Integrated circuit packaging is final stage of the semiconductor device fabrication, in which a tiny block of the semiconductor material is encapsulated in the supporting case that is used to prevent any physical damage or corrosion. The case which is called as "package" is used to support the electrical contact which connects the device to the circuit board. Ceramic IC packages are the package that mainly use ceramic materials. A wide variety of IC package types use ceramic materials. One of the main properties of ceramic IC packages is that they can be sealed hermetically and even with large number of electrical connections they can be manufactured in small sizes. There are two methods used for the fabrication of ceramic IC packages. One method uses the mixture of ceramic and binders which is then molded by dry pressing process into a shape and finally sintered into a finished component. Thus the ceramic IC Package is formed by sandwich of a metal lead frame between dry pressed ceramic components. These ceramic IC packages have less cost but the simple construction limits their electrical features. Another approach is using multilayer structure. This method involves unfired (green state) ceramics metallized with screen-printed tungsten pattern. These are fired at high temperature under pressure.
The major driver for the ceramic IC packages market is the simple and easy manufacturing as compared to the plastic IC packages. Another major driver for the ceramic IC packages market is the increasing demand to meet the stringent requirements for reliability. One of the key factors in the growth of the ceramic IC packages market is the increasing application of ceramic IC packages in the commercial defence and aerospace industry. One of the serious issues like inability to handle temperature cycles with the plastic IC packages in recent past has led to the growth of the ceramic IC packages market. Absorption of moisture by plastic IC packages makes them inappropriate for usage in different applications which has further augmented the ceramic IC packages market. Maximum use of high temperature co-fired ceramic packages in different applications like tablets, computers, smartphones, automotives and spaceships is driving the ceramic IC packages market. The major challenge faced by the ceramic IC packages market is the high cost of manufacturing. Another challenge faced by the ceramic IC packages market is the heavy weight of ceramic IC packages as compared to the plastic IC packages.
The ceramic IC packages market can be segmented based on the application (Automotives, Communication, Industrial Equipment, Defence, Healthcare, and Aerospace), based on Package Type (DIP (Dual Inline Packages), SIP (Single Inline Packages), and PGA (Pin Grid Arrays)), and based on geography (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America).
Automotives accounts for the largest ceramic IC packages market as automobiles require highly reliable IC packages. Defence and Aerospace accounts for the second largest market as this sector also requires highly reliable IC packages. North America is the largest market for the ceramic IC Packages owing to its high application in defence and aerospace. Europe is the second largest market for ceramic IC packages owing to the biggest manufacturing market for automobiles. Asia Pacific is the largest growing market for the ceramic IC packages due increased measures by government in defence and aerospace in these regions.
Some of the key players include Amkor technology (U.S.), Quik-Pak (U.S.), NGK (Japan), Alent Plc. (U.K.), Hitachi Chemical Co. Ltd. (Japan), Kyocera Chemical Co. Ltd.(Japan), LG Chemical Ltd. (South Korea), Sumitomo Chemical Co. Ltd. (Japan), Basf Se (Germany) , Mitsui High-Tec Inc. (Japan), Henkel Ag & Company (Germany), Toray Industries Corporation (Japan), Tanaka Holdings Co. Ltd. (Japan).
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