Global Water Disinfection Chemicals Market: Overview

Various disinfectants are used to disinfect water. Water Disinfection Chemicals Market are chemicals used to kill or deactivate pathogenic microorganisms. These chemicals include chlorine, sodium hypochlorite, chlorine dioxide, chloramines, ozone, hydrogen peroxide, and bromine. Water disinfection can be performed by filtering out harmful microorganisms and also by adding disinfectant chemicals. During the filtration process, water is disinfected to kill active pathogens that pass through the filters and provide residual dose of disinfectant, which kills or inactivates harmful micro-organisms in storage and distribution systems. Some pathogens include viruses, bacteria namely Salmonella, Cholera, Campylobacter and Shigella, and protozoa, including Giardia lamblia and other cryptosporidia. In the second process, the chemicals are directly added to storage and distribution system.  

Global Water Disinfection Chemicals Market: Key Segments

Based on chemical, the water disinfection chemicals market can be segmented into chlorine, sodium hypochlorite, chlorine dioxide, chloramines, ozone, ultra violet, hydrogen peroxide, bromine, and others. Chlorine dioxide and ozone are the commonly used Water Disinfection Chemicals Market, while monochloramine is used as a residual disinfectant for distribution. Chlorine is the most widely used disinfectant chemical. Monitoring the content level of chlorine is important while using it in drinking water, as it is an indicator that disinfection has taken place. Residual concentration of chlorine should be almost less than 0.6 mg/l. If it exceeds this, it can cause problems of acceptability for some customers on the basis of taste. Chlorine reacts with natural occurring organic matter in raw water to form a range of unwanted by-products. Compounds most widely considered as representatives of chlorination byproducts are trihalomethanes (THMs), which include chloroform, bromodichloromethane, chlorodibromomethane, and bromoform. Haloacetic acids (HAAs) such as monochloroacetate, dichloroacetate, and trichloroacetate can also be formed as the result of reaction of chlorine with organic matter contained in raw water. Some countries monitor HAAs as well as THMs; however, HAAs are much more difficult and expensive to analyze than THMs.

Chlorine dioxide is also a widely used disinfectant chemical in the Water Disinfection Chemicals Market. Chlorine dioxide breaks down to leave the inorganic chemicals chlorite and chlorate. These are best managed by controlling the dose of chlorine dioxide applied to the water. Chlorite can also be found in hypochlorite solution that has been allowed to age. Ozone is used as a primary disinfectant that cannot be monitored in drinking water, since it leaves no residual behind. Ozonation in the presence of inorganic bromide gives rise to low concentrations of bromate. Therefore, monitoring of bromate is a low priority, and the management should get involved in controlling the conditions of ozonation.

Based on geography, the global water disinfection chemicals market can be segregated into Asia Pacific, Europe, North America, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. North America and Europe are the major regions of the water disinfection chemicals market, led by the growth in the chemical treatment industry. Companies operating in the water disinfection chemicals market in Asia Pacific and Latin America are investing significantly in research and development activities.   

Global Water Disinfection Chemicals Market: Key Players

Prominent players operating in the global water disinfection chemicals market include BASF SE, Ecolab Inc, Kemira OYJ, Solenis LLC, Akzo Nobel N.V., and Baker Hughes Incorporated. These companies hold significant share of the market. Thus, the water disinfection chemicals market experiences intense competition.

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  • North America (U.S. and Canada)
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Water Disinfection Chemicals Market

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