineries, chemical, and power generation is another factor expected to soar demand.

Despite several drivers, the growth in the liquefied petroleum gas market is expected to hamper due to the flammable nature of the product. Because of its flammable nature LPG is stored in special cylindrical or special vessel made of non-reactive metal.

The special storage requirement of LPG gas is expected to increase price of LPG. This is another factor impeding the demand of liquefied petroleum gas in the coming years.

In addition to this, price volatility of feedstock is another strong factor hampering growth in the liquefied petroleum gas market

Nevertheless, development of petrochemical projects and steam cracker are expected to boost the demand of LPG in marine sector. LPG is used a fuel in heavy machinery marine industry. Additionally rising air travel and industrialization across is opening lucrative avenues for the growth of the liquefied petroleum gas market.

Global Liquefied Petroleum Gas Market: Competitive Landscape

The competitive landscape of the global liquefied petroleum gas market is highly fragmented with the presence of several players in the industry. Some of the prominent players operating in the global liquefied petroleum gas market are HV Energy N.V., Repsol S.A., Royal Dutch Shell plc, Kleenheat Gas Pty Ltd, China Gas Holdings Ltd., and Origin Energy.