Kidney stone disorder is characterized by crystal formation in the kidneys. Kidney stone is a growing urological disorder among humans, affecting around 12% of the global population. It has been related to an increased risk of end-stage renal failure. There are multiple causes of kidney stone. Calcium oxalate developed at Randall’s plaque on the renal papillary surface is the most common type of kidney stone. Kidney stone formation is a multifaceted process which results from numerous physicochemical events including nucleation, supersaturation, aggregation, growth, and retention of urinary stone components within tubular cells. Usually, elements from the body are removed through the urine by the kidney. After formation of a kidney stone, it may stop in the kidney or move through the urinary tract into the ureter. Drinking too little water, obesity, eating food that contains excess salt or sugar, and weight loss surgery are the major factors for the formation of kidney stone. Sometimes, small size stones travel out of the body through the urine without initiating too much pain. Kidney stone retrieval devices are related to the management or surgery for removal of kidney stone. Majority of kidney stone patients have small kidney stones that passes through urine. Larger kidney stones may need to be broken down by laser or ultrasound. Commonly, surgical procedures are needed in patients with large kidney stones. The condition associated with kidney stone is known as urolithiasis. Devices for kidney stone retrieval assist in eliminating or breaking down kidney stones.
The global kidney stone retrieval devices market can be segmented based on product type, treatment, and end-user. In terms of product type, the global kidney stone retrieval devices market can be categorized into stone removal devices, lithotripters, and ureteral stents. Ureteral stent reestablishes the urine flow through choked ureters to return regular kidney functions. Ureteral stent is a plastic, soft, and hollow tube placed into the ureter to extract around the kidney stone for short period of time. Lithotripter is a device that crushes kidney stone by delivering a shock wave through a water filled tube or sound waves. Based on treatment, the global kidney stone retrieval devices market can be classified into percutaneous nephrolithotripsy, intracorporeal ureteroscopy, and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy is an inpatient invasive procedure, wherein the surgeon breaks and removes the kidney stone through a small incision in the skin. Normally, the procedure is done to remove stones larger than 2 cm. Intracorporeal ureteroscopy is associated with endoscopic lithotripsy that visualizes urinary tract and simultaneously generates energy to break kidney stone into smaller pieces that can either travel or extracted from the body through the urinary tract. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy uses shock waves to break down kidney stone into small fragments that further travel out of the body through the urinary tract. In terms of end-user, the global kidney stone retrieval devices market can be divided into hospitals, specialty clinics, ambulatory surgical centers, and others.
Geographically, the global kidney stone retrieval devices market can be segmented into five major regions: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. North America dominated the global market in 2017 owing to factors such as high incidence of kidney stone, high percentage of recurrence of kidney stone, inclination toward minimally invasive processes, higher awareness, and favorable reimbursement policies. The kidney stone retrieval devices market in Asia Pacific and Middle East & Africa is projected to grow at a rapid pace during the forecast period. Increase in incidence of kidney stone, rise in acceptance of endoscopic surgical procedures, and improving health care infrastructure are the major drivers of the kidney stone retrieval devices market in these regions.
Key players operating in the global kidney stone retrieval devices market are Boston Scientific Corporation, Richard Wolf, Cook Medical, Olympus, and STORZ medical. Rise in competition among these players is expected to drive the global market during the forecast period.
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