Trichlorosilane (TCS) is a colorless, volatile, inorganic compound usually in liquid form. It is a compound made up of silicon, hydrogen, and chlorine, with the chemical formula HSiCl3. It is manufactured by treating powdered metallurgical grade silicon with hydrogen chloride or hydrogen and silicon tetrachloride at high temperatures. The reaction is then cooled down to produce liquid trichlorosilane.
Trichlorosilane is an intermediate product formed while manufacturing polycrystalline silicon. Polycrystalline silicon is used by the electronics industry as raw material in manufacturing of their equipment. Trichlorosilane is manufactured for the production of purified polysilicons. It is also used in the making of various other chemical products. Trichlorosilane is used as a monomer in the production of silicone based resins and polymers.
Trichlorosilane is a colorless liquid which forms a fog like cloud when it comes in contact with the outside atmosphere. It easily reacts with water, air, and moisture and forms byproducts such as hydrogen chloride, hydrochloric acid, SiO2 or silica. The product is flammable and may ignite when in contact with vapors. It forms an explosive mixture when in contact with air. It easily dissolves with organic solvents and with fumes which are present in air. Triclorosilane has a sharp odor.
Trichlorosilane can be bifurcated based on its applications in varied industries. The product is used in the electronics & electrical industry in the manufacturing of semiconductors. It is also used in manufacturing polymers and resins. The product is used as a raw material in the manufacturing of various chemicals such as phenyltrichlorosilane, vinyl chlorosilanes, allyl chlorosilanes, methyl chlorosilanes, triethoxysilane, and nonylchlorosilanes.
The trichlorosilane market was dominated by the Asia Pacific region in 2015, as China was the major producer and consumer of trichlorosilane. Asia Pacific accounted for the largest share of the mica market in 2015 due to the substantial growth in the electronics industry. The electronics industry is expanding significantly in China and India. This is expected to boost the trichlorosilane market in Asia Pacific. The scenario is anticipated to be similar during the forecast period due to the growing electronics industry in the region.
Trichlorosilane is majorly used in the manufacturing of semiconductors which are used in the electronics & electrical industry. The growing electronics & electrical industry in the Asia Pacific region, specifically China is a major reason for it to dominate the market. Growing population and developing countries with emerging economies in Asia Pacific is expected to boost the trichlorosilane market in the region. This is also expected to add to the global sales of the product.
Demand for trichlorosilane in North America and Europe is on the rise due to increasing usage of trichlorosilane in the manufacturing of semiconductors and polymers. As North America and Europe are developed regions with mature industries, which is expected to increase the demand for trichlorosilane. Latin America and Middle East & Africa has regular demand for trichlorosilane, due to increasing usage of the product in manufacturing of different chemicals.
Key manufacturers and major players in the trichlorosilane market are Dow Corning Corporation, Wacker Chemie AG, Qianjiang Tianxiang Chemical Co. Ltd., Fuji Chemical Industry Co. Ltd., Tangshan Sunfar Silicon Industries Co. Ltd., Jingzhou Longhua Petroleum Co. Ltd., DESHAN Chemical (Zhejiang) Co. Ltd., Chengdu Huarong Chemical Co. Ltd., Wynca Group, Chongqing Tianyuan Chemical Co. Ltd., and others.
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