Californium is one of the highly radioactive elements and is a silvery white colored element. Californium belongs to the actinide series and is considered as rare earth element. The element californium derives its name from state of California as it was first synthesized in 1950 at the University of California. Californium is one of the few trans-uranium elements which could be synthesized and used for practical applications. Californium finds application in starting of nuclear reactors mainly due to its ability of emitting neutrons. Moreover, californium can also be used to study the neutron spectroscopy or neutron diffraction. Californium plays a vital role in synthesizing higher mass elements such as ununoctium. In spite of its considerable usages in nuclear reactor and in synthesizing of heavy mass elements, the radioactive nature of californium affects its application. Californium is produced in very miniscule quantities in nuclear reactor by bombarding plutonium by neutrons. Since, the production of californium is very less, the market for californium is extremely niche. Currently the production for californium carried out in very small quantities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in U.S. and in Research Institute of Atomic Reactors, Russia.
Californium exists in two crystalline forms under normal pressure and the third form at extremely high pressure. The two crystalline forms available, tend to get tarnished at room temperature. The most common isotope of californium (californium-252) has a half life of 2.64 years while the most stable isotope of californium (californium-251) has a half life of 898 years. Californium is chiefly used as a source of emission of neutrons in nuclear reactor. According to one of the researches, one micro gram of californium has a capability to release 0.17 billion neutrons suitable to start multiple nuclear fission reactions. This ability of californium enhances the delivery of neutrons in nuclear reactors, making it ideal substitute for various other radioactive elements used for free neutrons source. Moreover, as californium emits high amount of neutrons, it could be used in the discovery of precious metals such as silver or gold. This potential application is expected to boost the demand for californium in next few years. Furthermore, one of the isotopes of californium (californium-252) finds usage in cancer treatment. Recently, californium is used in moisture gauges primarily used in detecting ground water movement. The radioactive nature of californium coupled with its complex process of production is anticipated to restrict the large scale production of californium, thus affecting californium market to certain extent.
Considering all the potential usages, the market for californium is expected to grow in next few years. The cancer treatment application is anticipated to increase the production of californium making it available in commercial quantities. The demand for californium is expected to be high from developed regions such as Europe and the U.S as these regions show tremendous growth potential in cancer research. Owing to strong research work in nuclear reactions and its potential benefits, the californium market is anticipated to flourish in the developed regions. Moreover, californium has a strong ability of synthesizing heavy mass elements which makes californium vital in research work. The capability of californium to release large number of neutrons could be used in discovery of precious elements such as gold and silver. In spite of the challenges posed regarding the production of californium, the potential range of applications is expected to drive the market of californium in the developed regions.
This research report analyzes this market on the basis of its market segments, major geographies, and current market trends. Geographies analyzed under this research report include
- North America
- Asia Pacific
- Middle East and Africa
- Latin America
This report provides comprehensive analysis of
- Market growth drivers
- Factors limiting market growth
- Current market trends
- Market structure
- Market projections for upcoming years
This report is a complete study of current trends in the market, industry growth drivers, and restraints. It provides market projections for the coming years. It includes analysis of recent developments in technology, Porter’s five force model analysis and detailed profiles of top industry players. The report also includes a review of micro and macro factors essential for the existing market players and new entrants along with detailed value chain analysis.
Reasons for Buying this Report
- This report provides pin-point analysis for changing competitive dynamics
- It provides a forward looking perspective on different factors driving or restraining market growth
- It provides a six-year forecast assessed on the basis of how the market is predicted to grow
- It helps in understanding the key product segments and their future
- It provides pin point analysis of changing competition dynamics and keeps you ahead of competitors
- It helps in making informed business decisions by having complete insights of market and by making in-depth analysis of market segments
- It provides distinctive graphics and exemplified SWOT analysis of major market segments
Note: Although care has been taken to maintain the highest levels of accuracy in TMR’s reports, recent market/vendor-specific changes may take time to reflect in the analysis.
Note : All statements of fact, opinion, or analysis expressed in reports are those of the respective analysts. They do not necessarily reflect formal positions or views of Transparency Market Research.