National Long Distance (NLD) and International Long Distance (ILD) telecom services are provided for calls and text messages across national and international borders. NLD and ILD services are network carriage services which provide national and cross-border connectivity, and services to the network operated by foreign and national carrier providers. Furthermore, NLD and ILD services include calls or messages originating or terminating from one country to another and provisioning of international bandwidth require for calls. In addition, with increasing smartphone penetration, NLD and ILD service providers are using mobile applications to integrate the NLD and ILD services with the traditional home phones and provide applications based voice services. For instance, Matrix Telecom, Inc. (Impact Telecom) has introduced a mobile application “ImpactConnect App” to provide long distance calls through traditional phone. Furthermore, NLD and ILD service providers have enabled direct phone calls for national and international long distances with better call quality and competitive call charges.
The use of NLD and ILD telecom services is rising due to increasing demand for national and international long distance connectivity and rising demand for international communication services. In addition, the ILD telecom services are being widely accepted due to decreasing international call charges. Furthermore, businesses are expanding around the globe due to globalization, leading to an increasing demand for ILD and NLD services for business procedures. All these factors are expected to drive the NLD and ILD telecom service market over the forecast period. However, government authorities in many countries have certain policies and regulations over NLD and ILD telecom services. In addition, the Department of Telecommunication (DoT) has set certain penal provisions for these services such as financial penalties. Furthermore, the additional cost required for getaway and landing station setups and high license fees are expected to restrain the NLD and ILD telecom service market. A key opportunistic trend for NLD and ILD service providers in the market is related to NLD and ILD services providers collaborating with domestic mobile service providers. For instance, Bharti Airtel Ltd. has secured license for operating in IDL services.
The NLD and ILD telecom service market is segmented on the basis of service, network use, end-user and geography. By service NLD and ILD telecom service market is segmented into NLD and ILD. By network use, NLD and ILD telecom service market is segmented into private, and third-party network. By end-user, NLD and ILD telecom service market is segmented into enterprise and consumer. By geography, NLD and ILD telecom service market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America and Middle East and Africa. Among these regions, North America and Europe have observed significant growth in NLD and ILD telecom service market due to increased demand from enterprises and advanced technology. Asia Pacific and Middle East and Africa are anticipated to witness high adoption of NLD and ILD telecom services due to improving telecommunication infrastructure and increasing adoption of telecom connectivity and services. Government authorities in these regions have defined various regulations for NLD and ILD telecom services. For instance, India government has issued guidelines and regulations such as National Telecom Policy (2012) and satellite licenses for IDL service providers. In addition, India government has regulations for establishments of gateways and landing stations.
The major players in the global NLD and ILD telecom service market include G3 Telecom, Inc., Matrix Telecom, Inc. (Impact Telecom), Lumos Networks, Telecom North America (telna), Inc., Selectcom Telecom, AT&T, Inc., Reliance Communication Limited, Tata Communications Limited, Bharti Airtel Ltd., Spice Communications Ltd., Idea Cellular Ltd., Sify Communications Ltd., and Microsoft Corporation (Skype).
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