Extruded Plastics Market: Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Trends, Growth and Forecast 2016 - 2024Almost every metabolic function of the human body is handled by amino acids. Glutamine, especially L-glutamine, is one of the highly significant amino acids. It is also one of the most abundantly found free amino acid in the body. It is amongst the majority of free amino acids present in brain, blood, muscle tissues, and other organs. This essential amino acid is required for numerous functions in the body. If circulation level of L-glutamine increases, it helps in maintaining the health and enhances the individual’s overall quality of life.
Glutamine plays a key role in cardiovascular functioning due to its function of supplying energy to endothelial cells lining the blood vessels. Moreover, regulation of nitric oxide synthesis by endothelial cells is carried out by glutamine. This regulation is required for decreasing the inflammation in the walls of blood vessels and for maintaining the blood vessel tone. Glutamine also plays a major role in maintaining healthy neurological functions. It can cross over the blood–brain barrier, where it is converted into L-glutamic acid, a compound vital for cerebral functioning. Glutamic acid is one those amino acids which can be used as an energy source when the blood sugar level is low. This property of glutamine is considered responsible to inhibit alcohol and sugar cravings.
Glutamine is also a critical amino acid in the human digestive system. It is a major nutrient that cells of intestinal lining require to regulate the cellular reproduction. Role of glutamine in this mechanism assists in prevention and rebuilding of leaky gut, which is commonly found in people with auto-immune and inflammatory disorders. Due to this, glutamine supplements are found beneficial for patients with irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn’s disease.
Human body can synthesize L-glutamine from glutamate or glutamic acid. L-glutamine is considered a conditionally essential amino acid, due to its usage by the body in large amounts. Some of the food sources of glutamine are cabbage, green leafy vegetables, meat, poultry meat, seafood, organ meat, dairy products, eggs, nuts, beans, and legumes. Energy drinks that act as a glutamine supplement are available in the market.
A majority of people can digest L- glutamine supplements without any problems. However, certain individuals are unable to metabolize it efficiently. This can result in excess accumulation of glutamate in the brain, which can cause irritability and anxiety. Reason for this can be the individual being deficient in magnesium, zinc, riboflavin, folate, B6, and B12.
Asia Pacific is expected to witness the maximum growth rate in the global glutamine market during the forecast period. This trend can be attributed to the increasing demand for processed food in developing countries such as China and India. Other factors that drive the Asia Pacific market for glutamine are rising demand for natural food additives and increasing population coupled with the increased purchasing power. North America is expected to hold a leading share of the global glutamine market in the next few years, owing to the established industry for processed food in the region. Due to stringent government directives that augment the natural food additives industry in the region, Europe is estimated to be a major market for glutamine in the near future. North America and Europe are leading consumers of processed and packaged food. This is estimated to be another major driver for the market for glutamine in the two regions. Owing to numerous applications of glutamine in food, poultry, and pharmaceuticals industries, the market for glutamine in other regions also is anticipated to be augmented during the forecast period.
Key players operating in the global glutamine market are Iris Biotech GmbH, Bachem, KYOWA HAKKO BIO CO. LTD., Sichuan Tongsheng Amino acid Co. Ltd, AJINOMOTO CO. INC., Global Bio-chem Technology Group Company Limited, Akzo Nobel N.V., Evonik, and Ningxia EPPEN Bioengineering Stock Co., Ltd.
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