The heart and the circulatory systems followed by the nervous system is formed at the earliest stages of Fetus. In the 3rd week, the heart starts to beat and pump blood through the circulatory system. When a heart beats, oxygenated blood is pumped throughout the fetal body. Adequacy of fetal oxygenation is vital to prevent hypoxia, which affects the whole fetal body. Fetal heart rate is an important biological index or indicator to determine the well-being of the fetus. Monitoring of fetal heart rate is important to prevent any abnormality, which can lead to prematurity and miscarriage. Fetal and neonatal heart monitors are used to detect these abnormalities.
A new generation of invasive and noninvasive monitoring technologies is under development and entering the clinical stage. For instance, STAN Monitor (Neoventa Medical, Mölndal, Sweden) is one of the most established technologies. The STAN monitor uses a fetal scalp electrode to monitor not only FHR, but also a proxy for the ST segment of the fetal QRS complex, the quantitative ratio between the amplitude of the fetal T wave and the fetal R wave, and the presence or absence of a biphasic ST segment. Significant advances are being made in the areas of fetal magnetocardiography and fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, these technologies require expensive, fixed equipment ill-suited for routine antepartum or intrapartum use.
Rise in Cases of Preterm Birth due to Premature Rupture of Membrane
Premature rupture of membrane (PROM) is rupture of the membrane (amniotic sac) before labor begins. If PROM occurs before 37 weeks of pregnancy, it is called preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM). PROM occurs in about 8% to 10% of all pregnancies. The incidence of premature rupture of membrane ranges from about 5% to 10% of all deliveries.
The global fetal and neonatal heart monitor market is highly consolidated, with the presence of a small number of key players. Leading players operating in the global fetal and neonatal heart monitor market are:
Global Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market, by Product Type
Global Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market, by Modality
Global Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market, by End-user
Global Fetal and Neonatal Heart Monitor Market, by Region