Steel is critical, as there is no other material with same unique combination of strength, formability (malleability and ductility) and versatility. Steel plays critical role in virtually every phase of our lives. The rails, roads, vehicles that make up our transportation chain use steel. High strength steel provides strong framework and connections in the building constructions. They are used to deliver food and water supply and also industrial product deliveries. It is a basic component that generates and transmits energy.
High strength steel is primarily used for structural applications (structural steels) as well as in automobile industry. It is difficult to attain complex shapes, a requirement in these industries, using mild steel. Thus, high strength steel is used for complex shapes that are met along with durable and robust design parameters. It can be developed even with or without addition of microalloying elements such as Va, Ni, Co, Mb, and Ti.
Market Dynamics and Trends
High strength steel and its alloys are expected inevitably to gain demand in the future and their markets to increase exponentially. Steel is the only commercial product in usable metals which meets higher environmental standards. High strength steel can be endlessly recycled without loss in its strength, durability, or any of its other distinctive properties. Today and in the future, high strength steel is expected to succeed in meeting challenges of climate change, population growth, water distribution, product carriages and energy by reducing carbon footprint.
Major drivers of high strength steel are its significant high rate of consumption in automotive and construction industries, meeting stringent environmental standards. However, it has its limitation with its restraining factors such as its high cost of production, low safety factor in its preparation, and high technological constraints.
New generation high strength steel is likely to provide necessary requirements and trend of the future demands of implementing durable and light weight designs plus the volumes.
COR-TEN weathering steels, with its high corrosion resistance, are used extensively in automobile, construction, and heavy equipment manufacturing industries.
It is used in heavy construction especially structures and bridges based on its high rolling and continuous product line. It has low carbon content, formability and easily hardened steels used in transportation and automotive industry to a high extent. It is an intrinsic part used in manufacturing alloy steel such as niobium, vanadium, and titanium used in power generation and nuclear reactors.
The high strength steel market can be divided into sectors such as building and infrastructure, automobile industry, transportation industry, energy, food and water, and tools and machineries. It can be further classified into electro-galvanized steel, hot-dip galvanized steel, and hot-dip galv-annealed steel.
Based on manufacturing Process the application lies preparation of High end Automobile body structures, reinforcement and brackets where high strength is required for optimum part performance,
Asia-Pacific is the market leader in terms of high strength steel consumption and production, followed by Europe. Majority of the Asia Pacific regions are developing and there is a high requirement of high strength steel. Developed countries such as the U.S. in North America and other parts in Europe are rather saturated markets for high strength steel.
Key players globally operating in the market are Arcelor-Mittal, China Steel Corporation, Hyundai Steel Company, Tata Steel, and Gerdau S. A.
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