Scratch testers are used in quality control and research and development divisions of enterprises to quantify parameters such as friction force, coatings hardness, and adhesive strength of film-substrates. Lifespan and performance of an electronic component is improved through the use of modified surfaces by performing coating deposition on base materials. Coating deposition can be done through several methods such as vapor phase deposition, thermal spray, electroplating, welding, or diffusion. Deposited coating needs to be analyzed, tested, and characterized for parameters to determine nature of damage or adhesion, critical load, and scratch resistance under high stress. Scratch testers are used to facilitate these parameter measurement. Further, scratch testers are used to find out effects of aging on a sample substrate, quality of protective coatings, and to form relative purity of samples. A diamond tip is dragged across the sample surface and the process is recorded with the help of video cameras to perform a scientific scratch test. The load on the diamond tip can be kept constant or can be changed as per requirement. The recording is then analyzed and assessed to find out different kind of damages by correlating them with the amount of force used. Various types of scratch testers are used depending on the thickness of films and coatings undergoing test, such as micro scratch testers, Nano scratch testers, and ultra-Nano scratch testers. Typically, Nano scratch testers are used to characterize substrate coating with thickness below 1000 nanometers, while micro scratch testers are used for coating below 5 micrometer thickness. Micro scratch testers are also used for analysis of hard and soft coatings as well as organic and inorganic coatings.
Stringent industry standards and precise surface mechanical properties provision by scratch testers are expected to drive the global scratch testers market during the forecast period. Government and industry associations have established various standards for computation and measurement of material parameters, such as ASTM E 2546, ASTM D7187, ASTM C1624, ASTM D7027, DIN EN 1071, DVM-0058-PA, ASTM G171, ISO 20502, and ISO 1518. Properties of the samples under test, viz. adhesion strength, adhesive and cohesive failure, and elastic and plastic deformation depth are analyzed with the help of scratch testers to improve their lifespan.
The global scratch testers market can be segmented based on type, application, end-user, and region. In terms of type, the scratch testers market can be segregated into micro scratch testers, macro scratch testers, milli scratch testers, Nano scratch testers, and ultra-Nano scratch testers. In terms of application, the global scratch testers market can be divided into polymers, thin films, metals, coatings, paints and varnishes, eye glass lenses, touch screens, semiconductors, and hard discs. The coatings segment can be further divided into optical coatings, protective coatings, decorative coatings, and vacuum coatings. In terms of end-user, the global scratch testers market can be categorized into manufacturing, automotive, consumer electronics, healthcare, and others. The automotive end-user segment is expected to account for a substantial market share during the forecast period. Based on region, the global scratch testers market can be divided into North America, South America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Middle East & Africa. North America is expected to hold a significant share of the global scratch testers market from 2018 to 2026 due to presence of major solution providers in the region. The scratch testers market in Asia Pacific is anticipated to expand rapidly during the forecast period due to significant growth witnessed by the manufacturing and automotive industries in the region.
Key players operating in the global scratch testers market include Anton Paar GmbH, Taber Industries, and Industrial Physics LLC. (Sheen Instruments), Ducom Instruments, Nanovea, Tribotechnic, AZoM.com Limited, Elcometer Limited, Rtec Instruments, and Helmut Fischer Gmbh.
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