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Published Date: 2016-02-11Number of Pages: 78

On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market (Alkaline and Non-Alkaline (Proton Exchange Membrane)) by Flow Rate (<100Nm3/h, 100-2,000Nm3/h, and >2,000Nm3/h)) - U.S. Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2015 - 2023

An on-site hydrogen generator is a unit installed directly at a consumer site to produce hydrogen. Technology pertaining to on-site hydrogen generator varies with the choice of feedstock. On-site hydrogen generators utilize platinum catalyst and proton exchange membrane (PEM) technology to fragment deionized water into its constituent parts. The hydrogen is generated at 13.8 bar/200 psi pressure without a compressor and with a purity of 99.9995% constantly and without operator intervention. On-site hydrogen generators provide reliable and low-cost hydrogen and increase security and safety by eliminating cylinder handling, hydrogen storage, and routine hydrogen delivery. 

Steam reforming, cracking, gasification, and electrolysis are some of the major technologies used to produce hydrogen. Additionally, steam reforming is one of the most dominant technology employed in large-scale hydrogen production using natural gas, naphtha, kerosene, or LPG as a feedstock. On-site hydrogen generators are used majorly in the metal, chemical, float glass, and electronics industries and in hydrogen filling stations and industrial gas companies. Due to cost-effectiveness of these generation units, customers prefer purchasing on-site hydrogen generator over purchasing hydrogen.  

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) considers steam reforming technology as a short-term solution to meet the demand for hydrogen, due to its incapability to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The DOE is focusing on other technologies, such as proton exchange membrane (PEM) and alkaline electrolysis, as well. Electrolysis and hydrogen deliveries are considered to be the major competition for steam reforming technology. Hydrogen consumers, located at remote areas, facing the primary issues of hydrogen purity and delivery are opting for on-site hydrogen generators. 

Absence of delivery issues, such as late delivery of hydrogen and delivery costs, is among the factors, which are attracting consumers and affecting the on-site hydrogen generator market positively. On-site hydrogen generators enable consumers to produce the gas locally with low environmental footprint. These generators can be designed as per the customer needs and can also be operated and monitored remotely; this factor boosts the demand for on-site hydrogen generators. Underdeveloped hydrogen production and supply infrastructure provide on-site hydrogen generator an edge in the market. This factors are expected to dominate the hydrogen production market in the next few years.

The U.S. on-site hydrogen generator market has been segmented on the basis of category and flow rate. In terms of category, non-alkaline category segment held about 67% share of the U.S. on-site hydrogen generator market in 2014. Due to low energy consumption and low installation and operation costs, non-alkaline on-site hydrogen generators are considered as a preferable option for large-scale on-site hydrogen production over alkaline on-site hydrogen generators. 

In 2014, the 100-2,000Nm3/h flow rate segment accounted for nearly 44% of the overall market share in the U.S. Additionally, flow rate segments lesser than 100Nm3/h and greater than 2,000Nm3/h occupied the market share of nearly 32% and 24%, respectively, in the same year. Considering the fact that the on-site hydrogen generators ranging 100-2,000Nm3/h are used mostly in all types of industrial applications, demand for these generators is anticipated to dominate the on-site hydrogen generator market during the forecast period.   

On-site hydrogen production through steam reforming technology, which employs natural gas as a feedstock is the most cost-effective method for delivering hydrogen to consumers. Requirement of increased productivity of hydrogen and demand for higher quality hydrogen generators are some of the factors that are driving the on-site hydrogen generator market.  Furthermore, these factors are expected to boost the preference for on-site generation over hydrogen cylinders or hydrogen plants. Key players in the on-site hydrogen generator market include Air Liquide, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Praxair Technology, Inc., Proton OnSite, Inc., Hy9 Corporation, Hydrogenics, Nuvera Fuel Cells, Inc., and Linde AG.  

 

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Section 1 Preface

  • Report Description
  • Market Segmentation
  • Research Scope
  • Research Methodology

Section 2 Executive Summary

  • Executive Summary

Section 3 Industry Analysis

  • Introduction
  • Value Chain Analysis
  • Market Dynamics
    • Market Drivers
    • Market Restrains
    • Market Opportunities
  • Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
    • Bargaining Power of Suppliers
    • Bargaining Power of Buyers
    • Threat of Substitutes
    • Threat of New Entrants
    • Degree of Competition
  • Company Market Share- On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, 2014
  • Market Attractiveness Analysis- On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, By States 

Section 4 U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market – Category Segment, by Volume and Revenue, 2014 – 2023 (Units) (US$ Mn)

  • Overview
  • Alkaline
  • Non Alkaline (Proton Exchange Membrane)

Section 5 U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market – Flow Rate Segment, by Volume and Revenue, 2014 – 2023 (Units) (US$ Mn)

  • Overview
  • <100Nm3/h
  • 100-2,000Nm3/h
  • >2,000Nm3/h

Section 7 Company Profiles

  • Air Liquide
  • Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
  • Praxair Technology, Inc.
  • Proton OnSite, Inc.
  • Hy9 Corporation
  • Hydrogenics
  • Nuvera Fuel Cells, Inc.
  • Linde AG  

List of Figures

Figure 1. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Estimates and Forecast, by Category, 2014–2023 (Units) 
Figure 2. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Estimates and Forecast, by Flow Rate, 2014–2023 (Units) 
Figure 3. Cost Comparison by Feedstock (US$/kg) 
Figure 4. Hydrogen Purity(%) & Cooling Efficiency (KW) (US$/day)
Figure 5. Hydrogen Production Cost (US$/GJ), by Type
Figure 6. Energy-related Carbon Dioxide Emissions (MMTPA) in U.S. by Year
Figure 7. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Company Market Share (%) (2014)
Figure 8. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator, Market Share by Category Segment, 2014
Figure 9. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator, Market Share by Category Segment, 2023
Figure 10. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Category Segment, By Volume, 2014–2023 (Units)
Figure 11. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Category Segment, By Revenue, 2014–2023 (US$ Mn)
Figure 12. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Alkaline, By Volume, 2014–2023  (Units)
Figure 13. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Alkaline, By Revenue, 2014–2023  (US$ Mn)
Figure 14. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Non Alkaline, By Volume, 2014–2023  (Units)
Figure 15. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Non Alkaline, By Revenue, 2014–2023  (US$ Mn)
Figure 16. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator, Market Share by Flow Rate Segment, 2014
Figure 17. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator, Market Share by Flow Rate Segment, 2023
Figure 18. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Flow Rate Segment, By Volume, 2014–2023 (Units)
Figure 19. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, Flow Rate Segment, By Revenue, 2014–2023 (US$ Mn)
Figure 20. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, <100Nm3/h, By Volume, 2014–2023  (Units)
Figure 21. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, <100Nm3/h, By Revenue, 2014–2023  (US$ Mn)
Figure 22. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, 100-2,000Nm3/h, By Volume, 2014–2023  (Units)
Figure 23. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, 100-2,000Nm3/h, By Revenue, 2014–2023  (US$ Mn)
Figure 24. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, >2,000Nm3/h, By Volume, 2014–2023  (Units)
Figure 25. U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market, >2,000Nm3/h, By Revenue, 2014–2023  (US$ Mn)
Figure 26. Air Liquide Revenue, By Business Segment, US$ Mn (2014)
Figure 27. Air Liquide Revenue, By Region, US$ Mn (2014)
Figure 28. Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Revenue, By Business Segment, US$ Mn (2014)
Figure 29. Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Revenue By Region, US$ Mn (2014)
Figure 30. Praxair Technology, Inc. Revenue By Business Segment, US$ Mn (2014)
Figure 31. Praxair Technology, Inc. Revenue By Region, US$ Mn (2014)
Figure 32. Hydrogenics Revenue By Business Segment, US$ Mn (2014)
Figure 33. Linde AG Revenue By Business Segment, US$ Mn (2014)
Figure 34. Linde AG Revenue By Region, US$ Mn (2014)

This research study analyzes the market for on-site hydrogen generator in terms of revenue (US$ Mn). The on-site hydrogen generator market has been segmented on the basis of category and flow rate. For the research, 2014 has been taken as the base year, while all forecasts have been given for the period from 2015 to 2023. Market data for both the segments including category and flow rate has been provided for the U.S. from 2014 to 2023. The report provides a broad competitive analysis of companies engaged in the on-site hydrogen generator business. 

The report also includes the key market dynamics such as drivers, restraints, and opportunities affecting the U.S. on-site hydrogen generator market. These market dynamics were analyzed in detail and are illustrated in the report with the help of supporting graphs and tables. The report also provides a comprehensive analysis of the U.S. on-site hydrogen generator market with the help of Porter’s Five Forces model. This analysis helps in understanding the five major forces that affect the market structure and market profitability. The forces analyzed are bargaining power of buyers, bargaining power of suppliers, threat of new entrants, threat of substitutes, and degree of competition. 

The high-level analysis in the report provides detailed insights into the on-site hydrogen generator business in the U.S. There are currently numerous drivers of the market. Some of the most prominent drivers are availability of low-cost natural gas feedstock and higher hydrogen purity percentage. Market attractiveness analysis was carried out for the on-site hydrogen generator market on the basis of states in the U.S. Market attractiveness was estimated on the basis of common parameters that directly impact the on-site hydrogen generator market in the U.S.    

Increasing demand for energy and rising cost of fossil fuels is likely to propel the demand for on-site hydrogen generator in the U.S. Rise in application of hydrogen generator is anticipated to drive growth in the U.S. hydrogen generator market. The methods of hydrogen generation include steam forming of methane and natural gas. Low prices of natural gas and ease of availability are expected to augment the U.S. hydrogen generator market. 

On-site generation of hydrogen is likely to eliminate or reduce problems associated with transportation and delivery of hydrogen. Furthermore, on-site generation also lowers the cost of hydrogen generation as against merchant generation. Merchant generation of hydrogen utilizes hydrogen delivery modes such as trailers, cylinders, and pipelines. Pipeline transportation is feasible only if large quantities of hydrogen are to be transferred. Pipelines require higher initial investment as compared to other modes of delivery. Cylinder mode of transportation is preferred for small quantities. The extensive application of cylinders for hydrogen transportation is in various industries such as electronics, food processing, metal production and fabrication, and glass manufacturing. 

With the increasing number of refineries and petrochemical complexes coming up in the U.S., the on-site hydrogen generator market is likely to pick up in the future. Large populations in the U.S. also significantly boost the demand for hydrogen in ammonia production capacities, further increasing the demand for on-site hydrogen generators.  

The on-site hydrogen generator market was segmented on the basis of category [alkaline and non-alkaline (proton exchange membrane)] and by flow rate (<100 Nm3/h, 100-2,000 Nm3/h, and >2,000 Nm3/h). The on-site hydrogen generator market was analyzed across the U.S. market. Key players in the on-site hydrogen generator market include Air Liquide, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Praxair Technology, Inc., Proton OnSite, Inc., Hy9 Corporation, Hydrogenics, Nuvera Fuel Cells, Inc., and Linde AG. The report provides an overview of these companies, followed by their financial details, business strategies, and recent developments. 

The on-site hydrogen generator market has been segmented as follows: 

U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market: By Category

  • Alkaline
  • Non-Alkaline (Proton Exchange Membrane)

U.S. On-Site Hydrogen Generator Market: By Flow Rate

  • <100Nm3/h
  • 100-2,000Nm3/h
  • >2,000Nm3/h