+1-518-618-1030 866 - 552 - 3453 USA-Canada Toll Free
Published Date: 2016-12-12Number of Pages: 120

Xanthan Gum Market (End Users - Food & Beverage (Bakery and Confectionery, Dairy and Ice Cream, Meat and Fish, Beverages, and Sauces and Dressings), Oil & Gas, Pharmaceutical, Personal Care, Agrochemicals, Lab Research, Paints, and Printing Inks) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2016 - 2024

Global Xanthan Gum Market: Snapshot

The food and beverage industry has and is likely to continue showing a heavy support for the global xanthan gum market in terms of demand. Moreover, the expansion of the food and beverage industry into a greater variety of convenience foods is expected to boost the global xanthan gum market even further. Another key driver for the global xanthan gum market is the inherent superiority of xanthan gum to other hydrocolloids. However, current restraints experienced by the global xanthan gum market include the reinforced anti-dumping policies by the U.S. and other developed economies on the import of these products from Austria and China, along with the overall mistrust of quality of xanthan gum supplied by China, which is the leading producer in the market.

The global xanthan gum market is expected to expand at a very positive CAGR of 7.7% in terms of revenue, between 2016 and 2024. This revenue is expected to reach as much as US$1.25 bn by the end of 2024, after being calculated at US$651.5 mn at the end of 2015. In terms of volume, the global xanthan gum market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 7.3% for the above forecast period. The key end users of the global xanthan gum market include the industries of food and beverage, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, personal care, and other minor end users such as lab research prospects and agrochemicals. The extremely high use of xanthan gum in the food and beverage industry is spread across the areas of bakery and confectionary, dairy and ice creams, meat and fish, beverages, and sauces and dressings.

xanthan gum market

 

Emerging Economies Show Upswing in Demand for Xanthan Gum

The global xanthan gum market’s overall volume-based demand has predominantly been led by Asia Pacific. In 2015, Asia Pacific took up 35% of the market’s global share in volume. Furthermore, this region is expected to show a phenomenal rate of growth in demand for xanthan gum over the coming years, primarily due to the massive demand for it in China. In terms of countries, China, the U.S., and Canada have been the leaders in consumption rate of xanthan gum. Key players in the global market are currently looking at emerging economies especially from the Asia Pacific region to improve their revenue generation. Countries such as India along with the leading consumer of xanthan gum – China – are expected to show a very high requirement for it in their food and beverage industries. Based on the key regions, Asia Pacific followed by North America are expected to be very beneficial areas for players in the global xanthan gum market. The demand for xanthan gum is expected to mature soon, while Latin America and the Middle East and Africa are expected to show a slower growth in demand.

Food and Beverage Demand for Xanthan Gum Key to Market’s Growth

Of the various end users in the global xanthan gum market today, the food and beverage industry trumps the rest in terms of demand and scope of use. In 2015, the food and beverage industry alone was responsible for the consumption of over 50% of the xanthan gum produced globally. The food and beverage sector is likely to continue being a highly attractive end user for the players in the global xanthan gum market due the importance of this ingredient in several types of products within the food and beverage sector. Xanthan gum is especially in high demand by the manufacturers of sauces and dressings, followed by the manufacturers of dairy and ice creams.

The top names associated with the global xanthan gum market currently include CP Kelco, Fufeng Group Company Limited, Cargill, Inc., Archer Daniels Midland Company, The Aurora Chemical, Jungbunzlauer Suisse AG, Hebei Xinhe Biochemical Co., Ltd., MeiHua Holdings Group Co., Ltd, Deosen, DuPont-Danisco, The Zoranoc Oilfield Chemical, Solvay S.A., and FMC BioPolymer.

1. Preface
     1.1. Report Scope and Market Segmentation 
     1.2. Research Highlights

2. Assumptions and Research Methodology          
     2.1. Assumptions and Acronyms Used
     2.2. Research Methodology

3. Executive Summary
     3.1. Market Size, Indicative (US$ Mn)
     3.2. Top 3 Trends

4. Market Overview
     4.1. Xanthan gum Overview
     4.2. Key Industry Developments
     4.3. Market Indicators
     4.4. Drivers and Restraints Analysis
            4.4.1. Drivers
                     4.4.1.1. Growth of food & beverage industry
                     4.4.1.2. Better performance compared to other hydrocolloids
                     4.4.1.3. Projected price inflation of substitute hydrocolloids
            4.4.2. Restraints
                     4.4.2.1. Anti-dumping duty on imports from China and Austria in the U.S.
                     4.4.2.2. Quality concerns about China-based xanthan gum product
            4.4.3. Opportunities
                     4.4.3.1. Opportunity for new entrants in the U.S. xanthan gum market
                     4.4.3.2. Rising market for gluten-free bakery products
     4.5. Global Xanthan Gum Market Analysis and Forecast 
     4.6. Xanthan Gum Market: Global Demand-Supply Scenario 
     4.7. Porter’s Analysis
            4.7.1. Threat of Substitutes
            4.7.2. Bargaining Power of Buyers
            4.7.3. Bargaining Power of Suppliers
            4.7.4. Threat of New Entrants
            4.7.5. Degree of Competition
     4.8. Value Chain Analysis

5. Xanthan Gum Market Analysis, by End-User Industry
     5.1. Key Findings
     5.2. Introduction
     5.3. Xanthan Gum Market Value Share Analysis
     5.4. Xanthan Gum Market Forecast, by End-User
            5.4.1. Food & Beverage, 2015 – 2024
            5.4.2. Oil & Gas, 2015 – 2024
            5.4.3. Pharmaceutical, 2015 – 2024
            5.4.4. Personal Care, 2015 – 2024
            5.4.5. Others, 2015 – 2024
     5.5. Comparison Matrix
     5.6. Market Attractiveness Analysis

6. Xanthan Gum Market Analysis, by Region
     6.1. Regional & Country Scenario
     6.2. Xanthan Gum Market Value Share Analysis
     6.3. Xanthan Gum Market Forecast, by Region
            6.3.1. North America 
            6.3.2. Europe 
            6.3.3. Asia Pacific 
            6.3.4. Latin America
            6.3.5. Middle East & Africa
     6.4. Market Attractiveness Analysis
     6.5. Market Pricing Analysis, by End-user

7. North America Xanthan Gum Market Analysis
     7.1. Key Findings
     7.2. North America Xanthan Gum Market Overview
     7.3. North America Bio-Adhesives Market Size and Volume Forecast, by End-User Industry
            7.3.1. Food & Beverage, 2015 – 2024
            7.3.2. Oil & Gas, 2015 – 2024
            7.3.3. Pharmaceutical, 2015 – 2024
            7.3.4. Personal Care, 2015 – 2024
            7.3.5. Others, 2015 – 2024
     7.4. North America Market Value Share Analysis, by Country
     7.5. North America Bio-Adhesives Market Forecast, by Country
     7.6. North America Bio-Adhesives Market Attractiveness Analysis, by End-User Industry 

8. Europe Xanthan Gum Market Analysis
     8.1. Key Findings
     8.2. Europe Xanthan Gum Market Overview
     8.3. Europe Xanthan Gum Market Size and Volume Forecast, by End-User Industry
            8.3.1. Food & Beverage, 2015 – 2024
            8.3.2. Oil & Gas, 2015 – 2024
            8.3.3. Pharmaceutical, 2015 – 2024
            8.3.4. Personal Care, 2015 – 2024
            8.3.5. Others, 2015 – 2024
     8.4. Europe Market Value Share Analysis, by Country
     8.5. Europe Xanthan Gum Market Forecast, by Country
     8.6. Europe Xanthan Gum Market Attractiveness Analysis, by End-User Industry 

9. Asia Pacific Xanthan Gum Market Analysis
     9.1. Key Findings
     9.2. Asia Pacific Xanthan Gum Market Overview
     9.3. Asia Pacific Xanthan Gum Market Size and Volume Forecast, by End-User Industry
            9.3.1. Food & Beverage, 2015 – 2024
            9.3.2. Oil & Gas, 2015 – 2024
            9.3.3. Pharmaceutical, 2015 – 2024
            9.3.4. Personal Care, 2015 – 2024
            9.3.5. Others, 2015 – 2024
     9.4. Asia Pacific Market Value Share Analysis, by Country
     9.5. Asia Pacific Xanthan Gum Market Forecast, by Country
     9.6. Asia Pacific Xanthan Gum Market Attractiveness Analysis, by End-User Industry 

10. Latin America Bio-Adhesives Market Analysis
     10.1. Key Findings
     10.2. Latin America Xanthan Gum Market Overview
     10.3. Latin America Xanthan Gum Market Size and Volume Forecast, by End-User Industry
            10.3.1. Food & Beverage, 2015 – 2024
            10.3.2. Oil & Gas, 2015 – 2024
            10.3.3. Pharmaceutical, 2015 – 2024
            10.3.4. Personal Care, 2015 – 2024
            10.3.5. Others, 2015 – 2024
     10.4. Latin America Market Value Share Analysis, by Country
     10.5. Latin America Xanthan Gum Market Forecast, by Country
     10.6. Latin America Xanthan Gum Market Attractiveness Analysis, by End-User Industry 

11. Middle East & Africa Bio-Adhesives Market Analysis
     11.1. Key Findings
     11.2. Middle East & Africa Xanthan Gum Market Overview
     11.3. Middle East & Africa Xanthan Gum Market Size and Volume Forecast, by End-User Industry
            11.3.1. Food & Beverage, 2015 – 2024
            11.3.2. Oil & Gas, 2015 – 2024
            11.3.3. Pharmaceutical, 2015 – 2024
            11.3.4. Personal Care, 2015 – 2024
            11.3.5. Others, 2015 – 2024
     11.4. Middle East & Africa Market Value Share Analysis, by Country
     11.5. Middle East & Africa Xanthan Gum Market Forecast, by Country
     11.6. Middle East & Africa Xanthan Gum Market Attractiveness Analysis, by End-User Industry 

12. Competition Landscape
     12.1. Xanthan Gum Market Share Analysis by Company (2015)
     12.2. Competition Matrix
     12.3. Company Profiles
            12.3.1. Fufeng Group Company Limited 
                     12.3.1.1. Company Description
                     12.3.1.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.1.3. SWOT Analysis
                     12.3.1.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.1.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.2. Archer Daniels Midland Company 
                     12.3.2.1. Company Description
                     12.3.2.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.2.3. SWOT Analysis
                     12.3.2.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.2.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.3. CP Kelco
                     12.3.3.1. Company Description
                     12.3.3.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.3.3. SWOT Analysis
                     12.3.3.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.3.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.4. Cargill, Inc. 
                     12.3.4.1. Company Description
                     12.3.4.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.4.3. SWOT Analysis
                     12.3.4.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.4.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.5. Jungbunzlauer Suisse AG 
                     12.3.5.1. Company Description
                     12.3.5.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.5.3. Strategic Overview
                     12.3.5.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.5.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.6. The Aurora Chemical 
                     12.3.6.1. Company Description
                     12.3.6.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.6.3. Strategic Overview
                     12.3.6.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.6.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.7. MeiHua Holdings Group Co., Ltd 
                     12.3.7.1. Company Description
                     12.3.7.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.7.3. Strategic Overview
                     12.3.7.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.7.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.8. Hebei Xinhe Biochemical Co., Ltd. 
                     12.3.8.1. Company Description
                     12.3.8.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.8.3. Strategic Overview
                     12.3.8.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.8.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.9. DuPont 
                     12.3.9.1. Company Description
                     12.3.9.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.9.3. Strategic Overview
                     12.3.9.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.9.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.10. Deosen
                     12.3.10.1. Company Description
                     12.3.10.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.10.3. Strategic Overview
                     12.3.10.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.10.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.11. Solvay S.A. 
                     12.3.11.1. Company Description
                     12.3.11.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.11.3. Strategic Overview
                     12.3.11.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.11.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.12. The Zoranoc Oilfield Chemical 
                     12.3.12.1. Company Description
                     12.3.12.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.12.3. Strategic Overview
                     12.3.12.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.12.5. Strategic Overview
            12.3.13. FMC BioPolymer 
                     12.3.13.1. Company Description
                     12.3.13.2. Business Overview
                     12.3.13.3. Strategic Overview
                     12.3.13.4. Financial Details
                     12.3.13.5. Strategic Overview

13. Key Takeaways

List of Figures

Figure 1: Global Xanthan Gum Market
Figure 2: Global Xanthan Gum Market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume ( Tons) Forecast, 2015–2024
Figure 3: Global Xanthan Gum Average Prices (US$/ton), 2015–2024
Figure 4: Global Xanthan Gum market Value Share Analysis, by End-user, 2015 and 2024
Figure 5: Xanthan Gum Market for Bakery & Confectionery
Figure 6: Xanthan Gum Market for Dairy & Ice creams
Figure 7: Xanthan Gum Market for Meat & Fish
Figure 8: Xanthan Gum Market for Beverages
Figure 9: Xanthan Gum Market for Sauces & Dressings
Figure 10: Xanthan Gum Market for food & beverages
Figure 11: Xanthan Gum Market for Oil & Gas
Figure 12: Xanthan Gum Market for Pharmaceutical
Figure 13: Xanthan Gum Market for Personal Care
Figure 14: Xanthan Gum Market for Others
Figure 15: Xanthan Gum market Attractiveness Analysis, by End-user
Figure 16: Global Xanthan Gum Market Value Share Analysis, by Region, 2015 and 2024
Figure 17: Global Xanthan Gum market Attractiveness Analysis, by Region
Figure 18: Prices of Xanthan Gum, by Application, US$/Ton, 2015–2024
Figure 19: North America Xanthan Gum Market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast,
Figure 20: North America Xanthan Gum Market Size and Volume Y-o-Y Growth Projection,
Figure 21: North America Market Attractiveness Analysis, by Country
Figure 22: North America Market Value Share Analysis, by End-user, 2015 and 2024
Figure 23: North America Market Value Share Analysis, by Country, 2015 and 2024
Figure 24: North America Market Attractiveness Analysis, by End-user, 2015
Figure 25: Europe Xanthan Gum Market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, 2015–2024
Figure 26: Europe Xanthan Gum Market Size and Volume Y-o-Y Growth Projection, 2015–2024
Figure 27: Europe Market Attractiveness Analysis, by Country
Figure 28: Europe Market Value Share Analysis, by End-user, 2015 and 2024
Figure 29: Europe Market Value Share Analysis, by Country, 2015 and 2024
Figure 30: Europe Xanthan Gum Market Attractiveness Analysis, by End-user, 2015
Figure 31: Asia Pacific Market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, 2015–2024
Figure 32: Asia Pacific Market Size and Volume Y-o-Y Growth Projection, 2015–2024
Figure 33: Asia Pacific Market Attractiveness Analysis, by Country
Figure 34: Asia Pacific Market Value Share Analysis, by End-user, 2015 and 2024
Figure 35: Asia Pacific Market Value Share Analysis, by Country, 2015 and 2024
Figure 36: Asia Pacific Market Attractiveness Analysis, by End User, 2015
Figure 37: Latin America Market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, 2015–2024
Figure 38: Latin America Market Size and Volume Y-o-Y Growth Projection, 2015–2024
Figure 39: Latin America Market Attractiveness Analysis, by Country
Figure 40: Latin America Market Value Share Analysis, by End-user, 2015 and 2024
Figure 41: Latin America Market Value Share Analysis, by Country, 2015 and 2024
Figure 42: Latin America Market Attractiveness Analysis, by Application, 2015
Figure 43: Middle East & Africa Market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, 2015–2024
Figure 44: Middle East & Africa Market Size and Volume Y-o-Y Growth Projection, 2015–2024
Figure 45: Middle East & Africa Market Attractiveness Analysis, by Country
Figure 46: Middle East & Africa Market Value Share Analysis, by End-user, 2015 and 2024
Figure 47: Middle East & Africa Market Value Share Analysis, by Country, 2015 and 2024
Figure 48: Middle East & Africa Market Attractiveness Analysis, by end-user, 2015
Figure 49: Global Xanthan Gum Market Share Analysis By Company (2015)

List of Tables

Table 1: Global Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 2: Global Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 3: Global Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by Region, 2015–2024
Table 4: North America Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 5: North America Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 6: North America Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by Country, 2015–2024
Table 7: Europe Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 8: Europe Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 9: Europe Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by Country, 2015–2024
Table 10: Asia Pacific Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 11: Asia Pacific Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 12: Asia Pacific Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by Country, 2015–2024
Table 13: Latin America Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 14: Latin America Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 15: Latin America Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by Country, 2015–2024
Table 16: Middle East & Africa Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 17: Middle East & Africa Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by End-user, 2015–2024
Table 18: Middle East & Africa Xanthan Gum market Size (US$ Mn) and Volume (Tons) Forecast, by Country, 2015–2024

Global Xanthan Gum Market: Overview

Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide derived from a bacteria called xanthomonas campestris through a pure-culture fermentation process. The xanthomonas campestris strain used to yield xanthan gum is non-pathogenic and non-toxic to animals and humans. Therefore, it is preferred over other substitutes in food applications. Xanthan gum is primarily employed in end-user industries such as oil & gas and food & beverage. Demand for xanthan gum is expected to increase significantly in the next few years considering the favorable regulatory policies regarding its use in food and beverages. Asia Pacific and North America dominates the xanthan gum market in terms of production and demand. Countries such as the U.S, Canada and China are expected to be the key consumers of xanthan gum during the forecast period. Antidumping duty on imports of xanthan gum from China and Austria is anticipated to hamper the market growth. Increasing demand for gluten-free products is estimated to offer major opportunities to the xanthan gum market in the next few years.

This report analyzes and forecasts the market for xanthan gum at the global and regional level. The market has been forecast based on volume (Tons) and revenue (US$ Mn) from 2016 to 2024, considering 2015 as the base year. The study includes drivers and restraints of the global xanthan gum market. It also covers impact of these drivers and restraints on demand for xanthan gum during the forecast period. The report also highlights opportunities in the xanthan gum market at the global and regional level.

The report includes detailed value chain analysis, which provides a comprehensive view of the global xanthan gum market. Porter’s Five Forces model for the xanthan gum market has also been included to help understand the competitive landscape in the market. The study encompasses market attractiveness analysis, wherein end-users are benchmarked based on their market size, growth rate, and general attractiveness.

Global Xanthan Gum Market: Segmentations

The study provides a decisive view of the global xanthan gum market by segmenting it in terms of end-users such as food & beverage, oil & gas, pharmaceutical, personal care and others (including agrochemicals, lab research, paints and printing inks). The food & beverage segment is further bifurcated into: Bakery & Confectionery, Dairy & Ice cream, Meat & Fish, Beverages and Sauces & Dressings. These segments have been analyzed based on present and future trends. Regional segmentation includes current and forecast demand for xanthan gum in North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa.

The report provides the actual market size of xanthan gum for 2015 and estimated market size for 2016 with forecast for the next eight years. The global market size of xanthan gum has been provided in terms of volume and revenue. Market volume has been defined in tons, while market revenue is in US$ Mn. Market numbers have been estimated based on key end-users of xanthan gum. Market size and forecast for numerous end-users have been provided in terms of global, and regional level markets.

Global Xanthan Gum Market: Research Methodologies

In order to compile the research report, we conducted in-depth interviews and discussions with a number of key industry participants and opinion leaders. Primary research represented the bulk of research efforts, supplemented by extensive secondary research. We reviewed key players’ product literature, annual reports, press releases, and relevant documents for competitive analysis and market understanding. Secondary research includes a search of recent trade, technical writing, Internet sources, and statistical data from government websites, trade associations, and agencies. This has proven to be the most reliable, effective, and successful approach for obtaining precise market data, capturing industry participants’ insights, and recognizing business opportunities.

Secondary research sources that are typically referred to include, but are not limited to company websites, annual reports, financial reports, broker reports, investor presentations, SEC filings, internal and external proprietary databases, and relevant patent and regulatory databases such as ICIS, Food Navigator, The United States International Trade Commission, Hoover’s, Factiva and Bloomberg, national government documents, statistical databases, trade journals, market reports, news articles, press releases, and webcasts specific to companies operating in the market.

Global Xanthan Gum Market: Competitive Landscape

We conduct primary interviews on an ongoing basis with industry participants and commentators to validate data and analysis. These help validate and strengthen secondary research findings. These also help develop the analysis team’s expertise and market understanding.

The report comprises profiles of major companies operating in the global xanthan gum market. Key players in the xanthan gum market are Fufeng Group Company Limited, CP Kelco, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Cargill, Inc., Jungbunzlauer Suisse AG, The Aurora Chemical, MeiHua Holdings Group Co., Ltd, Hebei Xinhe Biochemical Co., Ltd., DuPont-Danisco, Deosen, Solvay S.A., The Zoranoc Oilfield Chemical and FMC BioPolymer. Market players have been profiled in terms of attributes such as company overview, financial overview, SWOT analysis, business strategies, and recent developments.

The global xanthan gum market has been segmented as follows:

Xanthan Gum Market: End-user Analysis

  • Food & beverage
    • Bakery & Confectionery
    • Dairy & Ice creams
    • Meat & Fish
    • Beverages
    • Sauces & Dressings
  • Oil & gas
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Personal Care
  • Others (agrochemicals, lab research, paints, printing inks, etc.)

Xanthan Gum Market: Regional Analysis

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
  • Europe
    • France
    • U.K.
    • Spain
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • Japan
    • ASEAN
    • India
    • Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Mexico
    • Rest of South America
  • Middle East & Africa (MEA)
    • GCC
    • Nigeria
    • South Africa
    • Rest of MEA


 
 
Back To Top