White graphene, alternatively known as boronitrene or boron nitride nanomesh, is hexagonal BN (hBN) which has obtained its name due to its structure being similar to graphene in terms of its ability to form thin sheets of regularly spaced atoms. It forms a single layer of sp2 hybridized atoms of boron and nitrogen in the shape of a honeycomb lattice.
This material possesses a 2D nano structure consisting of a single boron nitride (BN) layer formed by self-assembly with a very consistent mesh structure due to the exposure of a high-temperatured ruthenium or rhodium surface to borazine under an ultra-high vacuum.
White graphene possesses the ability to maintain its stability in air, vacuum, and certain solvents, as well as temperatures up to 800°C (making it flame-retardant). Furthermore, it can create a well-arranged array since it traps molecules in sizes similar to that of the nanomesh pores.
Because of the extraordinary properties displayed by white graphene, it finds applications in quantum computing, spintronics, data storage media (such as hard drives), surface functionalization, and catalysis. It has also garnered the interest of the global researcher community. hBN is already used in thermal management & high heat resistance, cosmetics & makeup, lubrication, and non-wetting applications. However, the viability of replacing graphene with hBN or white graphene is still under evaluation.
There exist over 93 patents and 120 academic research papers related to white graphene. Its key application is anticipated to be in the electronics industry due to its flame-retardant and heat-resistant properties.
The European Commission launched the “Graphene FET Flagship Project” in 2013, which is likely to create a technological impact primarily on high-frequency electronics and novel logic as well as spintronic devices. Along with the EU Commission, National Science Foundation and several other research institutes have been working on projects related to white graphene, either independently or in collaboration with major hBN manufacturers.
There are several ongoing as well as new studies being carried out related to white graphene. According to a report in Nature Communications, porous nanosheets of white graphene are capable of absorbing considerable amounts of pollutants such as industrial oil or waste chemicals. It also reported that white graphene can be reused after absorbed chemicals are eliminated by heating. These reported attributes of porous nanosheets demonstrate their potential in applications such as water purification and treatment.
Regular graphene, despite being a good heat conductor, displays limitations. Transfer of heat is carried out through a single layer surface of graphene, but not through multiple layers when stacked. According to a research study at Rice University, the 3D structure of white graphene nanotubes can overcome these limitations, allowing transfer of heat in every direction.
The patents and research related to white graphene span across areas such as antifouling, battery, bioanalysis, ceramics, coatings, devices & structures, transistors, electrocatalysts, flame retardancy, insulation, reinforcement, super capacitors, surface treatments, and transparency.
Several researchers and experts in the industry believe that hBN as white graphene is likely to be equivalent to graphene. However, the market is not fully commercialized. A major obstacle is its cost of production.
Based on possible applications of white graphene, the market can be segmented into the following categories: electronics, water treatment, construction of novel devices, antifouling, and ceramics.
Key institutions and manufacturers working in the field of white graphene include Yonsei University, UCLA, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, New Mexico State University, Saint-Gobain Advanced Ceramics LLC, Metmat Inc, Precision Ceramics, ZYP Coatings Inc., Del Stark Technology Solutions, Oxford Instruments, and 2Dsemiconductors Inc.
This study by TMR is all-encompassing framework of the dynamics of the market. It mainly comprises critical assessment of consumers' or customers' journeys, current and emerging avenues, and strategic framework to enable CXOs take effective decisions.
Our key underpinning is the 4-Quadrant Framework EIRS that offers detailed visualization of four elements:
- Customer Experience Maps
- Insights and Tools based on data-driven research
- Actionable Results to meet all the business priorities
- Strategic Frameworks to boost the growth journey
The study strives to evaluate the current and future growth prospects, untapped avenues, factors shaping their revenue potential, and demand and consumption patterns in the global market by breaking it into region-wise assessment.
The following regional segments are covered comprehensively:
- North America
- Asia Pacific
- Latin America
- The Middle East and Africa
The EIRS quadrant framework in the report sums up our wide spectrum of data-driven research and advisory for CXOs to help them make better decisions for their businesses and stay as leaders.
Below is a snapshot of these quadrants.
1. Customer Experience Map
The study offers an in-depth assessment of various customers’ journeys pertinent to the market and its segments. It offers various customer impressions about the products and service use. The analysis takes a closer look at their pain points and fears across various customer touchpoints. The consultation and business intelligence solutions will help interested stakeholders, including CXOs, define customer experience maps tailored to their needs. This will help them aim at boosting customer engagement with their brands.
2. Insights and Tools
The various insights in the study are based on elaborate cycles of primary and secondary research the analysts engage with during the course of research. The analysts and expert advisors at TMR adopt industry-wide, quantitative customer insights tools and market projection methodologies to arrive at results, which makes them reliable. The study not just offers estimations and projections, but also an uncluttered evaluation of these figures on the market dynamics. These insights merge data-driven research framework with qualitative consultations for business owners, CXOs, policy makers, and investors. The insights will also help their customers overcome their fears.
3. Actionable Results
The findings presented in this study by TMR are an indispensable guide for meeting all business priorities, including mission-critical ones. The results when implemented have shown tangible benefits to business stakeholders and industry entities to boost their performance. The results are tailored to fit the individual strategic framework. The study also illustrates some of the recent case studies on solving various problems by companies they faced in their consolidation journey.
4. Strategic Frameworks
The study equips businesses and anyone interested in the market to frame broad strategic frameworks. This has become more important than ever, given the current uncertainty due to COVID-19. The study deliberates on consultations to overcome various such past disruptions and foresees new ones to boost the preparedness. The frameworks help businesses plan their strategic alignments for recovery from such disruptive trends. Further, analysts at TMR helps you break down the complex scenario and bring resiliency in uncertain times.
The report sheds light on various aspects and answers pertinent questions on the market. Some of the important ones are:
1. What can be the best investment choices for venturing into new product and service lines?
2. What value propositions should businesses aim at while making new research and development funding?
3. Which regulations will be most helpful for stakeholders to boost their supply chain network?
4. Which regions might see the demand maturing in certain segments in near future?
5. What are the some of the best cost optimization strategies with vendors that some well-entrenched players have gained success with?
6. Which are the key perspectives that the C-suite are leveraging to move businesses to new growth trajectory?
7. Which government regulations might challenge the status of key regional markets?
8. How will the emerging political and economic scenario affect opportunities in key growth areas?
9. What are some of the value-grab opportunities in various segments?
10. What will be the barrier to entry for new players in the market?
Note: Although care has been taken to maintain the highest levels of accuracy in TMR’s reports, recent market/vendor-specific changes may take time to reflect in the analysis.