The primary enzymes including protease, cellulase, xylanase, lipase, amylase, and phytase can be produced by different genera of fungal strains of Aspergillus, Rhizopus, and Penicilium. Utilization of new and emerging fungal enzymes in industrial production will present new occupational exposures. Industrial fungal enzymes are high molecular weight proteins that act as catalysts. Fungal enzymes from A. niger are used in powdered form with other enzyme extracts by pharmacists to prepare digestive powders.
Enzymes or microorganisms have been used in food preparations for years. Advancement of technology has led to the development of novel enzymes with a range of applications and specificity, and new application areas are being explored. Microbial enzymes are the preferred source to plant or animal enzymes due to several advantages such as easy, cost-effective, and consistent production. Microbial enzymes play a major role in the food industry because these are more stable than plant and animal enzymes. Enzymes such as proteases, lipases, or xylanases have a range of applications in the food industry. Applications of α-amylases in the food industry include baking, brewing, starch liquefaction, as well as a digestive aid. The α-amylases are used as glazing agent for the production of rice cakes and powdery foods. Glucoamylases are utilized in the food industry for the production of high-glucose and high-fructose syrups.
According to the European Commission, scientists in Europe studied novel enzymes of industrial interest in lignocellulose-degrading fungal species. These enzymes are more cost-effective and environmentally-friendly solutions for a number of industrial applications. Filamentous fungi are the preferred source of industrial enzymes because of the excellent capacity for extracellular protein production. Fungi have been and continue to be an important source of enzymes, both in terms of their role as a source for biological diversity and as a host for production of industrial enzyme products. Industrial fungal enzymes are high molecular weight proteins that are catalysts.
The global fungal enzymes market is highly consolidated owing to the presence of several key players. Leading players operating in the global fungal enzymes market include:
Global Fungal Enzymes Market, by Type
Global Fungal Enzymes Market, by Application
Global Fungal Enzymes Market, by Basis of Formulation
Global Fungal Enzymes Market, by Region
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