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Pneumoperitoneum is referred as abnormal gas within the peritoneal cavity. Peritoneum is a complex, large serous membrane which forms closed sac in abdominal cavity. The pneumoperitoneum is often an indication of illness. It is necessary to be diagnosed correctly because errors in diagnosis can lead to various pseudopneumoperitoneum. Perforated abdominal viscus is the most common cause of pneumoperitoneum. The causes of pneumoperitoneum differ from children to adults. The common cause of pneumoperitoneum in adults are peptic ulcer disease, ischemic bowel, bowel obstruction, malignancy, necrotizing enterocolitis, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. megacolon), appendicitis, diverticulitis, peritoneal dialysis, mechanical perforation such as colonoscopy, trauma, iatrogenic, etc. In females, it is also caused by vaginal aspiration, insufflation, douching, sudden squatting, postpartum exercises, and etc. The causes of pneumoperitoneum in children are perforation and iatrogenic effect. Perforated hollow viscus includes the most common cause i.e., necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and others such as Hirschsprung disease, peptic ulcer disease, intestinal atresia or web, meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis, etc. The iatrogenic effect consists of rectal thermometer, enema, post intubation or mechanical ventilation.

The common symptoms of pneumoperitoneum are abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, fever, hypotension, tachypnea, and diarrhea. Different signs of pneumoperitoneum are cupola/saddlebag/mustache sign, lucent liver sign, football sign, Silver's sign/falciform ligament sign, inverted V sign, telltale triangle sign, urachus sign, Rigler's sign, and others. Pneumoperitoneum is usually detected by radiography. An erect chest X-ray and supine abdominal X-ray are used to detect pneumoperitoneum. The erect chest X-ray is the most sensitive plain radiograph for pneumoperitoneum detection and there are several signs that may be used for detecting free gas in abdominal X-ray.

The pneumoperitoneum market has been divided based on detection type, end-user, and region. In terms of detection type, the market has been segmented into erect chest X-ray (plain radiograph) and supine abdominal X-ray (abdominal radiograph). The erect chest x-ray is the most sensitive X-ray for detection of free intraperitoneal gas. The signs of gas such as subdiaphragmatic free gas, and cupola sign can be detected with this method. Abdominal X-ray (radiograph) can detect various pneumoperitoneum signs. Bowel related signs (Rigler's sign, telltale triangle sign) where the air outlining on both sides of bowel wall, peritoneal ligament related signs (football sign, urachus sign, and others), and right upper quadrant signs (Morison's pouch sign, lucent liver sign, etc.) can be detected through abdominal X-ray (radiograph). Usage of specific detection techniques is likely to boost the growth the market in the near future. Rising gastric and abdominal diseases are also driving the global market.

Based on end-user, the pneumoperitoneum market has been segmented into hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers, diagnostic centers, and others. Hospitals hold the major share of the pneumoperitoneum market, because of rising incidence of abdominal problems such as inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. megacolon), and mechanical perforation such as colonoscopy, trauma, and iatrogenic effect. Preference for diagnostic centers for radiography imaging is also expected to increase in the near future.

In terms of region, the global pneumoperitoneum market has been segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Rest of the world. North America accounted for the largest share of the pneumoperitoneum market due to high health care awareness, prevalence of abdominal disorders, and technological advancements in the region. Europe held the second largest share attributed to increasing geriatric population. However, countries in Asia are expected to be the fastest growing markets due to growing awareness, gradual adoption of improved technologies, emerging health care infrastructure, increased purchasing power of hospitals, and rising population.

Key players in the pneumoperitoneum market are Fujifilm Holdings Corporation, GE Healthcare, Hologic, Inc., and Philips Healthcare, among others. Regional players are also contributing significantly to the growth of the pneumoperitoneum market.

This study by TMR is all-encompassing framework of the dynamics of the market. It mainly comprises critical assessment of consumers' or customers' journeys, current and emerging avenues, and strategic framework to enable CXOs take effective decisions.

Our key underpinning is the 4-Quadrant Framework EIRS that offers detailed visualization of four elements:

  • Customer Experience Maps
  • Insights and Tools based on data-driven research
  • Actionable Results to meet all the business priorities
  • Strategic Frameworks to boost the growth journey

The study strives to evaluate the current and future growth prospects, untapped avenues, factors shaping their revenue potential, and demand and consumption patterns in the global market by breaking it into region-wise assessment.

The following regional segments are covered comprehensively:

  • North America
  • Asia Pacific
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • The Middle East and Africa

The EIRS quadrant framework in the report sums up our wide spectrum of data-driven research and advisory for CXOs to help them make better decisions for their businesses and stay as leaders.

Below is a snapshot of these quadrants.

1. Customer Experience Map

The study offers an in-depth assessment of various customers’ journeys pertinent to the market and its segments. It offers various customer impressions about the products and service use. The analysis takes a closer look at their pain points and fears across various customer touchpoints. The consultation and business intelligence solutions will help interested stakeholders, including CXOs, define customer experience maps tailored to their needs. This will help them aim at boosting customer engagement with their brands.

2. Insights and Tools

The various insights in the study are based on elaborate cycles of primary and secondary research the analysts engage with during the course of research. The analysts and expert advisors at TMR adopt industry-wide, quantitative customer insights tools and market projection methodologies to arrive at results, which makes them reliable. The study not just offers estimations and projections, but also an uncluttered evaluation of these figures on the market dynamics. These insights merge data-driven research framework with qualitative consultations for business owners, CXOs, policy makers, and investors. The insights will also help their customers overcome their fears.

3. Actionable Results

The findings presented in this study by TMR are an indispensable guide for meeting all business priorities, including mission-critical ones. The results when implemented have shown tangible benefits to business stakeholders and industry entities to boost their performance. The results are tailored to fit the individual strategic framework. The study also illustrates some of the recent case studies on solving various problems by companies they faced in their consolidation journey.

4. Strategic Frameworks

The study equips businesses and anyone interested in the market to frame broad strategic frameworks. This has become more important than ever, given the current uncertainty due to COVID-19. The study deliberates on consultations to overcome various such past disruptions and foresees new ones to boost the preparedness. The frameworks help businesses plan their strategic alignments for recovery from such disruptive trends. Further, analysts at TMR helps you break down the complex scenario and bring resiliency in uncertain times.

The report sheds light on various aspects and answers pertinent questions on the market. Some of the important ones are:

1. What can be the best investment choices for venturing into new product and service lines?

2. What value propositions should businesses aim at while making new research and development funding?

3. Which regulations will be most helpful for stakeholders to boost their supply chain network?

4. Which regions might see the demand maturing in certain segments in near future?

5. What are the some of the best cost optimization strategies with vendors that some well-entrenched players have gained success with?

6. Which are the key perspectives that the C-suite are leveraging to move businesses to new growth trajectory?

7. Which government regulations might challenge the status of key regional markets?

8. How will the emerging political and economic scenario affect opportunities in key growth areas?

9. What are some of the value-grab opportunities in various segments?

10. What will be the barrier to entry for new players in the market?

Note: Although care has been taken to maintain the highest levels of accuracy in TMR’s reports, recent market/vendor-specific changes may take time to reflect in the analysis.

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Pneumoperitoneum Market

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