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Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) is a bio-electrochemical system that produces electric current by using bacteria. MFC is essentially a device that converts chemical energy into electrical energy by using bacteria or microorganisms. The concept of MFC is not new. It was first developed in the early 20th century. MFC has gained attention due to its capability to produce electricity from organic as well as inorganic compounds. In terms of setup, MFC has many properties in common with standard hydrogen fuel cell. MFC consists of an anode and cathode chamber and a proton exchange membrane between the two chambers. MFC is usually grouped into two categories: mediated MFC and unmediated (or mediator-free) MFC. Mediated MFC uses mediators, which facilitate the transfer of electron from microbial cells to electrodes. Most of the microbial cells are electrochemically inactive; thus, the usage of mediators becomes essential for mediated MFC. In unmediated or mediator-free MFC, the transfer of electrons from microbial cells to electrodes is carried out by electrochemically active bacteria. Unmediated MFC is preferred over the mediated type as most of the mediators are toxic and expensive.

MFC uses a wide range of fuel for generation of electricity and it is possible to produce the electricity from any kind of organic and inorganic material.  It is also notable that the input used to generate electricity, leaves no harmful by-products. Microbial fuel cell is employed in a wide range of applications. It is commonly used in household electricity generation, power supply to small devices, wastewater treatment plants, and hydrogen generation, among others. However, most of the microbial fuel cells applications are still R&D scale systems, due to some practical difficulties in terms of economic viability and environmental feasibility.  

Increasing demand for energy and rising awareness about the environment are the key drivers of the microbial fuel cell market.  Fossil fuel resources are limited. Use of these fuels causes pollution and also leads to global warming. MFC can be termed as renewable energy resource. When used in wastewater treatment plants, MFC not only treats the water but also produces electricity. However, MFC produces insignificant quantity of power or electricity as compared to the conventional fuel cells. Furthermore, MFC cannot produce power consistently and thus, it cannot be treated as the primary source of power for large scale applications. These are the restraining factors of the MFC market.

North America is estimated to account for major share of the microbial fuel cell market during the forecast period. Significant investments in R&D activities by governments of various countries and other agencies in order to develop MFC offer lucrative opportunities to the microbial fuel cell market. The MFC market in Asia Pacific is expected to follow that in North America during the forecast period. Asia Pacific has several populous countries such as India, China, and Japan where a considerable part of the population still lives in villages and remote areas. In such places, MFC can be used as a potential technique for household renewable power generation, to obtain low-cost and clean power supply. Europe is known for its contribution in research and development, especially in the renewable technology sector. The MFC market is expected to grow rapidly in this region. The outlook for the MFC market also appears positive in Middle East & Africa and Latin America. Countries in these regions are economically backward and majority of the population lives in remote places. MFC can thus be used as a vital technology for generation of electricity in these regions.

Key players operating in the microbial fuel cell market are Protonex, Vinpro, Sainergy, Cambrian Innovation Inc., and Fluence Corporation Limited.

This study by TMR is all-encompassing framework of the dynamics of the market. It mainly comprises critical assessment of consumers' or customers' journeys, current and emerging avenues, and strategic framework to enable CXOs take effective decisions.

Our key underpinning is the 4-Quadrant Framework EIRS that offers detailed visualization of four elements:

  • Customer Experience Maps
  • Insights and Tools based on data-driven research
  • Actionable Results to meet all the business priorities
  • Strategic Frameworks to boost the growth journey

The study strives to evaluate the current and future growth prospects, untapped avenues, factors shaping their revenue potential, and demand and consumption patterns in the global market by breaking it into region-wise assessment.

The following regional segments are covered comprehensively:

  • North America
  • Asia Pacific
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • The Middle East and Africa

The EIRS quadrant framework in the report sums up our wide spectrum of data-driven research and advisory for CXOs to help them make better decisions for their businesses and stay as leaders.

Below is a snapshot of these quadrants.

1. Customer Experience Map

The study offers an in-depth assessment of various customers’ journeys pertinent to the market and its segments. It offers various customer impressions about the products and service use. The analysis takes a closer look at their pain points and fears across various customer touchpoints. The consultation and business intelligence solutions will help interested stakeholders, including CXOs, define customer experience maps tailored to their needs. This will help them aim at boosting customer engagement with their brands.

2. Insights and Tools

The various insights in the study are based on elaborate cycles of primary and secondary research the analysts engage with during the course of research. The analysts and expert advisors at TMR adopt industry-wide, quantitative customer insights tools and market projection methodologies to arrive at results, which makes them reliable. The study not just offers estimations and projections, but also an uncluttered evaluation of these figures on the market dynamics. These insights merge data-driven research framework with qualitative consultations for business owners, CXOs, policy makers, and investors. The insights will also help their customers overcome their fears.

3. Actionable Results

The findings presented in this study by TMR are an indispensable guide for meeting all business priorities, including mission-critical ones. The results when implemented have shown tangible benefits to business stakeholders and industry entities to boost their performance. The results are tailored to fit the individual strategic framework. The study also illustrates some of the recent case studies on solving various problems by companies they faced in their consolidation journey.

4. Strategic Frameworks

The study equips businesses and anyone interested in the market to frame broad strategic frameworks. This has become more important than ever, given the current uncertainty due to COVID-19. The study deliberates on consultations to overcome various such past disruptions and foresees new ones to boost the preparedness. The frameworks help businesses plan their strategic alignments for recovery from such disruptive trends. Further, analysts at TMR helps you break down the complex scenario and bring resiliency in uncertain times.

The report sheds light on various aspects and answers pertinent questions on the market. Some of the important ones are:

1. What can be the best investment choices for venturing into new product and service lines?

2. What value propositions should businesses aim at while making new research and development funding?

3. Which regulations will be most helpful for stakeholders to boost their supply chain network?

4. Which regions might see the demand maturing in certain segments in near future?

5. What are the some of the best cost optimization strategies with vendors that some well-entrenched players have gained success with?

6. Which are the key perspectives that the C-suite are leveraging to move businesses to new growth trajectory?

7. Which government regulations might challenge the status of key regional markets?

8. How will the emerging political and economic scenario affect opportunities in key growth areas?

9. What are some of the value-grab opportunities in various segments?

10. What will be the barrier to entry for new players in the market?

Note: Although care has been taken to maintain the highest levels of accuracy in TMR’s reports, recent market/vendor-specific changes may take time to reflect in the analysis.

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Microbial Fuel Cell Market

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