Market Research Reports

Petroleum Coke Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, 2014 - 2020

81pages
Published Date: 2014-10-17
 

Description


The petroleum coke market report by Transparency Market Research provides in-depth analysis of the global petroleum coke industry. The report divides the market based on product segment, end-use segment and regional segment. It also provides forecast and estimates for each segment. The report analyzes demand and supply characteristics of the market by providing detailed forecast and analysis of volume and revenue for the period from 2014 to 2020.

The petroleum coke market primarily includes two types of petroleum coke: fuel grade coke and calcined coke. Fuel grade coke is expected to be the most dominant type of petroleum coke in terms of product segment in the near future. Fuel grade coke is primarily used in cement kilns and power plants owing to less cost and high calorific value. Growth in population and emerging economies propel demand for fuel grade coke, especially in countries in Asia Pacific such as India and China. Small quantity of fuel grade coke is sufficient to generate large quantity of electricity. Calcined coke finds major application in aluminum, paints and colorings, steel and fertilizer industries in the production of titanium dioxide.

Asia Pacific and Europe are the major importers of petroleum coke. Emerging economies in Asia pacific such as China and India employ a large percentage of petroleum coke in cement kilns and power plants. In China, majority of the petroleum coke is used in the generation of electricity in power plants. Large percentage of petroleum coke is used in the cement kilns industry in India. This is due to growth in population and rapid industrialization in India and China. Led by large import of petroleum coke, Asia Pacific emerged as the most dominating market for petroleum coke in terms of demand. Currently, the U.S. is the dominant exporter of petroleum coke. Small quantity of petroleum coke is sufficient to produce high quantity of heat. Hence, large quantity of electricity is produced at a cheaper rate due to low cost of petroleum coke. Europe is the second-highest importer of petroleum coke due to rising demand for electricity in the region. Thus, petroleum coke is a preferred fuel over coal and natural gas owing to its easy and timely availability. Significant demand for petcoke exists in the Middle East and Latin America due to increasing infrastructure development and rising population in these regions. Various crude oil refining companies are establishing delayed coking units in order to produce petroleum coke domestically. 

Calcining, power plants, cement kilns, blast furnace and other segments such as paper, fertilizer, and paints and colorings are the end-use segments of petroleum coke. Power plants and cement kilns are the fastest growing segments globally.

Asia Pacific, North America, Europe and Rest of the World (RoW) are the major geographical areas covered in the report. Each geographical region has been further bifurcated based on product segment and end-use segment. Volume forecasts and estimates for each segment have been provided for the period from 2014 to 2020. 

The report also provides detailed analysis and revenue of companies such as BP Plc, Chevron Corporation, Essar Oil Ltd., ExxonMobil Corporation, HPCL – Mittal Energy Limited, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Reliance Industries Limited, Royal Dutch Shell Plc, Saudi Arabia Oil Company and Valero Energy Corporation. The report provides detailed analysis of the various factors influencing the petroleum coke industry with the help of Porter’s five forces analysis. The analysis also helps understand the degree of competition prevalent in the market. Furthermore, the report analyzes value chain and various drivers and restraints of the petroleum coke market. 

Petroleum Coke Market: Product Type Analysis
  • Fuel Grade Coke
  • Calcined Coke
Petroleum Coke Market: End Use Segment Analysis
  • Calcining
  • Power Plants
  • Cement Kilns
  • Blast Furnace
  • Others
Petroleum Coke Market: Regional Analysis
  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Rest of the World (RoW)

Table of Contents



Chapter 1 Preface
1.1 Report Description
1.2 Research Scope 
1.3 Market Segmentation 
1.4 Research Methodology 

Chapter 2 Executive Summary 

Chapter 3 Petroleum Coke Market – Industry Analysis
3.1 Introduction 
3.2 Market Drivers 
      3.2.1 Increasing use of petcoke as a fuel in cement and power industries, especially in Asia Pacific countries 
      3.2.2 Increase in the aluminium production augments the demand for calcined petcoke 
3.3 Market Restraints
      3.3.1 Adverse impact of petcoke on the environment and human health is creating a barrier for the growth of the petcoke market
3.4 Market Opportunities 
      3.4.1 Petcoke gasification leads to clean power production 
3.5 Value Chain Analysis 
3.6 Porters Five Forces Analysis 
      3.6.1 Bargaining power of suppliers 
      3.6.2 Bargaining power of buyers 
      3.6.3 Threat from substitutes 
      3.6.4 Threat of new entrants 
      3.6.5 Degree of competition 
3.7 Market Attractive Analysis for Petcoke Market, by End Use, 2013 

Chapter 4 Global Petcoke Market – Product Segment Analysis
4.1 Global Petcoke Market: Product Segment Overview
      4.1.1 Global petcoke market revenue share, by product type, 2013 and 2020
4.2 Fuel Grade Coke 
      4.2.1 Global fuel grade coke market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons)(USD Million) 
4.3 Calcined Coke
      4.3.1 Global calcined coke market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons)(USD Million)

Chapter 5 Global Petcoke Market – End-Use Segment Analysis
5.1 Global Petcoke Market: End-use Segment Overview 
      5.1.1 Global petcoke market revenue share, by product type, 2013 and 2020
5.2 Calcining
      5.2.1 Global calcining market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons)(USD Million)
5.3 Power Plants
      5.3.1 Global power plant market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons)(USD Million)
5.4 Cement 
      5.4.1 Global cement market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons)(USD Million)
5.5 Blast Furnace
      5.5.1 Global blast furnace market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons)(USD Million)
5.6 Others
      5.6.1 Global others market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons)(USD Million)

Chapter 6 Petcoke Market – Regional Analysis
6.1 Petcoke market: Regional overview
      6.1.1 Global petcoke market revenue share, by geography, 2013 and 2020 
6.2 North America 
      6.2.1 North America petcoke market estimates and forecast, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons)(USD Million) 
      6.2.2 North America Petroleum Coke Market – Volume and Revenue, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons)(USD Million) 
              6.2.2.1 North America Petroleum Coke Market – Volume, by product type, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) 
              6.2.2.2 North America Petroleum Coke Market – Revenue, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (USD Million) 
      6.2.3 North America Petroleum Coke Market – Volume and Revenue, by end use, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons)(USD Million) 
              6.2.3.1 North America Petroleum Coke Market – Volume, by end-use, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons) 
              6.2.3.2 North America Petroleum Coke Market – Revenue, by end-use, 2012 – 2020, (USD Million) 
6.3 Asia Pacific 
      6.3.1 Asia Pacific Petcoke market estimates and forecast, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons)(USD Million) 
      6.3.2 Asia Pacific Petroleum Coke Market – Volume and Revenue, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons), (USD Million)
              6.3.2.1 Asia Pacific Petroleum Coke Market – Volume, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons) 
              6.3.2.2 Asia Pacific Petroleum Coke Market – Revenue, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (USD Million) 
      6.3.3 Asia Pacific Petroleum Coke Market – Volume and Revenue, by end use, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons),(USD Million)
              6.3.3.1 Asia Pacific Petroleum Coke Market – Volume, by end use, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons) 
              6.3.3.2 Asia Pacific Petroleum Coke Market – Revenue, by end use, 2012 – 2020, (USD Million) 
6.4 Europe
      6.4.1 Europe petcoke market estimates and forecast, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons)(USD Million) 
      6.4.2 Europe Petroleum Coke Market – Volume and Revenue, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons), (USD Million)
              6.4.2.1 Europe Petroleum Coke Market – Volume, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons)
              6.4.2.2 Europe Petroleum Coke Market – Revenue, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (USD Million) 
      6.4.3 Europe Petroleum Coke Market – Volume and Revenue, by end use, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons), (USD Million) 
              6.4.3.1 Europe Petroleum Coke Market – Volume, by end use, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons) 
              6.4.3.2 Europe Petroleum Coke Market – revenue, by end use, 2012 – 2020, (USD Million) 
6.5 Rest of World 
      6.5.1 RoW Petcoke market estimates and forecast, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons)(USD Million) 
      6.5.2 RoW Petroleum Coke Market – Volume and Revenue, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons)(USD Million) 
              6.5.2.1 RoW Petroleum Coke Market – Volume, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons) 
              6.5.2.2 RoW Petroleum Coke Market – Revenue, by product type, 2012 – 2020, (USD Million) 
      6.5.3 RoW Petroleum Coke Market – Volume and Revenue, by end use, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons)(USD Million) 
              6.5.3.1 RoW Petroleum Coke Market – Volume, by end use, 2012 – 2020, (Million Tons) 
              6.5.3.2 RoW Petroleum Coke Market – Revenue, by end use, 2012 – 2020, (USD Million) 

Chapter 7 Company Profiles – Petroleum Coke 
7.1 BP Plc 
      7.1.1 Company overview 
      7.1.2 Financial overview 
      7.1.3 Business strategy 
      7.1.4 SWOT analysis 
      7.1.5 Recent developments 
7.2 Chevron Corporation 
      7.2.1 Company overview 
      7.2.2 Financial overview 
      7.2.3 Business strategy 
      7.2.4 SWOT analysis 
      7.2.5 Recent developments 
7.3 Essar Oil Ltd. 
      7.3.1 Company overview 
      7.3.2 Financial overview 
      7.3.3 Business strategy 
      7.3.4 SWOT analysis 
      7.3.5 Recent developments 
7.4 ExxonMobil Corporation 
      7.4.1 Company overview 
      7.4.2 Financial overview 
      7.4.3 Business strategy 
      7.4.4 SWOT analysis 
      7.4.5 Recent developments 
7.5 HPCL - Mittal Energy Limited 
      7.5.1 Company overview 
      7.5.2 Business strategy 
      7.5.3 SWOT analysis 
      7.5.4 Recent developments 
7.6 Indian Oil Corporation Limited 
      7.6.1 Company overview 
      7.6.2 Financial overview 
      7.6.3 Business strategy 
      7.6.4 SWOT analysis 
      7.6.5 Recent developments 
7.7 Reliance Industries Limited 
      7.7.1 Company overview 
      7.7.2 Financial overview 
      7.7.3 Business strategy 
      7.7.4 SWOT analysis 
      7.7.5 Recent developments 
7.8 Royal Dutch Shell Plc 
      7.8.1 Company overview 
      7.8.2 Financial overview 
      7.8.3 Business strategy 
      7.8.4 SWOT analysis 
      7.8.5 Recent developments 
7.9 Saudi Arabian Oil Co. 
      7.9.1 Company overview 
      7.9.2 Business strategy 
      7.9.3 SWOT analysis 
      7.9.4 Recent developments 
7.10 Valero Energy Corporation 
      7.10.1 Company overview 
      7.10.2 Financial overview 
      7.10.3 Business strategy 
      7.10.4 SWOT analysis 
      7.10.5 Recent developments

List of Figures 

FIG. 1 Petcoke Market: Market Segmentation 
FIG. 2 Global Petcoke Market, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million)
FIG. 3 U.S. petcoke export in thousand barrels 
FIG. 4 Major importers of U.S. petcoke (Thousand Barrels) 
FIG. 5 China cement production in million metric tonnes 
FIG. 6 China aluminum production (Thousand Metric Tonnes/Day) 
FIG. 7 Petcoke gasification process 
FIG. 8 Value chain analysis of petroleum coke market 
FIG. 9 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis 
FIG. 10 Petcoke market attractiveness, by end use type, 2013 
FIG. 11 Global petcoke market revenue share, by product type, 2013 and 2020 
FIG. 12 Global fuel grade coke market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million)
FIG. 13 Global calcined coke market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million) 
FIG. 14 Global Petcoke market revenue share, by end-use, 2013 and 2020 
FIG. 15 Global calcining market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million) 
FIG. 16 Global power plant market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million) 
FIG. 17 Global cement market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million) 
FIG. 18 Global blast furnace market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million)
FIG. 19 Global others market, volume and revenue, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million)
FIG. 20 Global petcoke market revenue share, by geography, 2013 and 2020 
FIG. 21 North America petcoke market estimates and forecast, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million) 
FIG. 22 Asia Pacific Petcoke market estimates and forecast, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million) 
FIG. 23 Europe petcoke market estimates and forecast, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million) 
FIG. 24 RoW Petcoke market estimates and forecast, 2012 – 2020 (Million Tons) (USD Million)

List of Tables

TABLE 1 Global Petcoke Market Snapshot, 2013 & 2020 
TABLE 2 Comparison between Petcoke and Indian coal
TABLE 3 Comparison between combustion emissions of petcoke and steam coal
TABLE 4 Major planned petcoke-based gasification projects 

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Free Market Analysis


Petroleum coke is a black, solid concentrated carbon material. It is produced through the thermal decomposition of heavy petroleum process stream and residues. Thermal tar, and residual oil are the commonly used raw materials in the production of petcoke. These raw materials are heated to the thermal cracking temperatures and pressures, thus creating petroleum liquid and gas product streams. Delayed process, fluidized bed process and flexicoking process are the majorly used processes for the production of petcoke.

Fractional distillation of crude oil produces liquefied petroleum gas, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, jet fuel, heating oil, waxes and lubricating oils, leaving behind some quantity of residual crude that generally undergoes further processing. The crude residue is further refined by a process known as ‘coking’ to produce transportation fuels along with petroleum coke. It offers a variety of uses as an alternative, cost effective fuel. Petroleum coke holds immense potential as refineries across the globe seek to operate with higher efficiency, and extract more gasoline and other high-value fuels from each barrel of crude oil. 

Physical and chemical properties of petroleum coke depend on the type of crude oil and the process technology employed in refining it. Petroleum coke can be hard or relatively soft in nature. 

Generally, petroleum coke resembles a sponge with its many pores, ranging in size from a small grain to a marble-sized particle. Chemically, petroleum coke is composed of a variety of metals and elements in a wide range of concentrations. Depending on these physical and chemical characteristics, petroleum coke is generally used in energy applications or as a fuel source in industrial applications.

Petroleum coke can be further categorized into green coke or calcined coke. Green coke is the initial product obtained from the cracking and carbonization of the feedstock to produce a substance with high carbon hydrogen ratio. Green coke is further processed to produce calcined coke. Additional processing eliminates the volatile matter and increases its electrical conductivity. 

Green petroleum coke is heated between 1200 0C and 1400 0C. High temperature removes excess hydrocarbons and modifies its crystalline structure, resulting in a denser product. It is the purest form of carbon material produced. Calcined coke is majorly used in the aluminum industry, which represents almost 75.0% of demand for the global calcined coke. The aluminum industry is the major consumer of calcined petroleum coke, contributing around 75% to 80% of demand for calcined petroleum coke. The remaining demand for calcined coke arises from chemical, paint, paper and steel industries for the manufacture of titanium dioxide pigment.

Fuel grade coke, a type of petroleum coke, is majorly used in cement kilns and power industry. Calcined coke is also used in paints and colorings, steel, paper, bricks, glass and fertilizer industries.

In the year 2013, Asia Pacific dominated the global petroleum coke market in terms of volume, due to high demand in emerging economies such as India and China. In India, most of the petroleum coke is used in the cement industry. A large percentage of petroleum coke is used to generate electricity in power plants in China. Asia Pacific is expected to be a booming market for petroleum coke due to rapid industrialization led by increasing investments and growing population.

BP Plc, Chevron Corporation, Essar Oil Corporation, ExxonMobil Corporation, HPCL – Mittal Energy Limited, Indian oil Corporation, Reliance Industries Limited, Royal Dutch Shell Plc, Saudi Arabian Oil Company and Valero Energy Corporation are expected to dominate the market for petcoke technology in the near future.
 

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