Fumigation is a method of pest control wherein a pesticide gas is injected into the soil or released into the air to kill pests. Pests such as bed bugs and termites can be eradicated by structural fumigation. In this method, the airspace inside the structure is filled with a toxic gas and using a tent, the toxic gas is trapped within the area being treated. In order to treat agricultural fields, soil fumigation is commonly carried out. It involves the practice of treating fields to eliminate soil insects, nematodes, weeds, and rodents such as moles. Agricultural fumigants are injected into the soil and moved in between the soil spaces, dissolving the in the water present in the soil. This results in killing the pests. Fumigant pesticides can also be used after the harvest to eliminate small insects and fungi in grains and crops. As fumigation involves the use of poisonous gases, its exposure to humans is highly harmful. Hence, the fumigation is carried out only by government-certified applicators.
The growing global population, attention toward increase in post-harvest loss, and enactment of better agricultural practices are the primary factors driving the demand for fumigants and promoting the growth of the global agricultural fumigants market. While the emerging markets of Asia Pacific and Latin America are likely to provide better growth prospects, stern government regulations may hamper the growth of the market.
The global fumigants market can be segmented on the basis of type, application, and form. In terms of product type, the market has been divided into methyl bromide, phosphine, metam sodium, chloropicrin, and 1, 3-dichloropropene. While the methyl bromide segment holds a major share of the market, the phosphine segment is expected to expand at a rapid rate during the forecast period. Use of phosphine-based fumigants is the most common in grain storage systems. Based on the application, the market has been segmented into soil and warehouse; the latter witnesses a majority of the demand. This is due to the need for reduction of post-harvest losses of stored crops, which has increased the demand for warehouse application of fumigants. Soil fumigants are used to control the weed growth and eliminate parasites such as nematodes. Among form segments, the liquid form segment led the market, holding a dominant share in 2015, followed by the gaseous form segment.
In terms of region, the global agricultural fumigants market can be segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America. North America held a dominant share of the global agricultural fumigants market in 2015 and is expected to expand steadily during the forecast period. North America was followed by Europe during the same period. With the increased supply of quality products, the market in Europe is likely to expand significantly during the forecast period. With its immense growth potential, the market in Asia Pacific is expected to expand rapidly during the forecast period. China, India, and Japan lead the market for fumigants in this region. The demand for agricultural fumigants in Asia Pacific is driven by urbanization and technological development, resulting in high living standards. The market in Latin America is in an emerging stage. Brazil is the major market for agricultural fumigants in the region. Developing farming practices and advancement in storage technologies are factors driving the demand for the agricultural fumigants in Latin America.
Key players operating in the global agricultural fumigants market are ADAMA Agricultural Solution Ltd., BASF SE, DuPont, Syngenta AG, and FMC Corporation. Other major players with strong presence in the market are DOW Chemical Company, Reddick Fumigants, LLC, UPL group, Degesch America Inc., and Ikeda Kogyo Co. Ltd.
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