FPSO Market - Snapshot

A floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel is a type of floating production system used for offshore production, storage, and offloading of oil and gas. Generally, an FPSO vessel is a converted oil tanker or a newly constructed unit. An FPSO is often similar in appearance to a ship and is equipped with production and processing facilities onboard. Furthermore, FPSOs consist of offloading facilities for the purpose of transporting processed oil and gas to onshore receiving facilities through a shuttle tanker. The FPSO market is expected to expand at a rapid pace during the forecast period due to rise in investment in offshore oil and gas exploration, especially in deep-water (500 to 1,499 meters) and ultra-deepwater (1,500 meters and above) areas. The depletion of existing oil and gas fields is leading to a rise in concerns regarding the exploration of new oil and gas fields in a bid to meet energy requirements in the near future. Due to this, oil and gas exploration companies have pushed the exploration of oil and gas from onshore to offshore areas, which, in turn, is driving expansion of the FPSO market. Furthermore, large investments and technical challenges involved in the installation of fixed production platforms in remote locations is boosting the FPSO market. Additionally, the ability of FPSOs to sustain harsh working environments is driving demand for them from the oil and gas industry across the globe.

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Increasing Investment in Offshore Oil and Gas Exploration Drives the Market

Demand for floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) units is expected to surge with increased investment in offshore exploration of oil and gas, especially in deepwater and ultra-deepwater areas. Depletion of existing onshore oil and gas fields is pushing exploration activities to offshore deepwater areas. Currently, the exploration of oil and gas is concentrated in offshore fields, primarily in areas such as the North Sea, Brazil, and West Africa. Increase in demand for oil and gas due to rise in consumption of fuel is driving development and increasing investment in new oil and gas fields globally. Furthermore, demand for FPSOs is expected to rise during the forecast period due to expansion in the upstream oil and gas industry, supported by government incentives to boost offshore oil and gas exploration. FPSO vessels are capable of receiving or extracting raw hydrocarbons from the sea bed and processing them onboard. Additionally, FPSOs are equipped with temporary onboard oil and gas storage facilities. Processed oil and gas from FPSOs is transferred or offloaded through an oil tanker or pipeline to the receiving terminals or distribution facilities.

High Capital Investment is a Key Restraint of the Market

The FPSO industry is capital intensive in nature. Construction and building of a new FPSO unit requires high initial investment and substantially large financing.  Building a new FPSO costs approximately US$ 2.5 Bn to US$ 3 Bn. However, the cost of conversion of an oil tanker is approximately between US$ 1.5 Bn and US$ 2.0 Bn. Additionally, the cost of operation, testing, and deployment add up to the total investment in an FPSO vessel. Furthermore, factors such as rising cost of materials and labor due to inflation is further affecting the return of investments (ROI) of FPSO operators. All these factors are likely to restrain the FPSO market during the forecast period.

Tie-ups with Various Players in the Offshore Industry for Accelerating Development of FPSOs

An FPSO building project involves extensive engineering, procurement, construction, and commissioning. Key players in the FPSO industry strategically partner with vendors, yards, and key technology providers for delivering large projects of floating production systems, including FPSOs. Increase in focus on collaboration and strategic partnerships among various players is creating opportunities for advanced service providers of FPSOs and faster deployment of new FPSOs.

Latin America Held a Major Share of around 30% in the Global FPSO Market in 2017

Based on region, the global FPSO market can be divided into North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Middle East & Africa. Latin America dominated the global FPSO market in 2017. This is primarily due to the presence of a large number of FPSOs in the region. Major offshore fields located on the Brazilian coast include Santos, Campos, and Espirito Santo basins among others. Expansion in the FPSO market in Brazil is attributed to the increasing investment in exploration of deep water areas in the region. Thus, Latin America accounts for a major share of the global market. Latin America is key player in the FPSO market, followed by Middle East & Africa, Asia Pacific, North America, and Europe.

Global FPSO Market dominated by Several Players

Key players operating in the global FPSO market are MODEC, Inc., SBM Offshore N.V., BW Offshore, Bluewater Energy Services B.V., Bumi Armada Berhad, Yinson Holdings Berhad, and Teekay Corporation.

FPSO Market - Overview

A floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) unit is a floating facility based on an oil tanker hull. It is equipped with a hydrocarbon processing unit for the treatment and separation of water, gases, and crude oil, arriving on board from sub-sea oil wells via flexible pipelines. Processed oil is then transferred to cargo tanks in the FPSO ship’s hull. Processed gas is used as fuel for on-board power generation, and surplus gas is either exported via a pipeline to onshore areas or re-injected back into the subsea reservoirs. FPSOs enable the production of oil in deeper water and remote areas with economically viable technology such as fixed piled structures. Moreover, they have the capacity to store processed crude oil and are also equipped with an offloading system to transfer the crude oil to tankers for shipment to refineries.

This report analyzes and forecasts the FPSO market at the global and regional levels. The market has been forecast based on revenue (US$ Mn) from 2018 to 2026, considering 2017 as the base year. The study includes drivers and restraints of the global FPSO market. It also covers the impact of these drivers and restraints on the demand for FPSOs. The report also highlights opportunities in the FPSO market at the global and regional levels.

The report includes International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations, by region, and investment scenario. The study encompasses market attractiveness analysis, wherein segments are benckmarked in terms of type, operator, application, hull, and propulsion based on their market size, growth rate, and general attractiveness.

The study provides a decisive view of the global FPSO market by segmenting it in terms of type, operator, application, hull, and propulsion. In terms of type, the FPSO market can be classified into converted, new-build, and redeployed. Based on operator, the market can be categorized into small independent, large independent, leased operator, and major national oil companies (NOC’s). In terms of application, the market can be split into shallow water, deep water, and ultra-deep water. Based on hull, the market can be classified into single hull and double hull.  In terms of propulsion system, the market can be categorized into self-propelled and towed. These segments have been analyzed based on present and future trends. Regional segmentation includes current and forecast demand for FPSOs in North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa.

The report provides the actual size of the FPSO market for 2017 and estimated market size for 2018, with forecast for the next eight years. The global market for FPSO has been provided in terms of revenue. Market revenue has been provided in US$ Mn. Market numbers have been estimated based on form and end-user segments of the FPSO market. Market size has been provided in terms of global, regional, and country-level markets.

Key players operating in the global FPSO market are MODEC, Inc., SBM Offshore N.V., BW Offshore, Bluewater Energy Services B.V., Bumi Armada Berhad, Yinson Holdings Berhad, and Teekay Corporation.

The global FPSO market has been segmented as follows:

Global FPSO Market, by Type

  • Converted
  • New-build
  • Redeployed

Global FPSO Market, by Operator

  • Small Independent
  • Large Independent
  • Leased Operator
  • Major National Oil Companies (NOC’s)

Global FPSO Market, by Application

  • Shallow Water
  • Deep Water
  • Ultra-deep Water

Global FPSO Market, by Hull

  • Single Hull
  • Double Hull

Global FPSO Market, by Propulsion

  • Self-propelled
  • Towed

Global FPSO Market, by Region

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
  • Europe
    • U.K.
    • Norway
    • Italy
    • Russia
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific
    • Australia
    • India
    • China
    • Malaysia
    • Indonesia
    • Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Mexico
    • Rest of Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa (MEA)
    • Nigeria
    • Angola
    • Rest of Middle East & Africa

Key Takeaways

  • The converted segment accounted for a major share of the FPSO market in 2017 due to low capital requirement and faster deployment of converted FPSOs as compared to new-build FPSOs
  • International Maritime Organization (IMO) Regulation, by Region
  • Analysis Investment Scenario, by Key Market Players
  • Rise in investment in offshore oil and gas exploration, especially in deep water (500 to 1,499 meters) and ultra-deepwater (1,500 meters and above) areas
  • The report provides an exhaustive list of upcoming and existing list FPSO and its storage capacity, owners, operators, project status, etc.
  • Latin America is likely to be a leading player of the global FPSO market during the forecast period
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