U.S. Egg Donation Market: Introduction
According to the report, the egg donation market in the U.S. was valued at US$ 683.97 Mn in 2020 and is projected to expand at a CAGR of 11.8% from 2021 to 2031. Egg donation benefits women who cannot use their eggs for various reasons, including ovarian failure, avoid congenital anomalies in the fetus, or advanced age. The procedure typically involves a doctor removing an egg or eggs from the donor, fertilizing them in a laboratory, and then transferring the resulting embryos into the recipient’s uterus. Doctors do this using an implantation procedure, such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF). Sometimes, specialists at the facility could freeze some or all of the embryos for later use or implantation in different women.
In order to use fresh donor eggs, an egg donor may be chosen from the patient's own infertility program or selected from an egg donor agency. The donor would undergo stimulation and monitoring in an IVF program. The use of frozen donor eggs has become a popular alternative with this option. Donors are recruited and screened by an egg bank. They undergo stimulation and the eggs are recovered and frozen for use by possible recipients. Patients who select to use frozen donor eggs purchase a unit to be shipped to their local IVF program. Alternatively, some donor-egg banks will execute fertilization of the frozen oocytes and ship the embryos back to the recipient's local IVF program.
The choice of frozen donor oocytes also presents certain pros and cons. A major advantage is that little or no waiting is typically needed. The oocytes are immediately available for use in a cycle. Some of the cons to consider are that intracytoplasmic injection of sperm will be necessary. Freezing and thawing of the oocyte make the shell surrounding the egg, known as the zona pellucida, more difficult for the sperm to penetrate on its own.
In the U.S., a recipient can choose between three types of egg donors: anonymous donor, semi-known donor, and known donor. In all three cases, every woman wishing to become an egg donor should meet a series of requirements established by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM).
Fertility is one of the three principal components of population dynamics, the others being mortality and migration. According to NCBI, around 70% infertility rate is due to the male factor. Rise in infertility ratio has induced governments of certain developing countries or leading pharmaceutical companies to initiate public awareness programs to provide the information about infertility and the treatment options available. Decrease in fertility rate increases the need of egg donation and awareness about infertility treatment. These factors are likely to boost the growth of the egg donation market in the next few years.
Rise in Awareness about Infertility Treatment to Drive Market
The decline in fertility rate increases the need of egg donation and awareness about infertility treatment. This is expected to drive the need and usage of egg donation. Rise in the infertility ratio has induced governments of certain developing countries or leading pharmaceutical companies to initiate public awareness programs to provide information about infertility and the treatment options available. The rise in awareness among the regional population about to the availability of advanced reproductive technologies boosts the growth of the market. Public awareness of the legal issues related to assisted reproductive technology and cross-border reproductive care, as well as care of the mother and child in pregnancies resulting from reproductive technologies such as egg donation has drastically increased.
Decline in Fertility Rates to Propel Market
Fertility patterns in the world have changed significantly in the past few decades. The global fertility rate has touched unprecedented low levels. Decrease in fertility rate increases the demand for egg donation. This is expected to propel the need and usage of donated eggs. Lifestyle factors, increase in sexually transmitted diseases, rise in obesity, and environmental factors involved in urbanization and urban lifestyle that affect fertility and have led to rise in male and female subfertility.
Key players operating in the egg donation market in the U.S. include Egg Donor America, ConceiveAbilities, Circle Surrogacy & Egg Donation, Egg Donation, Inc., Boston IVF, Nashville Fertility, Beverly Hills Egg Donation, Duke University Health System, Johns Hopkins Medicine, MCRM Fertility, and Sher Fertility Solutions.
U.S. Egg Donation Market: Segmentation
U.S. Egg Donation Market, by Type
- Fresh Egg
- Frozen Egg
U.S. Egg Donation Market, by Service Provider
- Fertility Clinics
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